List of Christian Terms in Arabic
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List of Christian Terms in Arabic

The following list consists of concepts that are derived from both Christian and Arab tradition, which are expressed as words and phrases in the Arabic language. These terms are included as transliterations, often accompanied by the original Arabic-alphabet orthography. Although Islam is the dominant religion among Arabs, there are a significant number of Arab Christians in regions that were formerly Christian, such as much of the Byzantine empire's lands in the Middle East, so that there are over twenty million Arab Christians living around the world. (Significant populations in Egypt, Lebanon, Brazil, Mexico, Jordan, Syria, Palestine, Sudan, Iraq, USA, Canada, UK and Australia.) Christianity has existed in the Arab world since the 1st century. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, and different individuals and Christian groups may transliterate certain Arabic words into the Latin alphabet in various ways.


A

al-?b ()
God the Father
al-?Ahd al-Qad?m ( ?)
Old Testament
al-?Ahd al-Jad?d ( ?)
New Testament
All?h (?)
literally "God"; is also used as a religious term by Arab Muslims and Arab Jews (Jews who speak Arabic use it mostly within their daily discussions, but not within their religious services, which are said in Hebrew).
Roman Catholics in Malta call God Alla in the Maltese language. The name Allah is also used by Christians in predominantly Islamic countries and countries where both faiths exist side by side regularly such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Lebanon, Turkey, Syria, Egypt, Iraq, etc.
Aiq?na ()
Icon
As-salamu alaykum ( )
is a greeting in Arabic that means "Peace be upon you". The salam is a religious salutation among Muslims and also uses of Arab Christians replacing Shalom in Hebrew language for Arabs ethnics who speak Arabic language as official language of Arabs.

B

B?b? ()
Pope
B?b? Nuwayl ( )
Santa Claus (from French "Papa Noël")
Bismi l-?bi wa l-Ibni wa r-Ri l-Qudus (? ? ? , also spelled ? ? )
"In the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit" (See also: Trinitarian formula, Basmala). Sometimes followed by al-Il?hi l-Wid "The One God", to emphasize monotheism.
Br?tist?nt? ()
Protestant (a more foreign-imitating pronunciation is Pr?tist?nt?)

I

'?du Jam?'il-Qidd?s?n ( ? ?)
All Saints' Day
'?du l-'An?arah ( )
Pentecost
'?d al-Burbara ( )
Literally "the Day of Barbara". It is the equivalent of Halloween for the Middle Eastern Christians (who generally do not celebrate said holiday), although it is held on December 4.
'?du l-Fi ( ) or '?du l-Qiy?mah ( ?)
Easter
'?du l-Jasad ( )
The Catholic feast of Corpus Christi
'?du l-M?l?d ( )
Nativity of Jesus
'?du ?-?u'?d ('?du ?u'?dil-Mas) ( )
Feast of the Ascension
Sabtul-l-Amw?t ( ?)
All Soul's Day
Inj?l ()
One of the four gospels (from Greek "Good News"); Muslims use it to refer to the entire New Testament, or rather to the hypothetical "uncorrupted" gospel of Jesus.
Intiq?l al-?A?r? ( ?)
Assumption of Mary (literally: "Assumption of the Virgin")

K

Kan?sa (?)
Church, similar to the Hebrew Knesset literally "Assembly". See Alcañiz for a Spanish cognate through Mozarabic.
K?rdin?l ()
Cardinal
Kath?l?k? (?)
Catholic
K?tidr?'iyyah (?)
Cathedral
al-Kit?b al-Muqaddas (? )
Bible (literally "the Holy Scriptures")

M

Maryamu l-'Adhra' ( )
Virgin Mary
al-Mas (?)
Christ or Messiah
al-Masiyyah ()
Christianity
Mas ()
Christian (literally "Messianic")
al-Mazmur (?)
Psalms
Mubair ()
Christian missionary (positive sense, literally means "carrier of good news")
Munair ( )
Christian missionary (neutral sense, literally "Christianizer")

N

an-Nara ()
Nazareth
Na?r?n? ()
A traditional Islamic term for Christians (literally "Nazarene"). Arab Christians do not use it to refer to themselves. It can have a negative connotation in some contexts.
Nir? ()
Person from Nazareth (also a follower of Gamal Abdel Nasser)

O

Orthodhoksiyya (?)
Orthodox Christianity
Orthodhoks? ()
Orthodox Christian

Q

Qibti, Qubti ()
Coptic
Qudd?s (?)
Mass
Qidd?s, Muqaddas (? - ? )
Saint, holy, sacred

R

ar-Ru l-Qudus ( )
The Holy Spirit
Ruq?d as-Sayyida al-?A?r (? ? ?)
the Dormition of the Mother of God

S

?al?b (?)
Cross
?ah?d (?)
Martyr (The same term is used in Islamic terminology for the "martyrs of Islam", but the meaning is different) literal meaning of the word shahid is "witness" i.e. witness of god/believer in God.
Sim'?nu l-Ghay?r ( )
Simon the Zealot
Sim'?nu Butrus ( ?)
Simon Peter

T

Tabr ()
literally "the Spreading of Good News" - Christian missionary work
Tal?m al-Mas ( )
The Twelve Apostles (literally "Disciples of the Messiah")
Tanr or Ta'm?d ( or )
literally "making someone Na?r?n? i.e. Christian, or baptizing him/her" - To confer the Christian Sacrament(or Mystery) of Baptism Sirr al-'im?d or al-ma'm?diyyah.
Tajassud ()
Incarnation (of Jesus Christ)
ath-Th?l?th ()
The Holy Trinity
Tawbah (?)
Repentance

U

?rasal?m (?)
Arabic transliteration from Hebrew of Jerusalem (as opposed to the mostly Islamic Arabic term al-Quds ). Also the official Arabic name for Jerusalem used by the Israeli government.
?squf (?)
Bishop (pl. ?), Archbishop (? ?)

Y

Yas?' (?)
Christian Arabic version of the name of Jesus (as opposed to the Islamic Arabic term Isa ?)
Yas?'u l-Mas (? )
Jesus Christ (literally "Jesus the Messiah")
al-Jum'atu l-?az?na ( )
Good Friday Popular usage (literally "Sad Friday")
al-Jum'atu l-'Ama ( )
Good Friday Official usage (literally "Great Friday")
Yah al-Is?ary ( ?)
Judas Iscariot
Yu?anna ()
Christian Arabic version of the name of John (as opposed to the Islamic Arabic term Ya?ya ?)

Z

Zab?r ()
The Psalms, in Islam referred to as Zabur, a holy book revealed by God to David. The Christian term is Maz?m?r ; singular mazm?r .

See also

External links



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