International Hockey League (1929-36)
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International Hockey League 1929-36

The International Hockey League was a professional hockey league operating in Canada and the United States from 1929 to 1936. It is one of two direct ancestors of the American Hockey League.

It was formed when the Canadian Professional Hockey League split into two leagues. The larger teams formed the IHL, which was one step below the National Hockey League. The smaller teams kept the CPHL name, and served as a farm system for the IHL for one season.

Three teams folded and two others merged after the 1935-36 season, leaving the IHL with only four teams--the minimum required for the league to be viable. The remaining teams joined with the Canadian-American Hockey League, which had also been cut down to four teams, to form a "circuit of mutual convenience" called the "International-American Hockey League." The two leagues played an interlocking schedule for the next two years, with the IHL serving as the IAHL's Western Division and the Can-Am serving as its Eastern Division. The Buffalo Bisons, a charter IHL member, suspended operations due to an arena collapse and subsequent financial problems after only 11 games, and the IAHL played as a seven-team unit for the rest of the season and all of the 1938-39 season.

At a meeting held in New York City on June 28, 1938, the two leagues formally merged into a unified league operating under the IAHL name. The Eastern Amateur Hockey League's Hershey Bears were added as an expansion team, replacing the Bisons.[1] The IAHL changed its name to the American Hockey League in 1940.


Team Years Notes
Buffalo Bisons 1929-1936 transferred from CPHL, later joined IAHL
Cleveland Falcons 1934-1936 Former Cleveland Indians franchise, later joined IAHL
Cleveland Indians 1929-1934 Former Kitchener CPHL franchise, players from Toronto of the CPHL, renamed Falcons in 1934
Detroit Olympics 1929-1936 transferred from CPHL, merged with Shamrocks to form Pittsburgh Hornets of IAHL
Hamilton Tigers 1929-1930 transferred from CPHL, moved to Syracuse
London Panthers/Tecumsehs 1929-1936 transferred from CPHL, disbanded when IHL disbanded
Niagara Falls Cataracts 1929-1930 transferred from CPHL
Pittsburgh Shamrocks 1935-1936 merged with Olympics to form Pittsburgh Hornets of IAHL
Pittsburgh Yellowjackets 1930-1932
Rochester Cardinals 1935-1936 disbanded when IHL disbanded
Syracuse Stars 1930-1936 purchase and transfer of Hamilton Tigers, later joined IAHL
Toronto Millionaires 1929-1930 transferred from CPHL, players from Kitchener of CPHL
Windsor Bulldogs 1929-1936 transferred from CPHL, disbanded when IHL disbanded

See also


  1. ^ "HERSHEY IN HOCKEY LEAGUE Admitted to Circuit as American-International Loops Unite" The Philadelphia Record, June 29, 1938

External links

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