Ivan Mikhailovich Snegiryov (Russian: ? ? ; 1793, Moscow - 1868, Saint Petersburg) was one of the first Russian ethnographers. He published detailed descriptions of almost every church and monastery in Moscow.
The son of a university professor, Snegiryov graduated from Moscow University in 1814 and since 1818 taught Latin language there. He was active as a censor throughout Nicholas I's reign, censoring such works as Eugene Onegin and Dead Souls.
He shared the ideals of Official Nationality and belonged to a circle of antiquaries dominated by Nikolai Rumyantsev. He was one of the first to collect Russian proverbs and describe folk rituals and observances. His ground-breaking work on Russian lubok was printed in 1844.
Snegiryov's lengthy description of Moscow (1865-73) was feted by Fyodor Buslayev as the best guidebook to the city. He supervised restoration of the Kremlin buildings and the Romanov Boyar House. His journals were published in 2 volumes in 1904-05.
Ivan Snegiryov authored several books on Russian proverbs, idioms, way of life, rituals and holidays:
Viellard, Stephane. 2014. Entre contiuum et singularité: L'experience d'Ivan Mixajlovi? Snegirev (1793-1898), premier paremiologue rusee moderne. Parémiologie. Proverbes et formes voicines, ed by Jean-Michel Benayoun, Natalie Kieber, And Jean Philippe Zouogbo, III, 281-298. Sainte Jemme: Presses Universitaires de Sainte Gemme.