Hersham and Walton Motors
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Hersham and Walton Motors

A 1952 HWM Formula Two car

Hersham and Walton Motors (HWM) is the world's longest established Aston Martin business (having acquired the franchise in 1951) and is well known as a racing car constructor. Founded in 1938 by John Heath, an excellent race driver and talented engineer. Heath was joined by George Abeccasis in 1946. Together, they moved the business into a building based on New Zealand Avenue, Walton on Thames which was previously used by Vickers during the war as part of their aircraft construction facility. HWM still operates in the same building today.

As a constructor, HWM is best known for its involvement in Formula Two from 1950 to 1953 and Formula One in 1954. When HWM owners George Abecassis and John Heath went racing together from 1946 and in 1948 they built a streamlined sports racing car on the chassis of a Sports Alta, and thus embarked upon the construction of racing cars and racing sports cars at their motor works in Walton-on-Thames, England. The 1948 car gave them encouraging results and so new car, this time called an HW-Alta, was constructed and raced in 1949; this car was sufficiently successful to convince the partners to embark upon building a full team of cars for the 1950 Formula Two season of British and continental events: these cars were known as HWMs.

They were the first British team to find international success after WW2 which is almost forgotten. The operated with a very limited budget from their little garage in Walton-on-Thames. Over HWM's seven-year life as a racing car manufacturer less than two dozen were built, but some 70 per cent of the entire production survives today.

George Abecassis was a formidable racing drive in his day. He was a stylish man with the nickname "Gorgeous George". When World War II broke out he joined the Royal Air Force, as a member of the Volunteer Reserves, and became an experienced pilot, ultimately becoming a member of the secret "Moon Squadrons",[11] ferrying secret agents in and out of occupied countries in Europe with specially-modified Halifax and Stirling aircraft. During the course of his wartime service Abecassis was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross[4][12] and was mentioned in dispatches.

After the war, in addition to racing with John Heath in the HWM team, he also raced for Aston Martin. In 1950, he won his class at Le Mans in an Aston Martin DB2 with co-driver Lance Macklin. This cemented George's relationship with Aston Martin and the following year HWM was awarded the Aston Martin franchise. It remains an Aston Martin dealership to this day. Having been extremely impressed by Lance Macklin's driving performance at Le Mans, George also secured Lance for the HWM team. Lance went on to be one HWM's most loyal drivers.

The HWM leadership had a skill for spotting young talent. There is a remarkable list of drivers that raced for the team including Duncan Hamilton, