List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions
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List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions

Michael Schumacher and Lewis Hamilton have each won the championship a record seven times during their careers.

Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.[1] The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants and cars must conform.[2] The F1 World Championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, held usually on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets.[3] The World Drivers' Championship is presented by the FIA to the most successful F1 driver over the course of the season through a points system based on individual Grand Prix results.[4] The World Championship is won when it is no longer mathematically possible for another competitor to overtake their points total regardless of the outcome of the remaining races,[5] although it is not officially awarded until the FIA Prize Giving Ceremony held in various cities following the conclusion of the season.[6][7]

Lewis Hamilton and Michael Schumacher hold the record for the most World Drivers' Championships, both having won the title on seven occasions. Juan Manuel Fangio is third with five titles.[8][9] Schumacher also holds the record for the most consecutive drivers' titles with five between the 2000 and the 2004 seasons.[10] Nigel Mansell holds the record of competing in the highest number of seasons before winning the World Championship, entering F1 in 1980 and achieving the title in 1992, a span of 13 seasons.[11] Nico Rosberg has the highest number of Grand Prix starts before winning his first title, a period of 206 Grands Prix between the 2006 Bahrain and the 2016 Abu Dhabi Grands Prix.[12][13] Sebastian Vettel is the youngest winner of the World Drivers' Championship; he was 23 years and 134 days old when he won the 2010 championship.[14] Fangio is the oldest winner of the World Drivers' Championship; he was 46 years and 41 days old when he won the 1957 title.[15]

As of the 2020 season, out of the 770 drivers who started a Grand Prix,[16] there have been 33 F1 World Drivers' Champions.[8][9] The first F1 World Drivers' Champion was Giuseppe Farina in the 1950 championship and the current title holder is Hamilton in the 2020 season.[8][9] The title has been won by drivers from the United Kingdom 20 times between 10 drivers, more than any other nation, followed by Brazil, Finland and Germany with three drivers each. The Scuderia Ferrari team have the highest number of drivers' titles per squad with 15 between 9 competitors, followed by McLaren with 12 titles between 7 drivers.[8] The Drivers' Championship has been won in the final race of the season 29 times in the 71 seasons it has been awarded.[17] Schumacher holds the record of earning the championship with most Grands Prix left to run in a season with six when he won the 2002 title at that year's French Grand Prix.[18]

