|o Lok Sabha constituencies||Jabalpur|
|o Total||5,198 km2 (2,007 sq mi)|
|o Density||470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|o Sex ratio||925 females/1000 males|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
Jabalpur district is located in the Mahakoshal region of Madhya Pradesh, on the divide between the watersheds of Narmada and the Son, but mostly within the valley of the Narmada, which here runs through the famous gorge known as the Marble rocks, and falls 30 ft. over a rocky ledge (the Dhuan Dhar, or misty shoot ). It consists of a long narrow plain running north-east and south-west and shut in on all sides by highlands. This plain, which forms an offshoot from the great valley of the Narmada, is covered in its western and southern portions by a rich alluvial deposit of black cotton soil. At Jabalpur city, the soil is black cotton soil, and water plentiful near the surface. The north and east belong to the basin of the Son River, a tributary of the Ganges and Yamuna, the south and west to the Narmada basin. The district is traversed by the main railway from Mumbai to Kolkata, and by branches of two other lines which meet at Katni junction.
The district is part of Jabalpur Division. It has an average elevation of 411 metres (1348 ft).
|Climate data for Jabalpur|
|Average high °C (°F)||26.5
|Average low °C (°F)||9.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||4
|Average precipitation days||0.8||0.8||0.3||0.3||1.8||8.6||15.9||18.3||8.6||3.1||1.4||0.6||60.5|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||288.3||274.4||288.3||306.0||325.5||210.0||105.4||80.6||180.0||269.7||273.0||282.1||2,883.3|
According to the 2011 census Jabalpur district has a population of 2,463,289 roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada. This gives it a ranking of 180th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 472 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,220/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.39%. Jabalpur has a sex ratio of 925 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 82.47%. Hindus are majority religion in Jabalpur district with 87.65%, Muslims with 8.27% and rest of Jains, Sikhs and Christians. Scheduled Castes and Tribes made up 14.1% and 15.2% of the population respectively.
People speak multiple languages, including: Bagheli, which has a lexical similarity of 72-91% with Hindi (compared to 60% for German and English) and is spoken by about 1,08,59,405 people in Baghelkhand ; and Bharia, a Dravidian language spoken by at least 200,000 members of the Bharia tribe and written in the Devanagari script.
Jabalpur is an important educational centre of the Madhya Pradesh state. Jabalpur has Rani Durgavati University, Jawahar Lal Nehru Krishi University, Madhya Pradesh Pashu Chikitsa University, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College, Dharmashastra National Law University Madhya Pradesh Ayurvigyan University and Maharshi Mahesh Yogi Vedic University. Good educational institutes in Jabalpur include Govt. Engineering College, Medical College, Government M.H. College of Home Science and Science, Law Colleges, Post Graduate and under-Graduate Colleges. The Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design & Manufacturing (IIITDM) Jabalpur was established in January 2005. Institute would serve as an inter-disciplinary institution for education and research by keeping the concept of Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) in mind.
It has some very reputed and old schools. Some of the schools are more than a century old. Apart from these educational institutions there a number of institutes offering various professional courses in Computers, Fashion Designing, Fine Arts etc.