Lewis Hamilton
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Lewis Hamilton


Lewis Hamilton

Lewis Hamilton 2016 Malaysia 2.jpg
Born
Lewis Carl Davidson Hamilton[1]

(1985-01-07) 7 January 1985 (age 36)[2]
Occupation
Parent(s)
  • Anthony Hamilton
  • Carmen Larbalestier
FamilyNicolas Hamilton (brother)
Formula One World Championship career
NationalityUnited Kingdom British
Car number44[note 1]
Entries269 (269 starts)
Championships7 (2008, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020)
Wins97
Podiums168
Career points3847
Pole positions99
Fastest laps54
First entry2007 Australian Grand Prix
First win2007 Canadian Grand Prix
Last win2021 Portuguese Grand Prix
Last entry2021 Portuguese Grand Prix
2020 position1st (347 pts)
Websitelewishamilton.com
Signature
Signature de Lewis Hamilton png.png

Sir Lewis Carl Davidson Hamilton (born 7 January 1985) is a British racing driver. He currently competes in Formula One for Mercedes, having previously driven for McLaren from 2007 to 2012. In Formula One, Hamilton has won a joint-record seven World Drivers' Championship titles (tied with Michael Schumacher), while he holds the outright records for the most wins (97), pole positions (99) and podium finishes (168), amongst others.

Born and raised in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, Hamilton was signed to the McLaren young driver programme in 1998. This later resulted in a Formula One drive with McLaren in 2007, making Hamilton the first black driver to race in the sport. That season, Hamilton set numerous records as he finished runner-up to Kimi Räikkönen by one point. The following season, he won his maiden title in dramatic fashion--making a crucial overtake on the last corner of the last lap in the last race of the season--to become the then-youngest Formula One World Champion in history. After four more years with McLaren, Hamilton signed with Mercedes in 2013.

Changes to the regulations for 2014 mandating the use of turbo-hybrid engines came at the start of a highly successful period for Hamilton, during which he has won six further drivers' titles. Hamilton won consecutive titles in 2014 and 2015 during an intense rivalry with teammate Nico Rosberg to match his hero Ayrton Senna's three World Championships. Following Rosberg's retirement, Ferrari's Sebastian Vettel became Hamilton's closest rival in two intense championship battles, and Hamilton twice overturned mid-season points deficits to claim consecutive titles again in 2017 and 2018. Hamilton won his third and fourth titles in a row in 2019 and 2020, respectively, equalling Schumacher's record of seven drivers' titles.

Hamilton has been credited with furthering Formula One's global following by appealing to a broader audience outside the sport, in part due to his high-profile lifestyle, environmental and social activism and his exploits in music and fashion. He has become a prominent advocate in support of activism to combat racism and push for increased diversity in motorsport. Hamilton was listed in the 2020 issue of Time as one of the 100 most influential people globally and was knighted in the 2021 New Year Honours.

Early life and education

Anthony Hamilton, Lewis' father and then-manager, celebrating with his son after the 2008 Brazilian Grand Prix[6]

Hamilton was born on 7 January 1985 in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, England.[2] His father, Anthony Hamilton, is black and is of Grenadian descent, while his mother, Carmen Larbalestier, is white, making him mixed-race;[7] Hamilton has identified as black.[8] Hamilton's parents separated when he was two, after which he lived with his mother and older half-sisters, Samantha and Nicola, until he was twelve.[9] Hamilton then lived with his father, stepmother, Linda, and his half-brother Nicolas, who is also a professional racing driver.[10][11] Hamilton was raised a Catholic.[12]

Hamilton's father bought him a radio-controlled car when he was five.[13] Hamilton finished second in the national BRCA championship the following year against adult competition.[14] Being the only black child racing at his club, Hamilton was subjected to racist abuse.[13][15] Hamilton's father bought him a go-kart for Christmas when he was six and promised to support his racing career as long as he worked hard at school.[16] To support his son, Hamilton's father took redundancy from his position as an IT manager and became a contractor - sometimes working up to four jobs at a time including employment as a double glazing salesman, dishwasher and putting up signs for estate agents[17] - while still attending his son's races.[18] Hamilton's father later set up his own IT company.[19] He continued to be Hamilton's manager until early 2010.[20][21]

Hamilton was educated at The John Henry Newman School, a voluntary aided Catholic secondary school in Stevenage.[22] At the age of five, Hamilton took up Karate to defend himself as a result of bullying at school.[23] In addition to racing, he played association football for his school team with eventual England international, Ashley Young.[19] Hamilton, an Arsenal fan, said that if Formula One had not worked for him he would have been a footballer or a cricketer, having played both for his school teams.[24] In February 2001 he began studies at Cambridge Arts and Sciences (CATS), a private sixth-form college in Cambridge.[25]

Junior racing career

Karting

Hamilton began karting in 1993 and quickly began winning races and cadet class championships.[26][27] Two years later, he became the youngest driver to win the British cadet karting championship at the age of ten. That year, Hamilton approached McLaren Formula One team boss Ron Dennis at the Autosport Awards for an autograph and said, "Hi. I'm Lewis Hamilton. I won the British Championship and one day I want to be racing your cars."[17] Dennis wrote in Hamilton's autograph book, "Phone me in nine years, we'll sort something out then."[28] When Hamilton was 12, Ladbrokes took a bet, at 40/1 odds, that Hamilton would win a Formula One race before the age of 23; another predicted, at 150/1 odds, that he would win the World Drivers' Championship before he was 25.[29] In 1998, Dennis called Hamilton following his second Super One series and British championship wins,[14] to offer Hamilton a role in the McLaren driver development programme.[7] The contract included an option of a future Formula One seat, which would make Hamilton the youngest driver to secure a contract which later resulted in a Formula One drive.[26]

"He's a quality driver, very strong and only 16. If he keeps this up I'm sure he will reach F1. It's something special to see a kid of his age out on the circuit. He's clearly got the right racing mentality."

--Michael Schumacher, speaking about Hamilton in 2001.[30]

Hamilton continued his progress in the Intercontinental A (1999), Formula A (2000) and Formula Super A (2001) ranks, and became European Champion in 2000 with maximum points. In Formula A and Formula Super A, racing for TeamMBM.com, his teammate was Nico Rosberg, who would later drive for the Williams and Mercedes teams in Formula One; they would later team up again for Mercedes from 2013 to 2016. Following his karting successes, the British Racing Drivers' Club made him a "Rising Star" Member in 2000.[31] In 2001, Michael Schumacher made a one-off return to karts and competed against Hamilton along with other future Formula One drivers Vitantonio Liuzzi and Nico Rosberg. Hamilton ended the final in seventh, four places behind Schumacher. Although the two saw little of each other on the track, Schumacher praised the young Briton.[32]

Formula Renault and Formula Three

Hamilton began his car racing career in the 2001 British Formula Renault Winter Series, finishing fifth in the standings.[14] This led to a full 2002 Formula Renault UK campaign with Manor Motorsport in which he finished third overall.[33] He remained with Manor for another year, winning the championship ahead of Alex Lloyd.[34] Having clinched the championship, Hamilton missed the last two races of the season to make his debut in the season finale of the British Formula 3 Championship.[35] In his first race he was forced out with a puncture,[36] and in the second he crashed out and was taken to hospital after a collision with teammate Tor Graves.[37]

Asked in 2002 about the prospect of becoming one of the youngest ever Formula One drivers, Hamilton replied that his goal was "not to be the youngest in Formula One" but rather "to be experienced and then show what I can do in Formula One".[38] In 2004, Williams would announce that they had come close to signing Hamilton but did not because BMW, their engine supplier at the time, would not fund him.[39] Hamilton eventually re-signed with McLaren, and made his debut with Manor in the 2004 Formula 3 Euro Series, ending the year fifth in the championship.[40] He also won the Bahrain F3 Superprix[41] and twice raced in the Macau F3 Grand Prix.[42][43] According to then McLaren executive and future CEO Martin Whitmarsh, who was responsible for guiding Hamilton through the team's young driver programme, he and Anthony Hamilton had a "huge row" at the end of the season, with Lewis' father pushing for him to move up to GP2 for 2005 whilst Whitmarsh felt that he should remain in F3 for a second season, culminating in Whitmarsh tearing up Lewis' contract. However, Lewis called Whitmarsh six weeks later and re-signed with the team.[17]

Hamilton first tested for McLaren in late 2004 at Silverstone.[44] Hamilton moved to the reigning Euro Series champions ASM for the 2005 season and dominated the championship, winning 15 of the 20 rounds.[14] He also won the Marlboro Masters of Formula 3 at Zandvoort.[45] After the season British magazine Autosport featured him in their "Top 50 Drivers of 2005" issue, ranking Hamilton 24th.[46]

GP2

Hamilton moved to ASM's sister GP2 team, ART Grand Prix, for the 2006 season.[47] Hamilton won the GP2 championship at his first attempt, beating Nelson Piquet Jr. and Timo Glock.[48] He secured a dominant win at the Nürburgring, despite a penalty for speeding in the pit lane.[49] At his home race at Silverstone, Hamilton overtook two rivals at Becketts, a series of high-speed bends where overtaking is rare.[50] In Istanbul he recovered from a spin that left him in eighteenth place to take second.[51] Hamilton won the title in unusual circumstances, inheriting the final point he needed after Giorgio Pantano was stripped of fastest lap in the Monza feature race.[52]

Hamilton's success in the GP2 championship coincided with a vacancy at McLaren following the departure of Juan Pablo Montoya to NASCAR and Kimi Räikkönen to Ferrari.[53][54] After months of speculation on whether Hamilton, Pedro de la Rosa or Gary Paffett would be paired with defending champion Fernando Alonso for 2007, Hamilton was confirmed as the team's second driver.[55] He was told of McLaren's decision at the end of September, but the news was not made public for almost two months, for fear that it would be overshadowed by Michael Schumacher's retirement announcement.[56]

Formula One career

McLaren (2007-2012)

A silver Formula One car driving around a corner.
Hamilton took his first Formula One win at the 2007 Canadian Grand Prix in only his sixth Grand Prix.

