|2021 Miami Marlins season|
|Established in 1993|
|Major league affiliations|
|Retired numbers||42 (Retired by MLB)|
|Major league titles|
|NL Pennants (2)|
|East Division titles (0)||None|
|Wild card berths (3)|
|Principal owner(s)||Bruce Sherman|
|President||Derek Jeter (CEO)|
|General manager||Kim Ng|
The Miami Marlins are an American professional baseball team based in Miami, Florida. The Marlins compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) East division. Their home park is LoanDepot Park.
The franchise began play as an expansion team in the 1993 season as the Florida Marlins. The Marlins originally played home games at Joe Robbie Stadium, which they shared with the Miami Dolphins of the National Football League (NFL). In 2012, the team moved to Marlins Park, their first exclusive home and the first to be designed as a baseball park. As part of an agreement with park owner Miami-Dade County to use the stadium, the franchise also changed their name to the Miami Marlins prior to the 2012 season.
The Marlins have qualified for the postseason only three times, but they won the World Series during their first two postseason runs in 1997 and 2003. All three of their playoff appearances came as wild card teams, making them one of two MLB franchises (along with the Colorado Rockies) to have never won a division title. The Marlins are also the first team to win the World Series as a wild card.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2017)
Wayne Huizenga, CEO of Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation, was awarded an expansion franchise in the National League (NL) for a $95 million expansion fee and the team began operations in 1993 as the Florida Marlins. MLB had announced a few months earlier that it intended to add two new teams to the National League. It was a foregone conclusion that one of them would be placed in Florida; the only question was whether Huizenga would beat out competing groups from Orlando and Tampa Bay. Orlando fielded a very spirited campaign bolstered by its family-oriented tourism industry. Tampa Bay already had a baseball park--the Florida Suncoast Dome in St. Petersburg, completed in 1990. However, on June 10, 1991, the National League awarded a Miami-based franchise to Huizenga. The franchise adopted the nickname "Marlins" from previous minor league teams, the Miami Marlins of the International League from 1956 to 1960, and the Miami Marlins (1962-70) and Miami Marlins (1982-88) teams that played in the Florida State League.
Following an 80-82 record in 1996, former Pittsburgh Pirates manager Jim Leyland was hired to lead the club heading into 1997.
In 1997, the Marlins finished nine games back of the Division Champion Atlanta Braves, but earned the wild card berth. Veteran additions such as LF Moisés Alou, 3B Bobby Bonilla, and trade-deadline additions Darren Daulton and Jim Eisenreich added experience and clutch hits. Talented young stars Luis Castillo (2B) and Édgar Rentería (SS) comprised one of the best double play combos in the NL. The Marlins swept the San Francisco Giants 3-0 in the National League Division Series, and then went on to beat the Atlanta Braves 4-2 in the National League Championship Series, overcoming the loss of Alex Fernandez to a torn rotator cuff, and Kevin Brown to a virus. Brown's place was taken in Game 5 by rookie pitcher Liván Hernández, who struck out 15 Braves and outdueled multiple Cy Young Award winner Greg Maddux to a 2-1 victory. The underdog Marlins went on to face the Cleveland Indians in the 1997 World Series, and won in seven games. In Game 7, Craig Counsell's sacrifice fly in the bottom of the ninth tied the game at 2, then, with the bases loaded and two outs in the bottom of the 11th, Édgar Rentería's soft liner glanced off the glove of Cleveland pitcher Charles Nagy and into center field to score Counsell and give the Marlins the win.
On May 9, the Marlins called up high-kicking southpaw Dontrelle Willis from the Double-A Carolina Mudcats and helped carry the injury-plagued Marlins with an 11-2 record in his first 17 starts. Miguel Cabrera (also from the Mudcats) filled in well, hitting a walk-off home run in his first major league game, against the Tampa Bay Devil Rays at Pro Player Stadium. Both Willis and Cabrera would later prove to be essential parts of the Marlin's playoff success. Jeff Conine - an original Marlin and member of the 1997 World Series team - returned from Baltimore, and closer Ugueth Urbina arrived from the Texas Rangers. These acquisitions helped to keep the team in contention, and although they finished ten games behind the Braves, the Marlins captured the NL wild card.
