|Location||Am Motodrom, Hockenheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|FIA Grade||1 (GP)|
|Broke ground||23 March 1932|
|Opened||29 May 1932|
GT World Challenge Europe (2022-present)
BOSS GP (2007-2008, 2010-2019, 2022-present)
German Grand Prix (Intermittently, 1970-2019)
Grand Prix motorcycle racing
German motorcycle Grand Prix (Intermittently, 1957-1994)
World SBK (1988-1997, 1999-2000)
World RX of Hockenheim
FIM EWC (1986)
Sidecar World Championship
24H Series 12 Hours of Hockenheimring (2020-2022)
NASCAR Whelen Euro Series (2017-2019)
GP2 (Intermittently, 2005-2016)
GP3 (2010, 2012, 2014, 2016)
FIA GT (1997-1999, 2004)
W Series (2019)
International GT Open (2019)
TCR Europe (2016, 2019)
World Sportscar Championship (1966-1967, 1977, 1985)
|Grand Prix Circuit (2002-present)|
|Length||4.574 km (2.842 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:13.780 ( Kimi Räikkönen, McLaren MP4-19B, 2004, F1)|
|National Circuit (2002-present)|
|Length||3.736 km (2.322 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:19.742 ( Daniel Juncadella, Dallara F309, 2010, F3)|
|Short Circuit (1966-2002)|
|Length||2.638 km (1.639 miles)|
|Race lap record||0:57.450 ( Josef Neuhauser, Minardi M190, 2001, F1)|
|Length||6.823 km (4.240 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:41.808 ( Juan Pablo Montoya, Williams FW23, 2001, F1)|
|Length||6.815 km (4.235 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:41.591 ( Riccardo Patrese, Williams FW14B, 1992, F1)|
|Length||6.802 km (4.227 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:43.569 ( Riccardo Patrese, Williams FW14, 1991, F1)|
|Length||6.790 km (4.219 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:48.490 ( Alan Jones, Williams FW07B, 1980, F1)|
|Length||6.769 km (4.206 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:54.600 ( Trevor Taylor, Surtees TS5, 1969, F5000)|
|Length||7.692 km (4.780 miles)|
|Race lap record||2:31.400 ( Peter Nöcker, Ferrari 250 GT, 1962, Group 3)|
|Length||12.045 km (7.485 miles)|
The Hockenheimring Baden-Württemberg (German: ['h?kha?m ?ba:dn? 'vt?mbk] ) is a motor racing circuit situated in the Rhine valley near the town of Hockenheim in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, located on the Bertha Benz Memorial Route. Amongst other motor racing events, it has hosted the German Grand Prix, most recently in 2019. The circuit has very little differences in elevation. The circuit has an FIA Grade 1 license.
Originally called "Dreieckskurs" (triangle course), the Hockenheimring was built in 1932. The man behind it is Ernst Christ, a young timekeeper who felt that a racing track should be built in his hometown of Hockenheim. He submitted the plans to the mayor and they were approved on Christmas day, in 1931. This first layout of the track was around twelve kilometres long and consisted of a large triangle-like section, a hairpin in the city and two straights connecting them.
In 1938, the circuit dramatically shortened, from twelve kilometres down to just over seven and a half, and the Ostkurve corner, which lasted until 2001, was introduced for the first time. In that year, the track was also renamed to "Kurpfalzring". The track was damaged by tanks during World War II. After the war, the track was repaired, and renamed to "Hockenheimring". Former DKW and NSU factory rider and world record setter Wilhelm Herz became the manager of the track in 1954 and promoted the track successfully; Grand Prix motorcycle racing events were held, with the German motorcycle Grand Prix alternating between the Hockenheimring and other tracks. This version of the circuit was just over seven and a half kilometres long and consisted of the original two long straights, with the Ostkurve in the forest and the original hairpin inside Hockenheim joining them together.
