International Phonetic Alphabet Chart
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International Phonetic Alphabet Chart

The following is the chart of the International Phonetic Alphabet, a standardized system of phonetic symbols devised and maintained by the International Phonetic Association. This article is not a complete list of all possible speech sounds in the world's languages, but is used as a page for internal navigation within Wikipedia.

Official chart

The official IPA chart, revised to 2020

Vowels

Vowels beside dots are: unrounded  rounded

Consonants

Pulmonic consonants

Symbols to the right in a cell are voiced, to the left are voiceless. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Non-pulmonic consonants

Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Co-articulated consonants

Other consonants

Tones

Tone registers
? ? Extra-high (top)
? ? High
? ? Mid
? ? Low
? ? Extra-low (bottom)
Downstep
Upstep
Tone contours
Rising (low to high)
Falling (high to low)
High rising
Mid rising
Low rising
High falling
Mid falling
Low falling
, , , , Rising-falling (Peaking)
, , , , Falling-rising (Dipping)

Auxiliary symbols

Transcription
[ ] Phonetic transcription
/ / Phonemic transcription
{ } Prosodic notation
( ) Indistinguishable utterance
? ? Sound obscured

See also

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

International_Phonetic_Alphabet_chart
 



 



 
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