J. P. Mallory
|Doctoral advisor||Marija Gimbutas|
|Influences||Edgar C. Polomé|
|Main interests||Indo-European migrations|
|Notable ideas||Kurgan hypothesis|
James Patrick Mallory (born October 25, 1945) is an American archaeologist and Indo-Europeanist. Mallory is an emeritus professor at Queen's University, Belfast; a member of the Royal Irish Academy, and the editor of the Journal of Indo-European Studies and Emania: Bulletin of the Navan Research Group (Belfast).
J. P. Mallory was born in San Bernardino, California on October 25, 1945, the son of Clyde Francis and Rosemarie Mallory. Mallory received his A.B. in History from Occidental College in California in 1967, then served three years in the US Army as a military police sergeant. He received his Ph.D. in Indo-European studies from UCLA in 1975 under the supervision of Marija Gimbutas. Together with Gimbutas, Edgar C. Polomé and other Indo-Europeanists, Mallory was involved in the founding of the Journal of Indo-European Studies. He has held several posts at Queen's University Belfast beginning in 1977, becoming Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology in 1998.
He has written an account on Indo-Hittite linguistics. Mallory's research has focused on Early Neolithic and Bronze Age Europe, the problem of the Urheimat (homeland) of the Proto-Indo-Europeans, and the archaeology of early Ireland. He favors an integrative approach to these issues, comparing literary, linguistic and archaeological evidence to answer historical questions.
Mallory has been strongly critical of Colin Renfrew's theory of Indo-European origins, which located the Urheimat of this language family in early Neolithic Anatolia and associated its spread with the spread of agriculture. Mallory defends linguistic palaeontology as a valid tool for solving the Indo-European homeland problem, arguing that Renfrew was sceptical about it precisely because it offers evidence against the latter's own model. Mallory's book with Douglas Q. Adams, entitled The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford University Press, 2006) provides an account of the reconstructed language Proto-Indo-European and assesses what it can tell us about the society that spoke it.