John Murray is a British publisher, known for the authors it has published in its history, including Jane Austen, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Lord Byron, Charles Lyell, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Herman Melville, Edward Whymper, Thomas Malthus, David Ricardo, and Charles Darwin. Since 2004, it has been owned by conglomerate Lagardère under the Hachette UK brand. Business publisher Nicholas Brealey became an imprint of John Murray in 2015.
John Murray (1745-1793), the eponymous founder of the publishing house
The business was founded in London in 1768 by John Murray (1737-1793),
an  Edinburgh-born Royal Marines officer, who built up a list of authors including Isaac D'Israeli and published the . English Review
John Murray the elder was one of the founding sponsors of the London evening newspaper
in 1788. The Star
He was succeeded by his son
John Murray II, who made the publishing house important and influential. He was a friend of many leading writers of the day and launched the in 1809. He was the publisher of Quarterly Review Jane Austen, Sir Walter Scott, Washington Irving, George Crabbe, Mary Somerville and many others. His home and office at 50 Albemarle Street in Mayfair was the centre of a literary circle, fostered by Murray's tradition of "Four o'clock friends", afternoon tea with his writers.
Murray's most notable author was
Lord Byron, who became a close friend and correspondent of his. Murray published many of his major works, paying him over £20,000 in rights. On 10 March 1812 Murray published Byron's second book, , which sold out in five days, leading to Byron's observation "I awoke one morning and found myself famous".
Childe Harold's Pilgrimage
On 17 May 1824 Murray participated in one of the most notorious acts in the annals of literature. Byron had given him the manuscript of his personal memoirs to publish later on. Together with five of Byron's friends and executors, he decided to destroy Byron's manuscripts because he thought the scandalous details would damage Byron's reputation. With only
Thomas Moore objecting, the two volumes of memoirs were dismembered and burnt in the fireplace at Murray's office. It remains unknown what they contained.
 John Murray III (1808-1892) continued the business and published Charles Eastlake's first English translation of Goethe's Theory of Colours (1840), David Livingstone's Missionary Travels (1857), and Charles Darwin's (1859). Murray III contracted with Origin of Species Herman Melville to publish Melville's first two books, (1846) and Typee (1847) in England; both books were presented as nonfiction travel narratives in Murray's Omoo series, alongside such works as the 1845 second edition of Darwin's Home and Colonial Library from his travels on Journal of Researches HMS . Beagle John Murray III also started the  in 1836, a series of travel guides from which modern-day guides are directly descended. The rights to these guides were sold around 1900 and subsequently acquired in 1915 by the Murray Handbooks Blue Guides.
His successor Sir John Murray IV (1851-1928) was publisher to
Queen Victoria. Among other works, he published Murray's Magazine from 1887 until 1891. From 1904 he published the Wisdom of the East book series. Competitor  Smith, Elder & Co. was acquired in 1917.
His son Sir John Murray V (1884–1967), grandson John Murray VI (John Arnaud Robin Grey Murray; 1909–1993) and great-grandson John Murray VII (John Richmond Grey Murray; 1941–) continued the business until it was taken over.
In 2002, John Murray was acquired by
Hodder Headline, which was itself acquired in 2004 by the French conglomerate Lagardère Group. Since then, it has been an imprint under Lagardère brand Hachette UK.
In 2015, business publisher Nicholas Brealey became an imprint of John Murray.
John Murray archive
The John Murray Archive was offered for sale to the nation by John Murray VII for £31 million and the National Library of Scotland has acquired it, including the manuscript of Charles Darwin's . On 26 January 2005, it was announced that the National Library was to be given £17.7m by the Origin of Species Heritage Lottery Fund towards the £31.2m price offered by John Murray on condition the Library digitise the materials and make them available. The Scottish Government agreed to contribute £8.3m, with the Library setting a £6.5m fundraising target for the remainder.    
John Murray timeline
1768 - John MacMurray, a former lieutenant of the Marines, buys a bookselling business at 32 Fleet Street. He changes his name to Murray and uses his naval contacts to build up a thriving business
1806 - The first bestseller,
(Maria Rundell), was published, with a A New System of Domestic Cookery, by A Lady second edition two years later.  1809 - The influential periodical the
founded Quarterly Review 1811 -
by Childe Harold's Pilgrimage Lord Byron published 1812 - John Murray moved to 50
Albemarle Street, its home for the next 191 years 1815 -
Jane Austen decides she would like to move to Murray with , published in 1815 Emma 1816 -
Coleridge moved to John Murray for Christabel and Other Poems, which included 'Kubla Khan' 1830 - First part of the three volume
by Principles of Geology Charles Lyell published  1836 - The first guide books,
, published by John Murray III Murray's Handbooks 1849 - A groundbreaking observational study on the
Sikh people is published. This comprehensive account arguably foreshadowed the  British Empire's first large-scale attempt at using the scientific method to civilise populations; this methodological approach later became known as Eugenics. 1857 -
David Livingstone's Missionary Travels, published - one of the many great 19th-century publications of exploration from John Murray 1859 -
by On the Origin of Species Charles Darwin published 1859 - The first self-help book,
Samuel Smiles's Self Help, published 1863 –
Henry Walter Bates's published The Naturalist on the River Amazons 1865 –
Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries; and of the Discovery of the Lakes Shirwa and Nyassa. 1858-1864 by David and Charles Livingstone published  1871 -
Edward Whymper Scrambles Amongst the Alps in the Years 1860-69, The first ascent of the Matterhorn in 1865 1891 -
Edward Whymper Travels Amongst the Great Andes of the Equator, Two volumes recording ascents in the Ecuadorian Andes of Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Cayambe_(volcano), and other Andean Peaks 1912 – June, Published
Behind The Night Light by Nancy Price, which was reprinted in June, 1912, September,1912, January, 1913. 1921 –
An Etymological Dictionary of Modern English by Ernest Weekley published  1934 - Dr.