In 1965, when the new Autobahn A 6 separated the village from the main part of the track, a new version of Hockenheim circuit was built, with the "Motodrom" stadium section, designed by John Hugenholtz, who also designed Suzuka. After Jim Clark was killed on 7 April 1968 in a Formula 2 racing accident, two fast chicanes were added and the track was lined with crash barriers in 1970. A small memorial was placed near the first chicane (which was named after him), at the site of his accident. In 1982, another chicane was added at the Ostkurve (east curve), after Patrick Depailler was killed there in 1980, and the first chicane was made slower as well. For the 1992 German Grand Prix, the Ostkurve was changed yet again, from a quick left turn into a more complex right-left-right chicane, after Érik Comas crashed there in 1991. The second chicane was renamed after Ayrton Senna, after his death at the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix.
This version used to be quite large, with a very long and very fast section going through forests essentially consisting of four straights of roughly 1.3 km (0.81 mi), separated by a chicane sequence, followed by a more tight and twisty "stadium" section (so called because of all the grandstands situated there) named Motodrom. This made the setting up of racing cars difficult, since a choice had to be made - whether to run low downforce to optimize speed through the straights and compromise grip in the stadium section, or vice versa. The long track length also meant that a typical Formula One race had only 45 laps, limiting the spectators' experience of the race to only that many passes through the stadium.
During the mid-1980s "turbo era" of Formula One where fuel was restricted to either 220 (1984-1985), 195 (1986-1987) or 150 (1988) litres for races for the turbo powered cars, Hockenheim also saw drivers, including World Champion Alain Prost, at times fail to finish due to simply running out of fuel near the end of the race. Prost ran out at the end of the 1986 race, pushing his McLaren towards the line before giving up. He was placed 3rd when he ran dry and was eventually classified 6th, gaining a valuable championship point that would help him with his second World Championship.
Many problems came to light during the 2000 German Grand Prix, which was won by Brazilian driver Rubens Barrichello from having started 18th on the grid. The race finished in changeable weather conditions, with pouring rain in the stadium sector and almost completely dry forest straights. All the overtaking moves that took place during the race were in the chicanes of the forest sector, meaning hardly any spectators saw most of the best action. Midway through the race, a former Mercedes-Benz employee, who had been dismissed, breached the track's security barriers on the first forest straight, showing vulnerable security facilities in the forest and leading to the deployment of the safety car that neutralized a comfortable lead for the two Mercedes-powered McLarens. Later on, French driver Jean Alesi collided with Brazilian Pedro Diniz in the braking zone for the third chicane and his car spun uncontrollably down the track, which caused him to suffer dizziness for three days.
These events prompted much protest from the FIA to greatly improve spectator viewing, safety, and security at the track, claiming that the track was no longer suited to modern Formula One racing.
In the early 2000s, F1 officials demanded the 6.823 km (4.240 mi) track be shortened and threatened to discontinue racing there, threatening to relocate to other tracks such as the EuroSpeedway Lausitz and sites in Asia. The state government of Baden-Württemberg secured the financing for the redesign by Hermann Tilke for the 2002 German Grand Prix. The stadium section remained mostly intact, despite a new surface and a tighter Turn 1 ("Nordkurve"). However, the circuit was dramatically shortened, with the long, forested straights section chopped off in favour of more tight corners. More than half of the first straight and almost all of the straight between the Ostkurve and Senna chicane were cut and the rest was connected with a new long straight called the "Parabolika", with a small kink being added between the first straight and the new one. A small right-left-right complex was added to the remaining part of the final straight, with a new grandstand overlooking it. In an extremely controversial move, the old forest section was torn up and replanted with trees, eliminating any chance of using the old course either for future F1 events or for historic car events.
There was and still remains a great deal of criticism of the track redesign, in terms of ruining the previous unique technical challenges of the old Hockenheim circuit and delivering a new homogenised "assembly line" circuit without the character of the previous layout, whilst being beset by the perceived problems of other Tilke circuits. Several drivers and team principals, including Ron Dennis, Jarno Trulli and Juan Pablo Montoya, criticised the changes and stated their preference for the old circuit.
The change in the track layout also saw the installation of a new memorial to Jim Clark. This is located at the outside of the current track's turn 2, where the old track continued out into the forests, and the new shortened track turns to the right.
The new track has a seating capacity of 120,000, due to new large grandstands sponsored by Mercedes-Benz. The complex also features a quarter-mile track for drag racing. It hosts one of the largest drag racing events in Europe, known as the NitrOlympx, and was one of the last Top Fuel circuits to race to 0.25 miles (0.40 km) before the FIA switched the nitro categories to the now-recognised 1,000 feet (300 m) distance in 2012.