Hamilton's first season in Formula One saw him partner two-time and defending World Champion Fernando Alonso. Hamilton is the first and, as of 2021, the only black driver to race in the sport.[57][58][59] After finishing on the podium in his debut, Hamilton went on to set several records as he finished runner-up in the 2007 World Drivers' Championship to Kimi Räikkönen by one point, including those for the most consecutive podium finishes from debut (9), the joint most wins in a debut season (4) and the most points in a debut season (109). Throughout the season, Hamilton and Alonso were involved in a number of incidents which resulted in tensions between both drivers and the team, culminating in Alonso and McLaren terminating their contract by mutual consent in November. Following a successful first season at McLaren, Hamilton signed a multi-million-pound contract to stay with the team until 2012.[60]

A group of people dressed in orange celebrate, with Hamilton in the middle wearing a baseball cap.
Hamilton and his team celebrate his maiden Formula One World Championship title in 2008

Hamilton's success continued in 2008. He amassed five victories and ten podium finishes but was also accused of arrogance and dangerous driving, though he argued that his self-belief was wrongly interpreted and that his driving was firm but fair. As the season reached its conclusion in Brazil, it became a clear two-way fight for the title between the home favourite Felipe Massa and the young Briton. Hamilton won his first title in dramatic fashion; on the last corner of the last lap in the last race of the season, becoming the then-youngest Formula One World Champion in history as he denied race-winner Massa the title by one point.[61][62] This made Hamilton the first British driver to win the World Championship since Damon Hill in 1996.[63]

In his last four years with McLaren, Hamilton continued to score podium finishes and race victories. Hamilton entered the final round of the 2010 season with a chance of winning the title, but ultimately finished fourth as Sebastian Vettel won the race to take his maiden drivers' crown. The following year was the first season he had been out-scored by a teammate, as Jenson Button finished runner-up to champion Sebastian Vettel, during a year in which distractions in his private life and run-ins with FIA officials saw Hamilton finish a lowly fifth in the standings, after which he vowed he would return to form for 2012. Keeping to his word, Hamilton achieved four race-wins in the 2012 season as he finished fourth in the standings. Before the end of the year, Hamilton announced, to much surprise, that he would be joining Mercedes for the 2013 season, replacing the retiring Michael Schumacher.[64]

Mercedes (2013-present)

Teammates with Rosberg

Hamilton and Rosberg endured a tense rivalry in their time as teammates.

Upon signing with Mercedes in 2013, Hamilton was reunited with his childhood karting teammate, Nico Rosberg. The move was met with surprise by pundits and the public, with some describing the move to Mercedes, a team with no recent history of success, as a gamble.[65][66] In his first season with the Silver Arrows, Hamilton secured a sole race victory, winning the Hungarian Grand Prix, where he converted an unexpected pole position into a winning margin of over 11 seconds ahead of second-place finisher Kimi Räikkönen,[67] alongside a number of podium finishes and pole positions, finishing fourth in the standings once again, the third time in five years.[64]

Changes to regulations ahead of the 2014 season, which mandated the use of turbo-hybrid engines, contributed to the start of a highly successful era for Hamilton. That year saw Mercedes win 16 of the 19 races that season, 11 of those secured by Hamilton as he prevailed in a season-long duel for the title against teammate Rosberg. Clinching his second drivers' title, and eclipsing the victory tally of all British drivers before him, Hamilton declared over team-radio after the final race in Abu Dhabi, "This is the greatest day of my life".[64] New driver number regulations brought in for 2014 allowed drivers to pick a unique car number to use for their entire career, and so Hamilton elected to drive under his old karting number, 44, for the remainder of his career.[68]

Ahead of the 2015 season, Hamilton announced he would not be exercising his option of switching his car number to 1, as was his prerogative as reigning World Champion, and would instead continue to race with his career number 44. It was the first season since 1994, when Alain Prost retired from the sport following his fourth and final World Drivers' Championship title in 1993, that the field would not contain a car bearing the number 1.[69] Hamilton dominated the 2015 season, winning ten races finishing on the podium a record seventeen times as he matched his hero Ayrton Senna's three World Championships titles. The rivalry between him and Rosberg intensified, climaxing in a heated battle at the US Grand Prix where Hamilton won in an action-packed, wheel-to-wheel battle with his teammate to clinch the title with three races to spare.[64] That year, Hamilton extended his contract with Mercedes for three additional years in a deal reportedly worth more than £100 million, making him one of the best-paid drivers in Formula One,[70][71] as well as allowing Hamilton to retain his own image rights, which is considered unusual in the sport, and keep his championship-winning cars and trophies.[72]

Hamilton's engine failure in Malaysia in 2016 was a key moment in the Drivers' Championship fight.

Despite recording more pole positions and race wins than any other driver in 2016, Hamilton lost the drivers' title by five points to his teammate, Rosberg. The team's policy of letting the pair fight freely led to a number of acrimonious exchanges both on and off the track, culminating in Hamilton defying team-orders at the season finale in Abu Dhabi and deliberately slowing to back Rosberg into the chasing pack at the end of the race in an unsuccessful bid to encourage other drivers to overtake his teammate, which would have allowed him to win the title.[73] Ultimately, a lack of reliability and a handful of driving errors from Hamilton helped Rosberg get closer than in previous years, and a crucial engine blowout in Malaysia allowed the title to fall into Rosberg's hands, which he successfully secured before announcing his shock retirement from the sport immediately after beating his rival.[64][74]

Four titles in a row

Following Rosberg's retirement, Ferrari's Sebastian Vettel became Hamilton's closest rival as the pair exchanged the championship lead throughout 2017 in a tense title fight. Hamilton registered 11 pole positions that season as he took the record for the all-time most pole positions, and his consistency (finishing every race in the points), as well as a lack of a serious challenge from his new teammate Valtteri Bottas, saw him record nine race victories and secure his fourth World Drivers' title as he overturned a points deficit to Vettel in the first half of the season, ultimately wrapping the title up in Mexico with two races to spare.[64]

The 2018 season was the first time in the sport that two four-time World Champions--Hamilton and Vettel--would be competing for a fifth title.

The 2018 season was the first time that two four-time World Champions, Hamilton and Vettel, would be competing for a fifth title and was billed as the Fight for Five by journalists and fans.[75][76][77] As with the season before, Ferrari and Vettel appeared to have the upper hand for much of the season, topping the standings until the half-way point. However, Vettel's season unraveled with a number of driver and mechanical errors, while Hamilton's run of six wins in seven in the latter half of the season saw Hamilton clinch the title in Mexico for a second year running as he set a new record for the most points scored in a season (408).[64][74] During the season, Hamilton signed a two-year contract with Mercedes, reported to be worth up to £40 million per year, making him the best-paid Formula One driver in history.[78]

Having signed a contract with Mercedes that lasts until 2020, it was confirmed Hamilton would defend his title in 2019.[79] Hamilton led the drivers' standings for the majority of the season, fending off title challenges from team-mate Bottas, the Honda-powered Red Bull of Verstappen and Ferrari's recently promoted Leclerc, to clinch his sixth drivers' crown at the 2019 United States Grand Prix with two races remaining.[80][81] After scoring his sixth career grand slam in the final race of the season, Hamilton ended the season with 11 wins (matching his previous best in 2014 and 2018) and 17 podiums (matching the all-time record for a fourth time) as well as achieving 5 pole positions.[82] His total of 413 points for the season was a new all-time record, seeing the Briton finish 87 points clear of second-placed Bottas.[83]

Hamilton won his seventh drivers' title in 2020, equalling the record set by Schumacher, in a season heavily impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.[84][85] Over the shortened seventeen race season, Hamilton took 11 wins (equalling his previous personal best, but in fewer races) including one in Portugal to break Schumacher's record of 91 wins.[86] He also took 14 podiums and 10 pole positions. Hamilton missed the 2020 Sakhir Grand Prix after contracting COVID-19,[87] his first race absence since his debut in 2007.[88] Hamilton clinched the title at the 2020 Turkish Grand Prix with three rounds to spare and ended the season 124 points clear of his team-mate, Bottas, who finished second in the standings.[89] Amidst Formula One's We Race as One campaign and growing global support for the Black Lives Matter movement, Hamilton took the knee ahead of every race he entered and wore t-shirts bearing the Black Lives Matter slogan.[90] Hamilton and Bottas' W11 cars also sported a black livery as a statement of Mercedes' commitment to diversity.[91]

In February 2021, Hamilton signed a contract to continue racing for the team in 2021.[92]

Driver profile

Driving style

Hamilton won by over a minute from second-place Nick Heidfeld at the 2008 British Grand Prix.

