Meigs County, Tennessee
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Meigs County, Tennessee
Meigs County
Meigs County Courthouse in Decatur
Meigs County Courthouse in Decatur
Map of Tennessee highlighting Meigs County
Location within the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°31?N 84°49?W / 35.51°N 84.81°W / 35.51; -84.81
State Tennessee
Named forReturn J. Meigs[1]
Largest townDecatur
 o Total217 sq mi (560 km2)
 o Land195 sq mi (510 km2)
 o Water22 sq mi (60 km2)  10%%
 o Estimate 
 o Density60/sq mi (20/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
Congressional district4th

Meigs County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,753.[2] Its county seat is Decatur.[3]


Before 1819, the area that is now Meigs County was part of the Cherokee nation. It had been occupied for thousands of years by succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples. European trades had interacted with the Cherokee since the late 17th century, coming from colonial settlements in Virginia and South Carolina.

Especially following the American Revolutionary War, land-hungry European-American settlers began to enter this territory in greater number. They established ferries across the Tennessee River from Rhea County as early as 1807. Colonel Return J. Meigs, a Revolutionary veteran and namesake for the county, was appointed as the United States Indian agent, based in Rhea County until 1817. He supervised trade with the Cherokee. That year, the agency was moved to an area in what is now Meigs County.

In 1819, the US made what is known as the Calhoun Treaty with the Cherokee, forcing them to cede lands north of the Hiwassee River for European-American settlement.[4] Meigs County was formed by the Tennessee legislature in 1836 from parts of Rhea County.[1]

In 1830 Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, and the US started forcibly removing the Five Civilized Tribes from the Southeast. The Cherokee were the last to go. They were gathered in internment camps in Tennessee and Alabama before being forced on the long overland journey to Indian Territory, known as the "Trail of Tears." Many crossed the Tennessee River at Blythe Ferry, in the southwestern part of Meigs County.[1]

In June 1861, at the outbreak of the Civil War, the people of Meigs County were among the few in East Tennessee to vote in favor of Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession. The county voted 481 to 267 in favor of the Ordinance, which severed the state's ties to the Union. The county provided troops for both sides during the course of the war.[1]

20th century to present

In 1985, the Meigs County Family and Community Education ("FCE") Club began a large quilt to commemorate the early history of Meigs County as part of Tennessee's 1986 Homecoming celebrations. It includes images of fourteen sites representing the early history of Meigs County. The central quilt design, including a map to locate the sites represented, was made by the late Flossie Bennett, a longtime leader of the FCE. A committee of representatives from Ten Mile, Peakland, Concord, Goodfield, and Decatur, decided which sites would be included.

These were the Elisha Sharp House (now the Sharp-Wasson-Worth House, c. 1825), the Stewart House (1830), R. H. Johnson's stable, Mount Zion church and Cemetery (1830), Zeigler's Mill (1850, previously called Gettys Mill), the Washington Ferry (1808), Pisah Church (1818), the old gymnasium (c. 1822), the old Meigs County Courthouse (1904), the old Volunteer Electric Cooperative Building (1935), the Ashley House (1885), and the Sam Eaves Store (c. 1861). The quilt also included Hereford cattle, since Meigs County is noted for its beef cattle.

The quilt was awarded "Best Original Design" at the McMinn County Living Heritage Museum's Quilt Show. Initially displayed at the Meigs-Decatur Public Library, the quilt now hangs in the Meigs County Historical Museum in Decatur.[5]

A new building was constructed in Decatur to house the collection of the Meigs County Historical Museum. It opened in July 2002.[6] The Meigs County Historical Museum houses many court and family records. On permanent display is a mural depicting Main Street in Decatur in the 1930s. The mural was funded by grants from the Tennessee Arts Commission and the VEC Customer shares program. It was painted by local artist Bill McDonald. [7]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 217 square miles (560 km2), of which 195 square miles (510 km2) is land and 22 square miles (57 km2) (10%) is water.[8]

The main geographic feature of Meigs County is the Tennessee River, which forms the county's western boundary. Watts Bar Dam is located along the river between Meigs and adjacent Rhea County. Above it is the manmade Watts Bar Lake, which spans the river upstream to Fort Loudoun Dam just west of Knoxville. Watts Bar Dam's tailwaters are part of Chickamauga Lake, which stretches downstream to Chickamauga Dam in Chattanooga. The mouth of the Hiwassee River flows into the Tennessee River at a point in southwestern Meigs County, near where Meigs, Rhea, and Hamilton counties meet.