The Hockenheim Circuit hosted the German Grand Prix for the first time in 1970 when the F1 drivers decided at the French Grand Prix to boycott the allegedly dangerous Nürburgring unless major changes were made. The next year the German Grand Prix went back to the Nürburgring until the 1976 German Grand Prix. From 1977 to 2006, the Hockenheimring hosted the German Grand Prix with the exception of 1985, when the race was held at the reconfigured Nürburgring.
In July 2006, Bernie Ecclestone announced that from 2007 onwards, there would be only one Grand Prix per year in Germany. Since 1995, there had been two Grands Prix every year in Germany; the German Grand Prix at Hockenheim, plus either the European Grand Prix or the Luxembourg Grand Prix at the Nürburgring. From 2007, the Nürburgring and Hockenheimring alternated hosting the German Grand Prix, starting with the Nürburgring in 2007.
Ongoing deficits of the Formula One races, amounting to up to 5.3 million Euro per race that had to be covered by the local communities, made it likely the contract between the Hockenheimring and Formula One Management would not be extended after the Grand Prix of 2010. However, in October 2009 the contract for the circuit to hold the German GP was extended to 2018, with the FOA agreeing to cover any losses the event incurs. Neither Hockenheim nor the Nürburgring hosted a Grand Prix in 2015 or 2017 after the Nürburgring failed to complete an agreement with Formula 1's commercial rights holder Bernie Ecclestone.
From 1986 to 1988, the start-finish straight was used for 1/8 mile drag racing. In 1989, a proper drag strip was built by connecting the Opel-Kurve and the first turn entering the Motodrom section. The finish line was at the beginning of the forest, with a very long run-off on the straight in the forest. Competitors had to travel around the full race track in opposite direction to return to the paddock.
The drag strip is only used for two events in August, the Public Race Days and the NitrolympX main event a week later. Originally named the Nitrolympics and featuring Top Fuel dragsters, it was renamed to NitrolympX.
When the Hockenheimring was shortened in 2002, the drag strip was moved back, closer to the new tall Tower stands that allow an unusual view along the drag strip. Even though the run off was cut in half it remains one of the longest in drag racing. The NitrolympX usually host most European Drag Racing Championship, sanctioned by FIA or FIM, plus jet dragsters and other entertaining events on the Saturday night show that draws 40,000 spectators.
The drag strip in 2008 was christened Rico Anthes Quartermile after the German former Top Fuel driver and long-time organizer of the NitrolympX had retired in 2007. As the dragstrip can only be prepared for professional drag racing after the last major circuit event, mainly the Formula One race, the grip is often sub par compared to permanent drag strips that host two Euro Championship events each year, like Santa Pod Raceway in England or Tierp Arena in Sweden. The best performances on the full quarter-mile were significantly below those in Santa Pod, and the best ET was set in 2005: 4.873 sec. and 458 km/h by Brady Kalivoda (USA).
In 2012, some Pro classes could not find traction as Formula One had demanded a new surface. In subsequent years, the organizers provided a better track, with support from Santa Pod personnel and machinery. In 2016, Hockenheim, and mainland Europe, finally saw the first 3-second Top Fuel 1000 ft passes, with 3.939 sec. and 486.91 km/h by Anita Mäkelä (FIN). An overall European record for Super Street Bike was set by Garry Bowe (GB) with 7.04s 340,69 km/h.
The DTM (Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters) series has regularly raced at the Hockenheimring since its revival in 2000. In most years, the DTM has competed there twice during a season.
Located in the stadia section of the track, the rallycross track uses a section of track from turns 11 to 16, combined with a dirt section in front of the grandstands. It hosted first ever World RX of Hockenheim, round 2 of FIA World Rallycross Championship in 2015 as supporting event of DTM. WRX also combined with the DTM for an event there in 2017.
