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List of Minor Old Testament Figures, A%E2%80%93K
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This article contains persons named in the Bible of minor notability, about whom either nothing or very little is known, aside from any family connections.
Aalar, in the King James Version, appears in 1 Esdras 5:36, as one of those who came up from "Thermeleth and Thelersas" who could not show their genealogical records. Instead of Aalar, the NRSV reads Immer.
The name Abdi (Hebrew ) is probably an abbreviation of Obediah, meaning "servant of YHWH", according to the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Easton's Bible Encyclopedia, on the other hand, holds that it means "my servant". The name "Abdi" appears three times in forms of the Bible that are in use among Jews, Protestants, and Roman Catholics. There is also one additional appearance in 1 Esdras, considered canonical in Eastern Orthodox Churches.
1 Chronicles 6:29: "And on the left hand their brethren the sons of Merari: Ethan the son of Kishi, the son of Abdi, the son of Malluch." This verse, in the King James Version and some other Bibles, is verse 44 of chapter 6.
2 Chronicles 29:12. "Then the Levites arose, Mahath the son of Amasai, and Joel the son of Azariah, of the sons of the Kohathites; and of the sons of Merari, Kish the son of Abdi, and Azariah the son of Jehallelel; and of the Gershonites, Joah the son of Zimmah, and Eden the son of Joah."
Ezra 10:26. "And of the sons of Elam: Mattaniah, Zechariah, and Jehiel, and Abdi, and Jeremoth, and Elijah."
1 Esdras 9:27, where the name appears in the Hellenized form Oabd[e]ios. "Of the sons of Elam: Matthanias and Zacharias and Iezrielos and Obadios and Ieremoth and Elias."
According to Cheyne and Black (1899), the two occurrences in the Books of Chronicles refer to a single individual, and the references in Ezra and 1 Esdras are to a second individual.
Abdon (Hebrew from "to serve") is the name of four biblical individuals. It is a diminutive form of the name Ebed.
The first-born of Gibeon of the tribe of Benjamin, mentioned only in passing in genealogies (1 Chronicles 8:30, 9:36).
Abdon the son of Micah. Josiah sent him, among others, to the prophetess Huldah, in order to discern the meaning of the recently rediscovered book of the law (2 Chronicles 34:20). He is referred to as Achbor in 2 Kings 22:12.
Abdon son of Sashak. He is only mentioned as a name in a genealogy (1 Chronicles 8:23).
Abiasaph (Hebrew ? "my father has gathered") was a son of Korah of the Tribe of Levi according to Exodus 6:24, born in Egypt. Ebiasaph is a spelling variation of Abiasaph.
Abida, Abidah or Abeida, a son of Midian and descendant of Abraham and Keturah, appears twice in the Bible, in Genesis 25:4 and 1 Chronicles 1:33. The sons of Abraham's concubines were sent away to the east with gifts from Abraham. The father of Hudino, the great grandfather of Jethro.
Abinadab (Hebrew ? "my father apportions" or "the father [i.e. god of the clan] is munificent") refers to four biblical characters. Where the Hebrew text reads Avinadav, Greek manuscripts of the Septuagint read Am(e)inadab or Abin. but Brenton's translation of the Septuagint reads "Abinadab".
The name Abitub or Abitob appears only once in the Hebrew Bible, in 1 Chronicles 8:11, where it is used for a character said to be the son of Shaharaim, in a section on the descendants of Benjamin.
the first wife of Esau, the daughter of Elon the Hittite. It has been suggested by biblical scholars that she is the same person as "Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite", mentioned as a wife of Esau in Genesis 26. She bore Esau's firstborn Eliphaz, and became the matriarch of the Edomites. (Genesis26:34, 36:2-4)
Mentioned only in Esther9:8, Adalia is the fifth of the Persian noble Haman's ten sons. Adalia was slain along with his nine siblings in Susa. In various manuscripts of the Septuagint, his name is given as Barsa,Barel, or Barea.
Adbeel (Hebrew ? "disciplined by God") Nadbeel or Idiba'ilu, was the third son of Ishmael out of twelve. (Genesis25:13) The name Adbeel is associated with the personal name and northwest tribe in Arabia known as Idiba'ilu, whom Tiglath-Pileser conquered in the 8th century BCE. (Kenneth A. Mathews, 2005, p. 361)[clarification needed]
Adlai is in Hebrew ?, meaning "refuge". In 1 Chronicles27:29, he is the father of Shaphat. He is mentioned only in this verse.
Mentioned only in Esther1:14, Admatha is an advisor to Ahasuerus of Persia. According to one theory, the verse has suffered from scribal error, and as it originally stood Admatha was instead Hamdatha, not an adviser to Ahaseurus but the father of Haman.
Adna is the name of two biblical characters. The first is one of the men in the Book of Ezra who took foreign wives. The second is a priest, named as the head of the priestly family Harim in the time of Joiakim.
Adnah, called Ednaas or Ednas in Septuagint manuscripts, is credited with being a commander of 300,000 soldiers in the army of Jehoshaphat. He is found in 2 Chronicles 17:14. His name is spelled with a final He.
Adnah, called Edna in the Septuagint, refers to a member of the Tribe of Manasseh who deserted Saul to support David. His name is spelled with either a final He or else a Heth, depending on the manuscript.
Aduel, according to the Tobit 1:1, was the great-grandfather of Tobit. The Book of Tobit is included in some Christian Bibles, but it is not included in Bibles historically used by Jews and most Protestants. Cheyne and Black claim that "Aduel" is "no doubt another form of Adiel".
Ahimoth appears in 1 Chronicles 6:25 (verse 10 in some Bibles). It is the name given for one of the descendants of Kehath the son of Levi.
Ahinadab (Hebrew: Ahinadav "my brother Is noble" or "my brother has devoted himself"), son of Iddo, is one of the twelve commissariat officers appointed by Solomon to districts of his kingdom to raise supplies by monthly rotation for his household. He was appointed to the district of Mahanaim (1 Kings 4:14), east of Jordan.
Ahishahar is the name given to a third-generation descendant of Benjamin (the eponymous forefather of the Tribe of Benjamin) in 1 Chronicles 7:10. This figure is mentioned nowhere else in the Hebrew Bible.
Ahishar ( in Hebrew; meaning Brother of song, or singer), the officer who was "over the household" of Solomon (1 Kings4:6).
Ahitub is the name of several minor biblical figures:
Ahuzzam or Ahuzam is the name of one of the sons of "Asshur, the father of Tekoa," in a genealogy describing the desceandants of the Tribe of Judah. He is mentioned only in 1 Chronicles 4:6.
Ahuzzath or Ahuzzah is the name given to an associate of Abimelech, king of Gerar, in Genesis 26:26. According to the Book of Genesis, Ahuzzath accompanied Abimelech when Abimelech went to make a treaty with Isaac. He is mentioned nowhere else in the Hebrew Bible.
Ahzai (KJVAhasai) is a name which appears only in Nehemiah 11:13, where it is mentioned in passing. The verse refers to a priest, called "Amashsai son of Azarel son of Ahzai son of Meshillemoth son of Immer." In the parallel name in 1 Chronicles 9:12, the name "Jahzerah" replaces "Ahzai."
