IEEE
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IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
AbbreviationIEEE
FoundedJanuary 1, 1963; 59 years ago (1963-01-01)
TypeProfessional association
13-1656633[1]
Legal status501(c)(3) nonprofit organization
FocusElectrical, electronics, communications, computer engineering, computer science and information technology[2]
Location
OriginsMerger of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers
MethodIndustry standards, conferences, publications
Members
423,000+
Key people
Stephen Welby (Executive director & COO)
K. J. Ray Liu (President & CEO)
Revenue
US$563 million
Websitewww.ieee.org Edit this at Wikidata

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a 501(c)(3) professional association for electronic engineering and electrical engineering (and associated disciplines) with its corporate office in New York City[4] and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey. It was formed in 1963 from the amalgamation of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers.[5]

Due to its expansion of scope into so many related fields, it is simply referred to by the letters I-E-E-E (pronounced I-triple-E), except on legal business documents. As of 2018, it is the world's largest association of technical professionals[6] with more than 423,000 members in over 160 countries around the world.[7] Its objectives are the educational and technical advancement of electrical and electronic engineering, telecommunications, computer engineering and similar disciplines.[4][8]

History

Origins

The IEEE traces its founding to 1884 and the American Institute of Electrical Engineers. In 1912, the rival Institute of Radio Engineers was formed. Although the AIEE was initially larger, the IRE attracted more students and was larger by the mid-1950s.[9] The AIEE and IRE merged in 1963.

The IEEE headquarters is in New York City at 3 Park Ave, but most business is done at the IEEE Operations Center[10] in Piscataway, NJ, first occupied in 1975.

Growth

The American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE) and the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE) merged to create the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) on January 1, 1963. At that time, the combined group had 150,000 members, 93% in the United States. By 1984 there were 250,000 members, 20% of whom were outside the U.S.[]

The Australian Section of the IEEE existed between 1972 and 1985. After this date, it split into state- and territory-based sections.[11]

As of 2021, IEEE has over 400,000 members in 160 countries, with the U.S. based membership no longer constituting a majority.[12]

Controversies

Huawei ban

In May 2019, IEEE restricted Huawei employees from peer reviewing papers or handling papers as editors due to the "severe legal implications" of U.S. government sanctions against Huawei.[13] As members of its standard-setting body, Huawei employees could continue to exercise their voting rights, attend standards development meetings, submit proposals and comment in public discussions on new standards.[14][15] The ban sparked outrage among Chinese scientists on social media. Some professors in China decided to cancel their memberships.[16][17]

On June 3, 2019, IEEE lifted restrictions on Huawei's editorial and peer review activities after receiving clearance from the United States government.[18][19][20]

Position on the Russia-Ukraine conflict

On February 26, 2022, the chair of the IEEE Ukraine Section - Ievgen Pichkalov - publicly appealed to the IEEE members to "freeze [IEEE] activities and membership in Russia" and requested "public reaction and strict disapproval of Russia's aggression" from the IEEE and IEEE Region 8.[21] On March 17, 2022, an article in the form of Q&A interview with IEEE Russia (Siberia) senior member Roman Gorbunov titled "A Russian Perspective on the War in Ukraine" was published in IEEE Spectrum to demonstrate "the plurality of views among IEEE members" and the "views that are at odds with international reporting on the war in Ukraine".[22] On March 30, 2022, activist Anna Rohrbach created an open letter to the IEEE in an attempt to have them directly address the article, stating that the article used "common narratives in Russian propaganda" on the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine and requesting the IEEE Spectrum to acknowledge "that they have unwittingly published a piece furthering misinformation and Russian propaganda."[23] A few days later a note from the editors was added on April 6 [24] with an apology "for not providing adequate context at the time of publication", but even then the editors "have not revised the original piece".[25]

Publications

IEEE produces over 30% of the world's literature in the electrical and electronics engineering and computer science fields, publishing approximately 200 peer-reviewed journals[26] and magazines. IEEE publishes more than 1,200 conference proceedings every year.

The published content in these journals as well as the content from several hundred annual conferences sponsored by the IEEE are available in the IEEE Electronic Library (IEL)[27] available through IEEE Xplore[28] platform, for subscription-based access and individual publication purchases.[29]

In addition to journals and conference proceedings, the IEEE also publishes tutorials and standards that are produced by its standardization committees. The organization also has its own IEEE format paper.[30]

Educational activities

The IEEE provides learning opportunities within the engineering sciences, research, and technology.