Hamilton is regarded as one of the most complete drivers on the grid,[93] excelling across a wide range of areas.[94] He has been described as having an aggressive driving style,[95] with a natural aptitude for identifying the limits of the car; Mark Hughes, writing for the official Formula One website, described how Hamilton is "super-hard on the brakes ... but has a fantastic ability to match how quickly the downforce is bleeding off with his modulation of the pressure so that there's no wasted grip but no locked wheels either."[96][97] Paddy Lowe, previously the engineering director for McLaren, described how Hamilton is comfortable with levels of rear instability that most other drivers would find intolerable.[96] Hamilton has also been praised for his ability to adapt to variances in the car set-up and changing track conditions; throughout his career, he has typically used less fuel than his teammates as a result of his ability to carry momentum through corners despite instability in the car.[98] Pedro de la Rosa, a former test driver for McLaren who worked with Hamilton and Alonso, rated the pair as the best he had seen first hand, stating that they shared a strength in terms of "how much speed they can run into the apex [of a corner] and still have a decent exit speed", highlighting in particular their ability to maintain this speed when their rear tyres have lost grip during a longer stint.[17]

Hamilton has been praised for his consistency, especially in his time at Mercedes. From 2017 to 2018, he finished 33 consecutive races in point-scoring positions, a run only brought to an end as a result of mechanical issues as opposed to driver error.[99][100] Ross Brawn wrote that "over the course of [2018], Hamilton hardly put a foot wrong, winning not only the races he should have, but also some where the opposition was stronger, and that is the true mark of a champion".[101] Ahead of the 2021 season, Martin Brundle, commentating for Sky Sports, said "I think what has stood out about Lewis over the years is how few mistakes he makes, how complete he is and clean ... he just never makes a mistake [in] wheel-to-wheel combat [or] in qualifying ... He just doesn't fade, mentally or physically."[102]

Hamilton won the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix in torrential rain, and compared the conditions to his victory at the 2008 British Grand Prix.

Hamilton is regarded as one of the best wet-weather drivers in the sport, with some of his best performances occurring in those conditions. In the 2008 British Grand Prix, Hamilton bested second-place Nick Heidfeld by over a minute, the largest margin of victory recorded since the 1995 Australian Grand Prix.[103][104] During the turbo-hybrid era, Hamilton remained unbeaten in every race affected by wet weather from the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix up to the 2019 German Grand Prix, where his almost five-year streak was broken by Max Verstappen.[105]

Hamilton is the most successful British driver in Formula One history, and has won the British Grand Prix a record seven times.

Ayrton Senna was a major influence on Hamilton's driving style. "I think it's partly because I watched [him] when I was young and I thought 'this is how I want to drive when I get the opportunity' and I went out there and tried it on the kart track. My whole approach to racing has developed from there".[106] He has been compared to Senna in raw speed.[107] In 2010, Hamilton drove Ayrton Senna's original title-winning McLaren MP4/4 as part of a tribute documentary by the BBC motoring show, Top Gear. In the documentary, Hamilton, along with fellow racing drivers, name Senna as the number one driver ever.[108][109]

Earlier in his career, Hamilton was criticised for being hot-headed at times, as demonstrated when he was disqualified in Imola in the GP2 Series for overtaking the safety car, something he would go on to repeat four years later in Formula One at the 2010 European Grand Prix in Valencia.[110] Following his move to Mercedes, however, Hamilton was credited with demonstrating greater maturity, while maintaining his ruthlessness and aggression. The official Formula One website describes him as "invariably a fierce but fair fighter".[64]

Reception

"As a driver he is absolutely outstanding - as good as there's ever been. Apart from the talent, he's a good guy, he gets out on the street and supports and promotes Formula One. He is box office, 100 per cent."

--Bernie Ecclestone, speaking of Hamilton in 2015.[111]

Hamilton has been described as the best driver of his generation,[112][113][114][115] and one of the greatest Formula One drivers.[116][117][118][119][120][121][122][123][124][125][126][127] Several Formula One drivers and experts have described Hamilton as the greatest Formula One driver of all time (see below).[128][129][130][131][132][133][134][135][136][137] Jim Holden writing in Autocar suggests Hamilton might not only be among the greatest British drivers in Formula One, but one of the greatest British sportsmen.[138]

Despite receiving plaudits from experts and fans in and out of the sport, Hamilton has been a divisive figure in the eyes of the general public, with some journalists arguing his exploits on the track have been under-appreciated.[139][140] Holden has suggested that racial bias may have contributed towards Hamilton's perceived lack of popularity relative to his achievements, with Hamilton's race and physical appearance--being mixed-race and often seen sporting earrings, dreadlocks and designer clothing--alienating some of the sport's traditional white, elderly male fanbase.[138] Others have attributed his lack of appreciation to the perceived predictability of results during the turbo-hybrid era, likening his period of dominance to that of Schumacher in the early 2000s, and to tennis players Steffi Graf and Martina Navratilova, all of whom became more appreciated in the latter part of their careers.[141][138]

"What strikes me now about him now is his maturity ... [Hamilton] recognises he is a role model and the influence he has and the responsibilities that come with it. He is far broader than purely a driver in [Formula One]. He has opinions about the environment, young people, fashion and music. That is part of the greater appeal of Lewis today."

--David Richards, chairman of Motorsport UK, speaking of Hamilton in 2019.[142]

Hamilton's jet-set lifestyle and interests outside Formula One have been scrutinised.[143] He has been praised for disregarding convention and public opinion and has been described as one of the last 'superstar' drivers.[144][141] Between race weekends Hamilton has on several occasions travelled around the world to explore a variety of interests, such as in 2018 where, after winning the Italian Grand Prix, Hamilton flew to Shanghai and New York where he released his own designer clothing line with Tommy Hilfiger, before flying immediately back to, and winning, the next race in Singapore.[144] Toto Wolff has been vocal in his support for Hamilton's off-track pursuits, explaining how freedom allows Hamilton to function at his best.[139]

Figures in the sport such as Emerson Fittipaldi and Christian Horner have voiced their support for Hamilton's ability to connect with fans, while Bernie Ecclestone frequently commented on his admiration of Hamilton's ability to promote the sport, noting how he is happy to engage with fans, unlike some of his peers.[143] Since Hamilton's rookie season in 2007, Formula One's annual global revenue rose by 53%, to $1.83 billion as of 31 July 2016.[112] Sports journalist for The Telegraph, Luke Slater, goes as far as to argue that "[t]here have been few better representatives of the sport than Hamilton ... [both] on and off the track".[145] Following Hamilton's knighthood in 2020,[146] newly appointed Formula One CEO Stefano Domenicali said that Hamilton "is a true giant of our sport" and that "his influence is huge both in and out of a car".[147]

"He was able to win with a dominant car, with a good car like 2010 or 2012, or with bad cars like 2009 and 2011. Not all the champions can say that"

--Fernando Alonso, speaking of Hamilton in 2017.[148]

A prodigious talent as a teenager, Hamilton established himself as one of the world's best drivers following his record-breaking rookie year. Paddy Lowe has suggested that "he turned out to be the best rookie there has ever been" and that "his first half-season is just the most extraordinary in history".[17] After his first world title a year later, many people considered Hamilton the best driver of his generation.[149] Following Red Bull and Sebastian Vettel's four-year dominance of the sport, Hamilton's resolve was tested both professionally and personally as he did not finish higher than fourth in the Drivers' Championship from 2009 to 2013, leading some to question his status as the best driver in the sport.[150] In spite of this, Hamilton's less successful years with McLaren have also been cited as a demonstration of driving ability as Hamilton has won at least one race in fourteen consecutive seasons,[123] attracting high praise from experts and fellow drivers for extracting race-winning performances from cars that were not dominant.[148][151]