By season

Key
* Season in progress
Bold indicates the team also won the Constructors' Championship (awarded since 1958)
World Drivers' Champions by season[8][9][19]
Season Driver Age Constructor Tyres Poles Wins Podiums F. Laps Points % Points Clinched[17] Margin % Margin
Chassis Engine
1950 Italy Giuseppe Farina[20] 44 Alfa Romeo P 2 3 3 3 30 83.333 (47.619) Race 7 of 7 3 10.000
1951 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio[21] 40 Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo P 4 3 5 5 31 86.111 (51.389) Race 8 of 8 6 19.355
1952[a] Italy Alberto Ascari[23] 34 Ferrari Ferrari F P 5 6 6 6 36 100.000 (74.306) Race 6 of 8 12 33.333
1953[a] Italy Alberto Ascari[23] 35 Ferrari Ferrari P 6 5 5 4 34.5 95.833 (57.764) Race 8 of 9 6.5 18.841
1954 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio[21] 43 Maserati[b] Maserati P 5 6 7 3 42 93.333 (70.547) Race 7 of 9 16.857 40.136
Mercedes[b] Mercedes C
1955 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio[21] 44 Mercedes Mercedes C 3 4 5 3 40 88.889 (65.079) Race 6 of 7 16.5 41.250
1956 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio[21] 45 Ferrari Ferrari E 6 3 5 4 30 66.667 (45.833) Race 8 of 8 3 10.000
1957 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio[21] 46 Maserati Maserati P 4 4 6 2 40 88.889 (63.889) Race 6 of 8 15 37.500
1958 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn[24] 29 Ferrari Ferrari E 4 1 7 5 42 77.778 (49.495) Race 11 of 11 1 2.381
1959 Australia Jack Brabham[25] 33 Cooper Climax D 1 2 5 1 31 68.889 (41.975) Race 9 of 9 4 12.903
1960 Australia Jack Brabham[25] 34 Cooper Climax D 3 5 5 3 43 89.583 (53.750) Race 8 of 10 9 20.930
1961 United States Phil Hill[26] 34 Ferrari Ferrari D 5 2 6 2 34 75.556 (52.778) Race 7 of 8 1 2.941
1962 United Kingdom Graham Hill[27] 33 BRM BRM D 1 4 6 3 42 93.333 (64.198) Race 9 of 9 12 28.571
1963 United Kingdom Jim Clark[28] 27 Lotus Climax D 7 7 9 6 54 100.000 (81.111) Race 7 of 10 21 38.889
1964 United Kingdom John Surtees[29] 30 Ferrari Ferrari D 2 2 6 2 40 74.074 (44.444) Race 10 of 10 1 2.500
1965 United Kingdom Jim Clark[28] 29 Lotus Climax D 6 6 6 6 54 100.000 (60.000) Race 7 of 10 14 25.926
1966 Australia Jack Brabham[25] 40 Brabham Repco G 3 4 5 1 42 93.333 (55.556) Race 7 of 9 14 33.333
1967 New Zealand Denny Hulme[30] 31 Brabham Repco G 0 2 8 2 51 62.963 (51.515) Race 11 of 11 5 9.804
1968 United Kingdom Graham Hill[27] 39 Lotus Ford F 2 3 6 0 48 53.333 (44.444) Race 12 of 12 12 25.000
1969 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart[31] 30 Matra Ford D 2 6 7 5 63 77.778 (63.636) Race 8 of 11 26 41.270
1970 Austria Jochen Rindt[32] 28 Lotus Ford F 3 5 5 1 45 45.455 (38.462) Race 12 of 13[c] 5 11.111
1971 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart[31] 32 Tyrrell Ford G 6 6 7 3 62 76.543 (62.626) Race 8 of 11 29 46.774
1972 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi[33] 25 Lotus Ford F 3 5 8 0 61 67.778 (56.481) Race 10 of 12 16 26.230
