List of Formula One Circuits
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List of Formula One Circuits

A map of the world showing the locations of the circuits to host a Grand Prix
Locations of the circuits that hosted or are scheduled to host a Grand Prix, as of 2021. Nations on the 2021 schedule are highlighted in green, with circuit locations marked in black. Former host nations are shown in dark grey. Former host circuits are marked with a white dot. De facto status of territories is shown.

Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is currently the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.[1] The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants and vehicles must conform.[2] The F1 World Championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, usually held on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets.[3] The results of each race are combined to determine two annual championships, one for drivers (World Drivers' Championship), and one for constructors (World Constructors' Championship).[4]

This list is for the circuits that hosted World Championship races from 1950 until now. The terms "Formula One race" and "World Championship race" were not always synonymous throughout history - see Formula One#Distinction between Formula One and World Championship races for a detailed explanation.

History

The first World Championship Grand Prix was held in 1950 at Silverstone; since then 73 circuits have hosted a Grand Prix. A lot of classic (older) circuits have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations throughout their history: Nürburgring, Spa-Francorchamps, Monza, etc. Taking Nürburgring as an example, the first World Championship race there used the 22.835 km (14.189 mi) configuration, but concerns over safety meant that more recent Grands Prix have used a shorter, safer circuit.[5] F1 circuits were predominantly in Europe during the early years of the championship; as the sport has expanded, so has the location of its circuits. The expansion into Asia and America has been a recent occurrence. Of the 20 circuits that hosted a Grand Prix in 2012, nearly half were not on the calendar before 1999.[6]

The Autodromo Nazionale Monza has hosted the most World Championship races; the only season it did not host a race was in 1980, when the Italian Grand Prix was held at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari.[7] The Algarve International Circuit became the 73rd circuit to host a Grand Prix, when it held the Portuguese Grand Prix in 2020; this is the latest addition to this list. The longest circuit to have hosted a Grand Prix is the Pescara Circuit, which hosted the 1957 Pescara Grand Prix: the 25.800 km (16.031 mi) long circuit in Pescara, Italy, held the annual Coppa Acerbo race, and in 1957 it was the only time that this race was included as part of the World Championship, a race which Stirling Moss won.[8]

Two circuits have been announced to host Formula One in the near future. The Russian Grand Prix is set to move from the Sochi Autodrom to the Igora Drive circuit outside of Saint Petersburg in 2023.[9] And the Hard Rock Stadium Circuit is due to host the Miami Grand Prix from 2022.[10]

As some circuits have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations, the most recent configuration used is listed in the table below.