Hamilton waving to fans after winning the 2018 Italian Grand Prix

After Hamilton clinched his second and third World Championship titles with Mercedes in 2014 and 2015, David Coulthard declared Hamilton the best driver of his generation, calling him "the Ayrton Senna of his era",[113] an opinion which was more widely accepted amongst the public, experts, and fellow and former drivers.[112] As Hamilton became more widely considered the best driver of his era, public and expert debate moved from his status in modern Formula One to his status amongst the greatest drivers in history.[150] The next few seasons saw Hamilton eclipse a number of records, including achieving the most all-time pole positions ahead of Michael Schumacher, leading him to be regarded by some as the greatest qualifier in history.[152][153] After winning his fourth and fifth world titles, Hamilton's place among the greats of the sport became firmly established in the opinions of experts, rivals and teammates alike,[154][123][148][155][156][120][121][157][158][159] with some journalists and pundits considering the possibility of Hamilton being the greatest Formula One driver of all time.[160][161]

Following Hamilton clinching a sixth World Drivers' Championship title in 2019, ex-Formula One driver and pundit Johnny Herbert acclaimed Hamilton as the greatest driver ever,[128] a sentiment echoed by his Mercedes team-boss Toto Wolff, who described him as "maybe the best driver that has ever existed",[139] while Formula One staff writer, Greg Stuart, described Hamilton as "arguably the most complete Formula [One] driver ever".[93] After Hamilton won his seventh title in 2020, John Watson stated that Hamilton "is, by a million miles, the greatest driver of his generation and you can argue he will go on to be the greatest Formula One driver of all time", and highlighted his fearlessness as being key to his success, as evidenced by his performance against double world champion team-mate Alonso in his rookie season and his decision to leave McLaren for Mercedes.[162] Herbert compared Hamilton to tennis player Roger Federer and golfer Tiger Woods.[163]

Helmet

Hamilton's 2007 helmet

From a young age, Hamilton's helmet throughout his karting years was predominantly yellow with blue, green and red ribbons. In later years a white ring was added and the ribbons were moved forward to make room for logos and advertisement space.[164] Hamilton continued to run a predominantly yellow design for the early stage of his Formula One career, but in 2014 decided to change to a mostly white approach.[165] In 2017, Hamilton selected his helmet design from fan submissions.[166] The winning design used a white and yellow base colour with red and orange details, and the addition of three stars - one for each of Hamilton's three Formula One championships at that time - on either side.[167] Over the following seasons, Hamilton continued to add more stars to his helmet upon winning further World Championship titles.[168]

Hamilton's helmet in 2013

Hamilton has worn specially designed one-off helmets for several weekends throughout his career. At the 2010 Monaco Grand Prix, Hamilton sported an altered helmet design with the addition of a roulette wheel image on the top.[169] At the 2015 Malaysian Grand Prix, Hamilton brought with him a striking blue-and-green design - in honour of team sponsor, Petronas - but was prevented from using the helmet by the FIA.[165] Hamilton has sported gold coloured helmets three times in his career. After winning his fourth title in 2017, Hamilton entered 2017 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix in a gold helmet with four stars adorning the top of the helmet with the words "World Champion".[170] Hamilton wore a gold helmet at the 2018 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix after sealing his fifth world title, toward which he made reference with five stars on either side of the design,[168] and did so again at the 2019 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, this time with six stars following his sixth World Championship title.[171]

Hamilton has also used one-off helmet designs to pay tribute to influential figures in his career. At the 2011 Brazilian Grand Prix, Hamilton wore a special helmet in tribute to Ayrton Senna which was auctioned after the race in aid of the Ayrton Senna Foundation.[172] At the 2019 Monaco Grand Prix, Hamilton, like fellow driver Sebastian Vettel, wore a special helmet to pay tribute to Niki Lauda, who died at the start of the week. The helmet was painted red and white, Lauda's classic colours, and had his name printed on the back. After the race, Hamilton reflected on Lauda's career, saying "Ultimately, as a driver, my goal one day is to hopefully be as respected as he was ... He's definitely someone who led by a great example, left a great example, and was a real hero to so many."[173] Hamilton again wore a special helmet to pay tribute to Ayrton Senna at the 2019 Brazilian Grand Prix.[174]

Rivalries

Fernando Alonso

Alonso (left) and Hamilton (right) at the 2007 Canadian Grand Prix

Hamilton's debut season saw him partner two-time and defending World Champion, Fernando Alonso. In their time as teammates, tensions arose between the two drivers and McLaren as a result of several incidents. The first tensions surfaced after Hamilton finished second behind Alonso at Monaco in 2007.[175] After post-race comments made by Hamilton which suggested he had been forced into a supporting role, the FIA investigated whether McLaren had broken rules by enforcing team orders.[176] McLaren denied favouring double world champion Alonso, and the FIA subsequently vindicated the team, stating that "McLaren were able to pursue an optimum team strategy because they had a substantial advantage over all other cars ... nothing which could be described as interfering with the race result".[176]

Tensions surfaced again at the 2007 Hungarian Grand Prix, where during the final qualifying session Hamilton went out on track ahead of Alonso and ignored requests from the team to let him through: the two drivers had been taking turns on a race-by-race basis to lead during qualifying, which gave the leading driver an edge due to the fuel load regulations then in place, and Alonso was due to lead in Hungary.[17] Hamilton was then delayed in the pits by Alonso and thus unable to set a final lap time before the end of the session.[177] Alonso was relegated to sixth place on the starting grid thus promoting Hamilton, who had qualified second, to first, while McLaren was docked Constructors' Championship points. Hamilton said he thought the penalty was "quite light if anything" and only regretted the loss of points.[178] Hamilton was reported to have sworn at Dennis on the team radio following the incident.[179] British motorsport journal Autosport claimed that this "[led] Dennis to throw his headphones on the pit wall in disgust: a gesture that was misinterpreted by many to be in reaction to Alonso's pole",[180] however McLaren later issued a statement on behalf of Hamilton which denied the use of any profanity.[181]

As a result of the events over the 2007 season, the relationship between Hamilton and Alonso reportedly collapsed, with the pair not on speaking terms for a short period.[182][183] In the aftermath it was reported that Hamilton had been targeted by Luca di Montezemolo regarding a Ferrari drive for 2008.[184] The rivalry between the pair led to speculation that either Hamilton or Alonso would leave McLaren at the end of the season;[185][186][187] Alonso and McLaren subsequently terminated their contract by mutual consent in November that year, ending his and Hamilton's time as teammates.[188] In subsequent years, tensions between the pair dissipated, and the mutual respect has grown,[189] with Alonso praising Hamilton in 2017 saying "[Hamilton] was able to win with a dominant car, with a good car like 2010 or 2012, or with bad cars like 2009 and 2011. Not all the champions can say that".[148] Alonso would later describe Hamilton as one of the top five greatest drivers of all time.[120] On the cool-down lap after Alonso's final race before his two-year hiatus in 2018, Hamilton joined Sebastian Vettel in paying tribute to Alonso by driving, each on one side, in a formation to the start-finish straight where all three executed donuts.[190]

In their time together as teammates, Hamilton and Alonso won 8 of 17 races in the 2007 Formula One season. Hamilton had 4 victories, 12 podium finishes and qualified ahead of Alonso 10 times. Alonso also had 4 victories, 12 podium finishes but qualified ahead of Hamilton only 7 times. At the end of their season as teammates, the pair were tied on 109 points, with Hamilton placing second and Alonso third in the World Drivers' Championship by virtue of Hamilton having more second-place finishes.[191]

Nico Rosberg

Hamilton (left) and Rosberg (right) at the 2016 Malaysian Grand Prix

When Hamilton joined Mercedes in 2013, he was paired alongside old karting teammate and friend Nico Rosberg. Over their four seasons as teammates, a period of Mercedes dominance Formula One, the pair's relationship became strained and, at times, led to volatile confrontations on and off the track.[192] Hamilton and Rosberg were first teammates in 2000, when they were in karting. They raced for Mercedes Benz McLaren in Formula A, where Hamilton became European champion, with Rosberg not far behind. Robert Kubica, who raced with them before Formula One, recalled how they were competitive both on and off the track, saying "they would even have races to eat pizza, always eating two at a time".[193] Sports journalist Paul Weaver contrasts their upbringings:[193] Rosberg, an only child, was born in Germany but brought up in Monaco and was the son of a wealthy former Formula One world champion, Keke Rosberg, whereas Hamilton was born on a council estate in Stevenage, and his father had to work multiple jobs to fund his son's junior racing.[19]

