|Municipality||Kai?iadorys district municipality|
|Eldership||Kai?iadorys town eldership|
|Capital of||Kai?iadorys district municipality |
Kai?iadorys town eldership
Kai?iadorys rural eldership
|Granted city rights||1946|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
Kai?iadorys ([k?'dô:r?i:s] ; see Etymology below) is a city in central Lithuania. It is situated between Vilnius and Kaunas. Kai?iadorys is one of six Lithuanian diocese centres. It is home to the Cathedral of the Transfiguration of Christ built in 1932. The Lithuanian Veterinary Institute is located there.
Its name is unusual because of its Asiatic roots. Kai?iadorys was named after a Tatar noble, Khaishadar, who lived in the area during the 16th century.
The city expanded when a railroad connecting Vilnius with Liep?ja was built in 1871. During the First World War, the city was occupied by the Germans in 1915, and it became the capital of an administrative unit for the first time. In 1919 the first train departed from Kai?iadorys to Radvili?kis. When Trakai and the rest of the Vilnius Region became part of Poland, Kai?iadorys became the temporary capital of the Trakai Apskritis.