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The front page
Type of site
Available inInterface: Arabic
Content: to be extended to all languages using Arabic script
OwnerMarefa Foundation
Created byNayel Shafei
Launched16 February 2007
Current statusperpetual work-in-progress

Marefa (in Arabic: ?‎, lit.'knowledge') is a not-for-profit online encyclopedia project that uses the wiki system to provide a free Arabic encyclopedia similar to Wikipedia. It was set up by Nayel Shafei on February 16, 2007.[1][2] Sister projects include Manuscript documentation, Sources, Collaborative books, forums, Blogsphere, E-mail accounts (with unlimited storage), Video/Audio library.

In September, 2007, Marefa received 25,000 manuscripts and old books, in Arabic script, from the Government of India. These are scanned images of books stored in and around Osmania University, Hyderabad, India. The books are in Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Turkish. Marefa started the electronic publishing of them, immediately, and made them available for free. University of North Carolina (UNC) puts Marefa as one of top eight sources for Arabic Manuscripts,[3] with notable global cultural centers of Arabic heritage, like, Süleymaniye Library, Istanbul, and Azhar University, Cairo. Middle East Librarian Association recommends the Marefa to its members, and its cited Marefa's receipt of 25,000 Arabic and Persian books and manuscripts from the Government of India.[4]


In addition to articles and original manuscripts, Marefa offers a vast variety of multimedia projects for its visitors. On the home page, viewers can find developing news stories from around the world, updated daily. Marefa recently added a video library where visitors can watch clips uploaded by administrators and other visitors.

In Spring 2009, Marefa began offering weekly live Webinar lectures for site visitors. Marefa members and visitors from around the world discuss pressing global issues, on the Webinar, by hooking up webcams and microphones to their computers and communicating with each other in real time. The weekly Webinar features a guest lecturer speaking about his or her area of expertise. Past Webinars have included talks on the Yemeni secession movement, 2009 Iranian national elections, and historic roots of current crisis in Somalia.

Marefa offers e-mail accounts to members who choose to sign up for such service.

Relationship with Wikipedia

The founder of Marefa, Nayel Shafei, was in 2005-06, one of the contributors to Arabic Wikipedia in number of different articles. After what he describes as a takeover of the Arabic resource that culminated in banning him,[5][6] he stopped contributing to it, and formed Marefa.

Marefa started with content from several permitting[7] sources including Wikipedia. Marefa uses Wiki-format for its site but provides articles on individuals, issues, and items often not found on the Arabic resource site. Marefa often uses content from the English and Arabic sites for baseline material, but Marefa provides additional details, sources, images, multimedia, and commentary for articles that may not be found on the Arabic resource site. Marefa's articles are in Arabic but also have a multilingual linking system in which alternative language editions of a given article in Marefa are linked to resource editions in those languages.


  1. ^ Ghosn, Zeinab (18 October 2007). "Marefa, a free online encyclopedia, to increase digital content, and revive Arabic epistemologic heritage". Assafir (in Arabic). Retrieved 2008.
  2. ^ Mostafa, Aghareed (16 October 2008). "New Online Project to publish manuscripts and Heritage books". Al Raya (in Arabic). Retrieved 2008.[dead link]
  4. ^ Omar Khalidi (2007). "D¯a-irat al-Ma,¯arif al-Uthm¯an¯?yah" (PDF). MELA Notes 80. Retrieved .[dead link]
  5. ^ personal page of Nayel Shafei at Arabic Wikipedia
  6. ^ page of Shafei checkuser case on Arabic Wikipedia.
  7. ^ "Sources Permitting Rebuplishing and Copying (in Arabic)". Marefa. Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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