List of Independent Wrestling Promotions in the United States
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List of Independent Wrestling Promotions in the United States

This is a list of independent wrestling promotions in the United States, sorted by regional area, and lists both active and defunct "indy promotions" from the 1990s and 2000s. This list does not include pre-1980s regional territories or present-day promotions affiliated with the National Wrestling Alliance.

There is no concrete definition on what constitutes an independent promotion. A general guideline would be that an independent promotion, as its name suggests, has no corporate sponsor or ownership providing funding for its operation. Ring of Honor and Impact Wrestling fall outside this definition, as both are subsidiaries of Sinclair Broadcast Group and Anthem Sports, respectively. Another guideline would be a restriction, either by choice or by financial or logistical circumstances, to a particular geographic area, be it a state, a metropolitan area, or even a single town or arena.

Of lesser consideration is the promotion's fanbase. Fan attendance at live shows can be a factor, but is by no means a definite consideration. Most shows hosted by independent promotions have attendances anywhere from under fifty to a thousand or more, but Extreme Championship Wrestling in its heyday in the 1990s regularly hosted events of several thousand fans. Media exposure is also considered. Most independent promotions have very limited television exposure, if any, as they lack equipment or infrastructure to produce broadcast-quality programming. None have had any national television contract since ECW in the late 1990s. The most successful televised promotions release shows as syndicated programming, aired by one or several network affiliates in their local area.

New England

Connecticut

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Assault Championship Wrestling Waterbury Jason Knight 2000-2004 [1][2]

Massachusetts

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Century Wrestling Alliance Revere Ellen Magliaro
Tony Rumble
1989-2007 Formerly known as NWA New England from 1998 to 2007. Is the longest-running independent promotion under a single owner in New England[1][3][4][5][6][7]
Chaotic Wrestling North Andover Jamie Jamitowski
Killer Kowalski
2000-present [8][9][10]
International Wrestling Federation Reading Killer Kowalski 1979-1995 Associated with Kowalski's wrestling school, a number of his early students competed in the promotion such as Perry Saturn, Joanie Laurer (later to be known as Chyna) and Paul Levesque (now better known as Triple H); later relocated to Burlington, Vermont[1][3][4][5][11]
International World Class Championship Wrestling Boston Joseph Savoldi 1984-1996 Dominant independent promotion in New England during the 1980s; succeeded by Century Wrestling Alliance prior to its close in 1996[1][3][5][12]
Millennium Wrestling Federation Melrose Dan Mirade
Neil Manolian
2001-2013 [8][13][14]
New England Championship Wrestling Jamaica Plain Sheldon Goldberg 2000-( Last event was in 2018 so far) [8][15][16][17]
Top Rope Promotions Fall River Steve Ricard 1984-(Last event was in 2017 so far) Formerly known as Yankee Pro Wrestling[8][3][4] from 1997 to 2004
World Wrestling Stars Rockland Mike Sparta 1998-2010

New Hampshire

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Front Row Wrestling Rochester Scott C. Despres 2003-2010 Announced a merger with NWA Liberty States Wrestling in Massachusetts[18]

Rhode Island

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Power League Wrestling Pawtucket Jack Martin
Ralph Adams
1991-2016 Oldest independent wrestling promotion in Rhode Island[8][3][19]

East Coast

Delaware

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
East Coast Wrestling Association Newark Jim Kettner
Mike Tartaglia[20]
1967-present Longest-running independent promotion in Delaware[3][4][5][21]

Maryland

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Maryland Championship Wrestling Baltimore Dan McDevitt
Dick Caricofe
Dennis Whipwrecht
1998-2003
2006-present
Founded by Dan McDevitt and Mark Shrader in 1998, it went on hiatus for three years before resuming operations in 2006[3][22]
Mid-Eastern Wrestling Federation Essex Dennis Wippercht
Tim Burke
1991-2004 [3][4][11][23]
National Wrestling League Hagerstown Dick Caricofe
John Rambo
1988-present Also known as NWL/HoPWF in association with sister promotion House of Pain Wrestling Federation;[24] is the longest-running independent promotion in Maryland[3][11][25]

New Jersey

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Game Changer Wrestling New Jersey Brett Lauderdale 1999-present
Independent Wrestling Federation Woodland Park Kevin Knight 1998-2017 [3][26]
Jersey All Pro Wrestling Bayonne Frank Iadeavia 1997-2018 [8][3][27][28]
Phoenix Championship Wrestling Toms River Don Bucci 2001-2003 Promoted by the twin brother of Simon Dean, Donnie B, PCW was home to a number of future WWE stars, most notably, Mike Bucci[29]
United Wrestling Coalition Jobstown Dave and Lois Thomas 1998-present First independent promotion invited to perform at Six Flags; one of the largest and most successful collectors for the "Toys for Tots" program[3][30]
Women Superstars Uncensored Lake Hiawatha Sean Hansen 2007-present