IEEE offers educational opportunities such as IEEE eLearning Library,[31] the Education Partners Program,[32] Standards in Education[33] and Continuing Education Units (CEUs).[34]

IEEE eLearning Library is a collection of online educational courses designed for self-paced learning. Education Partners, exclusive for IEEE members, offers on-line degree programs, certifications and courses at a 10% discount. The Standards in Education website explains what standards are and the importance of developing and using them. The site includes tutorial modules and case illustrations to introduce the history of standards, the basic terminology, their applications and impact on products, as well as news related to standards, book reviews and links to other sites that contain information on standards. Currently, forty states in the United States require Professional Development Hours (PDH) to maintain a Professional Engineering license,[35][36][37] encouraging engineers to seek Continuing Education Units (CEUs) for their participation in continuing education programs. CEUs readily translate into Professional Development Hours (PDHs), with 1 CEU being equivalent to 10 PDHs. Countries outside the United States, such as South Africa, similarly require continuing professional development (CPD) credits, and it is anticipated that IEEE Expert Now courses will feature in the CPD listing for South Africa.

IEEE also sponsors a website designed to help young people better understand engineering. This website allows students to search for accredited engineering degree programs in Canada and the United States.

Through the Student Activities Committee, IEEE facilitates partnership between student activities and all other IEEE entities.[38]

Technical societies

Various technical areas are addressed by IEEE's 39 societies, each one focused on a certain knowledge area. They provide specialized publications, conferences, business networking and sometimes other services.[39]

IEEE Computer Society

IEEE Computer society is the largest among IEEE Societies with membership of 51,985 as of 2021.[40] Its flaship publication included as part of the membership is Computer. Non members and members can sign up for free Computing Edge magazine, which is a digest of content previously published in several IEEE Computer society magazines.

IEEE Global History Network

In September 2008, the IEEE History Committee founded the IEEE Global History Network,[41][42][43] it now redirects to Engineering and Technology History Wiki.[44][41]

IEEE Foundation

The IEEE Foundation is a charitable foundation established in 1973[45] to support and promote technology education, innovation and excellence.[46] It is incorporated separately from the IEEE, although it has a close relationship to it. Members of the Board of Directors of the foundation are required to be active members of IEEE, and one third of them must be current or former members of the IEEE Board of Directors.

