|English: Hymn to Liberty|
National anthem of Greece and Cyprus
|Lyrics||Dionysios Solomos, 1823|
|Music||Nikolaos Mantzaros, 1865|
|Adopted||1865 (by Greece)|
1966 (by Cyprus)
"Hýmnos is tin Eleftherían" (instrumental)
The "Hymn to Liberty" or "Hymn to Freedom" (Greek: ?,[a] also ? ?),[b] is a poem written by Dionysios Solomos in 1823 that consists of 158 stanzas, which is used as the national anthem of Greece and Cyprus. It was set to music by Nikolaos Mantzaros, and is the longest national anthem in the world by length of text. It officially became the national anthem of Greece in 1865, and Cyprus in 1966.
Dionysios Solomos wrote "Hymn to Liberty" in 1823 in Zakynthos and one year later was printed in Messolonghi. It was set to music in 1865 by the Corfiot operatic composer Nikolaos Mantzaros, who composed two choral versions, a long one for the whole poem and a short one for the first two stanzas; the latter is the one adopted as the national anthem of Greece. "Hymn to Liberty" was adopted as the national anthem of Cyprus by order of the Council of Ministers in 1966.
"Hymn to Liberty" recounts the misery of the Greeks under the Ottomans and their hope for freedom. He describes different events of the War, such as the execution of Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople, the reaction of the Great Powers, extensively the Siege of Tripolitsa and the Christian character of the struggle.[c]
|Greek original||Transliteration||IPA transcription||Turkish translation
(Rudyard Kipling, 1918)
Se gnorízo apó tin kópsi
[se ?no'rizo a'po ti? 'kopsi]
Tan?r?m seni, k?l?c?n?n
We knew thee of old,
"Hymn to Liberty" has been performed at every closing ceremony of the Olympic Games, to pay tribute to Greece as the birthplace of the Olympic Games. The version commonly played by military bands is an arrangement composed by Lieutenant Colonel Margaritis Kastellis (1907-79), former director of the Greek Music Corps.
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