Official record lap times are only set during the race. The fastest ever lap on the track is 1:11.212 set by Sebastian Vettel in a Ferrari SF71H during qualifying at the 2018 German Grand Prix. The official race lap records at the Hockenheimring are listed as:
|Current Grand Prix Circuit: 4.574 km (2002-present)|
|F1||1:13.780||Kimi Räikkönen||McLaren MP4-19B||2004 German Grand Prix|
|GP2||1:23.110||Sergio Pérez||Dallara GP2/08||2010 Hockenheim GP2 round|
|F3000 (Interserie)||1:24.895||Arnold Wagner||Reynard 95D||2002 Hockenheim Interserie round|
|Formula Renault 3.5||1:28.921||Esteban Guerrieri||Dallara T08||2010 Hockenheim Formula Renault 3.5 Series round|
|Class 1 Touring Car||1:30.401||Pietro Fittipaldi||Audi RS5 Turbo DTM 2019||2019 1st Hockenheim DTM round|
|GP3||1:31.198||Jann Mardenborough||Dallara GP3/10||2014 Hockenheim GP3 Series round|
|Formula 3||1:32.271||Maximilian Günther||Dallara F317||2017 Hockenheim F3 round|
|DTM||1:32.456||Jamie Green||Audi RS5 DTM||2017 Hockenheim DTM round|
|Super GT (GT500)||1:32.536||Nick Cassidy||Lexus LC 500 GT500||2019 Hockenheim DTM Finale|
|Euroformula Open||1:33.039||Yuki Tsunoda||Dallara F317||2019 Hockenheim Euroformula Open round|
|LMP3||1:36.669||Óscar Tunjo||Duqueine D-08||2022 Hockenheim Prototype Cup Germany round|
|Formula Renault Eurocup||1:37.652||Lorenzo Colombo||Tatuus FR-19||2020 Hockenheim Formula Renault Eurocup round|
|GT3||1:38.061||Tom Onslow-Cole||Mercedes-AMG GT3||2019 Hockenheim International GT Open round|
|GT1 (GTS)||1:38.151||Karl Wendlinger||Ferrari 575 Maranello GTC||2004 FIA GT Hockenheim 500km|
|W Series||1:38.875||Miki Koyama||Tatuus F.3 T-318||2019 Hockenheim W Series round|
|Formula 4||1:40.724||Felipe Drugovich||Tatuus F4-T014||2017 Hockenheim ADAC Formula 4 round|
|N-GT||1:41.406||Fabrizio De Simone||Ferrari 360 Modena GTC||2004 FIA GT Hockenheim 500km|
|GT2||1:41.459||Nicola Cadei||Ferrari F430 GTC||2010 Hockenheim GTSprint Series round|
|Porsche Carrera Cup||1:41.752||Larry ten Voorde||Porsche 911 (992) GT3 Cup||2022 Hockenheim Porsche Carrera Cup Germany round|
|Ferrari Challenge||1:43.093||Doriane Pin||Ferrari 488 Challenge Evo||2022 Hockenheim Ferrari Challenge Europe round|
|SRO GT2||1:43.248||Anders Fjordbach||Audi R8 LMS GT2||2021 Hockenheim GT2 European Series round|
|ADAC Formel Masters||1:44.722||Emil Bernstorff||Dallara Formulino||2011 Hockenheim ADAC Formel Masters round|
|Formula BMW||1:45.098||Marco Holzer||Mygale FB02||2006 1st Hockenheim Formula BMW ADAC Round|
|Eurocup Mégane Trophy||1:45.491||Bas Schothorst||Renault Mégane Renault Sport II||2010 Hockenheim Eurocup Mégane Trophy round|
|GT4||1:47.613||Jim Pla||Mercedes-AMG GT4||2022 Hockenheim GT4 European Series round|
|TCR Touring Car||1:48.298||Andreas Bäckman||Hyundai i30 N TCR||2019 Hockenheim TCR Europe round|
|Super 2000||1:49.147||Andy Priaulx||BMW 320i||2004 Hockenheim ETCC round|
|National Circuit: 3.736 km (2002-present)|
|Formula 3||1:19.742||Daniel Juncadella||Dallara F309||2010 2nd Hockenheim F3 Euro Series round|
