Miedzychod
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Miedzychod
Mi?dzychód
Market Square
Market Square
Coat of arms of Mi?dzychód
Mi?dzychód is located in Greater Poland Voivodeship
Mi?dzychód
Mi?dzychód
Mi?dzychód is located in Poland
Mi?dzychód
Mi?dzychód
Coordinates: 52°36?N 15°53?E / 52.600°N 15.883°E / 52.600; 15.883Coordinates: 52°36?N 15°53?E / 52.600°N 15.883°E / 52.600; 15.883
Country Poland
Voivodeship Greater Poland
CountyMi?dzychód County
GminaGmina Mi?dzychód
First mentioned1378
Town rightsbefore 1400
Area
 o Total6.98 km2 (2.69 sq mi)
Population
(2006)
 o Total10,920
 o Density1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
64-400
Vehicle registrationPMI
Websitewww.miedzychod.pl

Mi?dzychód (pronounced Mien-dzi-hoot [mn'd?z?xut], German: Birnbaum) is a town in Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland, the administrative seat of Mi?dzychód County. It is located on the southern shore of the Warta river, about 75 km (47 mi) west of Pozna?. Population is 10,915 (2009).

History

Regional Museum

The town was first mentioned as Mi?dzybrud (after Polish mi?dzy, "between", bród, "ford") in a 1378 deed. It was a private town of Polish nobility, administratively located in the Pozna? County in the Pozna? Voivodeship in the Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown.[1] It was a settlement area for German artisans and merchants moving into the Polish lands from the adjacent Neumark region. In the 1793 Second Partition of Poland, Mi?dzychód together with the bulk of Greater Poland was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia as Birnbaum. In 1807 it was regained by Poles and included within the short-lived Duchy of Warsaw. In 1815 it was reannexed by Prussia, incorporated as the capital of the Kreis Birnbaum in the Regierungsbezirk of Posen, part of the Prussian Grand Duchy of Posen, and from 1871 to 1919 it was also part of Germany.

Upon the German defeat in World War I, the area was ceded to the newly established Second Polish Republic according to the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, with Mi?dzychód as the westernmost town in Poland, administratively located in the Pozna? Voivodeship. In the 1930s, the local German minority helped create a list of local Poles intended for persecution in the event of the German invasion and occupation.[2] The town was again annexed by Nazi Germany and incorporated into the Reichsgau Wartheland upon the 1939 Invasion of Poland, which started World War II. During the German occupation, Poles from Mi?dzychód were among the victims of large massacres carried out in November 1939 in M?dzisko [pl] as part of the Intelligenzaktion.[3] The Germans carried out expulsions of Poles, whoses houses were then handed over to German colonists as part of the Lebensraum policy. Germany established and operated a Nazi prison in the town.[4] In August 1944, the Germans carried out mass arrests of local members of the Home Army, the leading Polish underground resistance organization.[5] Mi?dzychód returned to Poland after World War II in 1945, while the German minority was expelled in accordance with the Potsdam Agreement.[]

In recent years the town's economy increasingly has relied as a resort for tourism on the surrounding lakes of the Warta valley.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Atlas historyczny Polski. Wielkopolska w drugiej po?owie XVI wieku. Cz I. Mapy, plany (in Polish). Warszawa: Instytut Historii Polskiej Akademii Nauk. 2017. p. 1a.
  2. ^ Wardzy?ska, Maria (2009). By? rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpiecze?stwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. p. 45.
  3. ^ Wardzy?ska, p. 200
  4. ^ "NS-Gefängnis Birnbaum". Bundesarchiv.de (in German). Retrieved 2021.
  5. ^ Ptakowska-Sys?o, Agnieszka (2011). "Konspiracja chodzieska 1939-1944". Biuletyn Instytutu Pami?ci Narodowej (in Polish). No. 5-6 (126-127). IPN. p. 67. ISSN 1641-9561.

External links



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