|Born:||August 24, 1952|
Oak Park, Illinois
|High school:||Franklin Park (IL) East Leyden|
|As a coach:|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Head coaching record|
|Regular season:||170-138 (.552)|
|Coaching stats at PFR|
Michael Edward Shanahan (born August 24, 1952) is a former American football coach, best known as the head coach of the Denver Broncos of the National Football League (NFL) from 1995 to 2008. During his 14 seasons with the Broncos, he led the team to consecutive Super Bowl victories in XXXII and XXXIII, including the franchise's first NFL title in the former. His head coaching career spanned a total of 20 seasons and also included stints with the Los Angeles Raiders and Washington Redskins. He is the father of San Francisco 49ers head coach Kyle Shanahan.
Shanahan played high school football at East Leyden High School, Franklin Park, Illinois, where he played wishbone quarterback for coach Jack Leese's 1968 and 1969 Eagles teams. Shanahan held the single-game rushing record of 260 yards on 15 carries (which was set in a 32-8 win over Hinsdale South on September 20, 1969) until it was broken in 1976 by Dennis Cascio. He graduated from high school in 1970.
He was a quarterback at Eastern Illinois University, where he joined Delta Sigma Phi Fraternity. In 1972, a piercingly hard hit on the practice field ruptured one of his kidneys, which caused his heart to stop for thirty seconds and nearly killed him. A priest was summoned to administer the last rites to Shanahan, a devout Roman Catholic.
With his playing career abruptly ended, Shanahan entered coaching. After graduation, he served as an assistant coach at Northern Arizona University and the University of Oklahoma. He then returned to his alma mater as offensive coordinator and helped his school win the Division II football championship. Shanahan worked as the offensive coordinator for the University of Minnesota for a single season, before accepting the same position at the University of Florida under head coach Charley Pell in 1980. Shanahan stayed with the Gators through 1983.
Shanahan first served as a receivers coach and later offensive coordinator for the Broncos under Dan Reeves from 1984 to 1987. It was his skill as an offensive mind that garnered Shanahan the attention of maverick Los Angeles Raiders owner Al Davis. After Shanahan and the Raiders parted ways four games into the 1989 season, Shanahan returned to the Broncos as quarterbacks coach on October 16, 1989. He was fired a couple years later by Reeves after finding himself in the middle of a growing feud between Reeves and quarterback John Elway.
Shanahan was hired by the Raiders in 1988 to replace longtime Raiders coach Tom Flores. He was the Raiders' first head coach hired from outside the organization since Davis himself 23 years earlier. Shanahan (who proved very unpopular with the players) and the micromanaging Davis clashed almost immediately, and this was only exacerbated after the Raiders finished a disappointing 7-9, losing four of their last five games. Tensions increased towards the end of the season when wide receivers coach and Shanahan loyalist Nick Nicolau got into a heated argument with assistant coach Art Shell (a Davis loyalist) in which Nicolau reportedly accused Shell of only having a job by virtue of his friendship with Davis. When Shell went to Davis later to ask if this was true, Davis' response was to immediately fire Nicolau. Shanahan responded by firing running backs coach Joe Scannella and offensive coordinator Tom Walsh (both Davis hires), but Davis ordered them both back to work. At the end of the season, Shanahan fired defensive assistants Willie Brown and Charlie Sumner. An enraged Davis re-hired Brown to a different position in the organization. When the Raiders began 1-3 in 1989, Shanahan himself was fired and replaced by Shell. Shanahan's final Raiders record was 8-12 in less than two seasons, going 2-7 after a 6-5 start.
In 1992, Shanahan was hired as offensive coordinator for the San Francisco 49ers under Head Coach George Seifert, capping his rise with a victory in Super Bowl XXIX after the 1994 season. His years under Seifert placed him in the Bill Walsh coaching tree. In 1994 while coaching for the 49ers, Shanahan added to the ongoing feud between him and Raiders owner Al Davis when he had then QB Elvis Grbac throw a football at Davis' head, which missed by a few inches as Davis was able to dodge it just in time; afterwards Davis responded with an obscene gesture.
Shanahan's success with the 49ers earned him a head coaching spot once more, this time back in Denver with the Broncos beginning in 1995. He led the Broncos to back-to-back Super Bowl championships in the 1997 and 1998 seasons, during which time the Broncos set a then-record for victories in two seasons.
Between 1996 and 1998, the Broncos set the NFL record for victories by going 46-10 over a three-year span. The 1998 Broncos won their first 13 games on their way to a 14-2 mark. Shanahan, taking his cue from West Coast offense guru Bill Walsh, was well known for scripting the first 15 offensive plays of the game, and helped the 1998 Broncos set an NFL record for first quarter points scored in a season. In 2005, he passed Dan Reeves as the winningest coach in franchise history.
Shanahan is known for a run-heavy variation of the West Coast offense he coached in San Francisco. He has often found unheralded running backs from later rounds of the annual NFL Draft and then turned them into league-leading rushers behind small-but-powerful offensive lines. Examples of this phenomenon are Terrell Davis, Mike Anderson, Olandis Gary, Clinton Portis, Reuben Droughns and Tatum Bell, all of whom have had at least one 1,000-yard season in a Denver uniform during Shanahan's tenure.
In 1999, with the assistance of writer Adam Schefter, Shanahan penned Think Like a Champion, a motivational book about leadership; it was published by Harper Collins. In 2006, he cooperated with Stefan Fatsis's endeavor to spend a year as a Broncos place-kicker, and much of the resulting book A Few Seconds of Panic (2008) covers Shanahan's coaching from the player's point of view.