1973 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart[31] 34 Tyrrell Ford G 3 5 8 1 71 60.684 (52.593) Race 13 of 15 16 22.535
1974 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi[33] 27 McLaren Ford G 2 3 7 0 55 47.009 (40.741) Race 15 of 15 3 5.455
1975 Austria Niki Lauda[34] 26 Ferrari Ferrari G 9 5 8 2 64.5 59.722 (51.190) Race 13 of 14 19.5 30.233
1976 United Kingdom James Hunt[35] 29 McLaren Ford G 8 6 8 2 69 54.762 (47.917) Race 16 of 16 1 1.449
1977 Austria Niki Lauda[34] 28 Ferrari Ferrari G 2 3 10 3 72 53.333 (47.059) Race 15 of 17 17 23.611
1978 United States Mario Andretti[36] 38 Lotus Ford G 8 6 7 3 64 50.794 (44.444) Race 14 of 16 13 20.313
1979 South Africa Jody Scheckter[37] 29 Ferrari Ferrari M 1 3 6 0 51 70.833 (44.444) Race 13 of 15 4 7.843
1980 Australia Alan Jones[38] 34 Williams Ford G 3 5 10 5 67 74.444 (56.349) Race 13 of 14 13 19.403
1981 Brazil Nelson Piquet[39] 29 Brabham Ford M G 4 3 7 1 50 50.505 (37.037) Race 15 of 15 1 2.000
1982 Finland Keke Rosberg[40] 34 Williams Ford G 1 1 6 0 44 44.444 (30.556) Race 16 of 16 5 11.364
1983 Brazil Nelson Piquet[39] 31 Brabham BMW M 1 3 8 4 59 59.596 (43.704) Race 15 of 15 2 3.390
1984 Austria Niki Lauda[34] 35 McLaren TAG M 0 5 9 5 72 72.727 (50.000) Race 16 of 16 0.5 0.694
1985 France Alain Prost[41] 30 McLaren TAG G 2 5 11 5 73 73.737 (52.778) Race 14 of 16 20 27.397
1986 France Alain Prost[41] 31 McLaren TAG G 1 4 11 2 72 72.727 (51.389) Race 16 of 16 2 2.778
1987 Brazil Nelson Piquet[39] 35 Williams Honda G 4 3 11 4 73 73.737 (52.778) Race 15 of 16 12 16.438
1988 Brazil Ayrton Senna[42] 28 McLaren Honda G 13 8 11 3 90 90.909 (65.278) Race 15 of 16 3 3.333
1989 France Alain Prost[41] 34 McLaren Honda G 2 4 11 5 76 76.768 (56.250) Race 15 of 16 16 21.053
1990 Brazil Ayrton Senna[42] 30 McLaren Honda G 10 6 11 2 78 78.788 (54.167) Race 15 of 16 7 8.974
1991 Brazil Ayrton Senna[42] 31 McLaren Honda G 8 7 12 2 96 56.875 Race 15 of 16 24 25.000
1992 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell[43] 39 Williams Renault G 14 9 12 8 108 67.500 Race 11 of 16 52 48.148
1993 France Alain Prost[41] 38 Williams Renault G 13 7 12 6 99 61.875 Race 14 of 16 26 26.263
1994 Germany Michael Schumacher[44] 25 Benetton Ford G 6 8 10 8 92 57.500 Race 16 of 16 1 1.087
1995 Germany Michael Schumacher[44] 26 Benetton Renault G 4 9 11 8 102 63.750 Race 15 of 17 33 32.353
1996 United Kingdom Damon Hill[45] 36 Williams Renault G 9 8 10 5 97 60.625 Race 16 of 16 19 19.588
1997 Canada Jacques Villeneuve[46] 26 Williams Renault G 10 7 8 3 81 47.647 Race 17 of 17 39[d] 48.148[d]
1998 Finland Mika Häkkinen[48] 30 McLaren Mercedes B 9 8 11 6 100 62.500 Race 16 of 16 14 14.000
1999 Finland Mika Häkkinen[48] 31 McLaren Mercedes B 11 5 10 6 76 47.500 Race 16 of 16 2 2.632
2000 Germany Michael Schumacher[44] 31 Ferrari Ferrari B 9 9 12 2 108 63.529 Race 16 of 17 19 17.593
2001 Germany Michael Schumacher[44] 32 Ferrari Ferrari B 11 9 14 3 123 72.353 Race 13 of 17 58 47.154
