List of Formula One World Championship Points Scoring Systems
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List of Formula One World Championship Points Scoring Systems

Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing series administered by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.[1] The "formula" in the name alludes to a series of rules set by the FIA to which all participants and vehicles are required to conform.[1][2] The F1 World Championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, usually held on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets.[3] A points scoring system is used for each Grand Prix held over the course of the F1 season to determine the outcome of two annual championships, one for drivers (World Drivers' Championship) since 1950, and one for constructors (World Constructors' Championship) since 1958.[1][4] Each driver accumulates championship points individually in the World Drivers' Championship and collectively for the squad they compete for in the World Constructors' Championship.[4] At the conclusion of the season, both championships are officially presented at the end-of-season FIA Prize Giving Ceremony held in various locations to the participant and team with the highest number of points attained.[4][5][6]

The points scoring system structure has been changed several times throughout the history of F1.[7][8] Participants in every season until 1990 were limited to a certain number of highest-placed results which were counted towards the World Drivers' Championship.[7] Up until 1979, most years saw only the highest-scoring participant in each Grand Prix for each constructor contributing points towards the drivers' title.[8] From 1950 to 1959, the top five finishers of each race plus the fastest lap setter tallied points. The format was expanded to include the first six finishers of each event between 1960 and 2002 but with no point for fastest lap.[7] In 2003, the FIA revised the structure to the top eight finishers of each race.[9] The FIA extended the system again to include the first ten Grand Prix finishers in 2010.[10] The bonus point for fastest lap was reintroduced in 2019 but only drivers and constructors who finished in the top ten were eligible to score the point.[11] No extra points have ever been awarded to drivers for leading the highest number of laps or qualifying on pole position. Each Grand Prix winner tallied 8 points from 1950 to 1960, 9 from 1961 to 1990, 10 between 1991 and 2009 and 25 since 2010.[7]

As of the 2021 Azerbaijan Grand Prix, out of the 770 drivers and 170 constructors who started at least one of the 1,041 FIA Grands Prix since the first such event, the 1950 British Grand Prix,[12][13][14] there have been 344 Drivers' Championship points scorers and 70 teams who have tallied Constructors' Championship points.[15][16] Lewis Hamilton holds the record for the highest Drivers' Championship points total with 3879. Sebastian Vettel is second with 3046 and Fernando Alonso is third with 1912.[17] Scuderia Ferrari holds the record for the highest Constructors' Championship points total with 8400.5. Mercedes are second with 5726 and McLaren are third with 5573.5.[16] Between 1950 and 1957, drivers were granted an equal points distribution share if they shared a car with another or for setting the same fastest lap as another. On two occasions involving three drivers, second drivers of teams that officially entered only one car were ineligible for points.[8][18] Half points have been awarded for five Grands Prix that were red-flagged before 75 per cent of the race distance had been completed.[19]

Robert Kubica holds the record for the longest period of time between two points scoring finishes-8 years and 256 days-between the 2010 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix and the 2019 German Grand Prix.[20] Michael Schumacher holds the distinction of having the longest time between his first points-scoring finish and his last. He achieved his first points-scoring finish at the 1991 Italian Grand Prix, and his last at the 2012 Brazilian Grand Prix, a span of 21 years, 2 months and 17 days.[21] Hamilton holds the record for most consecutive points scores, having scored points in 48 Grands Prix in succession from the 2018 British Grand Prix and the 2020 Bahrain Grand Prix.[22] Max Verstappen is the youngest driver to tally a championship point; he earned points at the 2015 Malaysian Grand Prix when he was 17 years and 180 days old.[23] Philippe Étancelin is the oldest driver to score a championship point; he was 53 years and 249 days old when he accumulated points at the 1950 Italian Grand Prix.[24]