Aidias, a descendant of Ela, appears in 1 Esdras 9:27 as one of the men found to have married foreign women. 1 Esdras appears in some Christian Bibles, but not in the Bibles used by Jews and most Protestants. In the parallel verse in the Book of Ezra, 10:26, the name "Elijah" is found.
In Amos7:10, Amaziah is a priest of Bethel who confronts Amos and rejects his prophesying against king Jeroboam II. As a result, Amos is led to prophesy the doom of Amaziah's family, the loss of his land and his death in exile. Jonathan Magonet has described Amaziah as 'a spiritual leader who believed in his own power and could not risk hearing the word of God'.
An Ephraimite. The son of Laadan (son of Tahan, son of Telah, son of Resheph, son of Rephah, son of Beriah, son of Joseph) and father of Elishama (father of Nun, father of Joshua). He is mentioned in Joshua's genealogy in 1 Chronicles7:23-27.
A person mentioned in the Old Testament in Song of Solomon6:12, whose chariots were famed for their swiftness. It is rendered in the margin "my willing people," and in the Revised Version "my princely people."
Anaiah, a name meaning "Yahweh has answered," appears only twice in the Hebrew Bible, with both appearances in Nehemiah. The first appearance describes Ezra, a Jewish reformer, standing up to give a speech, with thirteen other people standing beside him. Anaiah is listed as one of those standing by. The second appearance of the name is in a list of people who signed a covenant between God and the Jewish people.
Anak was the father of Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai in Numbers 13:22
Anan was one of the Israelites who sealed the covenant after the return from Babylon (Nehemiah 10:26). While "Anan" (which means "Cloud") never became a very common name, a much later person so named - Anan Ben David (c. 715 - c. 795) is widely considered to be a major founder of the Karaite movement of Judaism.
Anani is a name which appears in a genealogy in Chronicles. It refers to a descendant of Zerubbabel. According to the Masoretic Text Anani was born six generations after Zerubbabel. For scholars, this six-generation span after Zerubbabel is the terminus a quo for the date of Chronicles--it implies that Chronicles could not have been written earlier than about 400 BCE. In the Septuagint, Anani is listed as eleven generations removed from Zerubbabel. For scholars who believe that the Septuagint reading for Anani's genealogy is correct, this places the earliest possible date for the writing of Chronicles at about 300 BCE.
Anthothijah is a name which appears only once in the Hebrew Bible, in a genealogical section listing descendants of Benjamin. It is most likely an adjective used to describe a female person from the town of Anathoth. Manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint give the name as Anothaith,Anathothia,Athein, or Anathotha.
Aphiah, of the tribe of Benjamin, was an ancestor of King Saul and of his commander Abner. According to Saul, his family was the least of the tribe of Benjamin. A son of Shchorim, the son of Uzziel (descendant of Gera, son of Benjamin) and Matri (ancestor of Matrites and descendant of Belah, son of Benjamin).
Appaim is a minor figure who appears in 1 Chronicles 2:30 and 31. He appears briefly in a genealogy of Jerahmeelites, in which he is the father Ishi, son of Appaim, son of Nadab, son of Shammai, son of Onam, son of Jerahmeel. In manuscripts of the Septuagint, he is called Ephraim,Aphphaim, or Opheim.
Arah is the name of two minor biblical figures. The name may mean "wayfarer."
Asareel, according to a genealogical passages in the Book of Chronicles, was the son of a figure named Jehaleleel or Jehallelel. Asareel and Jehaleleel are mentioned only briefly, in a section of the genealogies adjacent to the descendants of Caleb, although the relationship between them and the descendants of Caleb is uncertain.
Ashbel (Hebrew, ?) is the third of the ten sons of Benjamin named in Genesis. He founded the tribe of Ashbelites.
Assir was a son of Korah of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:24, born in Egypt. It was also the firstborn son of Jehoiachin, King of Judah.
Perhaps there is enough ambiguity here to assume that "Assir" is actually an adjective. The text is too vague to be certain... i.e. 1 Chronicles 3:17. Jehoiachin was the last free king of Judah before being led off to captivity... "prisoner" could be a more descriptive use of "Assir" as opposed to the name of a son. Maybe.
Athaiah the son of Uzziah is a person listed in Nehemiah as a Judahite inhabitant of Jerusalem. The meaning of the name is uncertain.
Athlai, a descendant of Bebai, is listed in the book of Ezra as one of the men who married foreign women. The name is a contraction of "Athaliah." In the equivalent list in 1 Esdras, the name "Amatheis" or "Ematheis" appears in the same place.
Azaliah is mentioned in passing as the father of the scribe Shaphan in 2 Kings 22:3 and the copy of the same verse found in 2 Chronicles 34:8. The name means "Yahweh has reserved."
Azaniah is mentioned in passing in Nehemiah 10:9 (10 in some Bibles) as the name the father of Levite who signed the covenant of Nehemiah. The name means "Yahweh listened."
Azariah (Hebrew - azaryahu "God Helped"), son of Nathan, was appointed by King Solomon to be over his deputies. I Kings 4:5. For Azariah the priest see Azariah (high priest).
Azgad is the name of a Levite who signed Ezra's covenant. The name means "Gad is strong."
Azmaveth of Baharim was one of David's mighty warriors mentioned in 2 Samuel 23:31, and father of Jeziel and Pelet according to 1 Chronicles 12:3. In 1 Chronicles 27:25, Azmaveth the son of Adiel is mentioned as responsible for the king's treasuries.
BenAbinadab (Hebrew BeN ,'a?YNaDa? "My Father is Liberal"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Dor, and he was married to Taphath, a daughter of Solomon. I Kings 4:11 (RSV).
A son of Ephraim (1 Chr.7:20-23), born after the killing of Ephraim's sons Ezer and Elead, and so called by his father "because disaster had befallen his house." He was the father of Rephah, the ancestor of Joshua son of Nun son of Elishama.
A Benjamite, son of Elpaal. He and his brother Shema expelled the Gittites, and were patriarchs to the inhabitants of Ajalon. His sons were Michael, Ishpah and Joha. (1 Chr.8:13)
The name Bigvai occurs several times in Ezra-Nehemiah (Ezra 2:2, 14, 8:14, Nehemiah 7:7, 19 and 10:16). In the last of these he is one of the "leaders of the people". By 408 B.C. the Elephantine papyri show that Sanballat was the governor of Samaria, and Bigvai the governor of Jerusalem but Wright says that "it is not suggested that any of these [referred to in Ezra-Nehemiah] is the man who later became governor.
Carshena or Karshena is a name which appears in a list of high-ranking officials in the court of king Ahasuerus in Esther 1:14. It is derived from the Persian warkan?, meaning "wolfish."
Chalcol the brother of Darda (Hebrew ? kalkol - the same consonants with different vowel points (kilkayl) mean "maintain") is listed in 1 Kings 4:31 as an example of a very wise man who is, nevertheless, not as wise as Solomon. Another person with the same Hebrew name (though spelled "Calcol" in the King James Version) is listed in 1 Chronicles as the son of Zerah, the son of Judah (son of Jacob).
Chelluh,Cheluhi, or Cheluhu is the name given in Ezra 10:35 for one of the men who married foreign women.
Two individuals by the name of Chelub are mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.