After Elway's retirement and Davis' career-ending injuries, Shanahan went six years without a playoff win (including three seasons when the Broncos failed to qualify for the postseason), a drought which caused criticism from fans. The playoff drought ended during the 2005-06 postseason when the Broncos defeated the two-time defending Super Bowl champion New England Patriots in the AFC Divisional Round of the playoffs at Invesco Field at Mile High. The victory, however, would be Shanahan's last playoff win as a head coach.
Shanahan was fired after the 2008 NFL season following a collapse that caused the Broncos to miss the playoffs for a third consecutive year. Although the Broncos held an 8-5 record by Week 14 and would have won the AFC West with one more victory, the team lost their remaining three games and the 8-8 San Diego Chargers won the division on a tiebreaker.
In the early part of the 2009 season, it was reported that the Washington Redskins were interested in naming Shanahan their head coach, replacing Jim Zorn. Although this was reported by several media outlets, the Redskins' Vice President of Football Operations, Vinny Cerrato, stated that a coaching change would not be considered until the end of the season. On November 18, 2009 ESPN's Adam Schefter reported that the Buffalo Bills had contacted Shanahan about their head coaching vacancy after the team parted ways with former coach Dick Jauron.
On January 5, 2010, Shanahan was formally introduced as the Redskins' 24th full-time head coach. As part of the deal, he was also named vice president of football operations, with the final say on football matters. He was one of several coaches who also had the title or powers of general manager, along with New England's Bill Belichick and others. Shanahan was signed to a five-year, $35 million contract. Several months earlier, Bruce Allen was named the team's general manager. Shanahan and Allen split the duties held by a general manager, with Shanahan having the final say. This model is similar to how Belichick and Scott Pioli worked during their eight years in New England.
Shanahan had a combined 11-21 record in his first two seasons as Redskins coach, followed by a 3-6 start to the 2012 season, but ended the year with a seven-game winning streak on the way to the team's first NFC East title and home playoff game since the 1999 season. During this season Shanahan also continued his trend of developing unheralded draft picks into 1000-yard rushers, with the 6th-rounder Alfred Morris. The Redskins lost in the Wild Card round of the 2012 NFL Playoffs to the Seattle Seahawks by a score of 14-24, during which his quarterback Robert Griffin III sustained a tear of his LCL and a damaged ACL to his previously injured knee. Shanahan came under criticism for his handling of the injury, both in bringing Griffin back to play after the initial injury on Dec 9 and keeping him in the game against the Seahawks after reinjuring the knee. While there were reports in December 2012 that the Redskins were considering negotiating a contract extension with Shanahan in the 2013 offseason, this did not happen and there were later reports that Shanahan had considered resigning after the end of the year.
Griffin underwent reconstructive surgery of his knee on January 9 and returned as the starter for the beginning of the 2013-2014 season, though Shanahan held him out of the preseason to protect him from further injury. The team continued to struggle in 2013. With the final three games of the regular season, Shanahan decided to make Griffin inactive for the rest of the season because Shanahan thought it was best for both Griffin's and the Redskins' future.
|Team||Year||Regular Season||Post Season|
|Won||Lost||Ties||Win %||Finish||Won||Lost||Win %||Result|
|LAR||1988||7||9||0||.438||3rd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|LAR||1989||1||3||0||.250||3rd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|DEN||1995||8||8||0||.500||3rd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|DEN||1996||13||3||0||.813||1st in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Jacksonville Jaguars in AFC Divisional Game|
|DEN||1997||12||4||0||.750||2nd in AFC West||4||0||1.000||Super Bowl XXXII champions|
|DEN||1998||14||2||0||.875||1st in AFC West||3||0||1.000||Super Bowl XXXIII champions|
|DEN||1999||6||10||0||.375||5th in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|DEN||2000||11||5||0||.688||2nd in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Baltimore Ravens in AFC Wild Card Game|
|DEN||2001||8||8||0||.500||3rd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|DEN||2002||9||7||0||.563||2nd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|DEN||2003||10||6||0||.625||2nd in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Indianapolis Colts in AFC Wild Card Game|
|DEN||2004||10||6||0||.625||2nd in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Indianapolis Colts in AFC Wild Card Game|
|DEN||2005||13||3||0||.813||1st in AFC West||1||1||.500||Lost to Pittsburgh Steelers in AFC Championship Game|
|DEN||2006||9||7||0||.563||3rd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|DEN||2007||7||9||0||.438||2nd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|DEN||2008||8||8||0||.500||2nd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|WAS||2010||6||10||0||.375||4th in NFC East||-||-||-||-|
|WAS||2011||5||11||0||.313||4th in NFC East||-||-||-||-|
|WAS||2012||10||6||0||.625||1st in NFC East||0||1||.000||Lost to Seattle Seahawks in NFC Wild Card Game|
|WAS||2013||3||13||0||.188||4th in NFC East||-||-||-||-|
NFL head coaches under whom Shanahan has served:
Assistant coaches under Shanahan who became NFL head coaches:
Assistant coaches under Shanahan who became college head coaches:
Shanahan is a Catholic. He and his wife, Peggy, have two children -- a son, Kyle, the current San Francisco 49ers' head coach, and a daughter, Krystal. Shanahan is also a Brother in the Delta Sigma Phi fraternity.