Adjacent counties

State protected areas

  • Chickamauga Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Hiwassee Refuge (part)


Age pyramid of Meigs County[a]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 11,086 people, 4,304 households, and 3,262 families residing in the county. The population density was 57 people per square mile (22/km2). There were 5,188 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.65% White, 1.24% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,304 households, out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.70% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.20% were non-families. 20.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.10% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,354, and the median income for a family was $34,114. Males had a median income of $29,521 versus $20,419 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,551. About 15.80% of families and 18.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.50% of those under age 18 and 14.60% of those age 65 or over.


State Route 58 - The principal north-south highway, runs the entire length of the county dividing the county down the middle. The only link via the Hiwassee River Bridge to the southernmost part of the county.

State Route 30 - The principal east-west highway. This highway divides the county into north and south and intersects Highway 58 in Decatur. The Tennessee Department of Transportation is in the process of upgrading Highway 30 from a 2-lane highway to a 4-lane divided highway. allowing for more major east-west traffic and faster connection to Interstate 75. (The section from Decatur eastward was finished in 2008.)

State Route 68 - A north-south main highway for the county, that actually runs east/west through the northern county. This highway crosses the Tennessee River at Watts Bar Dam.

State Route 60 - A principal north-south highway forming the southern border of the county.

State Route 304 - An important local road, mainly for local residents that live off of the highway, and its northern portions allows access to Watts Bar Lake's many marinas, resorts, and campgrounds. Also connects the unincorporated community of Ten Mile with the county seat of Decatur.

State Route 305 - An important local road, connecting Interstate 75 with Tennessee State Route 68 and Tennessee State Route 58. This also connects the north-central part of the county with the neighboring city of Athens in McMinn County.

State Route 306 - A secondary state highway in the southeast portion of the county connecting Highway 58 to Charleston and Cleveland.


The 1930s-era Bradford Rymer Barn in Georgetown


Unincorporated communities

Ghost town


Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2020 80.8% 4,467 18.2% 1,008 1.0% 57
2016 77.4% 3,342 19.8% 856 2.8% 122
2012 69.0% 2,734 29.3% 1,163 1.7% 67
2008 66.0% 2,797 32.4% 1,372 1.6% 68
2004 60.5% 2,500 38.6% 1,595 0.9% 37
2000 53.0% 1,797 45.9% 1,555 1.1% 38
1996 41.4% 1,228 49.7% 1,476 8.9% 264
1992 38.9% 1,355 48.0% 1,673 13.1% 456
1988 58.7% 1,507 40.8% 1,048 0.5% 13
1984 60.5% 1,575 38.9% 1,012 0.6% 15
1980 55.2% 1,278 43.1% 999 1.7% 39
1976 43.5% 975 55.9% 1,254 0.6% 13
1972 64.3% 1,052 33.0% 539 2.7% 44
1968 43.8% 729 29.6% 493 26.6% 442
1964 50.2% 824 49.8% 816
1960 56.1% 901 43.1% 691 0.8% 13
1956 51.9% 847 46.5% 759 1.5% 25
1952 52.3% 850 46.4% 754 1.3% 21
1948 47.0% 748 49.6% 788 3.4% 54
1944 42.3% 532 57.7% 727
1940 39.2% 573 60.8% 889
1936 42.4% 740 56.9% 994 0.7% 13
1932 40.1% 564 59.7% 840 0.3% 4
1928 55.0% 719 45.0% 589
1924 52.8% 657 46.1% 574 1.1% 14
1920 56.2% 915 43.8% 712
1916 52.9% 608 47.0% 541 0.1% 1
1912 33.1% 337 50.8% 517 16.1% 164

See also


  1. ^ Based on 2000 census data


  1. ^ a b c d Ann Toplovich, "Meigs County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 11 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved .
  4. ^ National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form: Historic Resources of Meigs County, 1983
  5. ^ Johnny Hutsell-Royster, "Meigs history told one stitch at a time," The Daily Post-Athenian, Athens, Tennessee (Wednesday, February 28, 2001), 12-13; "Meigs County historical quilt on display at library", The Daily Post-Athenian, Athens, Tennessee (date unknown, "1986 revisited").
  6. ^ Paulette Jones, "Meigs Historical Society Praises Nell Worth," The Daily Post Athenian, Athens, Tennessee, (July 23, 2010); Johnny, Hutshell-Royster, "$100,000 gift gives museum a boost," The Daily Post-Athenian (Thursday, February 15, 2001); and Ron Clayton, "$100,000 gift boosts Meigs museum fund," Chattanooga Times Free Press, Chattanooga, Tennessee (Friday, February 16, 2001), B2; and Johnny Hutsell-Royster, "Meigs Museum continues to grow and educate," The Daily Post-Athenian, Athens, Tennessee (Friday, March 26, 2004), C4
  7. ^ Meigs County Historical Museum website Archived 2010-08-03 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved: 11 March 2013.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved 2015.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved .

External links

Coordinates: 35°31?N 84°49?W / 35.51°N 84.81°W / 35.51; -84.81

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