A descendant of Judah, called "brother of Shuhah" in 1 Chronicles 4:11, in a genealogical passage listing descendants of Judah. According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica (1899), this "Chelub" is the biblical figure better known as Caleb.
An Ezri son of Chelub was an overseer of agricultural work in the time of king David according to 1 Chronicles 27:26.
Chenaanah is the name of two biblical figures.
In a genealogical section of Chronicles concerned with the Tribe of Benjamin, a Chenaanah son of Bilhan is mentioned.
The false prophet Zedekiah is called "son of Chenaanah."
Chenaniah, according to Chronicles, was a Levite leader in the time of David. The Hebrew text is unclear as to whether he was in charge of something to do with singing or with the carrying of the ark.
Son of Shemaiah, and officer to King Jehoiakim of Judah. He was one of the officers present at the delivery of a scroll sent by Jeremiah, (Jer.36:12) and one of those who asked the king not to burn the scroll. (ibid. 36:25)
Elah was the father of King Hoshea of Israel (2 Kings 17:1, 18:1)
Elah was the name of an Edomite clan (possibly the name of an eponymous chieftain) mentioned in Genesis 36:31-43.
Elasah or Eleasah (Hebrew? meaning 'made by God') was the name of four individuals mentioned in the Bible:
The son of Shaphan, who was chosen by King Zedekiah of Judah to be one of the two messengers to take Jeremiah's letter to Nebuchadnezzar (Jeremiah 29:3) He was probably the brother of Ahikam, who had taken Jermiah's part at the time of his arrest after the temple sermon 
One of the sons of Pashur who was rebuked for marrying a foreign women (Ezra 10:18-19)
The son of Helez, a Jerahmeelite (1 Chronicles 2:39-40). He is called "Eleasah" in the King James Bible.
A descendant of Saul according to 1 Chronicles 8:37. He is called "Eleasah" in the King James Bible.
Elead appears in 1 Chronicles 7:21 as the name of a man who, along with his brother Ezer, is killed by farmers near Philistine the city of Gath. It is unclear whether Elead is intended by the Chronicler as the son or a later descendant of Ephraim, and it is likewise uncertain whether this Elead is the same figure as the Eleadah mentioned in the previous verse.
Eliphal son of Ur is listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors in 1 Chronicles 11:35. In the corresponding place in Samuel's version of the list (2 Samuel 23:34), he is called "Eliphelet son of Ahasbai the Maachathite." According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica, the name "Eliphal" (Hebrew lypl ) is copyist's error for "Eliphelet" ( lyplt ) caused by dropping the final letter in the name.
Eliphelet is a Hebrew name meaning "God is a deliverance."
 It is the name of several figures in the Hebrew Bible, and appears under several spellings.
Eliphelet is the name given to a son of David in 2 Samuel 5:16, and 1 Chronicles 3:8 and 14:7. Due to a textual error, Chronicles records Eliphelet twice, as if it were the name of two different sons of David.
Eliphal, son of Ur (2 Samuel 23:34) or Ahasbai (1 Chronicles 11:35), is listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors. The Encyclopaedia Biblica claims that "Eliphal" is likely a scribal error for "Eliphelet."
Eliphal son of Eshek appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:39).
An Eliphelet is named among the "descendants of Adonikam," one of the groups that returned with Ezra from the Babylonian captivity according to Ezra 8:13.
An Eliphelet, one of the "descendants of Hashum," is listed as one of the men who married foreign women according to Ezra 10:33.
Eliasaph was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:
Elienai, one of the nine sons of Shimei, appears in a genealogical passage as a descendant of Benjamin in 1 Chronicles 8:20. The consonants which make up the Hebrew name are only in this one passage read as Elienai; elsewhere the pronunciation is Elioenai.
Elihoreph (Hebrew ) was a scribe in King Solomon's court. He was a son of Shisha and brother of Ahiah. (I Kings: 4:3) The name means "'my God repays,' or 'my God is the giver of the autumn harvest.'"
Elnathan (Hebrew Elnathan "God gave") is a Hebrew name found in 2 Kings, Jeremiah and Ezra.
According to 2 Kings 24:8, Elnathan ben Achbor of Jerusalem was the father of Nehushta. Nehushta was the mother of kingJeconiah, whose father was king Jehoiakim. Despite this close relationship to the king, Elnathan is one of those who, according to Jeremiah36:25 opposes Jehoiakim when he cuts up and burns a scroll that had been brought to him, containing Jeremiah's prophesies of the forthcoming destruction of Judah. Elnathan's father Achbor was a strong supporter of the earlier reforms of king Josiah, which may have influenced Elnathan's behavior, although according to Jeremiah26:20-23 he had earlier been closely involved in the persecution of the prophet Uriah ben Shemaiah.
In Ezra 8:16, the name Elnathan occurs three times:
Then sent I for Eliezer, for Ariel, for Shemaiah, and for Elnathan, and for Jarib, and for Elnathan, and for Nathan, and for Zechariah, and for Meshullam, chief men; also for Joiarib, and for Elnathan, which were teachers. (Revised Version)
According to Donna Laird, the repetition of Elnathan, and the similarity between the names Jarib and Joiarib, may indicate a copyist's accidental repetition.
Elon (Hebrew: , Modern: Elon, Tiberian: 'Êl?n, "Oak") was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:
Elpaal is a name mentioned briefly in 1 Chronicles 8, in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin. He is recorded as the son of a woman named Hushim, the wife of a man named Shaharaim. The relationship between Shaharaim and Benjamin is not spelled out by the Chronicler. Elpaal is recorded as the father of people who included the builders or ancestors of the towns of Ono, Lod, and Ajalon.
Enan is mentioned several by way of reference to his son, "Ahira the son of Enan," who according to the Book of Numbers was the tribal leader of the Tribe of Naphtali in the time of the wilderness wanderings following the Exodus.
In Genesis4:17-18, Enoch is the firstborn son of Cain and the father of Irad. Cain named the city of Enoch after his son.
For the place-name containing Enan, see Hazar Enan.
Ephlal is the name given to a Jerahmeelite found a genealogy in 1 Chronicles. He is identified as the son of Zabad, the son of Nathan, the son of Attai, the son of Jarha, the son-in-law of Sheshan, the son of Ishi, the son of Appaim, the son of Nadab, the son of Shammai, the son of Onam, the son of Jerahmeel. In various manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint, the name is found in the forms Aphamel,Aphamed, and Ophlad. Stanley Arthur Cook (1899) suggested that the name might originally have been either an abbreviated form of Eliphelet, or else the name "Elpaal."
Ephron the Hittite, son of Zohar, lived in Mamre among the children of Heth. Abraham comes to the Hittites, which are strangers to him, and asks them to sell him a property that he can use as a burial site. The Hittites, flattering Abraham by calling him a mighty prince says that he can choose whichever tomb he wants (Genesis 23:1-8). Abraham then asks them to contact Ephron son of Zohar who owns the cave of Machpelah which he is offering to buy for "the full price". Ephron slyly replies that he is prepared to give Abraham the field and the cave within in, knowing that that would not result in Abraham having a permanent claim of it. Abraham politely refuses the offer and insists on paying for the field. Ephron replies that the field is worth four hundred shekels of silver and Abraham agrees to the price without any further bargaining. He then proceeded to bury his dead wife Sarah there (Genesis 23:9-20).
