Initiative For Catalonia Greens
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Initiative For Catalonia Greens
Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds
Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds
PresidentDolors Camats and Joan Herrera (national coordinators)
Founded23 February 1987 (1987-02-23)
Dissolved6 July 2019 (2019-07-06)[1]
Succeeded byGreen Left
HeadquartersC/ Ciutat, 7
08002 Barcelona
Youth wingJoves d'Esquerra Verda
Ideology
Political positionLeft-wing
National affiliation
European affiliationEuropean Green Party
International affiliationGlobal Greens
European Parliament groupEuropean Greens-European Free Alliance
ColoursGreen, Red
Congress of Deputies
Inside En Comú Podem
Spanish Senate
Inside En Comú Podem
European Parliament
Inside Plural Left
Local seats
Website
www.iniciativa.cat

Initiative for Catalonia Greens (Catalan: Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds, ICV; IPA: [inisi.?'ti p k?t?'lu 'ts]) was an eco-socialist[2] political party in Catalonia. It was formed as a merger of Iniciativa per Catalunya and Els Verds. IC had been an alliance led by Partit Socialista Unificat de Catalunya and was the equivalent of Izquierda Unida in Catalonia. IC later developed into a political party, and PSUC was dissolved.

The youth of ICV was called Joves d'Esquerra Verda (Green Left Youth). It used to be called JambI, Joves amb Iniciativa (Youth with Initiative).

In the elections to the European Parliament in 2004 ICV ran on the Izquierda Unida list. One MEP, Raül Romeva, was elected from ICV which joined the Green Group.

The ICV formed part of the past ruling tripartite coalition (along with the Socialist Party of Catalonia and the Republican Left of Catalonia, a left-wing Catalan Nationalist Party) in the Generalitat of Catalonia. The coalition governed Catalonia from 2004-2010. ICV was given responsibility for the Ministry of the Environment in the share-out of power in the new government.

Initiative for Catalonia Greens had an agreement of mutual association with Equo.[3] It was dissolved in 2019.[1] In July 2020 it was announced that the party would be re-founded as Green Left.[4][5]

Ideology

Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds called itself an "ecosocialist" party and its members were therefore "ecosocialists". This ideology is summarized in the book The Ecosocialist Manifesto, co-written by a number of left-wing green politicians. This ideology looks to renew the left and is firmly against communism as practised in the former Soviet Union and against capitalism, as practised by Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan, but also against social democracy, which it considers as only a lesser evil that does not respond to the environmental and social challenges ahead. From an ecosocialist point of view, both communism and capitalism are two faces of the productivist "mode of production" (a Marxist term), which should be phased out if the ecological health of the planet is to survive. The manifesto also considers this ideology to be deeply feminist and in favour of the "freedom of the European peoples" (i.e. for self-determination for the Basque Country, Galicia or Catalonia).[6] The party voted in favour of the Catalan parliament's declaration defining Catalonia as a "sovereign political and juridical entity" ("subjecte polític i jurídic sobirà") in 2013.[7]

Presidents

  1. Rafael Ribó i Massó (1987-2000)
  2. Joan Saura (2000-present)

Electoral results

Spanish Parliament

Congress of Deputies

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats won +/- Notes
2000 119,290 0.5
2004 234,790 0.9
Increase 1
2008 183,338 0.7
Decrease 1
2011 280,152 1.2
Increase 2

Catalan Parliament

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats won +/- Notes
1988 209,211 7.7 (#3)
1992 171,794 6.5 (#4)
Decrease 2
1995 313,092 9.7 (#5)
Increase 4
1999 78,441 2.5 (#5)
Decrease 8
2003 241,163 7.2 (#5)
Increase 6
2006 282,693 9.5 (#5)
Increase 3
2010 229,985 7.4 (#4)
Decrease 2
2012 358,857 9.9 (#5)
Increase 3

European Parliament

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats won +/- Notes
2009 119,755 6.1 (#5)
Part of a joint list with United Left
2014 258,554 10.3 (#4)
Part of a joint list with United Left

See also

References

  1. ^ a b D. C. S. (6 July 2019). "ICV anuncia su disolución "cuando se cierre el concurso" de acreedores". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "Catalonia/Spain". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 25 January 2021.
  3. ^ "EQUO - ICV Agreement of Association and Protocol of Relations" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 22 April 2012. Retrieved 2012..
  4. ^ "ICV se refundará en un nuevo partido bautizado como Esquerra Verda". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Barcelona. EFE. 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ "El nuevo partido Esquerra Verda recuperará el legado de la extinta Iniciativa per Catalunya". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. EFE. 3 July 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ C. Antunes, P. Juquin, P. Kemp, I. Stengers, W. Telkamper & F. Otto Wolf. (1993), Manifiesto ecosocialista. Los Libros De La Catarata. (Spanish edition ISBN 84-87567-34-7)
  7. ^ "El Parlament de Catalunya aprova la declaració de sobirania de CiU i ERC". La Vanguardia en català. 23 January 2013. Retrieved 2014.

External links


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