Pundit and commentator Will Buxton compared the character and driving styles of the pair, labelling Hamilton as the faster driver with more natural ability, but with an intellect to match Rosberg's. Buxton wrote: "Man to man against Rosberg, I can't recall a single race this year where in the same machinery Hamilton's fuel usage has been higher. He has made his tires last. He has had to fight from the back of the field time and again (think Germany, think Hungary) and yet he hasn't overworked his tires, he hasn't used too much fuel. He has learned how to drive these new cars, and to extract the most from them using the least [...] Far from the unintelligent chancer many paint Hamilton to be, he is proving to be the intellectual match of his teammate and, the better racer to boot".[110] Their old karting boss, Dino Chiesa, said Hamilton was the faster driver whereas Rosberg, who once said to Chiesa "everything relates to physics and maths", was always more analytical.[19] This led some to believe that Rosberg would achieve greater success in Formula One, the highest level of open-wheel racing, due to the intellectual capacity required to manage brakes, energy harvesting, tyre management and moderate fuel usage.[110] However, Hamilton's tyre management has frequently allowed him to push on for longer, often enabling optimum race strategies, and his fuel usage has regularly been better than almost anyone on the grid. Sky Sport's Mark Hughes, commented "Rosberg has a more scientific methodology, looks to fine-tune more specifically than Hamilton who typically tends just to find a balance he can work with, then adapt his driving around it".[94][194]

In their time together as teammates, Hamilton and Rosberg won 54 of 78 races over four seasons. Hamilton had 32 victories, 55 podium finishes and qualified ahead of Rosberg 42 times. Rosberg had 22 victories, 50 podium finishes and qualified ahead of Hamilton 36 times. During this period, Hamilton won two World Championship titles to Rosberg's one, and scored more points in three out of their four seasons together.[195]

Public image and influence

Racist treatment

The first and, as of 2021, the only black driver to race in Formula One, Hamilton has been subject to racist abuse throughout his career. In 2007, Hamilton suffered racist abuse from Spanish Formula One supporters at the Chinese Grand Prix.[196] In 2008, Hamilton was heckled and otherwise abused during pre-season testing at the Circuit de Catalunya by several Spanish spectators who wore black face paint and black wigs, as well as shirts bearing the words "Hamilton's familly [sic]".[197] The FIA warned Spanish authorities about the repetition of such behaviour,[198] and launched a "Race Against Racism" campaign.[199] Shortly before the 2008 Brazilian Grand Prix, a website owned by the Spanish branch of the New York-based advertising agency TBWA and named "pinchalaruedadeHamilton", which translates into English as 'burst Hamilton's tyre', was featured in the British media. The site contained an image of Interlagos that allowed users to leave nails and porcupines on the track for Hamilton's car to run over. Among thousands of comments left since 2007, some included racial insults.[200]

Hamilton's treatment by the media and critics has, at times, been criticised as being racist. In 2014, The Guardian journalist Joseph Harker highlighted double-standards in Hamilton's treatment compared to other British drivers by British newspapers, suggesting that his skin colour has played a factor in a perceived lack of acceptance amongst the British public.[201] In 2019, footballer Rio Ferdinand described media scrutiny of Hamilton as having "racist undertones" and contrasted Hamilton's treatment to that of fellow British driver Jenson Button.[202] At the start of his Formula One career, Hamilton said that he "tried to ignore the fact [he] was the first black guy ever to race in the sport" but later stated that he had since grown to "appreciate the implications",[203] and changed his approach to promote equality within the sport.[204] In 2019, Toto Wolff, Hamilton's team boss at Mercedes, described how Hamilton was "scarred for life" by racist abuse inflicted during his childhood.[205]

Activism and philanthropy

Diversity and anti-racism

"People come up to me from different ethnic backgrounds saying, 'My kid wants to be you one day', and I can assure you that when I started racing, there weren't people from those [ethnic backgrounds]. I take great pride in that."

--Hamilton in 2017 commenting on his influence on minority representation in Formula One.[206]

Hamilton is a prominent advocate against racism and for increased diversity in motorsport.[207][208] He has questioned racial politics in Formula One on several occasions. In 2011, after being summoned to the stewards in five out of the first six races of the season, Hamilton quipped "Maybe it's because I'm black, that's what Ali G says".[209] In 2018, Hamilton criticised the lack of diversity in Formula One, describing how nothing had changed in his eleven years in the sport before saying "Kids, people, there are so many jobs in this sport of which anybody, no matter your ethnicity or background, can make it and fit in".[210][211]

Hamilton took the knee before every race he entered in the 2020 Formula One season in support of the Black Lives Matter movement and wore t-shirts bearing the Black Lives Matter slogan.[90] Following the murder of George Floyd while being arrested in May 2020, which sparked national and global protests,[212] Hamilton criticised prominent figures in Formula One for their silence on the issue, writing on Instagram:

"I see those of you who are staying silent, some of you the biggest of stars yet you stay silent in the midst of injustice. Not a sign from anybody in my industry which of course is a white dominated sport. I'm one of the only people of colour there yet I stand alone. [...] I would have thought by now you would see why this happens and say something about it but you can't stand alongside us. Just know I know who you are and I see you. [...] I do not stand with those looting and burning buildings but those who are protesting peacefully. There can be no peace until our so called leaders make change. This is not just America, this is the UK, this is Spain, this is Italy and all over. [...] The way minorities are treated has to change, how you educate those in your country of equality, racism, classism and that we are all the same. We are not born with racism and hate in our hearts, it is taught by those we look up to."[213][214][215][216]

Following Hamilton's comments, several drivers released statements about George Floyd's death and voiced their support for the Black Lives Matter movement, and support was expressed from other figures in the sport such as the Mercedes team boss, Toto Wolff.[217][213] Ross Brawn, managing director for Formula One, said that the organisation "supports [Hamilton] totally", describing Hamilton as "a great ambassador for the sport". He acknowledged that Hamilton's comments "are very valid" and that the sport "can give greater opportunity for minority and ethnic groups to get involved in motorsport". Brawn stated that Formula One was working to increase diversity within the sport, with efforts targeted at increasing driving opportunities at grassroots level as well as across all roles in Formula One.[218]

Hamilton driving the Mercedes W11, which was painted black for 2020 in support of Black Lives Matter

During the 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix weekend, including on the podium, Hamilton wore a T-shirt bearing "Arrest the cops who killed Breonna Taylor" on the front and "Say her name" with a photo of Taylor on the back, in reference to the killing of Breonna Taylor. Following an investigation, the FIA announced that only race suits done up to the neck can be worn on the podium and that only official team attire can be worn in the media pen.[219] In anticipation of the FIA's decision, Hamilton said that he recognised that they have "certain limits that they feel that they have to work within", but he "[didn't] regret a single moment of it" and cited the "really positive ... support ... from the fans".[208]

In June 2020, it was announced that Hamilton had established The Hamilton Commission with the Royal Academy of Engineering. The Commission had been in development since December 2019 but publicly launched to coincide with the heightened media and public interest in the Black Lives Matter movement, and greater scrutiny of race inequality in society. The partnership with the Royal Academy of Engineering was established to find ways in which motorsport can engage more young people from black backgrounds with science, technology, engineering and mathematics subjects and, ultimately, employ them in motorsport or in other engineering sectors.[220][221]

In May 2021, Hamilton become the first recipient of the inaugural Laureus Athlete Advocate of the Year Award, for his involvement in the fight against racism.[222]

Human rights

In December 2020, Hamilton confronted the Bahrain's human rights abuses and spoke out on the allegations of "sportswashing". Hamilton said he "won't let it go unnoticed" after an 11-year-old boy, Ahmed Ramadhan, wrote a letter to Hamilton, asking him to save his father, who was facing the death penalty, after a confession was allegedly extracted through torture for the death of a policeman.[223][224] Hamilton spoke to human rights organizations and legal experts. He also spoke with Bahraini officials about the country's human rights. The F1 champion said that while he had no authority to choose the location for his race, he said that "going to these countries and just ignoring what is happening in those places" is not the right way.[225]

Environmental and animal rights

In January 2020, Hamilton donated US$500,000 (approximately £383,000) to a variety of causes relating to the bushfire crisis in Australia. The money went towards the fire services and animal welfare charities.[226][227]

Hamilton has repeatedly discussed environmental issues on social media, at conferences, in interviews and documentaries.[228][229][230] In 2019, Hamilton asked Mercedes-Benz to swap animal-derived leather in the company's models worldwide: "I am trying to push for sustainability with my team. I am trying to get more involved in Formula 1 and be more conscious. Mercedes-Benz is a huge organisation. I have got a phone call with the CEO later today to discuss how we can work on getting rid of all the leather supplied to the cars. That is something I want to be involved in".[231][232] In 2020, Hamilton announced that he was aiming to be carbon neutral by the end of the year, saying "I don't allow anyone in my office, but also within my household, to buy any plastics. I want everything recyclable, down to deodorant, down to toothbrush, all these kinds of things ... I'm trying to make as much change as I can in my personal space. I sold my plane over a year ago. I fly a lot less now. I'm trying to fly less through the year".[233]

Hamilton is an advocate for animal rights and often uses his social media platform to inform fans about issues affecting animals.[234][235][236][237]

Free meals

In 2020, Hamilton's Neat Burger restaurant donated free meals to frontline NHS workers amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Neat Burger also launched the "Kids Eat Free" scheme, serving free meals to school children during the half-term break.[238][239][240][241]

Invictus Foundation

In 2015, Hamilton became the first Ambassador for the Invictus Games Foundation, supporting wounded, injured and sick Servicemen and women.[242][243][244]

Save the Children Fund

In 2013, Hamilton became the Global Education Ambassador for Save the Children, supporting and promoting its education campaigns.[245][246][247]

UNICEF and #TOGETHERBAND

In 2012, Hamilton began working with the United Nations Children's Fund.