Ethnan, the son of Ashur the father of Tekoa, is a figure who appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Judah in 1 Chronicles 4:7. He may be included in the genealogy to represent Ithnan, a Judahite city mentioned in Joshua 15:23.
Gatam is a name which appears in Genesis and Chronicles in a genealogy of the Edomites. In Genesis 36:11 and 1 Chronicles 1:36, Gatam is described the "son" of Eliphaz, the son of Esau (who is according to the Bible the forefather of the Edomites). In the passages which describe Gatam as a "son" of Eliphaz, he is listed alongside his "brothers": Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Kenaz according to Genesis; a similar but slightly larger list of brothers in Chronicles (Chronicles includes Amalek as a brother of Gatam). However, in Genesis 36:16, Gatam and Amalek (along with a previously unmentioned Korah) are described not as individual sons but as "clans" of Eliphaz.
In the Masoretic Text of the Hebrew Bible, two individuals by the name of Gazez appear in 1 Chronicles 2:46. However, the Peshitta includes only one Gazez, and at least one biblical scholar has suggested that the second Gazez may have been included in the Masoretic Text by mistake.
Gemariah (Hebrew?) is the name of at least two biblical characters:
Gemariah son of Shaphan in chapter 36 of Jeremiah. His own son Micaiah hears Jeremiah's secretary Baruch read Jeremiah's prophecies against the nation, and reports to a meeting of the court officials, including his father, nearby. This leads to the scroll being read before king Jehoiakim, who cuts it up and burns it despite the protestations of Gemariah and Elnathan ben Achbor.
Gemariah son of Hilkiah, one of the envoys whom King Zedekiah sent to Babylonia (Jeremiah 29:3) Nothing else is known of him; he was hardly the brother of Jeremiah, whose father was also named Hilkiah.
Genubath (Hebrew genubat "Stolen" ) is mentioned in I Kings 11:20 as the son born to Hadad the Edomite and the sister of Queen Tahpenes, Pharaoh's wife.
Ginath is a name which is mentioned only in passing in a narrative describing the struggle for kingship between Omri and Tibni. Tibni is referred to in 1 Kings 16:21 and 22 as "son of Ginath," which taken literally, could be read as implying that a person named Ginath was Tibni's father. However, the Encyclopaedia Biblica suggests that the term "Ginath" is a place-name or clan-name, so that "Tibni son of Ginath" has the meaning "Tibni of Ginath."
Gilalai is the name of a priest who participated as a musician in a procession led by Ezra.
Gishpa, (KJVGispa) was one of two leaders of the Nethinim who lived in Ophel, according to Nehemiah 11:21. There are no other mentions of the name anywhere else in the Bible.
Haahashtari or Ahashtari was one of the sons of Naarah, one of the two wives of Asshur (1 Chronicles 4:6). Because the name is used to refer to a family of Judahites who descend from Judah via Ashhur, Thomas Kelly Cheyne believed that the name "Haahashtari" arose from a confusion between Ha-Ashhuri ("the Ashhurite") with the obscure term ahashtranim which appears in Esther 8:10.
Habaiah (also called Hobaiah or Obdia) was the name given to a priestly family mentioned in Ezra 2:61: the b'ne habayah (literally "sons/descendants of Habaiah"). Along with the families Hakkoz and Barzillai, the Habaiah family were priests whose names were not registered in the official genealogical records. As a result, Ezra ruled that their rights to serve as priests would be restricted until such time as a high priest could decide, using the oracular Urim and Thummim, whether they had divine approval to serve as priests.
The name "Habaiah" means "Yahweh hides" or "Yahweh protects," and appears in manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint in the forms Labeia,Obaia,Odogia,Ebeia,Ab(e)ia,Obbeia, and Obdia.
Habazziniah or Habaziniah was either the head of a family of Rechabites (Jeremiah 35:3), or else a place name for the location that a Rechabite lived. According to Cheyne and Black, it may have been a scribal error where the name "Kabzeel," a place in the territory of Judah, was originally intended."
Hachmoni or Hakmoni is mentioned in passing in 1 Chronicles 27:32, which records that his son Yechiel, a scribe, tutored David's sons.
According to I Kings 11:23, Hadadezer (Hebrew: hadad'ezer "Hadad helps") was king of Zobah.
Hadlai is mentioned in 2 Chronicles 28:12 as an Ephraimite, and the father of Amasa. In manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint, his name is given as Choab,Addi, or Adli.
Hagab (also Agaba,Accaba) is identified as the ancestor of a family of Nethinim, or temple assistants, who returned from the Babylonian exile. They appear in a list with other returnees in Ezra 2:46, but are omitted in the corresponding place in Nehemiah 7:48. A Hellenized version of this name appears in a similar context in 1 Esdras 5:30. In the New Testament, a prophet who appears in Acts 11:28 and 21:10 is named Agabus, a variant on the name Hagab.
Hagab is a different character from Hagabah, which appears in the preceding verse.
Hagabah (also Hagaba, Graba, or Aggaba) is identified as the ancestor of a family of Nethinim, or temple assistants, who returned from the Babylonian captivity. They appear in a list with other returnees in Ezra 2:45, Nehemiah 7:48, and 1 Esdras 5:29.
Hakkatan (also Acatan,Akatan), meaning "the small one," is listed as the father of Johanan, a leader of the descendants of Azgad in Ezra 8:12 and 1 Esdras 8:38. Other than these two verses, the name Hakkatan appears nowhere in the Bible.
Hakkoz is the name of two or three biblical individuals:
Father of Uriah and grandfather of Meremoth, who assisted Nehemiah in rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem. (Neh.3:4, 3:21) He is probably identical to the previous entry.
Hallohesh or Halohesh is a name which is used twice in the Bible. In a list of workers building the wall of Nehemiah, a man named "Shallum son of Hallohesh" is mentioned as having a leadership role. Also in the Book of Nehemiah, a person named Hallohesh is recorded as affixing his seal (an ancient form of signature) to Ezra's covenant between God and the people living around Jerusalem.
Thomas Kelly Cheyne believed that the name Hallohesh was a miswritten version of the name Hash-shilhi, (Shilhi).
Hammoleketh or Hammolecheth is the sister of Machir, the eponymous ancestor of the tribe or clan of Machir (biblical region) Machir, which is reckoned as a part of the tribe of Manasseh in 1 Chronicles 7. The name appears to mean "she who reigns" if it is not a scribal error for some other name, such as Beth-Milcah.
Hammelech, in the King James Version is the name of the father of Jerahmeel (Jeremiah 36:26), and it is the name of the father of Malkijah (Jeremiah 38:6). In a number of more recent translations, the Hebrew ha-melekh is taken as the common noun "the king" instead of the proper noun "Hammelech."
Hananiah son of Azur, a prophet in the time of king Zedekiah. He prophesied a return from the exile in Babylon within two years and was denounced by Jeremiah as a false prophet as a result. He died within a year of the denunciation.
Hananiah, appointed by Nehemiah, jointly with Hanani, to be responsible for the security of Jerusalem after its walls had been rebuilt. Nehemiah described him as "a faithful man [who] feared God more than many".