New York

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Family Wrestling Entertainment Manhattan Jordan Schneider 2010-2015
Northeast Wrestling Newburgh Mike Lombardi 1994-present

Pennsylvania

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
CHIKARA Allentown Mike Quackenbush 2002-2020 [8]
Combat Zone Wrestling Philadelphia DJ Hyde 1999-present [3][31]
Dragon Gate USA Philadelphia Satoshi Oji
Gabe Sapolsky
2009-2015 American affiliate of the Japanese puroresu organization Dragon Gate
Extreme Championship Wrestling Philadelphia Tod Gordon
Paul Heyman
1992-2001 [3][15][4][5][11][32]
Extreme Rising Philadelphia Shane Douglas
Kevin Kleinrock
Steve O'Neill
2012-2014
Keystone State Wrestling Alliance Pittsburgh Bobby O 2000-present
Pro-Pain Pro Wrestling Philadelphia The Blue Meanie
Jasmin St. Claire
2002-2005 Also known as 3PW; featured many former stars from Extreme Championship Wrestling following its close in 2001[33][34]
Pro Wrestling eXpress McKeesport Jim Miller 1994-present [35]
Steel City Wrestling Pittsburgh Norm Connors 1994-2000 Promotion closed after Conners entered the mortuary business; became promoter for the International Wrestling Cartel in 2001[3][4][5][36]
World Xtreme Wrestling Allentown Afa Anoa'i 1996-present Associated with Afa Anoa'i's Wild Samoan Pro Wrestling Training Center[8][3][37]

Midwest

Illinois

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
All American Wrestling Berwyn

Chicago

LaSalle

Danny Daniels 2004-present In 2018 Began Branching out to Austin TX.
American Wrestling Federation Chicago Paul Alperstein 1994-1996 Tito Santana and Sgt. Slaughter were bookers for the promotion[3][38]
Shimmer Women Athletes Berwyn Dave Prazak
Allison Danger
2005-present [39]
Windy City Pro Wrestling Chicago Sam DeCero 1988-2010 [3][15][4][5]

Indiana

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
IWA Mid-South Clarksville Ian Rotten 1996-present [8][3][40][41]
Main Event Championship Wrestling Evansville Jason Daniel 2009-present
Heartland Championship Wrestling Mishawaka John Rosetto and Dale Gibson 2017-present

Kansas

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Metro Pro Wrestling Kansas City Chris Gough 2010-2016 Sold to the National Wrasslin' League in December of 2016

Michigan

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Juggalo Championship Wrestling Detroit Shaggy 2 Dope
Violent J
1999-present [42]

Minnesota

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Pro Wrestling America Minneapolis Eddie Sharkey 1985-1998 [3][11][43][44]

Missouri

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
National Wrasslin' League Kansas City, Missouri Major Baisden 2016-2018
World League Wrestling Troy Harley Race (former) 1999-present Associated with the Harley Race Wrestling Academy; formerly affiliated with the National Wrestling Alliance[8][3][45]

Ohio

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Heartland Wrestling Association Cincinnati Cody Hawk

Jack Kimble

Chad Dillefeld

1996-2015 Founded by Les Thatcher[8][3][46][47]
World Wide Wrestling Alliance Columbus Richard Arpin
Dave Nelson
2004-2005 Originally known as NWA Ohio[48]

Southeast

Florida

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Full Impact Pro Largo Sal Hamaoui 2004-present Sister promotion of Ring of Honor from 2003 to 2009; talent exchange agreement with Dragon Gate USA[49][50]
Future of Wrestling Fort Lauderdale Bobby Rogers 1998-2003 Associated with Rusty Brooks' School of Hard Knocks[3][51]
Shine Wrestling Tampa Sal Hamaoui 2012-present Sister promotion of Shimmer Women Athletes. Runs events regularly on internet pay-per-view.
IGNITE Wrestling Vero Beach Kim Artlip 2016-present
Coastal Championship Wrestling Fort Lauderdale

Georgia

Name Location Owners Years Active Information
Deep South Wrestling McDonough Jody Hamilton 2005-2007 WWE developmental territory from 2005 to 2007[52][53]
National Championship Wrestling Cornelia Steve Martin 1997-1999 Merged with NWA Georgia to form NWA Wildside[3][54]
Turnbuckle Championship Wrestling Marietta Dusty Rhodes 2000-2003 Featured many former stars from World Championship Wrestling following its close in 2001[55]

Kentucky

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Ohio Valley Wrestling Louisville Al Snow 1998-present Affiliated with the National Wrestling Alliance from 1998 to 2000 and a WWE developmental territory from 2000 to 2008; also has an affiliate promotion, Derby City Wrestling, which it used to train students as its wrestling facility[3][56][57]

