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Many of the Greek deities are known from as early as Mycenaean (Late Bronze Age) civilization. This is an incomplete list of these deities[n 1] and of the way their names, epithets, or titles are spelled and attested in Mycenaean Greek, written in the Linear B[n 2]syllabary, along with some reconstructions and equivalent forms in later Greek.
Pantes Theoi - a special invocation "to All the Gods", irrespectively of sex, etc.; recurrently attested at Knossos (Linear B : , pa-si-te-o-i)[n 47][n 48][n 49]
Heroes, mortals and other entities or concepts
Proteus - could be the theonym of the sea-god Proteus, but probably just the anthroponym of a nobleman (Linear B: ?, po-ro-te-u)
Deities speculated to have been worshipped but without hitherto attestation in the Linear B tablets
A possible sun goddess, predecessor to Helios and possibly related to Helen.[page needed][n 50] No unambiguous attestations of words for "sun" have been found yet, though the Mycenaean word for "sun" is reconstructed as *h?wélios.
^This list includes deities which in later Greek times and sources were thought of as semigods or mortal heroes. Scholars assign to attested words in Linear B a possibility or probability, sometimes controversially, of being a theonym or an anthroponym, a toponym, etc.; Mycenaean Linear B sources are often damaged inscriptions bearing lacunae, and in any case, they are too few to enable classifications with certainty. Finally there is a list of attested words which seem to refer to mortals or whose reference is unclear, yet they may have a connection to religion or to a divine or heroic figure of later times.
^The names/words in Linear B and the transliteration thereof are not necessarily in the nominativecase and also not necessarily of said gods per se, as e.g. in the case of Hephaestus.
^Cf. the nouns , , ; whence despot in English; in an etymological sense, it literally means "master of the house" and is related to potnia.
^ abcdThe word Poseidon (; variant forms include , the former's final syllable being a synaeresis of the latter's final two) itself, could be connected in an etymological sense - cf. - to Despotas (if indeed this is the correct reading-interpretation of do-po-ta) and Potnia; likewise compare the same word in connection to Ge-Gaia (hence possibly to Ma Ga) and the possible Enesidaon and other undoubted later-times epithets of him, in consideration of the word-endings, etc.. Moreover some scholars have connected - in a similar manner to the one of Poseidon - Demeter to "Earth" via the De (Da; considered in this case as Pre-Greek and as meaning "Earth") syllable, the goddess thus viewed as representing Da-Mater, "Mother Earth" or similar; others on the other hand have interpreted Demeters Da syllable as related to domos (i.e. to be Indo-European), interpreting her name as "Mother of the House", creating thus an etymological connection to Despotas and Potnia. À propos, some scholars have considered the attested, on the PY En 609 tablet, Mycenaean word , da-ma-te, as reading Demeter, but the view isn't widely held anymore; the former is indeed thought to be connected to domos, etc, but it is believed to probably be a form of, or something similar to, .
^According to Chadwick, "Dionysos surprisingly appears twice at Pylos, in the form Diwonusos, both times irritatingly enough on fragments, so that we have no means of verifying his divinity". This old view can be found reflected in other scholars but this has changed after the 1989-90 Greek-Swedish excavations at Kastelli Hill, Chania, unearthed the KH Gq 5 tablet.
^, when in the nominative, is thought to be read as (?h).
^Hiller's or Schofield'spa-ja-wo is not actually attested per se; the word actually attested on the damaged KN V 52 tablet and the fragments thereof, reads pa-ja-wo-ne; the latter would be the dative case form of the former.
^Found on the PY Tn 316 and PY Fr 1204 tablets.
^It is generally thought to be connected to ?, i.e. the "collective, anonymous family ancestors", but it could perhaps instead refer to Triptolemus, himself possibly "a 'hypostasis' of Poseidon".
^ abThe King and the Two Queens are sometimes attested on tablets together, in the offerings or the libations to them; forms of both "the King" and "the Two Queens" are in the dative case. An example of said concurrent attested worship is the PY Fr 1227 tablet.
^ abOn the other hand, there are scholars who have argued that "the King" and "the Two Queens" are not theonyms, that they simply refer to mortal royalty.
^Said Potnia or Potnia in general is found on only one table at Thebes: TH Of 36. Her premises, her house is thought to have been her shrine.
^The word, on the same tablet, , po-re-na, *phorenas, understood to mean "those brought or those bringing" (it actually reads ?, po-re-na-qe, but a postfixed ?, qe, is usually a conjunction; cf. , , and Latinet, qve), has been interpreted by some scholars as evidence of human sacrifice at said sanctuary: "According to this interpretation, the text of Tn 316 was written as one of many extreme emergency measures just before the destruction of the palace. Tn 316 would then reflect a desperate, and abnormal, attempt to placate divine powers through the sacrifice of male victims to male gods and female victims to female gods".
