Kai%C5%A1iadorys
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Kai%C5%A1iadorys
Kai?iadorys
City
Kai?iadori? centras.JPG
Coat of arms of Kai?iadorys
Kai?iadorys is located in Lithuania
Kai?iadorys
Kai?iadorys
Location of Kai?iadorys
Coordinates: 54°52?N 24°27?E / 54.867°N 24.450°E / 54.867; 24.450Coordinates: 54°52?N 24°27?E / 54.867°N 24.450°E / 54.867; 24.450
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionAuk?taitija
CountyLTU Kauno apskritis flag.svg Kaunas County
MunicipalityKai?iadorys district municipality
EldershipKai?iadorys town eldership
Capital ofKai?iadorys district municipality
Kai?iadorys town eldership
Kai?iadorys rural eldership
First mentioned1590
Granted city rights1946
Population
(2011)
 o Total8,664
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
UTC+3 (EEST)

Kai?iadorys ([k?'dô:r?i:s] ; see Etymology below) is a city in central Lithuania. It is situated between Vilnius and Kaunas. Kai?iadorys is one of six Lithuanian diocese centres. It is home to the Cathedral of the Transfiguration of Christ built in 1932. The Lithuanian Veterinary Institute is located there.

Etymology

Its name is unusual because of its Asiatic roots. Kai?iadorys was named after a Tatar noble, Khaishadar, who lived in the area during the 16th century.[]

History

The city expanded when a railroad connecting Vilnius with Liep?ja was built in 1871. During the First World War, the city was occupied by the Germans in 1915, and it became the capital of an administrative unit for the first time. In 1919 the first train departed from Kai?iadorys to Radvili?kis. When Trakai and the rest of the Vilnius Region became part of Poland, Kai?iadorys became the temporary capital of the Trakai Apskritis.

On August, 1941, the Jewish population of the town and surroundings was murdered in mass executions perpetrated by an Einsatzgruppen of Germans and Lithuanian nationalists.[1][2][3]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ www.atease.lt, Created atEase. "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". www.holocaustatlas.lt. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ www.atease.lt, Created atEase. "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". www.holocaustatlas.lt. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ The murder of the Jews of Kai?iadorys in the Holocaust, at Yad Vashem website

External links



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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