|English approximation||Hebrew: ski|
The word niqqud in Hebrew. The first vowel (the dot underneath the letter) is a ?iriq itself.
?iriq male Example
Hiriq (Hebrew: ? ?iriq IPA: [?i'?ik]) is a Hebrew niqqud vowel sign represented by a single dot ⟨ ? ⟩ underneath the letter. In Modern Hebrew, it indicates the phoneme which is similar to the "ee" sound in the English word deep and is transliterated with "i". In Yiddish, it indicates the phoneme which is the same as the "i" sound in the English word skip and is transliterated with "i".
When writing with niqqud, the letter yud ⟨?⟩ is often written after the letter that carries the Hiriq sign. This is called ?iriq male (Hebrew: ? IPA: [?i'?ik ma'le]), meaning "full" (or "plene") hiriq. In writing without niqqud, the letter yud is added more often as a mater lectionis, than in writing with niqqud, The main exception is the i vowel in a syllable that ends with shva na?. For example the words ? (series) and (she organized) are pronounced identically in modern Hebrew, but in spelling without niqqud ? is written ? because there is a shva na? on the letter ?, and is written .
In Yiddish orthography the ?iriq is placed under the yud ⟨⟩.
The following table contains the pronunciation and transliteration of the different Hiriqs in reconstructed historical forms and dialects using the International Phonetic Alphabet. The pronunciation in IPA is above and the transliteration is below.
The letter Bet (?) used in this table is only for demonstration. Any letter can be used.
(Also called, ?iriq Yud)
These vowels lengths are not manifested in Modern Hebrew. In addition, the short i is usually promoted to a long i in Israeli writing for the sake of disambiguation.
|Vowel comparison table|
|Yiddish orthography style|
|No length distinction|
Note: In Yiddish orthography only, the glyph, yud-?iriq (), pronounced /i/, can be optionally used, rather than typing yud then ?iriq (). In Hebrew spelling this would be pronounced /ji/. /i/ is written ?iriq then yud ().