According to Cheyne and Black, the presence of this clan name in the genealogies of Reuben and Midian may indicate that the clan Hanoch was considered a part of the Tribe of Reuben but had a Midianite origin.
Haran or Aran refers to three minor characters in the Hebrew Bible:
Harbona or Harbonah is the name given for one of the eunuchs of king Ahasuerus in Esther 1:10 and 7:9.
Hareph, according to 1 Chronicles 2:51, was a descendant of Caleb and the father of Beth-gader. The name "Hareph" in this case may refer to a group of people otherwise referred to by the term Hariphite.
Harhaiah, in the Masoretic Text of Nehemiah 3:8, is mentioned in passing, as being the father of Uzziel, a man responsible for the repair of part of the wall of Jerusalem. The awkward phrasing of the verse suggested to Stanley A. Cook (1899) that there had been some scribal mishandling of the verse, and that the verse originally did not contain the name "Harhaiah."
Head of a non-priestly family, with 320 members, which returned with Zerubbabel. (Ezr.2:32, Neh.7:35) Eight members of this family were found to have married gentile women, whom they divorced. (Ezr.10:31) Harim's son Malchijah was one of those who helped repair the walls of Jerusalem, including the Tower of the Furnaces. (Neh.3:11) His seal was on the renewed covenant with God made by the Babylonian returnees. (Neh.10:28)
Head of a priestly family, with 1017 members, which returned with Zerubbabel. (Ezr.2:39, Neh.7:42) Five members of this family were found to have married gentile women, whom they divorced. (Ezr.10:21) His seal was also on the renewed covenant. (Neh.10:6) The head of his family at the time of the return was Adna. (Neh.12:152)
Harnepher appears only once in the Bible, in 1 Chronicles 7:36, in a passage which surveys the descendants of Asher. The name may be of Egyptian origin, meaning "Horus is good."
Harum is recorded as the father of Aharhel in 1 Chronicles 4:8, which lists him as an ancestor of several clans in the Tribe of Judah.
Harumaph is listed as the father of Jedaiah, a man responsible for making repairs to a part of Nehemiah's wall. He is only mentioned once in the Bible, in Nehemiah 3:10.
Hasadiah is listed as one of the sons of Zerubabel in 1 Chronicles 3:20, and is therefore a member of the royal lineage of the Judahite kings.
Hashabiah is a biblical name which appears frequently for individuals mentioned both before and after the Babylonian captivity.
Because the name often appears in lists without any detailed description, it is sometimes difficult to tell whether different verses that use the name are referring to the same Hashabiah or to distinct persons. The following list of nine individuals is the number listed in the Encyclopaedia Biblica, although the encyclopedia does not claim that precisely nine people of this name are mentioned:
A Levite of the Merarite group, mentioned 1 Chronicles 6:45 (verse 30 in some Bibles).
Hashabiah son of Bunni, a Merarite Levite listed as living in Jerusalem in 1 Chronicles 9:14 and Nehemiah 11:15.
A leader of a large group of people in the time of David.
A musician, one of the musicians appointed by David for the musical service of the Temple.
Hashabiah son of Kemuel, identified as the leader of the Levites in the time of David.
A Levite identified as having signed the covenant between Ezra and God.
A ruler listed as one of the people responsible for repairing the wall of Jerusalem in Nehemiah 3:17.
The ruler of the clan of Hilkiah, according to Nehemiah 12:21.
Hashabnah is the name given for one of the men who signed the covenant between the people of Judah and God in Nehemiah 10:25 (verse 26 in some Bibles). According to Cheyne and Black, the name is likely a miswritten form of "Hashabniah."
Hashub is mentioned in passing as the father of Shemaiah, a Levite who is listed among those living in Jerusalem after the end of the Babylonian captivity.
Hasrah, according to 2 Chronicles 34:22, is the name of an ancestor of Shallum, the husband of the prophetess Huldah. However, where the Book of Chronicles has "Hasrah", 2 Kings 22:14 has "Harhas".
The sons of Hassenaah built the Fish Gate during the reconstruction of the walls of Jerusalem under the repair programme led by Nehemiah (Nehemiah 3:3).
Hasupha (Hashupha in the King James Version) is the name of a clan or family of Nethinim (temple assistants) listed in Nehemiah 7:46 and Ezra 2:43.
Hathath is only mentioned in 1 Chronicles 4:13, in a genealogical passage where he is the son of Othniel, the son of Kenaz.
The descendants of Hattil (also called Agia or Hagia) are listed in Ezra 2:57 and Nehemiah 7:59 as a group of people returning from the Babylonian captivity (see Ezra-Nehemiah). They are categorized by Ezra as being descendants of "Solomon's servants" (see Nethinim). In the Greek text of 1 Esdras 5:34, a closely related work, Hattil is referred to as Agia or Hagia.
Heldai is the name of two biblical figures. According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica, it should most likely be given alternate vowels as Holdai or Huldai.
Heldai son of Baanah the Netophathite is listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors, and also in a list of military leaders given in 1 Chronicles 27:15. He is called "Heled" in 1 Chronicles 11:30, and "Heleb" in 2 Samuel 23:29.
A Jew living in Babylonia, mentioned in Zechariah 6:10. He is called Helem in Zechariah 6:14.
Helkai is a name used in Nehemiah 12:15, in a list of priestly clan leaders in the "days of Joiakim." The text refers to Helkai as leading a clan named Meraioth. According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica, the name is an abbreviated form of "Hilkiah."
Hemam or Homam is the name of the son of Lotan and grandson of Seir the Horite, according to Genesis 36:22 and 1 Chronicles 1:39.
Henadad is a biblical name which appears only in Ezra-Nehemiah. In a passage which describes the rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem, two "sons of Henadad", Bavai and Binnui, are named as taking responsibility for portions of the wall. Binnui reappears later, where he is described as a Levite and as one of the signatories of the covenant between Ezra, God, and the people of Judah. The "sons of Henadad," though without any specific individuals named, are mentioned in also in Ezra 3:9, a "difficult passage".
The father of Abdon, in the Book of Judges (Judges 12:13-15).
Hiram (Hebrew ?iram) of Tyre, son of a widow of the tribe of Naphtali whose father was a craftsman in bronze, was given the metal work of King Soloman's temple. I Kings 7:13-14. According to The Interpreter's Bible, Hiram is a shortened form of ('a?îr?m, "brother of Ram [the lofty one].")
Hobab was Moses' father-in-law (Judges4:11) and the son of Moses's father-in-law (Numbers10:29), Jethro. The relevant part of Numbers 10:29 reads: "And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Reuel the Midianite, Moses' father-in-law". Reuel (or Raguel) and Jethro may have been different persons from different narratives. That of Judges 4:11 reads: "Now Heber the Kenite had severed himself from the Kenites, even from the children of Hobab the father-in-law of Moses". Moses invited Hobab to take part in the Exodus journey into the Promised Land, wanting to make use of his local knowledge, but Hobab preferred to return home to Midian (Numbers10:29-31). Briefly, Hobab, Reuel/Raguel, and Jethro were all Moses' father-in-law.
Hod is a biblical name which appears only in 1 Chronicles 7:37. He appears as one character in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher.
Hori is recorded as the name of Lotan, the son of Seir the Horite, according to Genesis 36:22.
