Kladruby Nad Labem
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Kladruby Nad Labem

Kladruby nad Labem
Kladruber horses in front of the National Stud Farm in Kladruby
Kladruber horses in front of the National Stud Farm in Kladruby
Flag of Kladruby nad Labem
Flag
Coat of arms of Kladruby nad Labem
Coat of arms
Kladruby nad Labem is located in Czech Republic
Kladruby nad Labem
Kladruby nad Labem
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°3?28?N 15°29?14?E / 50.05778°N 15.48722°E / 50.05778; 15.48722Coordinates: 50°3?28?N 15°29?14?E / 50.05778°N 15.48722°E / 50.05778; 15.48722
Country Czech Republic
RegionPardubice
DistrictPardubice
First mentioned1295
Government
 o MayorLenka Gotthardová
Area
 o Total23.8 km2 (9.2 sq mi)
Elevation
206 m (676 ft)
Population
(2020-01-01[1])
 o Total638
 o Density27/km2 (69/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
533 14, 533 71
Websitewww.kladrubynadlabem.cz
Official nameLandscape for Breeding and Training of Ceremonial Carriage Horses at Kladruby nad Labem
CriteriaCultural: (iv), (v)
Designated2019 (43rd session)
Reference no.1589
State Party Czech Republic
RegionEastern Europe

Kladruby nad Labem is a municipality and village in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic, located about 6 km northwest of P?elou? and 22 km west of Pardubice. It has around 600 inhabitants and is known as the home of the Kladruber horse breed. The town and surroundings are part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Administrative parts

Villages of Bílé Vchynice, Kolesa and Komárov are administrative parts of Kladruby nad Labem.

History

Cemetery church of the Holy Cross

Kladruby nad Labem was first mentioned in 1295 as the property of the Premonstratensian monastery at Litomy?l. During the second half of the 14th century, it came into the possession of the Cistercian Sedlec Abbey near Kutná Hora. In 1500, the village was acquired by William II of Pernstein, who already owned large parts of the Pardubice region. Kladruby remained in possession of the Pern?tejn family until 1560, when it was purchased by Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I from his master of the horse, Jaroslav of Pernstein.[2]

In 1579, Emperor Rudolf II established the Imperial Stud at Kladruby, from which Spanish-blood horses were bred for ceremonial purposes.[3]

Following the fall of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy in 1918, the stud farm at Kladruby came under state administration.[2][3]

World Heritage Site

On 6 July 2019, the Landscape for Breeding and Training of Ceremonial Carriage Horses at Kladruby nad Labem was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[4] The site includes the town, the neighboring village of Selmice, the Imperial Stud Farm, and the surrounding farmsteads, gardens, pastures, and watercourses.[5] The landscape was uniquely designed in the 16th and 17th centuries to effectively breed and train the Kladruber horses. In addition, the area demonstrates an outstanding example of the ferme ornée style of landscape architecture made popular in the 18th century.[5]

References

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities - 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 30 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Historie obcí". Oficiální stránky obce Kladruby nad Labem (in Czech). Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ a b Willoughby, Ian (7 December 2006). "Kladruby National Stud - breeding unique Old Kladruber horses for over 400 years". Czech Radio. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ "Seven more cultural sites added to UNESCO's World Heritage List". UNESCO. 6 July 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Landscape for Breeding and Training of Ceremonial Carriage Horses at Kladruby nad Labem". UNESCO World Heritage List. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 2021.

External links




  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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