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Unit systemSI
Unit ofmass

In the metric system, a microgram or microgramme is a unit of mass equal to one millionth of a gram. The unit symbol is ?g according to the International System of Units; the recommended symbol in the United States and United Kingdom when communicating medical information is mcg. In ?g the prefix symbol for micro- is the Greek letter ? (Mu).

Abbreviation and symbol confusion

When the Greek lowercase "?" (Mu) in the symbol ?g is typographically unavailable, it is occasionally -- although not properly -- replaced by the Latin lowercase "u".

The United States-based Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommend that the symbol ?g should not be used when communicating medical information due to the risk that the prefix ? (micro-) might be misread as the prefix m (milli-), resulting in a thousand fold overdose. The ISMP recommends the non-SI symbol mcg instead.[1] However, the abbreviation mcg is also the symbol for an obsolete CGS unit of measure known as millicentigram, which is equal to 10 ?g.

Gamma (symbol: ?) is a deprecated non-SI unit of mass equal to 1 ?g.[2]

A fullwidth version of the "microgram" symbol is encoded by Unicode at code point SQUARE MU G ? ug ? for use in CJK contexts.[3] In other contexts, a sequence of the Greek letter mu (U+03BC) and Latin letter g (U+0067) should be used.

See also


  1. ^ "ISMP's List of Error-Prone Abbreviations, Symbols, and Dose Designations". ISMP. Retrieved .
  2. ^ NIST Handbook 133 - 2018, Appendix E. General Tables of Units of Measurement, page 159 (17)
  3. ^ Unicode Consortium (2019). "The Unicode Standard 12.0 - CJK Compatibility ? Range: 3300--33FF ?" (PDF). Unicode.org. Retrieved 2019.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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