Julius Kugy Alpine Pilgrimage (1st edition (English) 1934), Klugy's literary masterpiece on the Julian Alps of Slovenia as translated by H. E. G. Tyndale (Henry Edmund Guise Tyndale) 1938 -
Daniele Varè's biography The Laughing Diplomat is published 1958 -
John Betjeman's Collected Poems published and has sold over 2 million copies to date 1967 - Last issue of the
published Quarterly Review 1969 - The first TV tie-in,
Kenneth Clark's Civilisation, published 1975 -
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala's Heat and Dust wins the Man Booker Prize  1977 - The "greatest travel book of the twentieth century",
A Time of Gifts by Patrick Leigh Fermor published 2002 - John Murray leaves family hands after seven generations
Peacemakers by Margaret MacMillan wins the Samuel Johnson Prize, the Duff Cooper Prize and the Hessell-Tiltman Prize 2003 - The first new acquisition since the company became part of Hodder Headline (now Hachette),
A Million Little Pieces by James Frey, becomes a perennial and controversial bestseller 2004 - Rebirth of the John Murray fiction list with
Neil Jordan's Shade 2005 -
Beasts of No Nation by Uzodinma Iweala wins John Llewellyn Rhys Prize 2007 -
Mister Pip by Lloyd Jones becomes a global bestseller, wins the Commonwealth Writers' Prize and is shortlisted for the  Man Booker Prize  2008 -
Amitav Ghosh launches his epic Ibis trilogy with Sea of Poppies, shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize  2008 -
Down River by John Hart wins Edgar Award for Best Novel  2008 -
The Secret Life of Words by Henry Hitchings wins the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize 2009 -
by The Last Child John Hart wins CWA Ian Fleming Steel Dagger/ITV Thriller of the Year Award, and the Edgar Award for Best Novel 2009 -
Martyr by Rory Clements, special mention in CWA Ellis Peters Historical Fiction Award 2009 -
by Up in the Air Walter Kirn turned into a film starring George Clooney 2010 -
Revenger by Rory Clements wins CWA Ellis Peters Historical Fiction Award 2010 - Film
, starring Sarah's Key Kristin Scott Thomas, released, based on Tatiana de Rosnay's novel of the same name 2010 -
Wait For Me! by Deborah Devonshire shortlisted for the British Book Awards Biography of the Year 2011 -
Mistaken by Neil Jordan wins Irish Book of the Year Award 2012 -
Icelight by Aly Monroe wins CWA Ellis Peters Historical Fiction Award  2012 -
Lloyd Jones's adapted into a film starring Mister Pip Hugh Laurie 2012 -
by Patrick Leigh Fermor: An Adventure Artemis Cooper shortlisted for the Costa Biography Award, the Waterstone's Book of the Year Award and the National Book Awards Biography of the Year 2020 - by Andrew Ziminski. The Stonemason (book): A History of Building Britain
Film adaptations of John Murray titles
Zachs, William (1998). . Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. The First John Murray and the Late Eighteenth-Century Book Trade 7. ISBN . 0197261914
John Treadwell Nichols (1812), "(Printers and booksellers)", Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century, 3, London: Printed for the author, by Nichols, Son, and Bentley, OCLC 1138961
Belanger, Jacqueline; Peter Garside; Anthony Mandal; Sharon Ragaz (4 January 2003). "British Fiction, 1800-1829: A Database Of Production And Reception, Phase Ii: Advertisements For Novels In 'The Star', 1815-1824". Cardiff Corvey: Reading the Romantic Text. ISSN 1471-5988 . Retrieved 2011.
^ Eisler, Benita.
Byron: Child of Passion, Fool of Fame, page 3.
^ Hershel Parker,
Herman Melville: A Biography; Volume 1, 1819-1851, (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), 392, 482-84, 508-10.
Wisdom of the East Series, seriesofseries.owu.edu. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
Hachette UK (2008). "Corporate History Highlights". Hachette UK. Hachette UK . Retrieved 2011.
Hachette UK buys Nicholas Brealey
"Stars back literary archive plans". BBC News. 24 April 2007 . Retrieved 2007.
"John Murray Archive unwrapped". Scottish Executive website . Retrieved 2007.
"About the John Murray Archive". National Library of Scotland. Archived from the original on 11 June 2007 . Retrieved 2007.
"John Murray Archive Catalogue". National Library of Scotland. Archived from the original on 11 June 2007 . Retrieved 2007.
"Pages from history". Scotsman.com . Retrieved 2007.
"Maria Rundell". (Persephone Books information page)
"Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology". British Library. Archived from the original on 19 April 2021 . Retrieved 2021. ( OCLC 8990449 (all editions))
Cunningham, Joseph Davy (1849). . John Murray. A History of the Sikhs: From the Origin of the Nation to the Battles of the Sutlej
(PDF) Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries; and of the Discovery of the Lakes Shirwa and Nyassa. 1858-1864
"An etymological dictionary of modern English". archive.org.
"Heat and Dust | The Booker Prizes". thebookerprizes.com . Retrieved 2020.
Laing, Olivia (7 July 2007). "Review: Mister Pip by Lloyd Jones". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2020.
"Mister Pip | The Booker Prizes". thebookerprizes.com . Retrieved 2020.
"Sea of Poppies | The Booker Prizes". thebookerprizes.com . Retrieved 2020.
"Category List - Best Novel | Edgars Database" . Retrieved 2020.
"Icelight -- The Crime Writers' Association". thecwa.co.uk . Retrieved 2015.