Circuits

Key
? Current circuits (for the 2021 season)
  • The "Map" column shows a diagram of the latest configuration on current tracks and the last configuration used on past tracks.
  • The "Type" column refers to the type of circuit: "street" is a circuit held on closed city streets, "road" refers to a mixture of public roads and a permanent track, and "race" is a permanent facility.
  • The "Last length used" shows the track length for the configuration that was used last time the Formula One race was held on a given track.
Formula One circuits
Circuit Map Type Direction Location Last length used Grands Prix Season(s) Grands Prix held
Adelaide Street Circuit Adelaide (long route).svg Street circuit Clockwise Adelaide, Australia 3.780 km (2.349 mi) Australian Grand Prix 1985-1995 11
Ain-Diab Circuit Ain-Diab.svg Road circuit Clockwise Casablanca, Morocco 7.618 km (4.734 mi) Moroccan Grand Prix 1958 1
Aintree Motor Racing Circuit Circuit Aintree.svg Road circuit Clockwise Aintree, United Kingdom 4.828 km (3.000 mi) British Grand Prix 1955, 1957, 1959, 1961-1962 5
Albert Park Circuit Albert Park Street circuit Clockwise Melbourne, Australia 5.303 km (3.295 mi) Australian Grand Prix 1996-2019 24
Algarve International Circuit ? Algarve Race circuit Clockwise Portimão, Portugal 4.653 km (2.891 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 2020-2021 2
Autódromo do Estoril Estoril Race circuit Clockwise Cascais, Portugal 4.360 km (2.709 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 1984-1996 13
Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez ? Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez 2015.svg Race circuit Clockwise Mexico City, Mexico 4.304 km (2.674 mi) Mexican Grand Prix,
Mexico City Grand Prix
1963-1970, 1986-1992, 2015-2019 20
Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet Circuit Jacarepagua.png Race circuit Anti-clockwise Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 5.031 km (3.126 mi) Brazilian Grand Prix 1978, 1981-1989 10
Autodromo Internazionale del Mugello Mugello Racing Circuit track map 15 turns.svg Race circuit Clockwise Scarperia e San Piero, Italy 5.245 km (3.259 mi) Tuscan Grand Prix 2020 1
Autodromo Internazionale Enzo e Dino Ferrari ? Imola 2009.svg Race circuit Anti-clockwise Imola, Italy 4.909 km (3.050 mi) Italian Grand Prix,
San Marino Grand Prix,
Emilia Romagna Grand Prix
1980-2006, 2020-2021 29
Autodromo Josè Carlos Pace ? Autódromo José Carlos Pace (AKA Interlagos) track map.svg Race circuit Anti-clockwise São Paulo, Brazil 4.309 km (2.677 mi) Brazilian Grand Prix,
São Paulo Grand Prix
1973-1977, 1979-1980, 1990-2019 37
Autodromo Nazionale di Monza ? Monza track map.svg Race circuit Clockwise Monza, Italy 5.793 km (3.600 mi) Italian Grand Prix 1950-1979, 1981-2020 70
Autódromo Oscar y Juan Gálvez Autódromo Oscar y Juan Gálvez Circuito N° 6.svg Race circuit Clockwise Buenos Aires, Argentina 4.259 km (2.646 mi) Argentine Grand Prix 1953-1958, 1960, 1972-1975, 1977-1981, 1995-1998 20
AVUS Circuit AVUS.svg Road circuit Anti-clockwise Berlin, Germany 8.300 km (5.157 mi) German Grand Prix 1959 1
Bahrain International Circuit ? Bahrain Race circuit Clockwise Sakhir, Bahrain 5.412 km (3.363 mi) Bahrain Grand Prix,
Sakhir Grand Prix
2004-2010, 2012-2021[a] 18
Baku City Circuit ? Baku Formula One circuit map.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Baku, Azerbaijan 6.003 km (3.730 mi) European Grand Prix,
Azerbaijan Grand Prix
2016-2019, 2021 5
Brands Hatch Brands Hatch 1976-1987.svg Race circuit Clockwise West Kingsdown, United Kingdom 3.703 km (2.301 mi) British Grand Prix,
European Grand Prix
1964, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1980, 1982-1986 14
Buddh International Circuit Jaypee International Circuit 2011.svg Race circuit Clockwise Greater Noida, India 5.141 km (3.194 mi) Indian Grand Prix 2011-2013 3
Bugatti Circuit Bugatti Race circuit Clockwise Le Mans, France 4.430 km (2.753 mi) French Grand Prix 1967 1
Caesars Palace Grand Prix Circuit Circuit Caesars Palace.png Street circuit Anti-clockwise Las Vegas, United States 3.650 km (2.268 mi) Caesars Palace Grand Prix 1981-1982 2
Charade Circuit Circuit Charade 1958 1988.png Road circuit Clockwise Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France 8.055 km (5.005 mi) French Grand Prix 1965, 1969-1970, 1972 4
Circuit Bremgarten Circuit Bremgarten.png Road circuit Clockwise Bern, Switzerland 7.208 km (4.479 mi) Swiss Grand Prix 1950-1954 5
Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya ? Formula1 Circuit Catalunya 2021.svg Race circuit Clockwise Montmeló, Spain 4.675 km (2.905 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1991-2021 31
Circuit de Monaco ? Monte Carlo Formula 1 track map.svg Street circuit Clockwise Monte Carlo, Monaco 3.337 km (2.074 mi) Monaco Grand Prix 1950, 1955-2019, 2021 67
Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours.svg Race circuit Clockwise Magny-Cours, France 4.411 km (2.741 mi) French Grand Prix 1991-2008 18
Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps ? Spa-Francorchamps of Belgium.svg Race circuit Clockwise Stavelot, Belgium 7.004 km (4.352 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 1950-1956, 1958, 1960-1968, 1970, 1983, 1985-2002, 2004-2005, 2007-2020 53
Circuit Gilles Villeneuve Île Notre-Dame (Circuit Gilles Villeneuve).svg Street circuit Clockwise Montreal, Canada 4.361 km (2.710 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 1978-1986, 1988-2008, 2010-2019 40
Circuit Mont-Tremblant Circuit Mont Tremblant.png Race circuit Clockwise Mont-Tremblant, Canada 4.265 km (2.650 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 1968, 1970 2
Circuit of the Americas ? Austin circuit.svg Race circuit Anti-clockwise Austin, United States 5.513 km (3.426 mi) United States Grand Prix 2012-2019 8
Circuit Paul Ricard ? Le Castellet circuit map Formula One 2019 and 2021 with corner names English 19 07 2021.svg Race circuit Clockwise Le Castellet, France 5.842 km (3.630 mi) French Grand Prix 1971, 1973, 1975-1976, 1978, 1980, 1982-1983, 1985-1990, 2018-2019, 2021 17
Circuit Zandvoort ? Zandvoort Circuit vector map.png Race circuit Clockwise Zandvoort, Netherlands 4.259 km (2.646 mi) Dutch Grand Prix 1952-1953, 1955, 1958-1971, 1973-1985 30
Circuit Zolder Circuit Zolder-1975-1985.svg Race circuit Clockwise Heusden-Zolder, Belgium 4.262 km (2.648 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 1973, 1975-1982, 1984 10
Circuito da Boavista Boavista (Oporto).svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Porto, Portugal 7.775 km (4.831 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 1958, 1960 2
Circuito de Jerez Jerez Grand prix Circuit 1994-2003.svg Race circuit Clockwise Jerez de la Frontera, Spain 4.428 km (2.751 mi) Spanish Grand Prix,
European Grand Prix
1986-1990, 1994, 1997 7
Circuito de Monsanto Circuit Monsanto.png Street circuit Clockwise Lisbon, Portugal 5.440 km (3.380 mi) Portuguese Grand Prix 1959 1
Circuito del Jarama Circuito Permanente del Jarama 1980.svg Race circuit Clockwise San Sebastián de los Reyes, Spain 3.404 km (2.115 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1976-1979, 1981 9
Dallas Grand Prix Circuit Circuit Fair Park.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Dallas, United States 3.901 km (2.424 mi) Dallas Grand Prix 1984 1
Detroit street circuit Downtown Detroit Street Circuit.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Detroit, United States 4.168 km (2.590 mi) Detroit Grand Prix 1982-1988 7
Dijon-Prenois Dijon-Prenois Circuit.svg Race circuit Clockwise Prenois, France 3.886 km (2.415 mi) French Grand Prix,
Swiss Grand Prix
1974, 1977, 1979, 1981-1982, 1984 6
Donington Park Donington Park Race circuit Clockwise Castle Donington, United Kingdom 4.020 km (2.498 mi) European Grand Prix 1993 1
Fuji Speedway Fuji.svg Race circuit Clockwise Oyama, Japan 4.563 km (2.835 mi) Japanese Grand Prix 1976-1977, 2007-2008 4
Hard Rock Stadium Circuit Hard Rock Stadium Circuit 2022.svg Road circuit Anti-Clockwise Miami, United States 5.410 km (3.362 mi) Miami Grand Prix 2022 0
Hockenheimring Hockenheim2012.svg Race circuit Clockwise Hockenheim, Germany 4.574 km (2.842 mi) German Grand Prix 1970, 1977-1984, 1986-2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016, 2018-2019 37
Hungaroring ? Hungaroring.svg Race circuit Clockwise Mogyoród, Hungary 4.381 km (2.722 mi) Hungarian Grand Prix 1986-2020 35
Igora Drive Igora Drive Circuit Vector map.png Race circuit Anti-clockwise Sosnovo, Russia 4.086 km (2.539 mi) Russian Grand Prix 2023[9] 0
Indianapolis Motor Speedway Indianapolis Motor Speedway - road course.svg Race circuit Clockwise Speedway, United States 4.192 km (2.605 mi) Indianapolis 500,[b]
United States Grand Prix
1950-1960, 2000-2007 19
Intercity Istanbul Park ? Istanbul park.svg Race circuit Anti-clockwise Istanbul, Turkey 5.338 km (3.317 mi) Turkish Grand Prix 2005-2011, 2020 8
Jeddah Street Circuit ? Jeddah Street Circuit 2021.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 6.175 km (3.837 mi) Saudi Arabian Grand Prix 2021 0
