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The Quran is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God. It is widely regarded as the finest work in classical Arabic literature. The Quran is divided into chapters (Arabic s?rah, plural s?war), which are subdivided into verses (Arabic: ?y?h, plural ? ?y?t).
the other texts include the Torah (given to Moses), the Gospel (given to Jesus), the Psalms (given to David), and the Scrolls (given to Abraham).
A body of commentary and explication (tafs?r), aimed at explaining the meanings of the Quranic verses.
The science which describes the reason, circumstances, and events surrounding the revelation of verses.
Sunnah denotes the practice of Islamic prophet Muhammad that he taught and practically instituted as a teacher of the shar?'ah and the best exemplar. The sources of sunna are usually oral traditions found in collections of Hadith and S?ra (prophetic biography). Unlike the Qur'an, Muslims naturally differ on the set of texts or sources of sunnah, and they emphasize different collections of hadith based on to which school of thought or branch they belong.
The science which explores the narrators of hadith.
"Its outstanding literary merit should also be noted: it is by far, the finest work of Arabic prose in existence."
"It may be affirmed that within the literature of the Arabs, wide and fecund as it is both in poetry and in elevated prose, there is nothing to compare with it."