Kabardino-Balkaria
Get Kabardino-Balkaria essential facts below. View Videos or join the Kabardino-Balkaria discussion. Add Kabardino-Balkaria to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Kabardino-Balkaria
Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
-? ?
Other transcription(s)
 o Kabardian- ?
 o Karachay-Balkar-? ?
Coat of arms of Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
Coat of arms
Anthem: State Anthem of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
[3]
Map of Russia - Kabardino-Balkaria.svg
Coordinates: 43°35?N 43°24?E / 43.583°N 43.400°E / 43.583; 43.400Coordinates: 43°35?N 43°24?E / 43.583°N 43.400°E / 43.583; 43.400
CountryRussia
Federal districtNorth Caucasian[1]
Economic regionNorth Caucasus[2]
EstablishedJanuary 5, 1936[4]
CapitalNalchik
Government
 o BodyParliament[5]
 o Head[7]Kazbek Kokov[6]
Area
 o Total12,500 km2 (4,800 sq mi)
Area rank78th
Population
(2010 Census)[9]
 o Total859,939
 o Estimate 
(2018)[10]
865,828 (+0.7%)
 o Rank59th
 o Density69/km2 (180/sq mi)
 o Urban
54.5%
 o Rural
45.5%
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[11])
ISO 3166 codeRU-KB
License plates07
OKTMO ID83000000
Official languagesRussian;[12] Kabardian, Karachay-Balkar[13]

The Kabardino-Balkarian Republic[14][15][16][17] (Russian: ?- , Kabardino-Balkarskaya Respublika; Kabardian: - ?, ?êbêrdej-Baêr Respublikê; Karachay-Balkar?-? ?, Qabart?-Malqar Respublika) or Kabardino-Balkaria (Russian: ?-, Kabardino-Balkariya), is a federal subject of Russia (a republic) located in the North Caucasus. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 859,939[9] on 12,500 square km. Its capital is Nalchik. The area contains the highest mountain in Europe, Mount Elbrus, at 5,642 m. Mount Elbrus has 22 glaciers that feed three rivers -- Baksan, Malka and Kuban. The mountain is covered with snow year-round.

Kabardino-Balkaria includes two major ethnic communities, the Kabardins (Circassians), who speak a North-West Caucasian language, and the Balkars who speak a Turkic language. Kabardins make up the bulk of the republic's population, followed by Russians and Balkars. Other groups include Ossetians, Turks, Ukrainians, Armenians, Koreans, Chechens. According to a 2012 survey, 70.8% of the population of Kabardino-Balkaria adheres to Islam, 11.6% to the Russian Orthodox Church, 1.8% to Adyghe (Kabardian) folk religion and other indigenous faiths, 3.8% are unaffiliated generic Christians. In addition, 12% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 5.6% is Atheist or follows other religions including Jehovah's Witnesses.

Geography

Cherek-Balkarskaya gorge

The republic is situated in the North Caucasus mountains, with plains in the northern part.

Kabardino-Balkaria is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

Rivers

Major rivers include:

Lakes

Map of the republic.
Prielbrusye

There are about 100 lakes in the Republic, none of which is large. Just over half (55) are located between the Baksan and Malka Rivers, the largest each of an area of no more than 0.01 square kilometers (0.0039 sq mi). Some of the lakes are:

Mountains

Other major mountains include:

Natural resources

Kabardino-Balkaria's natural resources include molybdenum, tungsten, and coal.

Climate

The republic has a continental type climate.

  • Average January temperature: -12 °C (10 °F) (mountains) to -4 °C (25 °F) (plains)
  • Average July temperature: +4 °C (39 °F) (mountains) to +23 °C (73 °F) (plains)
  • Average annual precipitation: 500-2,000 mm.

History

Germany penetrated this Area in 1942-3.

Politics

The head of government in Kabardino-Balkaria is the Head. The current Head is Kazbek Kokov.[18]

The legislative body of the Republic is the Parliament comprising 72 deputies elected for a five-year term.[5][19]

Administrative divisions

Demographics

Population

Ethnic map of Kabardino-Balkaria, 2002.