Korea International Circuit Korea international circuit v3.svg Race circuit Anti-clockwise Yeongam, South Korea 5.615 km (3.489 mi) Korean Grand Prix 2010-2013 4
Kyalami Racing Circuit Kyalami 1992 Layout.png Race circuit Anti-clockwise Midrand, South Africa 4.200 km (2.610 mi) South African Grand Prix 1967-1980, 1982-1985, 1992-1993 20
Long Beach Street Circuit Long Beach 1983.jpg Street circuit Clockwise Long Beach, United States 3.275 km (2.035 mi) United States Grand Prix West 1976-1983 8
Marina Bay Street Circuit Marina bay circuit.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Singapore 5.063 km (3.146 mi) Singapore Grand Prix 2008-2019 12
Montjuïc circuit Montjuïc circuit.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Barcelona, Spain 3.791 km (2.356 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975 4
Mosport International Raceway Mosport.svg Race circuit Clockwise Bowmanville, Canada 3.957 km (2.459 mi) Canadian Grand Prix 1967, 1969, 1971-1974, 1976-1977 8
Nivelles-Baulers Circuit Nivelles-Baulers.png Race circuit Clockwise Nivelles, Belgium 3.724 km (2.314 mi) Belgian Grand Prix 1972, 1974 2
Nürburgring Circuit Nürburgring-2013-GP.svg Race circuit Clockwise Nürburg, Germany 5.148 km (3.199 mi) German Grand Prix,
European Grand Prix,
Luxembourg Grand Prix,
Eifel Grand Prix
1951-1954, 1956-1958, 1961-1969, 1971-1976, 1984-1985, 1995-2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2020 41
Pedralbes Circuit Circuit Pedralbes.png Street circuit Clockwise Barcelona, Spain 6.316 km (3.925 mi) Spanish Grand Prix 1951, 1954 2
Pescara Circuit Circuit Pescara.svg Road circuit Clockwise Pescara, Italy 25.800 km (16.031 mi) Pescara Grand Prix 1957 1
Phoenix street circuit Phoenix Grand Prix Route - 1991.svg Street circuit Anti-clockwise Phoenix, United States 3.720 km (2.312 mi) United States Grand Prix 1989-1991 3
Prince George Circuit Prince George Circuit.svg Race circuit Clockwise East London, South Africa 3.920 km (2.436 mi) South African Grand Prix 1962-1963, 1965 3
Red Bull Ring ? RedBull Ring vector map.png Race circuit Clockwise Spielberg bei Knittelfeld, Austria 4.318 km (2.683 mi) Austrian Grand Prix,
Styrian Grand Prix
1970-1987, 1997-2003, 2014-2021[c] 35
Reims-Gueux Circuit Reims-Gueux.png Road circuit Clockwise Gueux, France 8.302 km (5.159 mi) French Grand Prix 1950-1951, 1953-1954, 1956, 1958-1961, 1963, 1966 11
Riverside International Raceway Riverside International Raceway 1967.svg Race circuit Clockwise Moreno Valley, United States 5.271 km (3.275 mi) United States Grand Prix 1960 1
Rouen-Les-Essarts Rouen track layout 1955-1971.gif Road circuit Clockwise Orival, France 6.542 km (4.065 mi) French Grand Prix 1952, 1957, 1962, 1964, 1968 5
Scandinavian Raceway Scandinavian Raceway 1978.svg Race circuit Clockwise Anderstorp, Sweden 4.031 km (2.505 mi) Swedish Grand Prix 1973-1978 6
Sebring International Raceway Sebring International Raceway Road circuit Clockwise Sebring, United States 8.356 km (5.192 mi) United States Grand Prix 1959 1
Sepang International Circuit Sepang.svg Race circuit Clockwise Sepang, Malaysia 5.543 km (3.444 mi) Malaysian Grand Prix 1999-2017 19
Shanghai International Circuit Shanghai International Racing Circuit track map.svg Race circuit Clockwise Shanghai, China 5.451 km (3.387 mi) Chinese Grand Prix 2004-2019 16
Silverstone Circuit ? Silverstone Circuit vector map.png Race circuit Clockwise Silverstone, United Kingdom 5.891 km (3.660 mi) British Grand Prix,
70th Anniversary Grand Prix
1950-1954, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1985, 1987-2021[a] 56
Sochi Autodrom ? Circuit Sochi.svg Race circuit Clockwise Sochi, Russia 5.848 km (3.634 mi) Russian Grand Prix 2014-2020 7
Suzuka Circuit ? Suzuka circuit map--2005.svg Race circuit Part clockwise and part anti-clockwise (figure eight) Suzuka, Japan 5.807 km (3.608 mi) Japanese Grand Prix 1987-2006, 2009-2019 31
TI Circuit Aida Tanaka International Circuit Race circuit Clockwise Mimasaka, Japan 3.703 km (2.301 mi) Pacific Grand Prix 1994-1995 2
Valencia Street Circuit Circuit Valensia street.svg Street circuit Clockwise Valencia, Spain 5.419 km (3.367 mi) European Grand Prix 2008-2012 5
Watkins Glen Watkins Glen 1975-1983.png Race circuit Clockwise Watkins Glen, United States 5.430 km (3.374 mi) United States Grand Prix 1961-1980 20
Yas Marina Circuit ? Circuit Yas-Island.svg Race circuit Anti-clockwise Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 5.554 km (3.451 mi) Abu Dhabi Grand Prix 2009-2020 12
Zeltweg Airfield Circuit Zeltweg.png Road circuit Clockwise Zeltweg, Austria 3.186 km (1.980 mi) Austrian Grand Prix 1964 1