Hoshama is the name of one of the seven sons of Jeconiah, according to 1 Chronicles 3:18, the only place in the Bible that refers to him. It is a shortened version of the name "Jehoshama."
Hotham is the name for two individuals found in the BIble. A Hotham appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher in 1 Chronicles 7:32, but this individual is referred to as "Helem" in verse 35. Another Hotham, though the KJV calls him Hothan, can be found in 1 Chronicles 11:44, where his sons Shama and Jeiel are listed among David's Mighty Warriors. This second Hotham is called an Aroerite.
Hothir is listed as a son of David's "seer" Heman in 1 Chronicles 25:4 and 28.
Huppim () or Hupham (?) was the ninth son of Benjamin in Genesis 46:21 and Numbers 26:39.
Hushim, according to Genesis 46:23, was the name of the sons of Dan, listed among the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob. Numbers 26:42 calls Dan's son Shuham, and his descendants the Shuhamites. The Talmud names him as the murderer of Esau.
Huzzab is either a name or a word which appears in Nahum 2:7 (verse 8 in some Bibles). In a passage in which Nahum is predicting the fall of Nineveh, the prophet says, "Huzzab shall be led away captive" in the King James Version. However, a number of more contemporary versions since the late nineteenth century have interpreted the word as a verb, meaning "and it has been decreed."
Ibhar was one of the sons of David. The name Ibhar means "Chosen".
Igal son of Shemaiah is listed as a descendant of Zerubbabel in 1 Chronicles 3:22. This last figure is called Igeal in the King James Version, although his name in Hebrew is the same as the other two Igals.
Igdaliah (Hebrew yigdalyahu) is mentioned in passing as the father of a man named Hanan in Jeremiah 35:3. According to the Book of Jeremiah, the sons or descendants of Hanan son of Igdaliah had their own chamber in the temple at Jerusalem, which was the site of the famous object-lesson concerning Jeremiah and the Rechabites. The Encyclopaedia Biblica claimed that the name Igdaliah was most likely a mistaken form of the name Gedaliah.
Imla (Hebrew - ?, "whom God will fill up" ), the father of Micaiah, which latter was the prophet who foretold the defeat of the allied kings of Judah and Israel against Ramoth-gilead (2 Chron 18:7-8). In the parallel passage (1 Kings 22:8-9) his name is written Imlah.
Immer was a member of the priestly family whose sons, Hanani and Zebadiah, had both taken pagan wives but repented during the communal confession instigated by the biblical priest Ezra.
Imna is a biblical name which appears only in 1 Chronicles 7:35, in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher.
Imnah was a levite, the father of Kore, who was responsible for distributing the freewill offerings of the Temple in the time of King Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 31:34).
Imrah is a biblical name which appears only in 1 Chronicles 7:36, in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher.
Iram is a name which appears in Genesis 36:43. In the Masoretic Text as it now stands, Iram is identified as a "tribal leader" (Hebrew alluph) of Edom. However, Thomas Kelly suggests that originally the text may have identified Iram and the other "tribal leaders" as the names not of individuals, but of clans, using the Hebrew word eleph to mean "clan."
Iri, according to 1 Chronicles 7:7, was one of the sons of Bela, who was the son of Benjamin, eponymous founder of the Tribe of Benjamin. In verse 12, he is referred to simply as Ir.
Irijah (Hebrew yiriyyah) is an official who arrests Jeremiah on suspicion of desertion.
Iru is a name mentioned only once in the Hebrew Bible. In 1 Chronicles 4:15, Iru is listed as one of the sons of Caleb. The other two were Elah and Naam.
Ishbi-benob is a name which appears in the Qere of the Masoretic Text at 2 Samuel 21:16.Qere is the term for the version of the text traditionally read aloud in synagogues. The Ketiv, the version written but not read aloud, reads somewhat differently, in a manner that suggested to Thomas Kelly Cheyne that the opening words of the verse were not the name of the giant, but words that indicated that David and his soldiers stayed in (the city of) Nob. Whatever the case with the Ketiv, the Qere as it now stands asserts that Ishbi-benob was the name of a Philistine giant, who was killed by Abishai son of Zeruiah.Gesenius interprets his name as meaning "dweller upon the height". In Brenton's Septuagint Translation, his name is given as Jesbi, the progeny of Rapha.
Ishmerai is a biblical figure mentioned only in 1 Chronicles 8:18, where he is called "the son of Elpaal" in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin. He may be the same character as the "Shemer" or "Shemed" mentioned in 1 Chronicles 8:12.
Ishpah (KJVIspah) is a name which appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin. According to 1 Chronicles 8, Ishpah was the son of Beriah, the son of Elpaal, the son of Shaharaim.
Ishpan is a figure who appears only once in the Hebrew Bible, in a genealogical passage describing the people of the Tribe of Benjamin. 1 Chronicles 8 calls him the son of Shashak, the son of Elpaal, the son of Shaharaim.
Ishvi is the name given to a son of Asher, eponymous founder of the Tribe of Asher, in Genesis 46:17, Numbers 26:44, and 1 Chronicles 7:30. His descendants are called Ishvites in Numbers 24:44. Genesis 46 places him in the list of 70 persons who went down into Egypt with Jacob, the father of Asher and the other eleven Tribes of Israel.
Ishvi is the name of a son of Saul in 1 Samuel 14:49.
Ithran, son of Dishon, son of Anah, son of Zibeon, son of Seir the Horite. This Ithran represents the name of a Horite clan.
Ithran, son of Zophah, son of Helem appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher. The Encyclopaedia Biblica identifies the "Jether" of 1 Chronicles 7:38 as probably being identical to this Ithran.
Ittai (and in Chronicles, Ithai once) is the name given one or two biblical figures:
Ittai the Gittite appears alongside 600 soldiers as a Philistine ally of David in the time leading up to Absalom's rebellion. Having only recently arrived in Jerusalem, David gives him an option to return home to Gath, but Ittai confirms his loyalty to David and helps him evacuate the city. During the rebellion itself, he serves as commander of a third of David's army.
Izhar son of Hela is a figure who appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Judah, in 1 Chronicles 4:7. He is called Izhar according to the variant reading known as Qere. According to the Ketiv his name is Zohar. The King James Version calls him Jezoar.
Izrahiah (Jezrahiah) is the name of two biblical figures.
Jaareshiah (KJVJaresiah) is a name which appears only 1 Chronicles 8:27, where Jaaresiah is identified as one of the sons of Jeroham. The text does not identify any information about Jeroham's parentage, but the passage is part of a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin.
Jaasiel (Jasiel) is the name of one of David's Mighty Warriors. He is referred to in Hebrew as hammitsovayah, which has been variously translated as "the Mezobaite," "the Mesobaite," or "from Zobah." A "Jaasiel son of Abner" is listed as a Benjamite leader in 1 Chronicles 27:21, who may be the same person.
Jaasu (also called Jaasau, Jaasai) is a name which appears in a list of men alleged to have married foreign women in the time of Nehemiah.
Jaaziah is listed as one of the sons of Merari in a passage discussing the various divisions of Levites.
Jaaziel is the name of a Levite musician who appears in 1 Chronicles 15:18. He reappears as "Aziel" in 15:20.