On October 15, the Marlins defeated the Chicago Cubs four games to three in the Championship Series, coming back from a 3-1 deficit. Game 6 saw the Marlins play a role in one of baseball's most infamous moments: "The Inning". With 1 out in the 8th inning and the Cubs 3 runs ahead, Marlins 2nd baseman Luis Castillo hit a pop foul a row into the stands along the third baseline. Cubs fan Steve Bartman reached for the ball, preventing Cubs LF Moisés Alou from making the out and setting off an 8-run Marlins rally. The incident with Steve Bartman and a come-from-behind win in Wrigley Field in Game 7 helped the Marlins capture their second NL pennant, keeping the "Curse of the Billy Goat" alive and well.
In the 2003 World Series, the Marlins defeated the heavily favored New York Yankees in six games, winning the sixth game in Yankee Stadium. Shortstop Álex González helped the Marlins in Game 4 of the series with a walk-off home run in extra innings. Josh Beckett was named the Most Valuable Player for the series after twirling a five-hit complete-game shutout in Game 6. Skipper Jack McKeon became the oldest manager ever to win a World Series title.
In 2012, the team moved from the football-oriented Sun Life Stadium (located in Miami Gardens) to Marlins Park in downtown Miami. As a condition of the move, the team was renamed the Miami Marlins, and adopted a new logo and colors.
The Marlins won the World Series in 1997 and 2003, but both titles were followed by controversial periods where the team sold off all the high-priced players and rebuilt. Between 2003 and 2019, the team's two World Series runs also marked their sole postseason appearances. Their three playoff qualifications and seven winning seasons are the fewest among MLB franchises.
Through 2020, the Marlins all-time record is 2,021-2,343 (.463).
On November 13, 2020, the Marlins became the first club in any American major-level sports league to hire a woman to an executive position when Kim Ng was announced as the team's general manager. In addition, she will also be MLB's first Asian American general manager.
The Marlins are the only team to win a World Series in their first two winning seasons (1997 and 2003); in fact, they are the only team to even make the playoffs in their first two winning seasons. In those two seasons, they managed to make a surprise run to the World Series, both times as heavy underdogs.
|2021||Corey Dickerson LF||Starling Marte CF||Jesús Aguilar 1B||Adam Duvall RF||Brian Anderson 3B||Jazz Chisholm 2B||Jorge Alfaro C||Miguel Rojas SS||Sandy Alcántara P|
|2020||Jonathan Villar CF||Jesús Aguilar 1B||Corey Dickerson LF||Harold Ramírez RF||Brian Anderson 3B||Garrett Cooper DH||Isan Díaz 2B||Francisco Cervelli C||Miguel Rojas SS|
|2019||Lewis Brinson CF||Brian Anderson 3B||Starlin Castro 2B||Garrett Cooper RF||Martín Prado 1B||Jorge Alfaro C||Miguel Rojas SS||Rosell Herrera LF||José Ureña P|
|2018||Lewis Brinson CF||Derek Dietrich LF||Starlin Castro 2B||Justin Bour 1B||Brian Anderson 3B||Garrett Cooper RF||Miguel Rojas SS||Chad Wallach C||José Ureña P|
|2017||Dee Gordon 2B||J.T. Realmuto C||Christian Yelich CF||Giancarlo Stanton RF||Justin Bour 1B||Marcell Ozuna LF||Derek Dietrich 3B||Adeiny Hechavarria SS||Edinson Vólquez P|