2002 Germany Michael Schumacher[44] 33 Ferrari Ferrari B 7 11 17 7 144 84.706 Race 11 of 17 67 46.528
2003 Germany Michael Schumacher[44] 34 Ferrari Ferrari B 5 6 8 5 93 58.125 Race 16 of 16 2 2.151
2004 Germany Michael Schumacher[44] 35 Ferrari Ferrari B 8 13 15 10 148 82.222 Race 14 of 18 34 22.973
2005 Spain Fernando Alonso[49] 24 Renault Renault M 6 7 15 2 133 70.000 Race 17 of 19 21 15.789
2006 Spain Fernando Alonso[49] 25 Renault Renault M 6 7 14 5 134 74.444 Race 18 of 18 13 9.701
2007 Finland Kimi Räikkönen[50] 28 Ferrari Ferrari B 3 6 12 6 110 64.706 Race 17 of 17 1 0.909
2008 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton[51] 23 McLaren Mercedes B 7 5 10 1 98 54.444 Race 18 of 18 1 1.020
2009 United Kingdom Jenson Button[52] 29 Brawn Mercedes B 4 6 9 2 95 55.882 Race 16 of 17 11 11.579
2010 Germany Sebastian Vettel[53] 23 Red Bull Renault B 10 5 10 3 256 53.895 Race 19 of 19 4 1.563
2011 Germany Sebastian Vettel[53] 24 Red Bull Renault P 15 11 17 3 392 82.526 Race 15 of 19 122 31.122
2012 Germany Sebastian Vettel[53] 25 Red Bull Renault P 6 5 10 6 281 56.200 Race 20 of 20 3 1.068
2013 Germany Sebastian Vettel[53] 26 Red Bull Renault P 9 13 16 7 397 83.579 Race 16 of 19 155 39.043
2014 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton[51] 29 Mercedes Mercedes P 7 11 16 7 384 76.800 Race 19 of 19 67 17.448
2015 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton[51] 30 Mercedes Mercedes P 11 10 17 8 381 80.211 Race 16 of 19 59 15.486
2016 Germany Nico Rosberg[54] 31 Mercedes Mercedes P 8 9 16 6 385 73.333 Race 21 of 21 5 1.299
2017 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton[51] 32 Mercedes Mercedes P 11 9 13 7 363 72.600 Race 18 of 20 46 12.672
2018 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton[51] 33 Mercedes Mercedes P 11 11 17 3 408 77.714 Race 19 of 21 88 21.569
2019 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton[51] 34 Mercedes Mercedes P 5 11 17 6 413 75.641 Race 19 of 21 87 21.065
2020 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton[51] 35 Mercedes Mercedes P 10 11 14 6 347 83.413 Race 14 of 17 124 35.735
Season Driver Age Chassis Engine Tyres Poles Wins Podiums Fastest laps Points % Points Clinched Margin % Margin
Constructor
  1. ^ a b The 1952 and 1953 championships were run to Formula Two regulations.[22]
  2. ^ a b Fangio competed in the 1954 Argentine and Belgian Grands Prix with Maserati, then completed the season with Mercedes.[22]
  3. ^ Rindt's championship was confirmed two rounds after he had been killed in an accident during qualifying for the Italian Grand Prix.[22]
  4. ^ a b Michael Schumacher scored 78 points during the 1997 season, 3 points behind Villeneuve, but was disqualified from the championship for deliberately colliding with Villeneuve in the final race of the season, the European Grand Prix.[47] This left Villeneuve with a 39-point margin over Heinz-Harald Frentzen with 42 points.[22]