In March 2012, Hamilton travelled to the Philippines where he made a short film about Manila's street children. The film was shown on ITV1 during Soccer Aid and helped raise over £4.9 million for UNICEF.[248][249][250]

In October 2012, while in India for the Grand Prix, Hamilton visited a UNICEF funded newborn care unit and nutrition centre. Hamilton said "As a sportsman in the public eye, I know I have a role to play in helping to tell the stories of the world's most vulnerable children and I jumped at the chance to be able to do that again after a visit to Manila".[251][252][253]

In 2014, Hamilton travelled to Haiti where he made a short film about child malnutrition. The film was shown on ITV1 during Soccer Aid and helped raise over £6 million for UNICEF.[254][255][256]

In 2015, Hamilton took part in an exhibition to highlight UNICEF's work and to celebrate its twenty year partnership with Starwood Hotels.[257][258]

In June 2017, Hamilton joined the 'Super Dads' initiative, a special UNICEF campaign that highlighted the critical role played by fathers in early childhood development.[259][260][261]

In August 2017, Hamilton visited Havana with UNICEF, to learn more about its first development programmes in Cuba.[262][263]

In 2020, Hamilton partnered with charity campaign #TOGETHERBAND to help promote the United Nations' 17 Global Goals. As part of his campaign work, Hamilton visited Alperton Community School in North West London to speak to the students about the importance of education. Hamilton is a GOAL 4 Ambassador, focusing on the fight to provide quality education to all children.[264]

The Lewis Hamilton Foundation

Hamilton is also involved in charitable work through the creation of the Lewis Hamilton Foundation. Registered in June 2008, the Foundation provides grants and donations to a number of charitable causes.[265][266]

Other charities

Over the past decade, Hamilton has continuously made time for a variety of good causes, such as making hospital visits to sick children.[267][268] He regularly invites fans, young people and their families to join him at Grand Prix races and social events.[269][270][271][272][273] Hamilton often donates personal and professional paraphernalia for numerous charity auctions.[274][275][276][277] He auctioned a racing kart and raised over £42000 for baby charity Tommy's.[26] He raised £6411 for the Small Steps Project in 2018, and £6000 in 2019.[278] In 2020, he raised another £4000 for the Small Steps Project, while a donated race suit reportedly raised EUR20,000 for vulnerable children.[279][280] Hamilton frequently attends charitable functions[281][282][283][284] and has supported projects and charities such as the Make-A-Wish Foundation,[285] Comic Relief,[286] Rays of Sunshine,[287] Children in Need[288] and Stevenage's Keech Hospice Care Children's Service, amongst others.[289]

Media reception

In December 2017, Hamilton courted controversy after sharing a video on Instagram of his nephew wearing a princess dress in which he commented "Why did you ask for a princess dress for Christmas, boys don't wear princess dresses".[290] He was condemned on social media and by LGBT charities for his comments.[291][292] He subsequently deleted the video before later deleting all content from his social media channels,[293] though he returned to actively using his social media accounts on 17 January 2018.[294] Hamilton apologised for his comments, and later appeared at Disneyland Paris with his nephew, who wore a princess dress for the trip, as well as featuring on the front cover of GQ wearing a rainbow tartan kilt he designed with Tommy Hilfiger, saying "I've done something and then realised the effect I've had ... I want to make amends. I accept it, realise it and I'm glad that I'm accountable for it".[295]

In December 2018, Stevenage-born Hamilton caused controversy at the BBC Sports Personality of the Year Awards where he said on live television, "It really was a dream for us all as a family to do something different. For us to get out of the slums" before immediately correcting himself, saying, "Well, not the slums, but to get out of somewhere and do something. We all set our goals very, very high but we did it as a team." While Hamilton immediately sought to correct his remarks, the leader of Stevenage Borough Council described the comments as "disappointing" and noted that people felt "very offended".[296] Hamilton posted a video on Instagram in which he apologised for his comments, saying "I'm super proud of where I come from and I hope you know that I represent in the best way I can always. [...] Particularly when you are up in front of a crowd, trying to find the right words to express the long journey you've had in life, I chose the wrong words."[297] The town mayor subsequently accepted his "gracious apology".[298]

Hamilton's contribution and influence has been recognised regularly in the Powerlist, an annual list of the most influential Black Britons, in which he has ranked in the top 10 in 2016 and 2017.[299][300] In 2021, Hamilton was named the most influential Black Briton in the 14th Powerlist, for his sporting success and his advocacy in the Black Lives Matter movement.[301][302] In 2020, he was listed as one of Time magazine's 100 most influential people globally, and was knighted in the 2021 New Year Honours for services to motorsports.[303][304][305]

Hamilton was one of several figures whose tax arrangements were singled out in a report by the charity Christian Aid in 2008.[306][307][308] That year, Hamilton received criticism from UK members of parliament for avoiding UK taxes.[309] Following the leak of the Paradise Papers in November 2017, it was reported that Hamilton had avoided paying £3.3 million of value added tax (VAT) on his private jet, worth £16.5 million.[310] According to BBC Panorama, the leasing deal set up by his advisers appeared to be "artificial" and "did not comply with an EU and UK ban on VAT refunds for private use". The BBC also said that Hamilton's Instagram account provided evidence that the jet was used for personal trips.[310] The jet was sold in September 2019.[311] Despite not residing in the UK, HMRC data published in 2019, puts Hamilton among the top 5,000 highest UK tax payers. Hamilton told the Sunday Times in 2014: "What people don't realise is that I pay tax here [in the UK], but I don't earn all my money here. I race in 19 different countries, so I earn my money in 20 different places and I pay tax in several different places, and I pay a lot here [UK] as well. I am contributing to the country".[312][313]

Other ventures

Hamilton also has interests in music, saying "music has been a huge passion of mine since I was really young. I started playing guitar when I was 13. In here, I can be me, I can be vulnerable. I can show a side of me that people don't get to see".[314] He features on Christina Aguilera's 2018 song "Pipe" under the pseudonym 'XNDA', though he did not confirm this until July 2020, when he revealed he had been writing and recording music for ten years.[315][316]

Hamilton also made a guest appearance in the film Cars 2 in which he voices an anthropomorphic version of himself.[317] He then voiced a voice command assistant in Cars 3 used by Cruz Ramirez.[318] Hamilton is credited as an executive producer for the 2018 documentary film The Game Changers.[319]

In 2018 Hamilton launched a clothing line, TOMMYXLEWIS, during New York Fashion Week with American fashion designer Tommy Hilfiger alongside models Winnie Harlow and Hailey Baldwin.[320] Hamilton stated "[g]rowing up, I remember seeing the iconic Tommy Hilfiger flag" and Hilfiger commented on Hamilton, saying "Lewis is bold in everything he does ... He's not afraid to take risks. And he has a cool and sophisticated style that really speaks to the new generation of Tommy fans".[321]

In September 2019 Hamilton launched a vegan restaurant named Neat Burger.[322] It claims to be the first international plant-based burger chain.[323] In 2020, Neat Burger was crowned 'Best Vegan Restaurant Of The Year' at the Deliveroo Restaurant Awards.[324]

In August 2020, Daily Front Row listed Hamilton as one of a group of high-profile investors who purchased W magazine, a troubled fashion magazine.[325]

In September 2020, Hamilton launched X44 to compete in the all-electric SUV off-road racing series Extreme E from the 2021 season on.[326]

Personal life

In 2017, Hamilton told the BBC that he had become vegan because, "[a]s the human race, what we are doing to the world... the pollution [in terms of emissions of global-warming gases] coming from the amount of cows that are being produced is incredible. The cruelty is horrible and I don't necessarily want to support that and I want to live a healthier life."[327] In 2018 he was named the PETA 'Person of the Year' for his vegan activism.[328] In 2018, Hamilton said in an interview that he gave up drinking "a while ago".[329]

Hamilton is a fan of art and has said that one of his favourite artists is Andy Warhol.[330] Prior to the 2014 United States Grand Prix, Hamilton wore a gold-framed version of Warhol's Cars, Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Coupe painting hanging from a chain around his neck.[331]

From November 2007 to February 2015, Hamilton was in an on-and-off relationship with Nicole Scherzinger, the lead singer of the American girl group Pussycat Dolls.[332][333]

Hamilton owns two unrestored 1967 AC Cobras, one black and one red,[334] and in February 2015, it was reported that he had purchased a Ferrari LaFerrari from "his rivals in Maranello."[335]

