|Latin: Universitas Constantinopolitanum|
|Motto||"Leadership in Higher Education for Centuries"|
|Rector||Prof. Dr. Mahmut Ak|
|Founder||M. K. Atatürk|
Istanbul University (Turkish: ?stanbul Üniversitesi) is a public research university located in Istanbul, Turkey. The main campus is adjacent to Beyaz?t Square in Fatih, the capital district of the province, on the European side of the city. Some pre-1930 western sources refer to it as the University of Constantinople, after the previous name of the city.
Origins of Istanbul University go back to 1453, when it was founded by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II "as a school of philosophy, medicine, law and letters". There was also the University of Constantinople, which was founded in 425 and which had existed until the Fall of Constantinople. Istanbul University functioned as a Medrese (Islamic theological school) as well. This madrasa is regarded as the precursor to the Darülfünûn, which evolved into Istanbul University in 1933. Education in a number of sciences and fields (such as medicine, mathematics, astronomy, cartography, geography, history, philosophy, religion, literature, philology, law, etc.) became available, and, until the 19th century, they were instrumental in educating the ruling cadres of the Ottoman society. However, when the medreses were no longer able to meet the needs of the modern world, a restructuring process began, and as a result, the institutions of higher education called Darülfünûn, the core of Istanbul University, was established.
An institution of higher education named the Darülfünûn-u Osmanî ( ) (Ottoman House of Sciences) was created in 1863, but suppressed in 1871. Its first rector was Hasan Tahsini, regarded as one of the most important Ottoman scholars of the 19th century. In 1874 the Imperial University (Darülfünûn-u Sultanî) ( ) started classes in law in French, but was closed in 1881.
The Imperial University, now known as Darülfünûn-u ?ahâne ( ) was refounded in 1900, with the departments of theology, arts, mathematics, science and philology. In 1924, the faculties of law, medicine, arts and sciences were established in Istanbul University (?stanbul Darülfünûnu), as the university was now called. Islamic theology was added in 1925, but in 1933 the university was reorganized without the latter.
The first modern Applied Physics courses were given at the Darülfünûn on 31 December 1863, which marked the beginning of a new period, and on 20 February 1870, the school was renamed as the Darülfünûn-u Osmanî (Ottoman House of Multiple Sciences) and reorganized to meet the needs of modern sciences and technologies. Starting from 1874, some classes of Literature, Law and Applied Sciences were given at the building of Galatasaray High School, which continued regularly until 1881. On 1 September 1900, the school was renamed and reorganized as the Darülfünûn-u ?ahâne (Imperial House of Multiple Sciences) with courses on Mathematics, Literature and Theology. On 20 April 1912, the school was renamed as the ?stanbul Darülfünûnu (Istanbul House of Multiple Sciences) while the number of courses were increased and the curricula were modernized with the establishment of the Schools of Medicine, Law, Applied Sciences (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics), Literature and Theology.
On 21 April 1924, the Republic of Turkey recognized the ?stanbul Darülfünûnu as a state school, and on 7 October 1925, the administrative autonomy of ?stanbul Darülfünûnu was recognized while the Schools (within the old Medrese system) became modern Faculties.
On 1 August 1933, ?stanbul Darülfünûnu was reorganized as ?stanbul Üniversitesi (Istanbul University) following the educational reforms of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Classes officially began on 1 November 1933.
The university has seventeen faculties on five campuses; the main campus being on Beyaz?t Square, which was originally built by Constantine the Great as the Forum Tauri and was later enlarged by Theodosius the Great as the Forum of Theodosius during the Roman period.
The main campus building with its landmark gate was previously used as the headquarters of the Harbiye Nezareti (Ministry of War) by the Ottoman government. Located on the grounds is the Beyaz?t Tower, an 85 m (279 ft) tall fire-watch tower. The grounds were previously the location of the Ottoman era Eski Saray (Old Palace). Some Roman and Byzantine ruins are still visible on the grounds.
The university has a teaching staff of 2,000 professors and associates and 4,000 assistants and younger staff. More than 60,000 undergraduate and 8,000 postgraduate students follow the courses offered by Istanbul University every year.
In the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019, Istanbul University is ranked at 401-500th worldwide (1st in Turkey). It is also ranked at 251-300th in "Veterinary Sciences", 401-500th in "Clinical Medicine", 101-150th in "Dentistry & Oral Sciences", 201-300th in "Nursing", and 301-400th in "Medical Technology".
In the QS World University Rankings 2021, Istanbul University is ranked at 801-1000th globally. In the broad subject areas, it is ranked 323rd in "Life Sciences and Medicine", 401-450th in "Arts and Humanities", and 510-520th in "Social Sciences and Management". In the specific subject areas, it is ranked at 201-250th in "Modern Languages", 301-350th in "Agriculture & Forestry", 301-350th in "Medicine", 301-350th in "Pharmacy & Pharmacology", 351-400th in "Biological Sciences", 451-500th in "Business & Management Studies", and 601-650th in "Computer Science and Information Systems".
|Global - Overall|
|ARWU World||401-500 (2020)|
|CWUR World||644 (2020-2021)|
|CWTS World||355 (2020)|
|QS World||801-1000 (2021)|
|RUR World||536 (2020)|
|THE World||801-1000 (2021)|
|USNWR Global||714 (2021)|
In 2020, Times Higher Education ranked the university top 1000 in the world, 301-400th in "Clinical, pre-clinical and health", 401-500th in "Education", 501-600th in "Social Sciences", and 601-800th in "Life Sciences".
The Best Global Universities Ranking 2021 of the U.S. News & World Report ranks Istanbul University 714th in the world, 225th in "Surgery", 243rd in "Clinical Medicine", 195th in "Endocrinology and Metabolism", 255th in "Neuroscience and Behavior", 383rd in "Molecular Biology and Genetics", 442nd in "Plant and Animal Science", 446th in "Biology and Biochemistry", and 593rd in "Physics".
By CWTS Leiden Ranking 2019, Istanbul University is ranked 335th (overall), 196th in "Biomedical and Health Sciences", 374th in "Life and Earth Sciences", 669th in "Mathematics and Computer Science", 544th in "Physical Sciences and Engineering", and 570th in "Social Sciences and Humanities".
By Round University Ranking 2019, Istanbul University is ranked 529th in the world, 490th in "Humanities", 496th in "Life Sciences", 329th in "Medical Sciences", 556th in "Natural Sciences", 506th in "Social Sciences" and 600th in "Technical Sciences".
Please see the page Istanbul University faculty.
See also Istanbul University alumni for a detailed list.
Garden of Istanbul University - Süleymaniye Mosque at Rear
Süleymaniye Mosque - Istanbul University - Aerial view
Main Entrance and Beyazit Tower
Beyazit Tower in Main Campus
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in Faculty of Law