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Karlskoga Konsthall.JPG
Björborns herrgård.jpg
Karlskoga, Värmland, Sweden (14769683587).jpg
View of central Karlskoga, Tingshuset, Björkborn Manor and Hotel Alfred Nobel
Alfred Nobel's Karlskoga
Karlskoga is located in Örebro
Karlskoga is located in Sweden
Coordinates: 59°20?N 14°31?E / 59.333°N 14.517°E / 59.333; 14.517Coordinates: 59°20?N 14°31?E / 59.333°N 14.517°E / 59.333; 14.517
Country Sweden
CountyÖrebro County
MunicipalityKarlskoga Municipality
 o MayorTony Ring (M)
 o Total27.33 km2 (10.55 sq mi)
 o Total27,562
 o Density991/km2 (2,570/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)

Karlskoga (Swedish pronunciation: [ka?'skû:?a])[2] is a locality and the seat of Karlskoga Municipality in Örebro County, Sweden with 27,562 inhabitants in 2018.[3] Karlskoga is the second-largest city in Örebro County. It is located at the northern shore of lake Möckeln [sv], and the small settlement was initially called Möckelns bodar.[4]

Alfred Nobel lived at the Björkborn Manor house, on the property of the Bofors works, which he owned. His residency there is why his will was adjudicated in Karlskoga, establishing the Nobel Prizes.[5]


The name "Karlskoga" is derived from Charles (Karl) IX, with skog meaning woods.


16th century

Karlskoga Church

The parish of Karlskoga was established in 1586 and a wooden church was soon built. In the 17th century fourteen small iron works and eight waterdriven hammers for bar iron were established. Most of these were still operating in the 1860s, but the dominating ironworks was the one in nearby Bofors. In 1871, Bofors produced 6,124 metric tons of iron, more than any other plant in Sweden. In 1882, Karlskoga parish (socken) had 11,184 inhabitants.

19th century

The town of Karlskoga has evolved around Bofors, which in late 19th century transformed from iron works to a manufacturer of cannon and in the 20th century a more diversified defense industry. Bofors was incorporated in 1873 and has since the 1880s been specializing in the lucrative manufacture of cannon.

The first aerial photograph by rocket was of Karlskoga using one of Alfred Nobel cameras c. 1897, rocket possibly by Captain Wilhelm T. Unge.[6]

The most famous owner of Bofors was Alfred Nobel who owned the company from 1894 until his death in December 1896. He had the key role in reshaping the iron manufacturer to a modern cannon manufacturer and chemical industry. During the summers of 1894-1896 he also lived in the manor house Björkborn.[7][8] Even though he died in his villa in Sanremo, Italy and had a home in Paris, France it was decided that his residence was at Björkborn in Karlskoga. Because of that it was here his famous testament that was written in Paris 1895 was legally registered, which eventually made it possible to establish the Nobel Prize.

20th century

In 1940 the town of Karlskoga and the surrounding area (the same territory as today's Karlskoga Municipality) got the formal title of a city (stad). Since 1971 this term has no legal meaning and only the built-up area is considered a de facto town. Karlskoga spent most of the 20th century as a growing company town to this cannon manufacturer. Only with the demilitarization in the most recent decades has this started to be a problem for the town. There were 8,500 workers in Bofors in 1980, but the number had decreased to 2,600 in 1998.


Karlskoga is situated more or less in a low mountainous ridge called Kilsbergen that separates Närke from Värmland.

Such areas have traditionally been financially poor. This led to a significant Swedish emigration to North America from the district in the latter half of the 19th century. Stockholm, Wisconsin was for instance founded in 1854 by immigrants from Karlskoga.


Karlskoga's population grew steadily from the time when arms manufacturer Bofors had started to expand, until the 1970s. Thereafter, it underwent a sharp decline (down by almost 10,000 inhabitants over a 30-year period), with signs of recovery only in the very last few years.[9] Nevertheless, with 27,386 inhabitants, Karlskoga is the second most populous place in Örebro County following Örebro (126,009).

The presence of foreign residents in Karlskoga accounts for 16.5 % of inhabitants. This compares with 19.1 % in the town Örebro.

Language and dialects

In addition to Swedish, a considerable minority of the population speak Finnish. Therefore, the municipality is given status as a Finnish administrative area.[10]


The ice hockey team BIK Karlskoga has for a long time been the most prominent sports team of the municipality. There is also a football team called KB Karlskoga Fotboll.

Notable people




International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Karlskoga is twinned with:



The following sports clubs are located in Karlskoga:



  1. ^ a b "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  2. ^ Jöran Sahlgren; Gösta Bergman (1979). Svenska ortnamn med uttalsuppgifter (in Swedish). p. 13.
  3. ^ "Tätorter". Statistiska Centralbyrån (in Swedish). Retrieved .
  4. ^ Lindberg 1897, p. 4.
  5. ^ Radio, Sveriges. "Alfred Nobels testamente - Nobels hästar det sista triumfkortet - P4 Örebro". sverigesradio.se (in Swedish). Retrieved .
  6. ^ "The Alfred Nobel rocket camera. An early aerial photography attempt". Acta Astronautica. 66 (3-4): 624-635. 2010-02-01. doi:10.1016/j.actaastro.2009.06.011. ISSN 0094-5765.
  7. ^ "Alfred Nobel | Björkborns Herrgård | Visit Karlskoga Degerfors". www.visitkarlskogadegerfors.se (in Swedish). Retrieved .
  8. ^ Radio, Sveriges. "Herrgården som möjliggjorde Nobelpriset - Kulturnytt i P1". sverigesradio.se (in Swedish). Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Kommuner i siffror". kommunsiffror.scb.se. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "Karta finska". Minoritet.se (in Swedish). Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Aalborg Twin Towns". Europeprize.net. Archived from the original on 7 September 2013. Retrieved 2013.


External links

Media related to Karlskoga at Wikimedia Commons

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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