|2016||Dee Gordon 2B||Marcell Ozuna CF||Christian Yelich LF||Giancarlo Stanton RF||Martín Prado 3B||Justin Bour 1B||J.T. Realmuto C||Adeiny Hechavarria SS||Wei-Yin Chen P|
|2015||Dee Gordon 2B||Christian Yelich LF||Giancarlo Stanton RF||Michael Morse 1B||Martín Prado 3B||Marcell Ozuna CF||Jarrod Saltalamacchia C||Adeiny Hechavarria SS||Henderson Álvarez P|
|2014||Christian Yelich LF||Jeff Baker 2B||Giancarlo Stanton RF||Casey McGehee 3B||Garrett Jones 1B||Jarrod Saltalamacchia C||Marcell Ozuna CF||Adeiny Hechavarria SS||José Fernández P|
|2013||Juan Pierre LF||Chris Coghlan CF||Giancarlo Stanton RF||Plácido Polanco 3B||Rob Brantly C||Donovan Solano 2B||Casey Kotchman 1B||Adeiny Hechavarria SS||Ricky Nolasco P|
|2012||Jose Reyes SS||Emilio Bonifacio CF||Hanley Ramírez 3B||Giancarlo Stanton RF||Logan Morrison LF||Gaby Sánchez 1B||Omar Infante 2B||John Buck C||Josh Johnson P|
|2011||Chris Coghlan CF||Omar Infante 2B||Hanley Ramírez SS||Giancarlo Stanton RF||Gaby Sánchez 1B||Logan Morrison LF||John Buck C||Donnie Murphy 3B||Josh Johnson P|
|2010||Chris Coghlan LF||Cameron Maybin CF||Hanley Ramírez SS||Jorge Cantú 3B||Dan Uggla 2B||Ronny Paulino C||Cody Ross RF||Gaby Sánchez 1B||Josh Johnson P|
|2009||Emilio Bonifacio 3B||John Baker C||Hanley Ramírez SS||Jorge Cantú 1B||Dan Uggla 2B||Jeremy Hermida LF||Cody Ross RF||Cameron Maybin CF||Ricky Nolasco P|
|2008||Hanley Ramírez SS||Dan Uggla 2B||Mike Jacobs 1B||Josh Willingham LF||Jorge Cantú 3B||Cody Ross CF||Luis Gonzalez RF||Matt Treanor C||Mark Hendrickson P|
|2007||Hanley Ramírez SS||Dan Uggla 2B||Miguel Cabrera 3B||Mike Jacobs 1B||Josh Willingham LF||Joe Borchard RF||Miguel Olivo C||Alejandro De Aza CF||Dontrelle Willis P|
|2006||Hanley Ramírez SS||Jeremy Hermida RF||Miguel Cabrera 3B||Mike Jacobs 1B||Josh Willingham LF||Dan Uggla 2B||Miguel Olivo C||Eric Reed CF||Dontrelle Willis P|
|2005||Juan Pierre CF||Luis Castillo 2B||Miguel Cabrera LF||Carlos Delgado 1B||Mike Lowell 3B||Paul Lo Duca C||Juan Encarnación RF||Álex González SS||Josh Beckett P|
|2004||Juan Pierre CF||Luis Castillo 2B||Miguel Cabrera RF||Mike Lowell 3B||Jeff Conine LF||Hee-Seop Choi 1B||Ramón Castro C||Alex González SS||Josh Beckett P|
|2003||Luis Castillo 2B||Juan Pierre CF||Iván Rodríguez C||Derrek Lee 1B||Mike Lowell 3B||Juan Encarnación RF||Todd Hollandsworth LF||Alex González SS||Josh Beckett P|
|2002||Luis Castillo 2B||Preston Wilson CF||Cliff Floyd LF||Kevin Millar RF||Mike Lowell 3B||Derrek Lee 1B||Alex González SS||Mike Redmond C||Ryan Dempster P|
|2001||Luis Castillo 2B||Eric Owens RF||Cliff Floyd LF||Preston Wilson CF||Mike Lowell 3B||Charles Johnson C||Derrek Lee 1B||Alex González SS||Ryan Dempster P|
|2000||Luis Castillo 2B||Alex González SS||Cliff Floyd LF||Preston Wilson CF||Mike Lowell 3B||Kevin Millar 1B||Brant Brown RF||Mike Redmond C||Alex Fernandez P|
|1999||Luis Castillo 2B||Alex González SS||Mark Kotsay CF||Derrek Lee 1B||Todd Dunwoody CF||Preston Wilson LF||Kevin Orie 3B||Mike Redmond C||Alex Fernandez P|
|1998||Cliff Floyd LF||Édgar Rentería SS||Ryan Jackson 1B||Gary Sheffield RF||Mark Kotsay CF||Charles Johnson C||Craig Counsell 2B||Josh Booty 3B||Liván Hernández P|
|1997||Luis Castillo 2B||Édgar Rentería SS||Gary Sheffield RF||Bobby Bonilla 3B||Moisés Alou LF||Devon White CF||Jeff Conine 1B||Charles Johnson C||Kevin Brown P|