Jahzeiah (KJVJahaziah) son of Tikvah is one of the figures listed in the Book of Ezra as opposing Ezra's prohibition on marriages with foreign women.
Jahzerah is a name which appears only in 1 Chronicles 9:12. See Ahzai.
Jakeh is a name that appears only in Proverbs 30:1, where part of the Book of Proverbs is ascribed to a man called "Agur son of Jakeh". Franz Delitzsch proposed that the name "Jakeh" means "scrupulously pious".
Janai (Jaanai) is a name that appears only 1 Chronicles 5:12, where Janai is listed as a descendant of Gad. According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica, the name represents the name of a clan within the Tribe of Gad.
Jakim is the name of one individual mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, as well as one individual mentioned in some manuscripts of the New Testament's Gospel of Matthew. In a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin, in 1 Chronicles 24:12, a Jakim appears, as the son of Shimei (who is referred to as Shema in verse 13). In some Greek manuscripts of Matthew, a Jakim appears between Josiah and Jechoniah in a genealogy of Jesus.
Jalon was one of four sons of Ezrah, and the uncle of Miriam, Shammai and Ishbah (father of Eshtemoa). (1 Chr.4:17)
The name Jamin means right hand.
There are three different Jamins in the Bible:
Japhia was the king of Lachish, one of the five kings of the Amorites whose battle against the settling Israelites led by Joshua is reported in Joshua 10:1-15. Along with the other four kings, he was subsequently found in a cave at Makkedah, where he was killed and buried by Joshua and his forces (Joshua 10:26-27).
Jareb is a name which appears in Hosea 5:13 and 10:6 in some translations of the Bible. In both passages, the Hebrew text refers to a mlk yrb (KJV "King Jareb") in a way that implies that mlk yrb is the king of Assyria. However, no Assyrian king by the name of "Jareb" is known to history, which has led to a variety of conjectures about what the phrase refers to. According to W. F. Albright, the "definitive solution" to the problem is that the text should read mlk rb or mlky rb, meaning "the great king", a Hebrew translation of the common Assyrian royal title sharru rabu. The proposed emendation to "great king" has been accepted in a number of biblical translations.
Jecholiah (Hebrew: , yekhalyahu) of Jerusalem was the wife of the King of Judah, Amaziah, and the mother of King Azariah. Depending on translation used, her name may also be spelled Jechiliah,Jecoliah, or Jekoliah. Also 2 Chronicles 26:3
For eleven of these the English spelling "Jehiel" reflects the Hebrew name :
A Levite musician in the time of David (1 Chronicles 15:18, 20; 16:5).
The leader of a family of Gershonite Levites in the time of David, custodian of "the treasury of the house of the Lord" (1 Chronicles 23:8; 29:8).
Jehiel the son of Hachmoni, who was with David's sons (1 Chronicles 27:32).
Jehiel the son of king Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 21:2).
A Hemanite Levite in the time of Hezekiah, called Jehuel in the Revised Version (2 Chronicles 29:14).
A Levitical or priestly oversees of the temple in the time of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 31:13).
A person referred to as "ruler of the house of God" in the time of Josiah (2 Chronicles 35:8).
The father of Obadiah in a post-exilic list of kin groups (Ezra 8:9).
The father of Shechaniah (Ezra 10:2).
Jehiel the son of Harim, a priest (Ezra 10:21).
Jehiel the son of Elam, a layman (Ezra 10:26).
For the other three, the name Jehiel (or Jeiel) reflects the Hebrew spelling :
One of the sons of Elam (Ezra 10:2).
A Gibeonite described as the "father of Gibeon" in 1 Chronicles 9:35.
A son of Hothan the Aroerite, who along with his brother Shama was listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors in 1 Chronicles 11:44.
Jehizkiah son of Shallum is mentioned in a list of Ephraimite leaders who, according to 2 Chronicles 28, intervened along with the prophet Oded to prevent the enslavement of 200,000 people from the Kingdom of Judah during the time of the king Ahaz.
Joehoaddah (or Jehoadah,Jarah) was one of the descendants of King Saul, according to 1 Chronicles 8:33-36. In 1 Chronicles 9:42, which contains a copy of the same genealogy of Saul, his name is given as "Jarah."
Jehoaddan (Hebrew: , Yeh?add?n; "YHWH delights") was a native of Jerusalem, the wife of King Joash of Judah, and mother of his successor, King Amaziah. II Kings 14:2
Jehoiada (Hebrew: ,Yehoyada "The LORD Knows") was the name of at least three people in the Hebrew Bible:
Jehoiada, a priest during the reigns of Ahaziah, Athaliah, and Joash (q.v.)
Jehoiada, father of Benaiah (cf. Benaiah)
Jehoiada, a priest in the time of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 29:26)
Jehoshaphat (Hebrew: , yehoshaphat, God Judges), son of Paruah, was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators: his jurisdiction was Issachar (I Kings 4:17).
Jehosphaphat, son of Ahilud, was King Solomon's recorder (I Kings 4:3).
Jehozabad (Hebrew: , yehozabad) is the name of three figures in the Hebrew Bible.
Jehozabad son of Shomer was one of the assassinators of King Joash of Judah. II Kings 12:21. "This person is called Zabad, in 2 Chron. xxiv.26..." 
Jehozabad, according 2 Chronicles 17:18, was a leader of 180,000 Benjamite warriors in the time of king Jehoshaphat.
Jehozabad is listed as one of the sons of Obed-edom according to 1 Chronicles 26:4.
Jehubbah (or Hubbah) is the name of an individual who appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher. His name depends on which variant reading (see Qere and Ketiv) of the Masoretic Text one follows: the Ketiv reads yhbh ("Jehubbah") the Qere reads whbh ("and Hubbah").
Jehudi (Hebrew "Judahite") "the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi" (Jeremiah 36:14) was one of the delegates the princes sent to fetch Baruch, Jeremiah's scribe, to read his scroll.
Jehudijah (Hebrew: ?), mentioned in 1 Chronicles 4:18, is the name given to the wife of Mered, and is listed as the mother of his children. Some Rabbinic sources claim that Jehudijah, a feminine form of the Hebrew yehudi (Hebrew: ), meaning "Jew," is to be used as a noun rather than a given name, interpreting the passage as "his wife, the Jewess" rather than "his wife, Jehudijah," and that it is referring to Pharaoh's daughter, Bithiah, who is mentioned in the same passage and is said to have converted to Judaism. As Bithiah was an Egyptian, it would have been worth noting that she was a Jewess, especially given the importance of matrilineality in Judaism.
Jeiel son of Hotham the Aroerite is listed as one of David's warriors in 1 Chronicles 11:44. The King James Version calls him "Jehiel." This figure's name is affected by variant readings preserved through the Qere and Ketiv system in the Masoretic Text: the Ketiv calls him "Jeuel," while the Qere calls him "Jeiel."
A Jeiel is mentioned in passing in a list of gatekeepers for the Ark of the Covenant in 1 Chronicles 15:18.
A Jeiel is listed as one of the ancestors of a Levite named Jahaziel in 2 Chronicles 20:14.
A Jeiel was one of the scribes of Uzziah according to 2 Chronicles 26:11. This figure's name is affected by variant readings preserved through the Qere and Ketiv system in the Masoretic Text: the Ketiv calls him "Jeuel," while the Qere calls him "Jeiel."