|DTM||1:20.120||Paul di Resta||AMG-Mercedes C-Klasse 2009||2010 2nd Hockenheim DTM round|
|Superbikes||1:26.431||Markus Reiterberger||BMW M1000RR||2021 Hockenheim IDM Superbike round|
|Supersport||1:29.220||Patrick Hobelsberger||Yamaha YZF-R6||2021 Hockenheim IDM Supersport round|
|Stock car racing||1:32.160||Loris Hezemans||Ford Mustang NASCAR||2019 Hockenheim NASCAR Euro Series round|
|Supersport 300||1:36.928||Dirk Geiger||Kawasaki Ninja 400||2022 Hockenheim IDM Supersport 300 round|
|Short Circuit 1: 2.638 km (2002-present)|
|Short Circuit 2: 2.604 km (2002-present)|
|Hockenheimring Grand Prix Circuit: 6.823 km (1994-2001)|
|F1||1:41.808||Juan Pablo Montoya||Williams FW23||2001 German Grand Prix|
|F3000||1:58.633||Ricardo Rosset||Reynard 95D||1995 Hockenheim F3000 round|
|GT1 (Prototype)||2:00.333||Bernd Schneider||Mercedes-Benz CLK LM||1998 FIA GT Hockenheim 500km|
|DTM||2:07.288||Bernd Mayländer||Mercedes-Benz AMG CLK DTM 2001||2001 2nd Hockenheimring DTM round|
|GT2||2:07.899||Pedro Lamy||Chrysler Viper GTS-R||1998 FIA GT Hockenheim 500km|
|Class 1 Touring Cars||2:07.995||Manuel Reuter||Opel Calibra V6 4x4||1996 2nd Hockenheim ITC round|
|Formula 3||2:08.134||Markus Winkelhock||Dallara F301||2001 2nd Hockenheim German F3 round|
|Super Touring||2:18.726||Laurent Aïello||Peugeot 406||1997 Hockenheim STW Cup round|
|Porsche Carrera Cup||2:19.150||Sascha Maassen||Porsche 911 (996) GT3 Cup||1999 Hockenheim Porsche Supercup round|
|Hockenheimring Short Circuit: 2.638 km (1966-2002)|
|F1||57.450||Josef Neuhauser||Minardi M190||2001 Hockenheim Interserie round|
|DTM||57.879||Christian Abt||Abt-Audi TT-R DTM||2002 1st Hockenheim DTM round|
|Formula 3||58.472||Frank Diefenbacher||Dallara F301||2001 1st Hockenheim German F3 round|
|Group C||59.050||Hans-Joachim Stuck||Porsche 962C||1986 Hockenheim ADAC Supercup round|
|Class 1 Touring Cars||1:01.417||Jan Magnussen||Mercedes C-Class||1996 1st Hockenheim ITC round|
|GT2||1:03.505||Jean-Philippe Belloc||Chrysler Viper GTS-R||1999 FIA GT Hockenheim 500km|
|Group 5||1:04.000||Klaus Ludwig||Zakspeed Ford Capri Turbo||1980 Internationaler ADAC Hessen-Cup|
|Super Touring||1:05.068||Tom Kristensen||Honda Accord||1999 Hockenheim STW Cup round|
|Group A||1:05.350||Ellen Lohr||Mercedes 190E 2.5-16 Evo2||1992 1st Hockenheimring DTM round|
|Group 6||1:05.390||Volkert Merl||Porsche 908/3 Turbo||1980 Internationaler ADAC Hessen-Cup|
|Group 3||1:24.200||Heinz Schiller||Porsche 911 S||1967 Hockenheim Grand Touring race|
|Hockenheimring Grand Prix Circuit: 6.815 km (1992-1993)|
|F1||1:41.951||Riccardo Patrese||Williams FW14B||1992 German Grand Prix|
|F3000||1:55.381||Luca Badoer||Reynard 92D||1992 Hockenheim F3000 round|
|Class 1 Touring Cars||2:12.180||Klaus Ludwig||AMG-Mercedes 190E||1993 2nd Hockenheimring DTM round|
|Group A||2:13.310||Joachim Winkelhock||BMW M3 Sport Evolution||1992 2nd Hockenheimring DTM round|
|Hockenheimring Grand Prix Circuit: 6.802 km (1982-1991)|