Initially, the role of the IEEE Foundation was to accept and administer donations for the IEEE Awards program, but donations increased beyond what was necessary for this purpose, and the scope was broadened. In addition to soliciting and administering unrestricted funds, the foundation also administers donor-designated funds supporting particular educational, humanitarian, historical preservation, and peer recognition programs of the IEEE.[46] As of the end of 2014, the foundation's total assets were nearly $45 million, split equally between unrestricted and donor-designated funds.[47]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax 2019" (PDF). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  2. ^ "IEEE Technical Activities Board Operations Manual" (PDF). IEEE. Retrieved 2021., section 1.3 Technical activities objectives
  3. ^ "IEEE - IEEE Contact & Support". Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  4. ^ a b "IEEE". MITcoe.ac.in (MIT College of Engineering SB, Pune). Archived from the original on 2019-10-21. Retrieved . MIT College of Engineering SB, Pune represents the student branch for an ... (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City
  5. ^ "IRE - Institute of Radio Engineers (old name for IEEE)". AcronymFinder. IRE is defined as Institute of Radio Engineers (old name for IEEE) ... Engineers (AIEE) and the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE) in 1963.
  6. ^ "IEEE". PES University. Archived from the original on 2018-09-23. Retrieved . IEEE, an association dedicated to advancing innovation and technological excellence for the benefit of humanity, is the world's largest technical professional ...
  7. ^ "About IEEE". www.ieee.org.
  8. ^ "History of". IEEE. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Formation of IEEE by the Merger of AIEE and IRE". Engineering and Technology History Wiki. 17 February 2019. Retrieved 2021.
  10. ^ "IEEE Operations Center". 4 January 2019.
  11. ^ "History of IEEE in Australia". Engineering and Technology History Wiki. 16 August 1939. Retrieved 2021.
  12. ^ "IEEE At a Glance". IEEE.
  13. ^ Mervis, Jeffrey (2019-05-29). "IEEE, a Major Science Publisher, Bans Huawei Scientists from Reviewing Papers". Science. Retrieved .
  14. ^ "IEEE | IEEE China". IEEE.org. Archived from the original on 2019-06-03. Retrieved .
  15. ^ Reichert, Corinne. "Huawei scientists reportedly banned from reviewing IEEE science papers". CNET. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "IEEE?,?". Guancha.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved .
  17. ^ "Science publisher IEEE bans Huawei but Says Trade Rules will have 'Minimal Impact' on Members". TechCrunch. Retrieved .
  18. ^ "IEEE ". IEEE.org. Archived from the original on July 29, 2019. Retrieved .
  19. ^ Lee, David (2019-06-03). "IEEE Lifts Ban on Huawei Employees". Pandaily. Retrieved .
  20. ^ "IEEE Says It May Have Gone about Things the Wrong Huawei, Lifts Ban after US Govt Clearance". The Register.
  21. ^ "[URGENT ACTION] Call for Support of Ukraine". 26 February 2022.
  22. ^ "A Russian Perspective on the War in Ukraine". 17 March 2022.
  23. ^ "Open Letter: IEEE Spectrum editors apparently fell for Russian propaganda". 30 March 2022.
  24. ^ "A Note From The Editors". IEEE Spectrum. 6 April 2022. Retrieved .
  25. ^ "IEEE Spectrum responds with words but no actions on the issue of furthering Russian propaganda". 8 April 2022.
  26. ^ "About". IEEE. Retrieved .
  27. ^ "IEEE Xplore Help". ieeexplore.ieee.org. Retrieved .
  28. ^ "IEEE Xplore". ieeexplore.ieee.org. Retrieved .
  29. ^ "IEEE Xplore Digital Library Subscriptions". www.ieee.org. Retrieved .
  30. ^ "The IEEE Paper Format". 13 February 2019. Retrieved .
  31. ^ "IEEE Xplore Subscription Options | IEEE eLearning Library". Ieee.org. 28 February 2014. Retrieved .
  32. ^ "Education". IEEE. Archived from the original on 2010-03-15. Retrieved .
  33. ^ "Standards". IEEE. Retrieved .
  34. ^ "Education". IEEE. Archived from the original on 2009-03-08. Retrieved .
  35. ^ "PDH License Renewal Requirements for Professional Engineers by State, US Territories and the District of Columbia". Forty states now require continuing education for license renewal. Note that some states including Nebraska and Wisconsin have reduced the requirements temporarily due to Covid-19. Retrieved 2020-10-07
  36. ^ "Professional Engineering CE Requirements by State". Effective March 1, 2015 Florida Professional Engineers are required to complete 18 hours of continuing education to renew their licenses
  37. ^ "Maintaining a License". NSPE.org (National Society of Professional Engineers). For dedicated professional engineers, earning a PE license is just the beginning. ... Continuing Education Requirements for Professional Engineers ...
  38. ^ "MGA Student Activities Committee (SAC)". IEEE. Retrieved .
  39. ^ "IEEE Societies". IEEE. Retrieved 2018.
  40. ^ "IEEE Annual report 2021" (PDF). IEEE. Retrieved .
  41. ^ a b "Main Page". GHN. Archived from the original on 19 October 2008. Retrieved 2022.
  42. ^ Baal-Schem, J. (November 2009). "GHN -- The IEEE Global History Network". 2009 IEEE International Conference on Microwaves, Communications, Antennas and Electronics Systems. pp. 1-2. doi:10.1109/COMCAS.2009.5385936. Retrieved 2022.
  43. ^ "Oral-History:Frederik Nebeker". Engineering and Technology History Wiki. 26 January 2021. Retrieved 2022.
  44. ^ "ETHW:About". Engineering and Technology History Wiki. 13 October 2021. Retrieved 2022.
  45. ^ "IEEE Foundation". InsidePhilanthropy. Established in 1973, the IEEE Foundation is ...
  46. ^ a b "IEEE Foundation - Home Page - IEEE Foundation, Inc". IEEE.org. Archived from the original on 2014-02-18. Retrieved .
  47. ^ "IEEE Foundation Overview". ieee.org. Archived from the original on July 16, 2006.

External links


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