On 18 December 2007, Hamilton was suspended from driving in France for a month after being caught speeding at 196 km/h (122 mph) on a French motorway. His Mercedes-Benz CLK was also impounded.[336][337] Two days before the 2010 Australian Grand Prix, Victoria Police witnessed Hamilton "deliberately losing traction" in his silver Mercedes-AMG C63, and impounded the car for 48 hours. Hamilton immediately released a statement of apology for "driving in an over-exuberant manner". After being charged with intentionally losing control of a vehicle, Hamilton was eventually fined A$500 (£288), being described as a "hoon" by the magistrate.[338][339][340]

Residence

Hamilton moved to Luins, Vaud canton, Switzerland in 2007, citing privacy as his main reason for leaving the UK. He later said on the television show Parkinson that taxation was also a factor in his decision.[341][342][343]

In 2010, Hamilton, like many other Formula One drivers, moved to Monaco, purchasing a house worth a reported £10 million. Hamilton also owns an apartment in Manhattan, New York which he bought for US$40 million, and an estate in Colorado where he has said he would live after his retirement.[344]

Wealth and income

In 2015, Hamilton was ranked as the richest British sportsperson, with an estimated personal fortune of £88 million.[345] In 2018, it was reported that Hamilton had a net worth of £159 million.[346] In 2020, Hamilton's fortune was an estimated £224 million, making him the richest British sports star in the history of the Sunday Times Rich List.[347]

Ahead of the 2015 Monaco Grand Prix, Hamilton signed a contract to stay with Mercedes until the end of the 2018 season in a deal reportedly worth more than £100 million over the three years, making him one of the best-paid drivers in Formula One.[70] In the week leading up to the 2018 German Grand Prix, Hamilton signed a two-year contract with Mercedes, reported to be worth up to £40 million per year, making Hamilton the best-paid driver in the history of Formula One.[78]

Racing record

Karting career summary

Season Series Team Position
1995 Super 1 National Championship -- IAME Cadet 1st
1996 Kartmasters British Grand Prix -- Comer Cadet 1st
1997 Super 1 National Championship -- Formula Yamaha 1st
1998 Torneo Industrie -- 100 Junior 19th
Green Helmet Trophy -- Cadets 12th
Italian Open Masters -- ICA Junior 4th
1999 Torneo Industrie Open -- ICA 1st
South Garda Winter Cup -- ICA Junior 6th
Trofeo Andrea Margutti -- 100 Junior 18th
Italian Open Masters -- ICA Junior 4th
European Championship -- ICA Junior 2nd
2000 Trofeo Andrea Margutti -- Formula A 7th
World Cup -- Formula A MBM.com 1st
European Championship -- Formula A 1st
World Championship -- Formula A 20th
2001 South Garda Winter Cup -- Formula Super A 7th
Italian Open Masters -- Formula A MBM.com 4th
World Championship -- Formula Super A 15th

Racing career summary

Season Series Team Races Wins Poles F/Laps Podiums Points Position
2001 Formula Renault UK Winter Series Manor Motorsport 4 0 0 0 0 48 7th
2002 Formula Renault UK Manor Motorsport 13 3 3 5 7 274 3rd
Formula Renault 2000 Eurocup 4 1 1 2 3 92 5th
2003 Formula Renault UK Manor Motorsport 15 10 11 9 13 419 1st
British Formula 3 Championship 2 0 0 0 0 0 NC
Formula Renault 2000 Masters 2 0 0 0 1 24 12th
Formula Renault 2000 Germany 2 0 0 0 0 25 27th
Korea Super Prix 1 0 1 0 0 N/A NC
Macau Grand Prix 1 0 0 0 0 N/A NC
2004 Formula 3 Euro Series Manor Motorsport 20 1 1 2 5 69 5th
Bahrain Superprix 1 1 0 0 1 N/A 1st
Macau Grand Prix 1 0 1 0 0 N/A 14th
Masters of Formula 3 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 7th
2005 Formula 3 Euro Series ASM Formule 3 20 15 13 10 17 172 1st
Masters of Formula 3 1 1 1 1 1 N/A 1st
2006 GP2 Series ART Grand Prix 21 5 1 7 14 114 1st
2007 Formula One Vodafone McLaren Mercedes 17 4 6 2 12 109 2nd
2008 Formula One Vodafone McLaren Mercedes 18 5 7 1 10 98 1st
2009 Formula One Vodafone McLaren Mercedes 17 2 4 0 5 49 5th
2010 Formula One Vodafone McLaren Mercedes 19 3 1 5 9 240 4th
2011 Formula One Vodafone McLaren Mercedes 19 3 1 3 6 227 5th
2012 Formula One Vodafone McLaren Mercedes 20 4 7 1 7 190 4th
2013 Formula One Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team 19 1 5 1 5 189 4th
2014 Formula One Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team 19 11 7 7 16 384 1st
2015 Formula One Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team 19 10 11 8 17 381 1st
2016 Formula One Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team 21 10 12 3 17 380 2nd
2017 Formula One Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport 20 9 11 7 13 363 1st
2018 Formula One Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport 21 11 11 3 17 408 1st
2019 Formula One Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport 21 11 5 6 17 413 1st
2020 Formula One Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team 16 11 10 6 14 347 1st
2021 Formula One Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team 3 2 1 1 3 69* 1st*
Source:[348][349]

* Season still in progress.

Complete Macau Grand Prix results

Year Team Car Qualifying Quali Race Main race
2003 United Kingdom Manor Motorsport Dallara F303 18th N/A DNF
2004 United Kingdom Manor Motorsport Dallara F304 2nd 1st 14th

Complete Formula 3 Euro Series results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 DC Points
2004 Manor Motorsport Dallara F302/049 HWA-Mercedes HOC
1

11
HOC
2

6
EST
1

Ret
EST
2

9
ADR
1

Ret
ADR
2

5
PAU
1

4
PAU
2

7
NOR
1

1
NOR
2

3
MAG
1

Ret
MAG
2

21
NÜR
1

3
NÜR
2

4
ZAN
1

3
ZAN
2

6
BRN
1

7
BRN
2

4
HOC
1

2
HOC
2

6
5th 68
2005 ASM Formule 3 Dallara F305/021 Mercedes HOC
1

1
HOC
2

3
PAU
1

1
PAU
2

1
SPA
1

DSQ
SPA
2

1
MON
1

1
MON
2

1
OSC
1

3
OSC
2

1
NOR
1

1
NOR
2

1
NÜR
1

12
NÜR
2

1
ZAN
1

Ret
ZAN
2

1
LAU
1

1
LAU
2

1
HOC
1

1
HOC
2

1
1st 172
Source:[350][351]

Complete GP2 Series results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 DC Points
2006 ART Grand Prix VAL
FEA

2
VAL
SPR

6
IMO
FEA

DSQ
IMO
SPR

10
NÜR
FEA

1
NÜR
SPR

1
CAT
FEA

2
CAT
SPR

4
MON
FEA

1
SIL
FEA

1
SIL
SPR

1
MAG
FEA

19
MAG
SPR

5
HOC
FEA

2
HOC
SPR

3
HUN
FEA

10
HUN
SPR

2
IST
FEA

2
IST
SPR

2
MNZ
FEA

3
MNZ
SPR

2
1st 114
Source:[352]

