Ichikawa Ebiz%C5%8D
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Ichikawa Ebiz%C5%8D
The Ichikawa family crest (mon)

Ichikawa Ebiz? ( ) is a stage name taken on by a series of Kabuki actors of the Ichikawa family. Most of these were blood relatives, though some were adopted into the family. It is a famous and important name, and receiving it is an honor.

Ebiz?, like other actors' names, is bestowed (or given up) at grand naming ceremonies called sh?mei in which a number of actors formally change their names. A number of actors have followed a particular sequence in their stage names, preceding "Ebiz?" by being called Ichikawa Shinnosuke or Matsumoto K?shir?, and following it by achieving the name Ichikawa Danj?r?.

The design of the Ichikawa family mon, three squares nested inside one another, is called mimasu ().

Lineage

  • Ichikawa Ebiz? I (1673 - April 1675)[1] - Took the name Danj?r? in 1693, becoming the first Ichikawa Danj?r?. Originated the aragoto form.
  • Ichikawa Ebiz? II (November 1735 - September 1758) - Eldest son of Ebiz? I; previously known as Ichikawa Kuz? and later as Ichikawa Danj?r? II.
  • Ichikawa Ebiz? III (November 1772 - March 1778) - Adopted son of Ebiz? II, possibly biological son. Previously known as Matsumoto K?shir? II, and later as Ichikawa Danj?r? III.
  • Ichikawa Ebiz? IV (November 1782 - October 1791) - Son of Ichikawa Danj?r? V, grandson of Ebiz? III; Later known as Ichikawa Danj?r? VI. Died young.
  • Ichikawa Ebiz? V (1797 - October 1800, March 1832 - March 1859) - Grandson of Danj?r? V, previously known as Ichikawa Shinnosuke I and Ichikawa Yebiz?[2] and Ichikawa Danj?r? VII. Established the Kabuki J?hachiban.
  • Ichikawa Ebiz? VI (March 1825 to February 1832) - Eldest son of Ebiz? V. Previously known as Ichikawa Shinnosuke II, later known as Danj?r? VIII. Committed suicide in Osaka.
  • Ichikawa Ebiz? VII (1874) - Third son of Ebiz? V. Previously known as Ichikawa Shinnosuke III.
  • Ichikawa Ebiz? VIII (1881 - November 1886) - Seventh son of Ebiz? V, brother to Ichikawa Danj?r? IX. Previously known as Ichikawa Akanbei, Ichikawa Juz?, Ichikawa Saruz? II, and Ichikawa Shinnosuke IV.
  • Ichikawa Ebiz? IX (May 1940 - March 1962) - Adopted son of Ichikawa Danj?r? X, his biological father was Matsumoto K?shir? VII. Previously known as Ichikawa Komaz? V and later as Ichikawa Danj?r? XI.
  • Ichikawa Ebiz? X (November 1969 to March 1985) - Eldest son of Ebiz? IX. Previously known as Ichikawa Shinnosuke VI and later as Ichikawa Danj?r? XII. He was the latest holder of the name Ichikawa Danj?r?, until his death in February 2013.
  • Ichikawa Ebiz? XI (May 2004-present) - Son of Ebiz? X. Previously known as Ichikawa Shinnosuke VII. Ebiz? XI is the current holder of the name Ichikawa Ebiz?. In May 2020, he will succeed his father as Ichikawa Danj?r? XIII.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ Note: the dates given here do not represent the birth/death dates of the actor; rather, they indicate the period during which the actor held the name Danj?r?.
  2. ^ Note: though this would be "Ebiz?" in modern revised Japanese, it was written with different characters, as (), and thus is considered a separate name. See Historical kana usage.
  3. ^ https://www.japantimes.co.jp/culture/2019/01/14/entertainment-news/popular-kabuki-actor-ichikawa-ebizo-become-13th-holder-danjuro-stage-name/#.XSS4-etKjIU
  • Ichikawa Danj?r? V was forced to give up the name Danj?r? and take the name Ebiz? due to an incident in 1778, in which he was accused of misappropriation of funds by actors who saw him as a rival for influence within the kabuki world. He took the name Ebiz? again from November 1791 until November 1798, but wrote it with different kanji () and thus he is not counted within the regular Ebiz? () lineage.

References

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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