List of Prime Ministers of Czechoslovakia
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List of Prime Ministers of Czechoslovakia
Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia
Czech: P?edseda vlády ?eskoslovenska
Slovak: Predseda vlády ?esko-Slovenska
Coat of arms of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic.svg
Lubomír ?trougal - P1059081.jpg
Longest serving
Lubomír ?trougal

28 January 1970 - 12 October 1988
AppointerThe President
Formation14 November 1918
First holderKarel Kramá?
Final holderJan Stráský
Abolished31 December 1992
SuccessionCzech Republic Prime Minister of the Czech Republic
Slovakia Prime Minister of Slovakia

The Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia (Czech: P?edseda vlády ?eskoslovenska, Slovak: Predseda vlády ?esko-Slovenska) was the head of government of Czechoslovakia, from the creation of the First Czechoslovak Republic in 1918 until the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic on 1 January 1993.

During periods when the post of the President of Czechoslovakia was vacant, the Prime Minister took on most presidential duties. However, the Czechoslovak Constitutions do not define anything like a post of acting president.

As of July 2021, there are two living former prime ministers of Czechoslovakia: Lubomír ?trougal and Marián ?alfa.

Prime ministers of Czechoslovakia (1918-1992)








No. Portrait Name
(Birth-Death)
Ethnicity Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
(1918-1938)
1 Karel Kramá?.jpg Karel Kramá?
(1860-1937)
Czech 14 November 1918 8 July 1919 236 days ?SND
2 Vlastimil Tusar.jpg Vlastimil Tusar
(1880-1924)
Czech 8 July 1919 15 September 1920 1 year, 69 days ?SSD
3 Jan ?erný.jpg Jan ?erný
(1874-1959)
Czech 15 September 1920 26 September 1921 1 year, 11 days Independent
4 Edvard Bene?.jpg Edvard Bene?
(1884-1948)
Czech 26 September 1921 7 October 1922 1 year, 11 days Independent
5 Svehla antonin.jpg Antonín ?vehla
(1873-1933)
Czech 7 October 1922 18 March 1926 3 years, 162 days RSZML
6 Jan ?erný.jpg Jan ?erný
(1874-1959)
Czech 18 March 1926 12 October 1926 208 days Independent
7 Svehla antonin.jpg Antonín ?vehla
(1873-1933)
Czech 12 October 1926 1 February 1929 2 years, 112 days RSZML
8 Franti?ek Udr?al.jpg Franti?ek Udr?al
(1866-1938)
Czech 1 February 1929 24 October 1932 3 years, 266 days RSZML
9 Jan Malypetr.jpg Jan Malypetr
(1873-1947)
Czech 24 October 1932 5 November 1935 3 years, 12 days RSZML
10 Milán Hod?a.jpg Milan Hod?a
(1878-1944)
Slovak 5 November 1935 22 September 1938 2 years, 321 days RSZML
(1938-1939)
11 JAN SYROVÝ.jpg Jan Syrový
(1888-1970)
Czech 22 September 1938 1 December 1938 70 days Independent
12 R. Beran.JPG Rudolf Beran
(1887-1954)
Czech 1 December 1938 15 March 1939 104 days RSZML / SNJ
(1939-1945)
Greater arms of Bohemia and Moravia (1939-1945).svg Alois Eliá? became Prime Minister of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, a de iure autonomous region incorporated into Nazi Germany.[1][2]
Lesser coat of arms of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938 and 1945-1961).svg Jan ?rámek became Prime Minister within the Czechoslovak government-in-exile, which was the internationally recognized government of Czechoslovakia during World War II.
Coat of Arms of the First Slovak Republic.svg Vojtech Tuka became Prime Minister of the quasi-independent, pro-Nazi and clero-fascist Slovak Republic.
Karptska Ukraina COA.svg Julian Révaý became Prime Minister of the Carpatho-Ukraine few days before occupation by the Kingdom of Hungary.
(1945-1948)
13 Zden?k Fierlinger 1932.jpg Zden?k Fierlinger
(1891-1976)
Czech 5 April 1945 2 July 1946 1 year, 88 days ?SSD
14 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R90009, Budapest, II. Weltfestspiele, Festumzug, tschechische Delegation (cropped KG).jpg Klement Gottwald
(1896-1953)
Czech 2 July 1946 15 June 1948 1 year, 349 days KS?
(1948-1989)
Official names: Czechoslovak Republic (1948-1960), Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1960-1989)
15 Antonín Zápotocký.JPG Antonín Zápotocký
(1884-1957)
Czech 15 June 1948 14 March 1953 4 years, 272 days KS?
16 Viliam ?iroký.jpg Viliam ?iroký
(1902-1971)
Slovak 14 March 1953 20 September 1963 10 years, 190 days KS?
17 Jozef Lenárt (1970).jpg Jozef Lenárt
(1923-2004)
Slovak 20 September 1963 8 April 1968 4 years, 201 days KS?
18 (Zari68)Oldrich Cernik.jpg Old?ich ?erník
(1921-1994)
Czech 8 April 1968 28 January 1970 1 year, 295 days KS?
19 Lubomír ?trougal (1970).jpg Lubomír ?trougal
(born 1924)
Czech 28 January 1970 12 October 1988 18 years, 258 days KS?
20 Coat of arms of Czechoslovakia (1961-1989).svg Ladislav Adamec
(1926-2007)
Czech 12 October 1988 7 December 1989 1 year, 56 days KS?
(1989-1992)
Official names: Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1989-1990), Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1990-1992)
21 Coat of arms of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic.svg Marián ?alfa
(born 1946)
Slovak 7 December 1989 2 July 1992 2 years, 208 days KS? / VPN / ODÚ
22 Strasky.jpg Jan Stráský
(1940-2019)
Czech 2 July 1992 31 December 1992 182 days ODS

Timeline

Jan StráskýMarián ?alfaLadislav AdamecLubomír ?trougalOld?ich ?erníkJozef LenártViliam ?irokýAntonín ZápotockýKlement GottwaldZden?k FierlingerRudolf BeranJan SyrovýMilan Hod?aJan MalypetrFranti?ek Udr?alAntonín ?vehlaJan ?ernýAntonín ?vehlaEdvard Bene?Jan ?ernýVlastimil TusarKarel Kramá?

See also

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

List_of_Prime_Ministers_of_Czechoslovakia
 



 



 
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