Hirik
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Hirik
?iriq
ִ
IPA Hebrew: i
Yiddish: ?
Transliteration i
English approximation Hebrew: ski
Yiddish: skip
?iriq Example
?
The word niqqud in Hebrew. The first vowel (the dot underneath the letter) is a ?iriq itself.
?iriq male Example
The word "baby" in Hebrew with niqqud. Notice the additional Yud?‎⟩.
Other Niqqud
Shva · Hiriq · Tzere · Segol · Patach · Kamatz · Holam · Dagesh · Mappiq · Shuruk · Kubutz · Rafe · Sin/Shin Dot

Hiriq (Hebrew: ? ?iriq  IPA: [?i'?ik]) is a Hebrew niqqud vowel sign represented by a single dot ⟨ ?‎ ⟩ underneath the letter. In Modern Hebrew, it indicates the phoneme which is similar to the "ee" sound in the English word deep and is transliterated with "i". In Yiddish, it indicates the phoneme which is the same as the "i" sound in the English word skip and is transliterated with "i".

Spelling

When writing with niqqud, the letter yud?‎⟩ is often written after the letter that carries the Hiriq sign. This is called ?iriq male (Hebrew: IPA: [?i'?ik ma'le]), meaning "full" (or "plene") hiriq. In writing without niqqud, the letter yud is added more often as a mater lectionis, than in writing with niqqud, The main exception is the i vowel in a syllable that ends with shva na?. For example the words ? (series) and (she organized) are pronounced identically in modern Hebrew, but in spelling without niqqud ? is written ? because there is a shva na? on the letter ?, and is written .

In Yiddish orthography the ?iriq is placed under the yud‎⟩.

Pronunciation

The following table contains the pronunciation and transliteration of the different Hiriqs in reconstructed historical forms and dialects using the International Phonetic Alphabet. The pronunciation in IPA is above and the transliteration is below.

The letter Bet (?‎) used in this table is only for demonstration. Any letter can be used.

Symbol Name Pronunciation
Israeli Ashkenazi Sephardi Yemenite Tiberian Reconstructed
Mishnaic Biblical
Hiriq [i, i:] ? [?]
?iriq male
(Also called, ?iriq Yud)
[i:] [i:] [i:] [i:] ? [i:]

Vowel length comparison

These vowels lengths are not manifested in Modern Hebrew. In addition, the short i is usually promoted to a long i in Israeli writing for the sake of disambiguation.

Vowel comparison table
Vowel Length IPA Transliteration English
approximation
Long Short Very Short
ִ n/a i ski
Yiddish orthography style
Vowel IPA Transliteration English
approximation
No length distinction
i skip

Note: In Yiddish orthography only, the glyph, yud-?iriq (‎), pronounced /i/, can be optionally used, rather than typing yud then ?iriq (‎). In Hebrew spelling this would be pronounced /ji//i/ is written ?iriq then yud (‎).

Computer encoding

Glyph Unicode Name
ִ U+05B4 HIRIQ

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Hirik
 



 



 
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