Liberalism and Centrism in Finland
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Liberalism and Centrism in Finland

This article gives an overview of liberalism and centrism in Finland. It is limited to liberal and centrist parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign => means a reference to another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it is not necessary so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.

Liberalism was a major force in Finland since 1894. After independence the current gradually decreased. A major other force, agrarianism, choose in 1965 to develop itself into a more centrist current. The liberal character of the Finnish Center (Suomen Keskusta), member of LI and ELDR, is based on liberal ideas like decentralization, peasant-like freedom and progressivism.[1] The Swedish minority party Swedish People's Party (Svenska Folkpartiet i Finland) is also a member of LI, ELDR. The original liberal current is now organized in the Liberals (Liberaalit), a very small extra-parliamentary party. At the autonomous island of Åland the Liberals for Åland (Liberalerna på Åland) are a dominant force.

The timeline

Liberal Club / Liberal Party

  • 1877: Liberals formed the Liberal Club (Liberaalinen Klubi), renamed in 1880 Liberal Party (Liberaalinen Puolue)[2]
  • 1882: The Liberal Party disappeared

From Young Finnish Party to Liberals

  • 1894: Constitutionalist fennomans organized into the Young Finnish faction within the Finnish Party (Nuorsuomalainen Puolue)
  • 1905: The Young Finnish Party secedes from the Finnish Party.
  • 1918: The Republican factions of the two Finnish parties reorganise into the Progressive Party (Kansallinen Edistyspuolue)
  • 1951: The Progressive Party falls apart into the Finnish People's Party (Suomen Kansanpuolue) and the => Free-minded League (Vapaamielisten liitto)
  • 1965: The People's Party and the => Free-minded League reunite into the Liberal People's Party (Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue)
  • 1982: The Liberal People's Party associated itself with the => Centre Party, whilst some liberal youth activists join the Greens.
  • 1983: The Liberal People's Party loses all of seats in the Parliament for the first time.
  • 1986: The Liberal People's Party disassociated itself from the => Centre Party
  • 1991: The Liberal People's Party returns to parliament with one MP.
  • 1995: The Liberal People's Party loses its only MP.
  • 2000: The Liberal People's Party renames itself Liberals (Liberaalit)
  • 2007: Removed from the party registry after failing to get a seat in two consecutive parliamentary elections

Swedish People's Party

People's Party

  • 1917: Progressive liberals formed the People's Party (Finland) (Kansanpuolue)
  • 1918: The People's Party merged into the => National Progressive Party

Free-minded League

  • 1951: The => National Progressive Party fell apart and the Free-minded League (Vapaamielisten Liitto) is formed
  • 1965: The League merged with the => Finnish People's Party into the => Liberal People's Party

Centre Party / Finnish Centre


Liberal and centrist leaders

Liberal thinkers

In the Contributions to liberal theory the following Finnish thinker is included:

See also


  1. ^ "Mylly, Juhani. Maalaisliitto-Keskustan historia II".
  2. ^ "Pohtiva - Liberaalisen puolueen ohjelma".

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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