Population: ;[9] ;[20] .[21]

Balkars in 1936
Kabardian wrestler Beslan Mudranov won Russia's first gold medal at the Rio 2016 Olympics

Vital statistics

Source: Russian Federal State Statistics Service
Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Fertility rates
1970 592 11,683 3,913 7,770 19.7 6.6 13.1
1975 634 12,315 4,717 7,598 19.4 7.4 12.0
1980 680 14,098 5,457 8,641 20.7 8.0 12.7
1985 725 15,941 5,854 10,087 22.0 8.1 13.9
1990 772 15,412 6,573 8,839 20.0 8.5 11.5 2,45
1991 788 14,952 6,995 7,957 19.0 8.9 10.1 2,35
1992 799 13,728 7,093 6,635 17.2 8.9 8.3 2,16
1993 807 11,781 7,864 3,917 14.6 9.7 4.9 1,86
1994 816 11,407 8,052 3,355 14.0 9.9 4.1 1,79
1995 828 10,844 8,236 2,608 13.1 9.9 3.2 1,67
1996 840 10,293 8,199 2,094 12.2 9.8 2.5 1,56
1997 853 10,016 7,985 2,031 11.7 9.4 2.4 1,47
1998 866 9,997 8,201 1,796 11.5 9.5 2.1 1,44
1999 875 9,221 8,292 929 10.5 9.5 1.1 1,30
2000 883 9,207 8,792 415 10.4 10.0 0.5 1,26
2001 891 8,892 8,778 114 10.0 9.9 0.1 1,19
2002 897 9,119 8,954 165 10.2 10.0 0.2 1,20
2003 896 9,294 9,202 92 10.4 10.3 0.1 1,20
2004 889 9,414 8,695 719 10.6 9.8 0.8 1,22
2005 882 8,991 9,034 - 43 10.2 10.2 -0.0 1,13
2006 875 9,308 8,764 544 10.6 10.0 0.6 1,16
2007 870 11,397 8,441 2,956 13.1 9.7 3.4 1,41
2008 866 12,052 8,095 3,957 13.9 9.3 4.6 1,49
2009 863 12,143 8,406 3,737 14.1 9.7 4.3 1,62
2010 860 12,576 8,080 4,496 14.6 9.4 5.2 1,66
2011 860 12,848 8,136 4,712 14.9 9.4 5.5 1,70
2012 859 13,786 7,709 6,077 16.0 9.0 7.0 1,83
2013 859 13,365 7,712 5,653 15.6 9.0 6.6 1,80
2014 860 13,397 7,571 5,826 15.6 8.8 6.8 1,83
2015 861 12,627 7,582 5,045 14.6 8.8 5.8 1,75
2016 863 12,191 7,386 4,805 14.1 8.5 5.6 1,73(e)
2017 865 11,092 7,391 3,701 12.8 8.5 4.3
2018 865 10,881 7,044 3,837 12.5 8.1 4.4
2019 866 9,973 7,142 2,831 11.5 8.2 3.3

Note: TFR 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 source.[22]

Ethnic groups

Kabardino-Balkaria includes two major ethnic communities, the Kabardins (Circassians), who speak a North-West Caucasian language, and the Balkars who speak a Turkic language. According to the 2010 Census,[9] Kabardins make up 57.2% of the republic's population, followed by Russians (22.5%) and Balkars (12.7%). Other groups include Ossetians (1.1%), Turks (1.6%), Ukrainians (0.6%), Armenians (0.6%), Koreans (0.5%), Chechens (0.2%), and a host of smaller groups, each accounting for less than 0.5% of the total population.

Ethnic
group
1926 Census1 1939 Census 1959 Census 1970 Census 1979 Census 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census3
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Kabardin 122,237 54.2% 152,237 42.4% 190,284 45.3% 264,675 45.0% 303,604 45.5% 364,494 48.2% 498,7022 55.3% 490,453 57.2%
Balkars 33,197 14.7% 40,747 11.3% 34,088 8.1% 51,356 8.7% 59,710 9.0% 70,793 9.4% 104,951 11.6% 108,577 12.7%
Russians 32,622 14.5% 129,067 35.9% 162,586 38.7% 218,595 37.2% 234,137 35.1% 240,750 31.9% 226,620 25.1% 193,155 22.5%
Ossetians 3,839 1.7% 4,608 1.3% 6,442 1.5% 9,167 1.6% 9,710 1.5% 9,996 1.3% 9,845 1.1% 9,129 1.1%
Ukrainians 24,723 11.0% 11,142 3.1% 8,400 2.0% 10,620 1.8% 12,139 1.8% 12,826 1.7% 7,592 0.8% 4,800 0.6%
Others 8,803 3.9% 21,328 5.9% 18,315 4.4% 33,790 5.7% 47,246 7.1% 55,672 7.4% 53,784 6.0% 51,556 6.0%
1 The results of the 1926 census refer to the present territory, which is a combination of the Kabardo-Balkarian AO and a part of the Terek district. The latter area was mainly inhabited by Russians and Ukrainians.[23]

