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In Greek mythology, Koalemos (Ancient Greek?) was the god of stupidity, mentioned once by Aristophanes, and being found also in Parallel Lives by Plutarch. Coalemus is the Latin spelling of the name. Sometimes it is referred to as a dæmon, more of a spirit and minor deity.
Otherwise, the word was used in the sense of "stupid person" or also "blockhead".
An ancient false etymology derives from ? (koe?) "perceive" and (?leos) "distraught, crazed". Its etymology is not established, however.
- ^ Aristophanes, Knights 221: ? .
- ^ Plutarch, Life of Cimon 4.3 (trans. Perrin) (Greek historian 1st to 2nd century AD):... ? , ? .
- ^ Plutarch, Life of Cimon 4.3; Aeschines Socraticus, fr. 16
- ^ Scholia on Aristophanes, Knights 198
- ^ Chantraine, Pierre. Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque. Histoire des mots. Tome II. Paris, Éditions Klincksiek, 1970. - p. 550, sous (French); Robert Beekes (2010), "Etymological Dictionary of Greek" (Brill, Boston), p 727: "The word is clearly Pre-Greek because of the variants".