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b The Silverstone Circuit and Bahrain International Circuit held two races each in 2020
  2. ^ From 1950 to 1960, the Indianapolis 500 was part of the World Championship.[11]
  3. ^ The Red Bull Ring held two races in 2020 and 2021

References

General

  • Hughes, Mark; Tremayne, David (2002). The Concise Encyclopedia of Formula 1. Parragon. pp. 70-93. ISBN 0-75258-766-8.
  • "Circuits". ESPN. Retrieved 2012.

Specific

  1. ^ "About FIA". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 2008.
  2. ^ Williamson, Martin. "A brief history of Formula One". ESPN. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ Hughes & Tremayne 2002, pp. 82-83
  4. ^ "2020 Formula One Sporting Regulations" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). 7 April 2020. p. 3-4. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ Hughes & Tremayne 2002, p. 76
  6. ^ Gill, Pete (31 October 2011). "A truly global sport". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 3 January 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  7. ^ "Facts and figures - Italian Grand Prix". Formula 1. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 2012.
  8. ^ "Pescara Circuit". ESPN. Retrieved 2012.
  9. ^ a b Smith, Luke (26 June 2021). "Russian Grand Prix set to move to Igora Drive from 2023". motorsport.com.
  10. ^ Barretto, Lawrence (18 April 2021). "Miami GP: Everything you need to know about F1's newest race - including how the track was designed". Retrieved 2021.
  11. ^ "United States Grand Prix history". Formula 1. 16 June 2004. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 2012.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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