|F1||1:43.569||Riccardo Patrese||Williams FW14||1991 German Grand Prix|
|IMSA GTP||1:54.710||John Paul, Jr.||Nissan GTP ZX-T||1991 Rennsport-Festival Hockenheim|
|F3000||1:56.969||Andrea Montermini||Ralt RT23||1991 Hockenheim F3000 round|
|Group C||1:59.410||Klaus Ludwig||Porsche 956B||1986 Hockenheim ADAC Supercup round|
|Formula 2||2:01.210||Mike Thackwell||Ralt RH6/84||1984 1st Hockenheim F2 round|
|Group A||2:13.350||Frank Biela||Audi V8 quattro||1991 2nd Hockenheimring DTM round|
|Hockenheimring Grand Prix Circuit (1970-1981); Motorcycling Circuit (1982-2001): 6.790 km|
|F1||1:48.49||Alan Jones||Williams FW07B||1980 German Grand Prix|
|Group 7||1:53.300||Brian Redman||BRM P167||1971 ADAC-Preis von Baden Württemberg und Hessen in Hockenheim|
|Formula 2||1:57.090||Teo Fabi||March 802||1980 2nd Hockenheim F2 round|
|Group 5||1:58.390||Bob Wollek||Porsche 935 K3/80||1981 1st Hockenheim DRM round|
|500cc||1:58.586||Mick Doohan||Honda NSR500||1994 German motorcycle Grand Prix|
|Formula 5000||1:59.600||Frank Gardner||Lola T300||1971 Hockenheim F5000 round|
|World SBK||1:59.885||Pierfrancesco Chili||Suzuki GSX-R750||2000 Hockenheim World SBK round|
|Sports 2000||2:02.100||Jean-Pierre Jabouille||Alpine A441||1974 Int. AvD Preis der Nationen Hockenheim|
|250cc||2:04.820||Loris Capirossi||Honda NSR250||1994 German motorcycle Grand Prix|
|World SSP||2:06.323||Christian Kellner||Yamaha YZF-R6||2000 Hockenheim World SSP round|
|BMW M1 Procar||2:09.800||Hans-Joachim Stuck||BMW M1 Procar||1980 Hockenheim BMW M1 Procar round|
|Sidecar (B2A)||2:10.444||Egbert Streuer||LCR-Yamaha sidecar||1991 German motorcycle Grand Prix|
|Group 4||2:11.400||Bob Wollek||Porsche 934||1976 3rd Hockenheim DRM round|
|Group 2||2:14.000||Klaus Ludwig||Ford Capri RS 3100||1975 2nd Hockenheim DRM round|
|125cc||2:17.301||Kazuto Sakata||Honda RS125||1993 German motorcycle Grand Prix|
|350cc||2:18.000||Michel Frutschi||Yamaha TZ 350||1979 German motorcycle Grand Prix|
|Group 3||2:18.300||Clemens Schickentanz||Porsche Carrera RSR||1974 Int. ADAC-Südwestpokal-Rennen Hockenheim|
|50cc||2:46.050||Stefan Dörflinger||Krauser 80||1983 German motorcycle Grand Prix|
|Hockenheimring Grand Prix Circuit: 6.769/6.789 km (1966-1970)|
|Formula 5000||1:54.600||Trevor Taylor||Surtees TS5||1969 Hockenheim F5000 round|
|Group 6||1:57.800||David Piper||Ferrari 412P||1968 Internationales Solitude-Rennen auf dem Hockenheimring|
|Formula 2||1:58.700||Dieter Quester||BMW 269||1970 Jim Clark-Rennen/Deutschland Trophäe|
|Group 4||2:10.400||Udo Schütz||Porsche 906||1966 100 Meilen von Hockenheim|
|Group 3||2:20.200||Peter Kaiser||Porsche 911T||1969 Intern. Solitude-Rennen auf dem Hockenheimring|
|Group 2||2:26.300||Siegfried Dau||Porsche 911||1967 MHSTC/AvD 100 Meilen von Hockenheim|
|Kurpfalzring: 7.692 km (1938-1965)|
|Group 3||2:31.400||Peter Nöcker||Ferrari 250 GT||1962 Hockenheim Grand Touring race|
|Sports car||2:33.926||Richard von Frankenberg||Porsche 550||1955 Hockenheim Sports Car race|