Points scoring systems

List of Formula One World Championship points scoring systems used throughout history[7]
Seasons 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th Fastest lap Drivers' Championship Constructors' Championship Notes
1950-1953 8 6 4 3 2 - - - - - 1 4 N/A [a][b]
1954 5 N/A [a][b][c]
1955 5 N/A [a][c][d]
1956-1957 5 N/A [a][c][d][e][f]
1958 6 [c][f][g][h][i][j]
1959 5 [c][h][i][j]
1960 8 6 4 3 2 1 - - - - - 6 [h][j]
1961
6 4 3 2 1 - - - - - 5 [h][k]
1962 9 6 4 3 2 1 - - - - - 5 [h]
1963-1965 6
1966 5 [f][h][l]
1967 9 (5 from first 6, 4 from last 5)
1968 10 (5 from first 6, 5 from last 6) [h]
1969 9 (5 from first 6, 4 from last 5) [f][h]
1970 11 (6 from first 7, 5 from last 6) [h]
1971 9 (5 from first 6, 4 from last 5)
1972 10 (5 from first 6, 5 from last 6)
1973-1974 13 (7 from first 8, 6 from last 7)
1975 12 (6 from first 7, 6 from last 7) [h][m]
1976 14 (7 from first 8, 7 from last 8) [h]
1977 15 (8 from first 9, 7 from last 8)
1978 14 (7 from first 8, 7 from last 8)
1979 8 (4 from first 7, 4 from last 8) All [m]
1980 10 (5 from first 7, 5 from last 7) All
1981-1990 11 All [m][n]
1991-2002 10 6 4 3 2 1 - - - - - All [m]
2003-2009 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1 - - -
2010-2018 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1 - [o]
2019-2020 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1 1 [p]
25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1 1
3 2 1 - - - - - - - - [q]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d The World Constructors' Championship was not awarded from 1950 to 1957.[25]
  2. ^ a b Points for shared drives were shared equally between the drivers, regardless of how many laps each driver completed.[8]
  3. ^ a b c d e Points were shared equally between drivers who set the same fastest lap time (an extreme example of which happened in the 1954 British Grand Prix where seven drivers set the same fastest lap time, and each received 17 of a point).[26]
  4. ^ a b Points for shared drivers were shared equally between the drivers, even if they drove more than one points-scoring car (e.g. 1955 Argentine Grand Prix), unless one driver was deemed to have completed "insufficient distance" (e.g. 1957 British Grand Prix).[18]
  5. ^ Drivers who shared more than one car in a race only received points for their highest finish (e.g. 1956 Monaco Grand Prix).[18]
  6. ^ a b c d Formula 2 cars raced with Formula One cars in the following Grands Prix, but were ineligible for World Championship points:
  7. ^ Points were no longer awarded for shared race drives (e.g. 1958 Italian Grand Prix, 1960 Argentine Grand Prix).[18]
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Only the points of the highest-scoring driver for each constructor at each race (including privateer entries) were counted towards the Constructors' Championship.[8]
  9. ^ a b The point for fastest lap was only awarded to drivers, not constructors.[8]
  10. ^ a b c The points in Indianapolis 500 race were only awarded to drivers, not constructors.[8]
  11. ^ Points were awarded on a 9-6-4-3-2-1 basis for the 1961 Drivers' title, and on an 8-6-4-3-2-1 basis for the 1961 Constructors' title.[27]
  12. ^ Drivers who were not classified (i.e. did not complete a specified amount of race distance) did not score points, even if they finished in the top six places.[18]
  13. ^ a b c d Half points were awarded for races stopped before three-quarter-distance was completed.[19]
  14. ^ Second drivers of teams that officially entered only one car were not eligible for points. This affected Jo Gartner (Osella) and Gerhard Berger (ATS) who finished fifth and sixth at the 1984 Italian Grand Prix, and Yannick Dalmas (Larrousse) who finished fifth at the 1987 Australian Grand Prix. Their points were not redistributed.[18]
  15. ^ In 2014, double points were awarded in the last race of the season.[28]
  16. ^ The point for fastest lap was only awarded if the driver was classified in the top 10 in the race.[11]
  17. ^ This system is used for the sprint qualifying session at select Grands Prix to determine the starting order of the main race.[29]

References

General
  • "Results". Formula One. Retrieved 2021.
Specific
  1. ^ a b c "The FIA FAQ on Formula One World Championship". AtlasF1. Archived from the original on 5 April 2001. Retrieved 2021.
  2. ^ Williamson, Martin. "A brief history of Formula One". ESPN. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ Hughes & Tremayne 2002, pp. 82-83
  4. ^ a b c Budzinski, Oliver; Feddersen, Arne (March 2019). "Measuring Competitive Balance in Formula One Racing" (PDF). Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers. 25 (121): 5, 7. ISSN 0949-3859. Retrieved 2021 – via EconStor.
  5. ^ Murphy, Luke (8 December 2018). "Hamilton & Mercedes F1 officially crowned at FIA Prize Giving Ceremony". Motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ Morlidge, Matt (7 December 2019). "Lewis Hamilton officially crowned 2019 F1 champion at FIA gala". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 20 December 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  7. ^ a b c d e "World Championship points systems". 8W. Forix. 18 January 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Hayhoe 1989, p. 8
  9. ^ "FIA adopts top-eight points system". Autosport. 13 December 2002. Retrieved 2021.
  10. ^ "Formula 1 adopts new points system for 2010 season". BBC Sport. 2 February 2010. Retrieved 2021.
  11. ^ a b Galloway, James (12 March 2019). "F1 2019: Point for fastest lap to be introduced at Australian GP". Sky Sports. Retrieved 2021.
  12. ^ "F1 Stats Zone - Results by Driver". Sky Sports. Retrieved 2020.
  13. ^ "All-Time Calendar". ChicaneF1. Archived from the original on 17 September 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  14. ^ "F1 Stats Zone - Results by Team". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 1 June 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  15. ^ "Statistics Drivers - Points by number". StatsF1. Retrieved 2021.
  16. ^ a b "Statistics Constructors - Points - By number". StatsF1. Retrieved 2021.
  17. ^ Diepraam, Mattijs; Fisher, Alun (28 March 2021). "Total World Championship points". 8W. Forix. Retrieved 2021.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g Hayhoe 1989, p. 165
  19. ^ a b "Factbox - Formula One races where half points awarded". Reuters. 5 April 2009. Retrieved 2021.
  20. ^ "Longest time between Formula One points". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2021.
  21. ^ "Statistics Drivers - Points - Interval between the first and the last". StatsF1. Retrieved 2021.
  22. ^ "Most consecutive Formula One Grand Prix points finishes (by driver)". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2021.
  23. ^ "Max Verstappen makes F1 history as youngest in points". USA Today. Associated Press. 29 March 2015. Retrieved 2021.
  24. ^ "Age and the F1 driver - from teenage stars to fast 50-year-olds". Formula One. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 2021.
  25. ^ Hayhoe 1989, p. 196
  26. ^ Esler, William (11 April 2014). "The complicated history of Formula 1's historical facts and stats". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 12 April 2014. Retrieved 2021.
  27. ^ Guichard & Wilkins 1961, p. 116
  28. ^ Spurgeon, Brad (26 November 2016). "Double Points in Racing? Not After What Happened Last Time". The New York Times. Retrieved 2021.
  29. ^ Medland, Chris (26 April 2021). "F1 confirms three sprint races for 2021". Racer. Retrieved 2021.

Bibliography

External links


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