|1996||Quilvio Veras 2B||Devon White CF||Gary Sheffield RF||Jeff Conine LF||Terry Pendleton 3B||Greg Colbrunn 1B||Charles Johnson C||Kurt Abbott SS||Kevin Brown P|
|1995||Quilvio Veras 2B||Alex Arias SS||Gary Sheffield RF||Jeff Conine LF||Terry Pendleton 3B||Greg Colbrunn 1B||Charles Johnson C||Chuck Carr CF||John Burkett P|
|1994||Chuck Carr CF||Jerry Browne 3B||Gary Sheffield RF||Orestes Destrade 1B||Jeff Conine LF||Bret Barberie 2B||Benito Santiago C||Kurt Abbott SS||Charlie Hough P|
|1993||Scott Pose CF||Bret Barberie 2B||Junior Felix RF||Orestes Destrade 1B||Dave Magadan 3B||Benito Santiago C||Jeff Conine LF||Walt Weiss SS||Charlie Hough P|
|Al Leiter||May 11, 1996||Rockies||11-0||Pro Player Stadium|
|Kevin Brown||June 10, 1997||Giants||9-0||Candlestick Park|
|A. J. Burnett||May 12, 2001||Padres||3-0||Qualcomm Stadium|
|Aníbal Sánchez||September 6, 2006||Diamondbacks||2-0||Dolphin Stadium|
|Henderson Álvarez||September 29, 2013||Tigers||1-0||Marlins Park|
|Edinson Vólquez||June 3, 2017||Diamondbacks||3-0||Marlins Park|
From 1993 until 2011, the Marlins had retired the number 5 in honor of Carl Barger, the first president of the Florida Marlins, who had died prior to the team's inaugural season. Barger's favorite player was Joe DiMaggio, thus the selection of number 5. With the move to the new ballpark, the team opted to honor Barger with a plaque instead, and opened number 5 to circulation. Logan Morrison, a Kansas City native and fan of Royals Hall-of-Famer George Brett (who wore that number with the Royals), became the first Marlins player to wear the number.
After José Fernández's death as a result of a boating accident on September 25, 2016, the Miami Marlins announced plans to build a memorial at LoanDepot Park in his honor. However, Fernández's number 16 has yet to be officially retired.
|Marlins in the Florida Sports Hall of Fame|
|10||Gary Sheffield||OF/3B||1993-1998||Born in Tampa|
|18, 19||Jeff Conine||1B/LF||1993-1997
|Known as "Mr. Marlin" for his significant history with the club|
|30, 32||Tim Raines||LF||2002||Elected mainly on his performance with Montreal Expos, Born in Sanford|
|8||Andre Dawson||OF||1995-1996||Elected mainly on his performance with Montreal Expos, Born in Miami|
|22, 25||Al Leiter||P||1996-1997, 2005|
|Triple-A||Jacksonville Jumbo Shrimp||Triple-A East||Jacksonville, Florida|
|Double-A||Pensacola Blue Wahoos||Double-A South||Pensacola, Florida|
|High-A||Beloit Snappers||High-A Central||Beloit, Wisconsin|
|Low-A||Jupiter Hammerheads||Low-A Southeast||Jupiter, Florida|
|Rookie||GCL Marlins||Gulf Coast League||Jupiter, Florida|
|DSL Marlins||Dominican Summer League||Boca Chica, Santo Domingo|
The Marlins' flagship radio station from their inception in 1993 through 2007 was WQAM 560 AM. Although the Marlins had plans to leave WQAM after 2006, they remained with WQAM for the 2007 season. On October 11, 2007, the Marlins announced an agreement with WAXY 790 AM to broadcast all games for the 2008 season. Longtime Montreal Expo and current Marlins play-by-play radio announcer Dave Van Horne won the Hall of Fame's Ford C. Frick Award for excellence in baseball broadcasting in 2010. He shares the play-by-play duties with Glenn Geffner.