2 In view of the results of the 1989 census and the 2010 census, the number of Kabardins in 2002 seems unlikely high.

3 2,269 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[24]

Religion

Religion in Kabardino-Balkaria as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[25][26]
Islam
70.8%
Russian Orthodoxy
11.6%
Other Christians
4%
Native faiths
1.8%
Spiritual but not religious
5.6%
Atheism and irreligion
4.4%
Other and undeclared
1.8%
Mosque in Kabardino-Balkaria

According to a 2012 survey which interviewed 56,900 people,[25] 70.8% of the population of Kabardino-Balkaria adheres to Islam, 11.6% to the Russian Orthodox Church, 1.8% to Adyghe (Kabardian) folk religion and other indigenous faiths, 3.8% are unaffiliated generic Christians. In addition, 12% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 5.6% is Atheist or follows other religions including Jehovah's Witnesses.[25]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ ? . ? No849  13 2000 ?. «? ? ? ? ? ». ? ? ? 13 2000 ?. : " ? ", No. 20, . 2112, 15 2000 ?. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ ? . No 024-95 27 ? 1995 ?. « ? ? . 2. ? », ? . No5/2001 ?. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Law #13-RZ
  4. ^ USSR. Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Union Republics, p. 35
  5. ^ a b Constitution of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, Article 91
  6. ^ Official website of the Head of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic. Biography Archived October 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  7. ^ Constitution of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, Article 78
  8. ^ ? (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "?, ?, ? ? ? ? ? (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". ? 2002 ? (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). ? 2010 ?.  1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  10. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  11. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  13. ^ Constitution of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, Article 76
  14. ^ "Head of Kabardino-Balkarian Republic reported to the President on the situation in Mount Elbrus region". President of Russia. Retrieved 2020.
  15. ^ "Russia's federal constituent entities". Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. Retrieved 2020.
  16. ^ Skutsch, Carl (November 7, 2013). Encyclopedia of the World's Minorities. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-19388-1.
  17. ^ "Territorial divisions of the MIA of Russia". en.mvd.ru. Retrieved 2020.
  18. ^ , ? ? . ?-?-?! . Meduza (in Russian). Retrieved 2018.
  19. ^ Constitution, Article 94.
  20. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ? [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  21. ^ ? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -? [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  22. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  23. ^ http://www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru/rnkbr.html
  24. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  25. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  26. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", No 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources

  • ? ? -? ?.  No13-  4 ? 1994 ?. «? -? ?», ? . No13-  13 2015 ? «? ?  2 ? 4 -? ? "? -? ?"». ? ? ? 18 ? 1994 ?. : "-? ", No148, 12 ? 1994 ?. (Council of the Republic of the Parliament of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic. Law #13-RZ of August 4, 1994 On the State Anthem of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, as amended by the Law #13-RZ of April 13, 2015 On Amending Articles 2 and 4 of the Law of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic "On the State Anthem of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic". Effective as of August 18, 1994.).
  • -? ?. No28- 1 1997 ?. « -? ?», ? . No40-  19 ? 2015 ?. «? ? -? ?». ? ? ?  ?. : "-? ", No177, 9 1997 ?. (Parliament of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic. #28-RZ September 1, 1997 Constitution of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, as amended by the Law #40-RZ of October 19, 2015 On the Amendments to the Constitution of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • ?, ?. ?.; ?, ?. ?. (1987). ?. (ed.). ?. - ? ? (in Russian). Moscow.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Kabardino-Balkaria
 



 



 
Music Scenes