Complete Formula One results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 WDC Points
2007 Vodafone McLaren Mercedes McLaren MP4-22 Mercedes FO 108T 2.4 V8 AUS
3
MAL
2
BHR
2
ESP
2
MON
2
CAN
1
USA
1
FRA
3
GBR
3
EUR
9
HUN
1
TUR
5
ITA
2
BEL
4
JPN
1
CHN
Ret
BRA
7
2nd 109
2008 Vodafone McLaren Mercedes McLaren MP4-23 Mercedes FO 108V 2.4 V8 AUS
1
MAL
5
BHR
13
ESP
3
TUR
2
MON
1
CAN
Ret
FRA
10
GBR
1
GER
1
HUN
5
EUR
2
BEL
3
ITA
7
SIN
3
JPN
12
CHN
1
BRA
5
1st 98
2009 Vodafone McLaren Mercedes McLaren MP4-24 Mercedes FO 108W 2.4 V8 AUS
DSQ
MAL
7?
CHN
6
BHR
4
ESP
9
MON
12
TUR
13
GBR
16
GER
18
HUN
1
EUR
2
BEL
Ret
ITA
12+
SIN
1
JPN
3
BRA
3
ABU
Ret
5th 49
2010 Vodafone McLaren Mercedes McLaren MP4-25 Mercedes FO 108X 2.4 V8 BHR
3
AUS
6
MAL
6
CHN
2
ESP
14+
MON
5
TUR
1
CAN
1
EUR
2
GBR
2
GER
4
HUN
Ret
BEL
1
ITA
Ret
SIN
Ret
JPN
5
KOR
2
BRA
4
ABU
2
4th 240
2011 Vodafone McLaren Mercedes McLaren MP4-26 Mercedes FO 108Y 2.4 V8 AUS
2
MAL
8
CHN
1
TUR
4
ESP
2
MON
6
CAN
Ret
EUR
4
GBR
4
GER
1
HUN
4
BEL
Ret
ITA
4
SIN
5
JPN
5
KOR
2
IND
7
ABU
1
BRA
Ret
5th 227
2012 Vodafone McLaren Mercedes McLaren MP4-27 Mercedes FO 108Z 2.4 V8 AUS
3
MAL
3
CHN
3
BHR
8
ESP
8
MON
5
CAN
1
EUR
19+
GBR
8
GER
Ret
HUN
1
BEL
Ret
ITA
1
SIN
Ret
JPN
5
KOR
10
IND
4
ABU
Ret
USA
1
BRA
Ret
4th 190
2013 Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W04 Mercedes FO 108F 2.4 V8 AUS
5
MAL
3
CHN
3
BHR
5
ESP
12
MON
4
CAN
3
GBR
4
GER
5
HUN
1
BEL
3
ITA
9
SIN
5
KOR
5
JPN
Ret
IND
6
ABU
7
USA
4
BRA
9
4th 189
2014 Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W05 Hybrid Mercedes PU106A Hybrid 1.6 V6 t AUS
Ret
MAL
1
BHR
1
CHN
1
ESP
1
MON
2
CAN
Ret
AUT
2
GBR
1
GER
3
HUN
3
BEL
Ret
ITA
1
SIN
1
JPN
1
RUS
1
USA
1
BRA
2
ABU
1
1st 384
2015 Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W06 Hybrid Mercedes PU106B Hybrid 1.6 V6 t AUS
1
MAL
2
CHN
1
BHR
1
ESP
2
MON
3
CAN
1
AUT
2
GBR
1
HUN
6
BEL
1
ITA
1
SIN
Ret
JPN
1
RUS
1
USA
1
MEX
2
BRA
2
ABU
2
1st 381
2016 Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W07 Hybrid Mercedes PU106C Hybrid 1.6 V6 t AUS
2
BHR
3
CHN
7
RUS
2
ESP
Ret
MON
1
CAN
1
EUR
5
AUT
1
GBR
1
HUN
1
GER
1
BEL
3
ITA
2
SIN
3
MAL
Ret
JPN
3
USA
1
MEX
1
BRA
1
ABU
1
2nd 380
2017 Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport Mercedes AMG F1 W08 EQ Power+ Mercedes M08 EQ Power+ 1.6 V6 t AUS
2
CHN
1
BHR
2
RUS
4
ESP
1
MON
7
CAN
1
AZE
5
AUT
4
GBR
1
HUN
4
BEL
1
ITA
1
SIN
1
MAL
2
JPN
1
USA
1
MEX
9
BRA
4
ABU
2
1st 363
2018 Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport Mercedes AMG F1 W09 EQ Power+ Mercedes M09 EQ Power+ 1.6 V6 t AUS
2
BHR
3
CHN
4
AZE
1
ESP
1
MON
3
CAN
5
FRA
1
AUT
Ret
GBR
2
GER
1
HUN
1
BEL
2
ITA
1
SIN
1
RUS
1
JPN
1
USA
3
MEX
4
BRA
1
ABU
1
1st 408
2019 Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport Mercedes AMG F1 W10 EQ Power+ Mercedes M10 EQ Power+ 1.6 V6 t AUS
2
BHR
1
CHN
1
AZE
2
ESP
1
MON
1
CAN
1
FRA
1
AUT
5
GBR
1
GER
9
HUN
1
BEL
2
ITA
3
SIN
4
RUS
1
JPN
3
MEX
1
USA
2
BRA
7
ABU
1
1st 413
2020 Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes AMG F1 W11 EQ Performance Mercedes M11 EQ Performance 1.6 V6 t AUT
4
STY
1
HUN
1
GBR
1
70A
2
ESP
1
BEL
1
ITA
7
TUS
1
RUS
3
EIF
1
POR
1
EMI
1
TUR
1
BHR
1
SKH
ABU
3
1st 347
2021 Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes AMG F1 W12 EQ Performance Mercedes M12 EQ Performance 1.6 V6 t BHR
1
EMI
2
POR
1
ESP
MON
AZE
TUR
FRA
AUT
GBR
HUN
BEL
NED
ITA
RUS
SIN
JPN
USA
MXC
SAP
AUS
SAU
ABU
1st* 69*

+ Did not finish, but was classified as he had completed more than 90% of the race distance.
? Half points awarded as less than 75% of race distance was completed.

* Season still in progress

Formula One records

Lewis Hamilton debuted at the 2007 Australian Grand Prix becoming the first black driver in Formula One.[353][354] He set several records throughout his career. Hamilton has the most career wins,[355][356] most pole positions,[357][358] most podium finishes,[359][360] most career points,[361] most laps led[362] among other records. When Hamilton won the 2008 F1 world championship, after finishing fifth in the Brazilian Grand Prix, he had become the youngest ever driver to win the F1 world championship aged 23 years and 301 days,[363][364] a mark that was beaten by Sebastian Vettel in 2010.[365][366]

Honours and achievements

Formula One

Other awards

Throughout his career, Lewis Hamilton has received several awards and honors. He won the Laureus Breakthrough of the Year Award in 2008[382] and the Sportsman of the Year Award in 2020.[383] Hamilton also won Pride of Britain Awards (2007),[384] Best Driver ESPY Award (2017),[385] BBC Sports Personality of the Year Award (2014; 2020),[386][387] L'Équipe Champion of Champions (2020),[388] Gazzetta Gazzetta World Sportsman of the Year (2018; 2020),[389][390] among others prizes and awards. He was elected FIA Personality of the Year three times (2014; 2018; 2020)[391][392][393] and was inducted to FIA Hall of Fame in 2017.[394]

Orders and special awards

Recognition

Notes

  1. ^ Hamilton was the first reigning world champion to decline to run the number 1, deciding to stay with his old karting number 44 from 2014.[3] He briefly ran the number 1 on the nose of his car in practice for the 2018 and 2019 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix after winning his fifth and sixth World Championships respectively, but was still officially entered under the number 44 and that figure still appeared on the engine cover.[4][5]

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Further reading

  • Hamilton, Lewis (2007). Lewis Hamilton: My Story (Hardback). London: HarperSport. p. 320. ISBN 978-0-00-727005-7. (also in paperback Lewis Hamilton: my story. HarperSport. 2008. p. 336. ISBN 978-0-00-727006-4.)
  • Hughes, Mark (2007). Lewis Hamilton: The Full Story (hardback). Thriplow: Icon Books Ltd. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-00-727006-4. (Also in paperback as Mark Hughes (2008). Lewis Hamilton: the full story. Icon Books Ltd. p. 304. ISBN 978-1-84046-941-7.)
  • Worral, Frank (2007). Lewis Hamilton: The Biography (hardback). London: John Blake Publishing. p. 306. ISBN 978-1-84454-543-8. (also in paperback Lewis Hamilton: The Biography. John Blake Publishing. 2008. p. 288. ISBN 978-1-84454-581-0.)
  • Stafford, Ian (2007). Lewis Hamilton: New Kid on the Grid. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing Co. (Edinburgh) Ltd. p. 224. ISBN 978-1-84596-338-5.
  • Belton, Brian (2007). Lewis Hamilton: A Dream Comes True. London: Pennant Publishing Ltd. p. 256. ISBN 978-1-906015-07-7.
  • Rogers, Gareth (2007). Lewis Hamilton: The Story So Far (paperback). Stroud: The History Press Ltd. p. 200. ISBN 978-0-7524-4480-2.
  • van de Burgt, Andrew (2007). Lewis Hamilton: A portrait of Britain's new F1 hero (hardback). Yeovil: J H Haynes & Co Ltd. p. 160. ISBN 978-1-84425-480-4.
  • Jones, Bruce (2007). Lewis Hamilton: The People's Champion (ITV SPORT) (hardback). London: Carlton Books Ltd. p. 128. ISBN 978-1-84442-027-8.
  • Apps, Roy (2008). Lewis Hamilton (Dream to Win) (paperback). London: Franklin Watts Ltd. p. 48. ISBN 978-0-7496-8233-0.
  • Townsend, John (2008). Lewis Hamilton (hardback). Oxford: Raintree Publishers. p. 32. ISBN 978-1-4062-0953-2.
  • Spragg, Ian (2008). Lewis Hamilton: The Rise of F1's New Superstar. Bath: Parragon. ISBN 978-1407521046.
  • Worrall, Frank (2016). Lewis Hamilton: Triple World Champion: The Biography (paperback). London: John Blake Publishing Ltd. p. 388. ISBN 978-1-7860-6033-4.

External links


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