By driver

Michael Schumacher has won the World Drivers' Championship a record seven times - twice with Benetton and five times with Ferrari.
Lewis Hamilton equaled Schumacher's record in 2020, winning one with McLaren and six with Mercedes.
Juan Manuel Fangio won the World Drivers' Championship five times with Alfa Romeo, Maserati, Mercedes and Ferrari. He held the record from 1955 until 2003.
Alain Prost has four titles, three for McLaren and one for Williams. He also came close to winning the title for Renault and for Ferrari.
Sebastian Vettel currently has four titles to his name, all of which he won consecutively with Red Bull Racing.

Drivers in bold are entered in the 2021 World Championship.

By driver nationality

World Drivers' Champions by nationality[8]
Country Titles Drivers Seasons By driver (titles)
 United Kingdom 20 10 1958, 1962-1965, 1968-1969, 1971, 1973, 1976, 1992, 1996, 2008-2009, 2014-2015, 2017-2020 Lewis Hamilton (7)
Jackie Stewart (3)
Jim Clark (2)
Graham Hill (2)
Jenson Button (1)
Mike Hawthorn (1)
Damon Hill (1)
James Hunt (1)
Nigel Mansell (1)
John Surtees (1)
 Germany 12 3 1994-1995, 2000-2004, 2010-2013, 2016 Michael Schumacher (7)
Sebastian Vettel (4)
Nico Rosberg (1)
 Brazil 8 3 1972, 1974, 1981, 1983, 1987-1988, 1990-1991 Nelson Piquet (3)
Ayrton Senna (3)
Emerson Fittipaldi (2)
 Argentina 5 1 1951, 1954-1957 Juan Manuel Fangio (5)
 Finland 4 3 1982, 1998-1999, 2007 Mika Häkkinen (2)
Kimi Räikkönen (1)
Keke Rosberg (1)
 Australia 4 2 1959-1960, 1966, 1980 Jack Brabham (3)
Alan Jones (1)
 Austria 4 2 1970, 1975, 1977, 1984 Niki Lauda (3)
Jochen Rindt (1)
 France 4 1 1985-1986, 1989, 1993 Alain Prost (4)
 Italy 3 2 1950, 1952-1953 Alberto Ascari (2)
Giuseppe Farina (1)
 United States 2 2 1961, 1978 Mario Andretti (1)
Phil Hill (1)
 Spain 2 1 2005-2006 Fernando Alonso (2)
 New Zealand 1 1 1967 Denny Hulme (1)
 South Africa 1 1 1979 Jody Scheckter (1)
 Canada 1 1 1997 Jacques Villeneuve (1)

Drivers in bold are entered in the 2021 World Championship.

Records

Youngest Drivers' Champion

Youngest World Drivers' Championship winners[55]
Driver Age Season
1 Germany Sebastian Vettel 23 years, 134 days 2010
2 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 23 years, 300 days 2008
3 Spain Fernando Alonso 24 years, 58 days 2005
4 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 25 years, 273 days 1972
5 Germany Michael Schumacher 25 years, 314 days 1994
6 Austria Niki Lauda 26 years, 197 days 1975
7 Canada Jacques Villeneuve 26 years, 200 days 1997
8 United Kingdom Jim Clark 27 years, 188 days 1963
9 Finland Kimi Räikkönen 28 years, 4 days 2007
10 Austria Jochen Rindt 28 years, 140 days [a] 1970

Drivers in bold are entered in the 2021 World Championship.

  1. ^ Measured at the day of his death.[56]

Oldest Drivers' Champion

Oldest World Drivers' Championship winners[55]
Driver Age Season
1 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 46 years, 41 days 1957
2 Italy Giuseppe Farina 43 years, 308 days 1950
3 Australia Jack Brabham 40 years, 155 days 1966
4 United Kingdom Graham Hill 39 years, 262 days 1968
5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 39 years, 8 days 1992
6 France Alain Prost 38 years, 214 days 1993
7 United States Mario Andretti 38 years, 193 days 1978
8 United Kingdom Damon Hill 36 years, 26 days 1996
9 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 35 years, 313 days 2020
10 Austria Niki Lauda 35 years, 242 days 1984

Drivers in bold are entered in the 2021 World Championship.

Consecutive Drivers' Championships

A total of ten drivers have achieved consecutive wins in the World Drivers' Championship. Of those, only Michael Schumacher and Lewis Hamilton have won two sets of consecutive Formula One Drivers' Championships.[8]

Drivers in bold are entered in the 2021 World Championship.

Drivers' Champions for constructors that did not win the Constructors' Championship in that year

Drivers' Champions for constructors who did not claim the Constructors' Championship that year[8]
Championships Drivers[a] Years
2 Brazil Nelson Piquet 1981, 1983
1 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn 1958
United Kingdom Jackie Stewart 1973
United Kingdom James Hunt 1976
Finland Keke Rosberg 1982
France Alain Prost 1986
Germany Michael Schumacher 1994
Finland Mika Hakkinen 1999
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 2008
  1. ^ Juan Manuel Fangio, Alberto Ascari and Giuseppe Farina are not on the list, because they were champions before the first Constructors' Championship was awarded in 1958.[8]

By chassis constructor

Constructors in bold are entered in the 2021 World Championship.


