Liberalism in Serbia
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Liberalism in Serbia

Liberalism in Serbia is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign => denotes another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it is not necessary so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.


Liberal parties were active in former Serbia and later in Yugoslavia. After the restoration of democracy liberal factions became active again.

The timeline

From Liberals to Nationalists

  • 1848: Beginning of differentiating of political currents, liberals noticeable next to the conservatives
  • 1858: Liberals organized themselves though not yet as political party in the modern sense
  • 1881: The group established the Society for the promotion of Serbian Literature (? ) NGO
  • 1883: The organization is formed into a political party: Liberal Party ( ?)
  • 1904: A left-wing faction seceded as the => Liberal Democratic Party ( ?) returning to original liberal ideas, the remainder continues as the National Party (? ?) straying far away from liberalism
  • 1905: The => Liberal Democratic Party reunited the National Party into the People's Party (? ?) of the liberal center
  • 1919: The party merged with the Independent Radical Party and the Serbian Progressive Party (among many others) into the => Yugoslav Democratic Party

Progressive Party

  • 1842: The Constitution-defenders () are organized, first forefathers of the progressives
  • 1868: The Young Conservatives are organized, although not yet as a political party
  • 1881: The Serbian Progressive Party ( ?) is founded with many strong liberal ideas
  • 1896: The party dissolved
  • 1906: The party is reestablished, fully reformed
  • 1914: The conservative faction seceded as the Serbian Conservative Party (? ?)
  • 1919: The party merged with the People's Party and the Independent Radical Party (along with many others) into the => Yugoslav Democratic Party
  • 1920: The party is reestablished by the remainder that didn't join into the Democrats
  • 1925: The party ceased to exist

Radical Party

From Democrats to Liberals

  • 1919: A group of hard-core republicans secedes
  • 1920: The republican dissidents form the Republican Democratic Party (? ? / Republikanska demokratska stranka)
  • 1921: Republican Party is renamed as Yugoslavian Republican Party (? ? ? / Jugoslovenska republikanska stranka)
  • 1921: The party is formally named as the Yugoslav democratic Party (? ? / Jugoslovenska demokratska stranka) gaining a statute
  • 1924: A faction formed the => Independent Democratic Party (? ? / Samostalna demokratska stranka)
  • 1929: monarchic dictatorship is established and parties are banned
  • 1935: preserving structure, the Democrats return into politics with the reintroduction of multi-parliamentarism
  • 1945: Parties are again banned, JDS goes into pacifist resistance to Communism
  • 1948: JDS is destroyed by Communists, but "Our Word" (Na?a re?) emigrant newspaper is organized maintaining Democrats' ideology
  • 1963: emigrants reform the party as the Democratic Alternative (Demokratska alternativa) emigrant movement abroad
  • 1968: student liberal demonstrations in Belgrade, opposition to Communist dictatorship formed => Committee for the Protection of Human Rights (? ? ? / Komitet za za?titu ljudskih prava), considered predecessor of the modern Democratic Party
  • 1982: Democratic Alternative ceases to exist
  • 1989: Reestablishment of the party declared
  • 1990: The party is reorganized as a political party, but just in Serbia
  • 1990: "Our Word" stops editing
  • 1991: A nationalist group seceded as the Serbian Liberal Party ( ? / Srpska liberalna stranka)
  • 1992: Right wing seceded as the Democratic Party of Serbia ( ? / Demokratska stranka Srbije)
  • 1996: A faction seceded as the Democratic Center ( / Demokratski centar)
  • 2001: The party changed its ideology to social democracy
  • 2004: The => Democratic Centre returned into the Democratic Party
  • 2005: A faction seceded as the => Liberal Democratic Party
  • 2007: => Civic Alliance of Serbia merged into the Liberal Democratic Party

From Union of Reform Forces of Yugoslavia to Reformist Party

Civic Alliance of Serbia

Liberal leaders

See also

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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