Effective taxes, government policies that are not explicitly taxes, but result in income to the government through losses to the public
Capital gains tax is a tax on the sale of an investment, usually stocks, bonds, precious metals and property.
Corporate tax is levied on the earnings or profits of a corporation.
Dividend tax is a tax on dividends paid to shareholders of a company.
Excess profits tax is a tax on unusually high profits levied on a corporation. This was largely levied in the United States in times of war to prevent war profiteering, but has been proposed at other times.
Flat tax, an income tax where everyone pays the same tax rate.
Gift tax, a tax on gifts given (generally paid by the person making the gift, not by the recipient).
Gross receipts tax, a tax on revenues received by a corporation, even if they don't profit.
Window tax was a tax levied in England based on the number of windows on a building.
A general tax refers to a tax that applies to all or most goods and services and where all are taxed at the same rate. An excise tax refers to a tax on a single item, which may be different from the tax levied on other items.
Value added tax is a tax on manufacturing that taxes the difference between the cost of raw materials and the cost of the final product.
FairTax is a proposal to replace every tax in a particular country with a single retail sales tax. To avoid having the tax being regressive, the tax system would also provide a rebate to every citizen subject to the tax.
Per unit tax, a tax charged proportionally to the amount sold, such as by cents per kilogram.
Turnover tax, a tax on intermediate and capital goods that is viewed as a precursor to a value-added tax.
Use tax, a tax charged on an item purchased in an area without a sales tax when brought to areas that has one.
Adet-i a?nam was an annual tax on sheep and goats levied by the Ottoman Empire. Unlike most Ottoman taxes, this tax went to the national treasury, rather than regional treasuries. It was largely collected through tax farming.
Resm-i arusane, known as the bride tax, was a tax on marriage levied by the Ottoman Empire.
Development Impact Tax is a fee charged to a developer to pay for the amount of infrastructure that will need to be built to accommodate the new residents or customers of the development. Such fees fund municipal government services such as roads, domestic water services and schools.
Toll, a fee required to use government infrastructure, usually a road, including bridges and tunnels.
Tuition is a charge collected for attending schools and colleges. Many countries charge tuition for attending government run schools, making this a form of tax.
Inflation tax is the value lost by inflation, by holders of cash and those on fixed incomes. Inflation causes those holding cash to lose money by reducing its real value, but at the same time, reduces the amount owed by debtors because the real value of the debt has decreased.
Seigniorage is the difference between the value of money and the actual cost required to produce it. Mints make a profit from this difference in value, so it is frequently viewed as a tax.
Corvée refers to a person being forced to work instead of paying taxes. Such systems require certain classes of people to labor for a certain length of time, and the person would be free once the corvee obligations were met. While a form of unfree labor, it is also considered a tax, since a person's labor has value. Corvee was often implemented in areas where the poor had no money to pay as taxes.