By engine manufacturer

Engine manufacturers in bold are entered in the 2021 World Championship.

Engine manufacturers by World Drivers' Championship wins[8]
Manufacturer Titles Season(s)
Ferrari 15 1952, 1953, 1956, 1958, 1961, 1964, 1975, 1977, 1979, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007
Ford[b] 13 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1994
Mercedes[c] 1954, 1955, 1998, 1999, 2008, 2009, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Renault 11 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2005, 2006, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013
Honda 5 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991
Climax 4 1959, 1960, 1963, 1965
TAG[d] 3 1984, 1985, 1986
Alfa Romeo 2 1950, 1951
Maserati 1954, 1957
Repco 1966, 1967
BRM 1 1962
BMW 1983


  1. ^ a b Fangio competed in the 1954 Argentine and Belgian Grands Prix with Maserati, then completed the season with Mercedes. This shared championship is counted for each of these constructors.[22]
  2. ^ Built by Cosworth.[57]
  3. ^ In 1998 and 1999 built by Ilmor.[58]
  4. ^ Built by Porsche.[59]

By tyres used

Tyre manufacturers in bold are entered in the 2021 World Championship.

World Drivers' Championship victories by tyre manufacturer
Rank Manufacturer Titles Seasons
1 G Goodyear 24 (7)[a] 1966-1967, 1971, 1973-1978, 1980, 1982, 1985-1997
2 P Pirelli 16 (10)[b] 1950-1954,[c][d] 1957, 2011-2020
3 B Bridgestone 11 (6)[e] 1998-2004, 2007-2010
4 D Dunlop 8 (4)[f] 1959-1965, 1969
5 M Michelin 6 1979, 1981, 1983-1984, 2005-2006
6 F Firestone 4 1952,[d] 1968, 1970, 1972
7 C Continental 2 1954[c]-1955
E Englebert 1956, 1958


Numbers in parentheses indicate championships won as the sole tyre supplier.

  1. ^ Goodyear was the sole tyre supplier for the 1987, 1988 and 1992-1996 seasons.
  2. ^ Pirelli has been the sole tyre supplier since the 2011 season.[60]
  3. ^ a b Fangio competed in the 1954 Argentine and Belgian Grands Prix on Pirelli tyres, then completed the season on Continental. This shared championship is counted for each of these manufacturers.[22]
  4. ^ a b Ascari competed in the 1952 Indianapolis 500 on Firestone tyres, then completed the season on Pirelli.[61]
  5. ^ Bridgestone was the sole tyre supplier for the 1999, 2000 and 2007-2010 seasons.[62]
  6. ^ Dunlop was the sole tyre supplier for the 1960-1963 seasons.

See also

References

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  2. ^ Williamson, Martin. "A brief history of Formula One". ESPN. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ Hughes, Mark; Tremayne, David (2002). The Concise Encyclopedia of Formula 1. Parragon. pp. 82-83. ISBN 0-75258-766-8.
  4. ^ "2020 Formula One Sporting Regulations" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). 7 April 2020. p. 3-4. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 April 2020. Retrieved 2020.
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  6. ^ Murphy, Luke (8 December 2018). "Hamilton & Mercedes F1 officially crowned at FIA Prize Giving Ceremony". Motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2020. Retrieved 2020.
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  13. ^ "World Champion titles Grand Prix before". StatsF1. Archived from the original on 27 November 2020. Retrieved 2020.
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  25. ^ a b c "Jack Brabham". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 5 July 2016. Retrieved 2016.
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  27. ^ a b "Graham Hill". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  28. ^ a b "Jim Clark". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2016. Retrieved 2016.
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  32. ^ "Jochen Rindt". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2016. Retrieved 2016.
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External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

List_of_Formula_One_World_Drivers'_Champions
 



 



 
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