Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains
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Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains

Coordinates: 52°20?06?N 0°53?49?W / 52.335°N 0.897°W / 52.335; -0.897

Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains Ltd
TypePrivate
Founded11 October 1983; 37 years ago (1983-10-11)
FounderMario Illien
Paul Morgan
Headquarters
Brixworth, Northamptonshire
,
United Kingdom
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
  • Ola Källenius (chairman & Daimler AG board member)
  • Hywel Thomas (managing director)
ParentDaimler AG
Websitemercedes-amg-hpp.com

Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains (previously known as Ilmor Engineering and Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines) is a Formula One engine manufacturer, owned by Mercedes-Benz.

The company supplied Sauber during the 1994 season, McLaren from 1995 to 2014 and from 2021, Force India from 2009 to 2018, Brawn in 2009, the Mercedes factory team since 2010, Williams since 2014, Lotus in 2015, Manor Racing in 2016, Racing Point Force India in 2018, Racing Point from 2019 to 2020 and Aston Martin from 2021. Their engines have won nine Formula One Constructors' Championships and eleven Drivers' Championships.

Background

A 2004 McLaren powered by the Mercedes-Ilmor 3.0 litre V10

Ilmor was founded by Mario Illien and Paul Morgan in 1983, as an independent British Formula One engine manufacturer. The company name was taken from the surnames of the founders. It originally started building engines for IndyCars with the money of IndyCar team owner and chassis manufacturer Roger Penske.[1]

Daimler-Benz acquired General Motors' 25% share of Ilmor in 1993. In 2002, Daimler AG increased its share to 55% and renamed the company Mercedes-Ilmor.[1] In 2005, Daimler became the sole owner of Ilmor and renamed the company first to Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines, then to Mercedes-Benz HighPerformanceEngines. In December 2011, the company was renamed to Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains along with the renaming of Mercedes GP to incorporate the Mercedes-AMG brand.[2]

At the same time, the small Special Projects part of the company, which between 2003 and 2005 had been contracted to co-develop, arrangement, preparation and tune up Honda's IndyCar Series engines until 2011, split away to become a separate company, owned by Mario Illien and Roger Penske. This new company, which is totally independent of Mercedes, is once again known as Ilmor Engineering Ltd.

History

Mercedes-Benz from 2010 onwards has also competed as a constructor as well as an engine maker.

In 1991, Ilmor entered Formula One as the engine supplier to the Leyton House team (formerly March). In 1992, Leyton House changed its name back to March and continued using Ilmor engines. Ilmor also delivered engines to Tyrrell Racing in that year. Powered by an Ilmor V10, March scored 3 points, and Tyrrell 8 points.[1]

Ilmor already had a good name in F1, and so the Sauber sportscar-team and Mercedes-Benz that were planning their Formula One entrance together signed a deal with Ilmor to produce racing engines for them. However, Mercedes stepped back from the project with the engines only carrying the slogan "Concept by Mercedes-Benz" and the engines were officially called "Saubers".

However, after an unexpectedly fast performance in 1993, Sauber convinced Mercedes to enter officially in 1994. In 1994, Ilmor also supplied the new Pacific GP team of Keith Wiggins with the old 1993 spec engines. Pacific only managed to qualify seven times in thirty-two attempts, although the engine was not implicated in this poor display.

Force India is a former Mercedes engine user.

Ilmor became the Mercedes's engine builder partner to McLaren in 1995. The partnership took its first win at the 1997 Australian Grand Prix. Mika Häkkinen picked up Drivers' Championships in 1998 and 1999, and the team won the Constructors' Championship in 1998.[1] After a winless 2006 season, McLaren bounced back and won the Drivers' Championship in 2008 with Lewis Hamilton.

In 2001, Paul Morgan was killed whilst landing his vintage aeroplane at Sywell Aerodrome, Northamptonshire. This led to Mercedes-Benz increasing their financial involvement in Ilmor, with the company being renamed Mercedes-Ilmor Ltd.

The new Formula One regulations in 2014 saw Mercedes produce a hybrid 1.6-litre turbocharged V6 engine, which features both a kinetic energy recovery system and a heat energy recovery system. The Mercedes engine started the season with a clear advantage, with Mercedes-engined cars scoring the majority of the points.[3] Since the introduction of the new engine formula, there have only been 28 occasions where a car with a non-Mercedes power unit achieved pole position. Similarly, as of the 2021 Spanish Grand Prix, Mercedes-powered cars have won 106 out of 142 races during this period.

In March 2020, in light of the delayed seasons due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and working with UCL Mechanical Engineering and Institute of Healthcare Engineering, Mercedes HPP announced that they would be making breathing aids to help keep patients out of intensive care. Mercedes HPP created a device within a week.[4][5] On the first day of production, Mercedes HPP manufactured 600 Continuous Positive Airway Pressure devices, with plans to increase this to 1,000 devices per day. These devices were being produced on machines that typically manufactured pistons and turbochargers for Formula 1 engines.[6] Mercedes would go on to win the Drivers' and Constructors' championships in 2020.[7]

Formula One engine results

  1. ^ Table does not include results of the Mercedes engines which competed in 1954-1955 as these were not made by Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains.

List of Formula One engines

Season Name Format Notes
1994 Mercedes-Benz 2175B 3.496 L V10 Built by Ilmor
1995 Mercedes-Benz FO 110 2.997 L 75° V10
1996 Mercedes-Benz FO 110D
1997 Mercedes-Benz FO 110E
1998 Mercedes-Benz FO 110G 2.998 L 72° V10
1999 Mercedes-Benz FO 110H
2000 Mercedes-Benz FO 110J
2001 Mercedes-Benz FO 110K
2002 Mercedes-Benz FO 110M 2.998 L 90° V10
2003 Mercedes-Benz FO 110P
2004 Mercedes-Benz FO 110Q
2005 Mercedes-Benz FO 110R
2006 Mercedes-Benz FO 108S 2.398 L 90° V8
2007 Mercedes-Benz FO 108T
2008 Mercedes-Benz FO 108V
2009 Mercedes-Benz FO 108W
2010 Mercedes-Benz FO 108X
2011 Mercedes-Benz FO 108Y
2012 Mercedes-Benz FO 108Z
2013 Mercedes-Benz FO 108F
2014 Mercedes-Benz PU106A 1.600 L 90° V6 turbo hybrid
2015 Mercedes-Benz PU106B
2016 Mercedes-Benz PU106C
2017 Mercedes-AMG M08 EQ Power+
2018 Mercedes-AMG M09 EQ Power+
2019 Mercedes-AMG M10 EQ Power+ Rebadged as "BWT Mercedes" for Racing Point
2020 Mercedes-AMG M11 EQ Performance
2021 Mercedes-AMG M12 E Performance

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Tytler, Ewan. "Ilmor: Bowmen of the Silver Arrows". Atlas F1. Haymarket Media. Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ "Company Details". Companies House.
  3. ^ Benson, Andrew (9 April 2014). "F1: McLaren can catch Mercedes says race chief Eric Boullier". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ Walsh, Fergus (30 March 2020). "F1 team helps to create coronavirus breathing aid". BBC News. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ Sample, Ian (30 March 2020). "F1 team helps build new UK breathing aid for Covid-19 patients". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ "Design of new breathing aid developed by Mercedes to be made freely available | Formula 1®". www.formula1.com. Retrieved 2020.
  7. ^ "Emilia Romagna GP Facts & Stats: Hamilton ties another Schumacher record while Mercedes re-write record books once more". www.formula1.com. Retrieved 2020.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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