North Carolina

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
CWF-Mid Atlantic Wrestling Burlington Danny Wenkel 2000-2019 Also known as the Carolina Wrestling Federation; affiliated with AWA Superstars from 2005 until 2007, and Pro Wrestling International since 2009[8][3][58][59]
OMEGA Championship Wrestling Cameron Matt Hardy
Jeff Hardy
1997-1999
2013-present
Promotion closed when Matt and Jeff Hardy joined the World Wrestling Federation, later reopened
South Atlantic Pro Wrestling Winston-Salem Paul Jones
Frank Dusek
1990-1992 Founded as North American Wrestling Association by George Scott, John Ringley and Mike Lamberth[3][60]
Premiere Wrestling Xperience Charlotte Brian Kanabroski 2003-present Founded in 2003 as Carolina Wrestling Association. Renamed in 2008 as Premiere Wrestling Showcase. Since 2010, it has been known as Premiere Wrestling Xperience.
Firestar Pro Wrestling Greensboro LaBron Kozone 2012-present The home of the Firestar pro wrestling training School located in Greensboro NC.

Tennessee

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Global Force Wrestling Nashville Jeff Jarrett & Karen Jarrett 2014-2017
Innovate Wrestling Kingsport Tony Givens 2004-present Was known as Championship Wrestling Alliance from 2004-2011 and NWA Smoky Mountain/NWA Smoky Mountain Wrestling from 2011-2017.
Memphis Championship Wrestling Memphis Terry Golden 2000-2001 WWE developmental territory from 2000 to 2001; revived as Memphis Wrestling in 2003[61]
Smoky Mountain Wrestling Knoxville Jim Cornette 1991-1995 [3][32][62][63]
Southern States Wrestling Kingsport Beau James 1991-present Formerly known as NWA Championship Wrestling[8][3][4][5][64]
United States Wrestling Association Memphis Jerry Jarrett
Jerry Lawler
1988-1997 Promotion formed when regional promotions the Continental Wrestling Association and the Dallas-based World Class Wrestling Association merged in 1989[3][4][5][11][65][66]

Virginia

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Independent Professional Wrestling Alliance Arlington Kevin Carson
Cueball Carmichael
1995-1999 Also known as the Independent Pro Wrestling Alliance[3][4][67]

West Virginia

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Mason-Dixon Wrestling Nutter Fort Jim Hawkins 1997-2010 [3][68]

South Central

Texas

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Anarchy Championship Wrestling Austin Daryl Childress 2006-present
Global Wrestling Federation Dallas Max Andrews
Grey Pierson
1991-1994 [3][69][70]
Reality of Wrestling Houston Booker T 2006-present
Texas All-Star Wrestling Humble Bob Murphy 1994-present The first successful promotion since the close of World Class Championship Wrestling in 1990 and the Global Wrestling Federation in 1994, it is currently the oldest independent promotion in Texas[3][4]
Texas Wrestling Alliance San Antonio Rudy Gonzales 1999-present Founded with Shawn Michaels as part of his Texas Wrestling Academy wrestling school[3][71]
Warriors 4 Christ Wrestling San Antonio Curtis Stone 1999-present

West

California

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
All Pro Wrestling Hayward Roland Alexander 1991-present[72] Featured in the 1999 documentary Beyond the Mat[3][73][74]
Empire Wrestling Federation San Bernardino Jesse Hernandez
Bill Anderson
1996-present [3][73][75]
Incredibly Strange Wrestling San Francisco Johnny Legend
August Ragone
1995-2003
Pro Wrestling Guerrilla Los Angeles Excalibur
Joey Ryan
Scott Lost
Super Dragon
2003-present [73][76]
Ultimate Pro Wrestling Los Angeles Rick Bassman 1998-2007 The home promotion for many current stars of TNA, WWE and Zero One; as of 2005, is an official talent scout for the WWE[73][77][78]
Wrestling Society X Los Angeles Kevin Kleinrock
Cody Michaels
Vampiro
2006-2007 Produced by Big Vision Entertainment, it was briefly aired on MTV in 2007[79]
Xtreme Pro Wrestling Sherman Oaks Rob Zicari
Tom Byron
1999-2003 [80][73][81]

Nevada

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Ring Warriors Las Vegas Howard Brody www.facebook.com/ringwarriors

Oregon

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
West Coast Wrestling Connection Salem Jeff Manning 2005-present Weekly television broadcast on KPDX-TV

Utah

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Ultra Championship Wrestling-Zero Salt Lake City Steve Neilson 2003-present Affiliated with AWA Superstars from 2005 to 2007[82][83]

Washington

Name Location Owner(s) Years active Notes
Defy Wrestling Seattle James Gilmer; Phantom Twin Entertainment, LLC 2016-Present Most shows hosted at Seattle's Washington Hall, or in nearby Tacoma.

References

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