A Jeiel is recorded as a Levite in the time of Hezekiah. This figure's name is affected by variant readings preserved through the Qere and Ketiv system in the Masoretic Text: the Ketiv calls him "Jeuel," while the Qere calls him "Jeiel." The Revised Version calls him Jeuel, following the Ketiv.
A Jeiel is recorded as a leader in the Tribe of Levi in time of Uzziah according to 2 Chronicles 35:9.
Jekamiah son of Shallum, son of Sismai, son of Eleasah, son of Helez, son of Azariah, son of Jehu, son of Obed, son of Ephlal, son of Zabad, son of Nathan, son of Attai, son of Jarha, the son-in-law and slave of Sheshan, son of Ishi, son of Appaim, son of Nadab, son of Shammai, son of Onam, son of Jerahmeel, the alleged ancestor of the Jerahmeelites.
Jephunneh () is a biblical name which means "for whom a way is prepared", and was the name of two biblical figures:
A descendant of Judah, and father of Kenaz and Caleb the spy or scout, who appears to have belonged to an Edomitish tribe called Kenezites, from Kenaz their founder. See (Numbers 13:6 etc.; Num. 32:12 etc.; Josh 14:14 etc.; 1 Chr 4:15).
For the man in 1 Chronicles 24 and 26 who is sometimes called Jeshaiah, see Jesiah.
Jesher the son of Caleb is mentioned only in 1 Chronicles 2:18.
Jeshishai is a figure mentioned only once, in passing, in a genealogy of Gad.
Jeshohaiah appears in a list of names of Simeonites. According to Chronicles these Simeonites took pasture-land from descendants of Ham and the Meunim during the time of king Hezekiah. According to Thomas Kelly Cheyne, the name is a corruption of Maaseiah.
Jesimiel appears in a list of names of Simeonites. According to Chronicles these Simeonites took pasture-land from descendants of Ham and the Meunim during the time of king Hezekiah. According to Thomas Kelly Cheyne, the name is a corruption of Maaseel.
Jeush son of Eshek, who is mentioned in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin. According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica, this is likely a reference to the same person called Jeush son of Bilhan. The King James Version calls him Jehush.
Jeush son of Shimei represented a division of Levites according to 1 Chronicles 23:10-11.
Jeush, the first listed son of king Rehoboam in 2 Chronicles 11:19.
Jezer was a son of Naphtali according to Genesis 46:24 and Numbers 26:49. He was one of the 70 persons to migrate to Egypt with Jacob. According to Numbers he was the progenitor of the Jezerites.
Joash, an abbreviated name of Jehoash, is the name of several figures in the Hebrew Bible.
Joash, an Abiezrite of the Tribe of Manasseh, was the father of Gideon according to Judges 6-8. His family was poor and lived in Ophrah. After Gideon tore down the altar of Baal and cut down the grove, the men of Ophrah sought to kill Gideon. Joash stood against them, saying, "He that will plead for [Baal], let him be put to death whilst it is yet morning: if he be a god, let him plead for himself, because one hath cast down his altar."
A Joash is described as "the king's son" in the time of Ahab. According to Stanley Arthur Cook, it is uncertain whether he was the son of king Ahab, or whether "king's son" was a title used high officers.
Johanan (Hebrew? "God is merciful") son of Kareah was among the officers who survived the destruction of Jerusalem and exile of Judeans by the king of Babylon; he warned Gedaliah, the governor, of a plot to kill him, but was ignored. Jeremiah 40 7ff.
Joiarib ("God will contend") is the name of two biblical persons:
Ancestor of Maaseiah the son of Barukh, who was one of those to resettle Jerusalem after the return from Babylonia. (Neh.11:5)
The head of a family of priests at the time of the return from Babylonia. (Neh.12:6) He was one of the "men of understanding" sent by Ezra to Iddo in order to procure men to minister in the Temple. (Ezr.8:16) His son was Jedaiah, one of the priests to resettle Jerusalem. (Neh.11:10) The head of the family at the time of Joiakim was Mattenai. (Neh.12:19)
Jokim is listed as one of the descendants of Shelah, son of Judah (son of Jacob) in 1 Chronicles 4:22.
Joshah son of Amaziah is mentioned only once in the Bible, where is listed among Benjamite leaders in 1 Chronicles 4:34. He is one of several clan leaders who, according to Chronicles, were involved in exterminating the descendants of Ham and the Meunim, and taking their pasture-lands.
Joshbekashah appears as one of the sons of Heman in a passage which describes the musicians of the Jerusalem Temple in the time of David.
Joshibiah (King James Version spelling Josibiah) is given in 1 Chronicles 4:35 as the father of Jehu, one of the Benjamite clan leaders in the time of Hezekiah who exterminated the descendants of Ham and the Meunim and took their farmland.
Josiphiah is a name which appears in a list of returnees from the Babylonian captivity, where "Shelomith son of Josiphiah" is listed as the leader of the 160 men of the "descendants of Bani" who returned to Yehud Medinata in the time of Nehemiah.
Jozabad is the name of several individuals mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. For three other individuals with a similar name, see Jehozabad.
Jozabad of Gederah is listed as one of David's warriors in 1 Chronicles 12:4.
Two men named Jozabad from the Tribe of Manasseh are listed as warriors of David in 1 Chronicles 12:20.
Jozabad, according to 2 Chronicle 31:13, was an overseer in the Temple at Jerusalem in the time of Hezekiah.
A Jozabad is described as a Levite leader in 2 Chronicles 35:9. This may be the same individual overseeing the Temple in the time of Hezekiah.
Jozabad son of Joshua is listed as a Levite in the time of Ezra in the time of Ezra 8:33.
A Levite Jozabad is listed in Ezra 10:22 as having taken a foreign wife.
A Levite Jozabad is listed as having a foreign wife in Ezra 10:23. This man may be the same as Joshua son of Joshua mentioned above, and/or the same as the two individuals below.
A Jozabad is listed in Nehemiah 8:7 as one of those who helped explain the law to the people of Yehud Medinata.
A Jozabad is listed as one of the inhabitants of Jerusalem in Nehemiah 11:16.
Jozachar (Hebrew?, yozakhar, "God Remembered") or Jozacar, son of Shimeath, was one of the assassins of king Joash of Judah. In 2 Kings 12:21 the Hebrew is , yozabad.
^Ancient Hebrew, in general, did not include vowels. For a more thorough description, see Hebrew alphabet.
^The spellings Elpalet, Elpelet, Eliphal, Eliphalet, and Eliphalat appear in English Bibles. In manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint, the spellings Aleiphaleth, Aleiphat, Eleiphaath, Eleiphala, Eleiphalat, Eleiphalet, Eleiphaleth, Eleiphaneth, Eleiphal, Eliaphalet, Eliphaad, Eliphaal, Eliphaath, Eliphael, Eliphala, Eliphalad, Eliphalat, Eliphalatos, Eliphaleis, Eliphalet, Eliphath, Elphadat, Elphalat, Elphat, Emphalet, and Ophelli occur. For the exact manuscripts and passages where these names appear, see the Encyclopaedia Biblica article for "Eliphelet."