Games are also broadcast in Spanish on Radio Mambi 710 AM. Felo Ramírez called play-by-play on that station from 1993-2017 along with Luis Quintana, won the Ford C. Frick Award from the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 2001.
In 1989, Back to the Future Part II had a reference to the Chicago Cubs defeating a baseball team from Miami in the 2015 World Series, ending the longest championship drought in all four of the major North American professional sports leagues. In actuality, the Cubs would end up getting swept in four games by the New York Mets in the NLCS, the Marlins failed to make the postseason, and the 2015 World Series was between the Kansas City Royals and the New York Mets, with the Royals winning in five games. Also, both the Cubs and Marlins are part of the National League, rendering a World Series matchup between the two teams impossible.
The Marlins were the first team in Major League Baseball to have a dance/cheer team. Debuting in 2003, the "Marlins Mermaids" influenced other MLB teams to develop their own cheer/dance squads; this was inspired in part by similar squads from the NFL and NBA. In 2008, the Florida Marlins debuted "The Marlins Manatees", Major League Baseball's first all-male dance/energy squad, to star alongside the Mermaids. As of 2012, the Marlins have abandoned the "Mermaids" and "Manatees" for in-game entertainment instead using an "energy squad", a co-ed group of dancers. In 2019, the Marlins brought back the Mermaids for the first time since 2012.
The Marlins have had many official anthems over the years, performed by such artists as Pitbull, DJ Khaled, Poo Bear and Creed frontman Scott Stapp. Stapp penned their 2010 anthem Marlins Will Soar.
The following are the five best seasons in Marlins history:
|1997||1997||2nd||92||70||.568||9||Wild card winner, World Series Champions,||Liván Hernández (World Series MVP)|
|2003||2003||2nd||91||71||.562||10||Wild card winner, World Series Champions||Jack McKeon (MOY)|
Dontrelle Willis (ROY)
Mike Lowell (Silver Slugger)
Josh Beckett (World Series MVP)
|2009||2009||2nd||87||75||.537||6||Hanley Ramírez (Silver Slugger/NL Batting Title)|
Chris Coghlan (NL Rookie of The Year)
|2008||2008||3rd||84||77||.522||7½||Hanley Ramírez (Silver Slugger)|
|2020||2020||2nd||31||29||.517||4||Division 2nd-place finisher; 2020 NLDS||Don Mattingly (NL Manager of the Year)|
The following are the five worst seasons in Marlins' history:
|Finish[a]||Wins[b]||Losses||Win%||GB[c]||Awards and Honors|
|1998||1998||5th||54||108||.333||52||Worst Record in MLB History for defending WS Champion|
|2019||2019||5th||57||105||.352||40||Second season under Jeter- Sherman group ownership
|2013||2013||5th||62||100||.383||34||First season under manager Mike Redmond|
|1993||1993||6th||64||98||.395||33||Inaugural (first) season|
Other than their first few years as a franchise in the 1990s, the Marlins have consistently ranked as one of lowest attendance teams in the league, coming in last place (30th) several of the past 20 years. Even when LoanDepot Park was completed for the 2012 season, attendance was only average for the first year, dropping down to second to last by 2013.
|Home Attendance at Hard Rock Stadium|
|Year||Total Attendance||Game Average||League Rank|
|Home Attendance at LoanDepot Park|
|Year||Total Attendance||Game Average||League Rank|
Opening Day payrolls for 25-man roster (since 1993):
|Opening Day Salary|
|Year||Salary||Major League Rank|
|1993||$18,196,545||25th (of 28)|
|1998||$41,864,667||20th (of 30)|
|Annual Snapshot of Miami Marlins finance|
|Year||Franchise Value (millions)||Revenue (millions)||Operating Income (millions)||Player Expenses (millions)||Wins-to-player cost ratio|