Jonava
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Jonava
Jonava
City
Jonava.png
Flag of Jonava
Flag
Coat of arms of Jonava
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Jon? ir Janin? sostin?
(The capital of Jonai and Janinos)
Jonava is located in Lithuania
Jonava
Jonava
Location of Jonava in Lithuania
Jonava is located in Baltic states
Jonava
Jonava
Location of Jonava within the Baltics
Jonava is located in Europe
Jonava
Jonava
Location of Jonava in Europe
Coordinates: 55°4?20?N 24°16?50?E / 55.07222°N 24.28056°E / 55.07222; 24.28056Coordinates: 55°4?20?N 24°16?50?E / 55.07222°N 24.28056°E / 55.07222; 24.28056
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionAuk?taitija
CountyLTU Kauno apskritis flag.svg Kaunas County
MunicipalityJonava district municipality
EldershipJonava City Eldership
Capital ofJonava district municipality
Jonava town eldership
First mentioned1740
Granted city rights1864
Area
 o Total13.6682 km2 (5.2773 sq mi)
Elevation
65 m (213 ft)
Population
(2020)
 o Total26,423
 o Density1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
55xxx
Websitewww.jonava.lt

Jonava (About this soundpronunciation  Yiddish: ‎, romanizedYonava Polish: Janów, German: Janau) is the ninth largest city in Lithuania with a population of ca 30,000.[1] It is located in Kaunas County in central Lithuania, 30 km (19 mi) north east of Kaunas, the second-largest city in Lithuania. It is served by Kaunas International Airport. Achema, the largest fertilizer factory in the Baltic states, is located nearby. The city is sometimes called "the capital of midsummer holiday" (lt. - Jonin?s).

History

Jonava was officially established as a city in the 18th century during the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 1750, the first wooden church was built in Jonava. In 1778, a beer brewery was operating in the town.[2] Around 1812, Napoleon and his army invaded the town and its surrounding villages. In 1923, Jonava was officially recognised as a city-status settlement and in 1950 it became the centre of the municipality.

The city had a large Jewish population before World War II - in 1893 92% of the population was Jewish and in 1941 it was 80%. In 1932 there were 250 shops owned by Jewish families, a Jewish bank, 7 synagogues and a Jewish school.[3] During World War II Jonava was attacked by Nazi Germany. A Christian church and five Jewish synagogues were destroyed.[4] The Jews of the city were killed in two massacres, in August and September 1941. A total of 2,108 people were executed by an Einsatzgruppen of Germans and Lithuanian Self-Defence Units.[5] 200 remaining Jews were kept prisoners at the Kaunas ghetto.

After the war, the city built the largest fertilizer factory in the Baltic states and Jonava become one of the 4 biggest industrial cities in Lithuania.

Environmental catastrophe

An explosion occurred in the chemical fertilizers factory on 20 March 1989, causing a leakage of nearly 7,500 tonnes of liquid ammonia. The catastrophe developed further into a fire within the nitrophosphate facility and fertilizer storehouses polluting the atmosphere with products of their combustion, such as nitrous oxide and chlorine. The toxic cloud drifted towards Ukmerg?, ?irvintos and K?dainiai. The concentration of ammonia surpassed the permissible level by a factor of 150 in Upninkai, at 10 km from the disaster site. One day after the accident, a toxic cloud 7 km wide and 50 km long was recorded between Jonava and K?dainiai. Seven people died during the fire and leakage of ammonia immediately afterward, 29 people became handicapped, and a large number of people suffered from acute respiratory and cardiac attacks. The true extend of damages and health impact from the event is however unknown. What is known is that exposure to ammonia prenatally, especially at a young age can cause serious brain damage.

Administrative divisions

Jonava is divided into 13 city regions:

  • Senamiestis
  • Girel?
  • Mi?k? ?kis
  • Paneriai
  • Lietava
  • Lak?tingalos
  • Juodmena
  • Gele?inkelio stotis
  • Baldininkai
  • Rimkai
  • Kosmonautai
  • Skaruliai
  • Virbalai

Demography

Historical population

Year Inhabitants
1939 5500
1959 5000
1970 14563
1979 28413
1989 36520
2001 34954
2011 30777
2017 27809

Sport

The city has its own "physical culture and sports center" with stadium, swimming pool and indoor arena. It has already been announced that the city is going to build a new large indoor arena "BC Jonava".

Football

Jonava has 2 soccer teams

  • FK Jonava is playing in the A Lyga - First Football Division of Lithuania
  • FK Jonava B - second team of FK Jonava, playing in the Third Division of Lithuania

Athletics

The marathon runners sport club Maratonas won 4 medals at Vilnius Marathon.[6]

Basketball

Jonava has a basketball team, founded in 1969; Jonava SK Malsta playing in the National Basketball League (Nacionalin? Krep?inio Lyga). There is also a women's basketball team called BC Jonava which won bronze medals in the women's Second Basketball Division (Nacionalin? moter? krep?inio lyga).

Volleyball

Jonava has a strong women's volleyball team Achema-KKSC that playing in the highest league A Grup?. In 2010 Jonava held the international "Alfredas Ogonauskas Memorial Volleyball Championship".[7]

Competitions

Jonava also hosts some less regular competitions. During the traditional midsummer holiday there was "Jonas's Republic President Cup" of Rally Slalom events.[8] In summer seasons there are some occasional cycling tournaments or cross country competitions.

Education

Twin towns -- sister cities

Jonava is twinned with:[9]

Notable residents

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Lietuvos Statistikos Departmentas". Lietuvos Statistikos Departmentas. Lietuvos Statistikos Departmentas. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 2016.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Jonavos rajono istorijos datos". jonbiblioteka.lt.
  3. ^ Travel Lietuva - Jonava
  4. ^ BFL, UAB. "?ydai Lietuvoje - Jonava". www.zydai.lt. Archived from the original on 2015-03-25. Retrieved .
  5. ^ www.atease.lt, Created atEase. "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". www.holocaustatlas.lt.
  6. ^ "DANSKE BANK VILNIAUS MARATONAS". www.vilniausmaratonas.lt.
  7. ^ "Savaitgal? Jonavoje tinklinio ?vent? >> Sportas.info - Lietuvos sporto veidrodis". sportas.info.
  8. ^ "Neegzistuoja - Serveriai.lt". junior.ajags.lt.
  9. ^ "Tarptautinis bendradarbiavimas". jonava.lt (in Lithuanian). Jonava. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Jonava
 



 



 
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