Kladruby nad Labem
Kladruber horses in front of the National Stud Farm in Kladruby
|o Mayor||Lenka Gotthardová|
|o Total||23.8 km2 (9.2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||206 m (676 ft)|
|o Density||27/km2 (69/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
533 14, 533 71
|Official name||Landscape for Breeding and Training of Ceremonial Carriage Horses at Kladruby nad Labem|
|Criteria||Cultural: (iv), (v)|
|Designated||2019 (43rd session)|
|State Party||Czech Republic|
Kladruby nad Labem is a municipality and village in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic, located about 6 km northwest of P?elou? and 22 km west of Pardubice. It has around 600 inhabitants and is known as the home of the Kladruber horse breed. The town and surroundings are part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Villages of Bílé Vchynice, Kolesa and Komárov are administrative parts of Kladruby nad Labem.
Kladruby nad Labem was first mentioned in 1295 as the property of the Premonstratensian monastery at Litomy?l. During the second half of the 14th century, it came into the possession of the Cistercian Sedlec Abbey near Kutná Hora. In 1500, the village was acquired by William II of Pernstein, who already owned large parts of the Pardubice region. Kladruby remained in possession of the Pern?tejn family until 1560, when it was purchased by Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I from his master of the horse, Jaroslav of Pernstein.
On 6 July 2019, the Landscape for Breeding and Training of Ceremonial Carriage Horses at Kladruby nad Labem was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The site includes the town, the neighboring village of Selmice, the Imperial Stud Farm, and the surrounding farmsteads, gardens, pastures, and watercourses. The landscape was uniquely designed in the 16th and 17th centuries to effectively breed and train the Kladruber horses. In addition, the area demonstrates an outstanding example of the ferme ornée style of landscape architecture made popular in the 18th century.