Leon N. Cooper (born February 28, 1930) is an  American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate who, with John Bardeen and John Robert Schrieffer, developed the BCS theory of superconductivity.  He is also the namesake of the  Cooper pair and co-developer of the BCM theory of synaptic plasticity.
Biography and career
Cooper graduated from the
Bronx High School of Science in 1947  and received a  B.A. in 1951,  M.A. in 1953, and  Ph.D. in 1954 from Columbia University.  He spent a year at the  Institute for Advanced Study and taught at the University of Illinois and Ohio State University before coming to Brown University in 1958. He is the  Thomas J. Watson Sr. Professor of Science at Brown, and Director of the Institute for Brain and Neural Systems.
Cooper with his wife, Kay Allard, in 1972
In 1969 Cooper married Kay Allard. They have two children.
He has carried out research at various institutions including the
Institute for Advanced Study and the European Organization for Nuclear Research ( CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland.
Sheldon Cooper, featured in the CBS comedy , is named in part after Leon Cooper. The Big Bang Theory
Memberships and honors
Cooper is the author of
Science and Human Experience - a collection of essays, including previously unpublished material, on issues such as consciousness and the structure of space.
(Cambridge University Press, 2014).
Cooper is the author of an unconventional liberal-arts physics textbook, originally
An Introduction to the Meaning and Structure of Physics (Harper and Row, 1968) and still in print in a somewhat condensed form as  Physics: Structure and Meaning (Lebanon: New Hampshire, University Press of New England, 1992).
Cooper, L. N. & J. Rainwater.
"Theory of Multiple Coulomb Scattering from Extended Nuclei", Nevis Cyclotron Laboratories at Columbia University, Office of Naval Research (ONR), United States Department of Energy (through predecessor agency the Atomic Energy Commission), (August 1954). Cooper, L. N., Lee, H. J., Schwartz, B. B. & W. Silvert.
"Theory of the Knight Shift and Flux Quantization in Superconductors", Brown University, United States Department of Energy (through predecessor agency the Atomic Energy Commission), (May 1962). Cooper, L. N. & Feldman, D. "BCS: 50 years", World Scientific Publishing Co., (November 2010).
^ Many printed materials, including the
Nobel Prize website, have referred to Cooper as "Leon Neil Cooper". However, the middle initial N does not stand for Neil, or for any other name. The correct form of the name is, thus, "Leon N Cooper", with no abbreviation dots
"Superconductivity". CERN official website. CERN.
Weinberg, Steven (February 2008). "From BSC to the LHC". CERN Courier. 48 (1): 17-21.
Bienenstock, Elie (1982). "Theory for the development of neuron selectivity: orientation specificity and binocular interaction in visual cortex". The Journal of Neuroscience. 2 (1): 32-48. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.02-01-00032.1982. PMC . 6564292 PMID 7054394.
"Bronx Science Honored as Historic Physics Site by the American Physical Society". bxscience.edu . Retrieved 2012.
MacDonald, Kerri (15 October 2010). "A Nobel Laureate Returns Home to Bronx Science". The New York Times . Retrieved 2012.
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"Leon Cooper". research.brown.edu . Retrieved 2012.
^ a b
Vanderkam, Laura (15 July 2008). "From Biology to Physics and Back Again: Leon Cooper". Scientific American . Retrieved 2012.
Carey, Charles W. (2014). . Infobase Publishing. p. 66. American Scientists ISBN . 978-1-4381-0807-0
The Big Bang Theory, la fórmula perfecta del humor. lavoz.com.ar (October 31, 2010)
"Comstock Prize in Physics". National Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on 2010-12-29.
Cushing, James T. (1978). "Review of An Introduction to the Meaning and Structure of Physics by Leon N. Cooper". American Journal of Physics. 46 (1): 114-115. Bibcode: 1978AmJPh..46..114C. doi: 10.1119/1.11116.