^The nominative case form of the place (i.e. of the sanctuary) is ?, pa-ki-ja-ne; it is also found in other forms, including derivative words; the specific form found on the PY Tn 316 tablet is ?, pa-ki-ja-si, i.e. possibly its locative plural form.
^Also attested once on the PY 1219 table as ?, wa-no-so-i.
^This term is for example found, on the Kn Fp 1 and KN Fp 13 tablets.
^It should be made clear that an absence of offerings, in parallel, to explicitly named deities or people (like priests or priestesses) on relevant attested inscriptions, does not necessarily follow from the presence of this special dedication; for example, the Kn Fp 1 inscription also includes, among others, offerings to Zeus Diktaios, Pade, Erinys and Anemon Hiereia.
^The words are two - despite the lack of a separator symbol - and in the dative plural case; their reconstructed form is *pansi t?eoihi; see the words , ?.
^Peters, Martin (2002), "Aus der Vergangenheit von Heroen und Ehegöttinnen", in Fritz, Matthias; Zeifelder, Susanne (eds.), Novalis Indogermanica: Festschrift für Günter Neumann zum 80. Geburstag, Grazer vergleichende Arbeiten (in German), Graz: Leykam, pp. 357-380, ISBN3701100322.
^Palaima, Thomas G. (2008) [Date of Conference: 25-29 March 2008]. "The Siginificance of Mycenaean Words Relating to Meals, Meal Rituals and Food"(PDF). In Hitchcock, Louise A.; Laffineur, Robert; Crowley, Janice (eds.). DAIS The Aegean Feast. Proceedings of the 12th International Aegean Conference. 12th International Aegean Conference. University of Melbourne. Aegaeum. Liège, Austin. pp. 383-389.
^Barton?k, Antonín (2002). "2. Substantiva und Adjektiva der I., II. und III. Deklination: I. Deklination (Substantiva)". Handbuch des mykenischen Griechisch. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag C. WINTER. pp. 165-6. ISBN3825314359.
Duhoux, Yves; Morpurgo Davies, Anna, eds. (2011). A Companion to Linear B: Mycenaean Greek Texts and their World. 2. Peeters. ISBN9782758401162.
Articles in journals, periodicals and of conferences
Suppléments au Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique. La Crète mycénienne: Actes de la Table Ronde Internationale organisée par l'École française d'Athènes. Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique. 30. Athens: Collections de l'Ecole française d'Athènes en ligne. 1997 [Date of Conference: 26-28 March 1991].
Deger-Jalkotzy, Sigrid; Lemos, Irene S., eds. (2006) [Date of Conference: 22-25 January 2003]. Ancient Greece: From the Mycenaean Palaces to the Age of Homer. Edinburgh Leventis Studies 3. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. ISBN0748618899.
Sacconi, A., ed. (2008) [Date of Conference: 20-25 February 2006]. "Colloquium romanum: The Shepherds in the Cn Series at Pylos; M. Lindgren, Use of the Cypriot Syllabary in a Multicultural Surrounding; S. Lupack, the Northeast Building of Pylos and an 1281; M. Marazzi, Il "sistema" Argolide: l'Organizzazione territoriale del golfo argolideo; M. Meier-Brügger, Une lecture en langue mycénienne des textes de la série Ta de Pylos; T. Meissner, Notes on Mycenaean Spelling; A. Michailidou, Late Bronze Age Economy: Copper". Colloquium Romanum: atti del XII colloquio internazionale di micenologia (in two volumes). XII colloquio internazionale di micenologia. Rome. Pasiphae. et al. Eds. Pisa and Rome. ISBN9788862270564.
Morris, S.P. (2001) [Date of Conference: 12-15 April 2000]. Laffineur, R.; Hägg, R. (eds.). "Potnia Aswiya: Anatolian Contributions to Greek Religion". Aegaeum. Belgium. 22: Potnia. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age. Proceedings of the 8th International Aegean Conference, Göteborg, Göteborg University: 423-434.
Sergent, Bernard (1990). "Héortologie du mois Plowistos de Pylo". Dialogues d'histoire ancienne. 16, n°1: 175-217. doi:10.3406/dha.1990.1464.
Duev, Ratko. "di-wi-ja and e-ra in the Linear B texts". In: Pierre Carlier, Additional editors: Charles De Lamberterie, Markus Egetmeyer, Nicole Guilleux, Françoise Rougemont and Julien Zurbach (editors). Études mycéniennes 2010. Actes du XIIIe colloque international sur les textes égéens, Sèvres, Paris, Nanterre, 20-23 septembre 2010. Biblioteca di Pasiphae. 10. Pisa; Roma: Fabrizio Serra editore, 2012. pp. 195-205. ISBN9788862274722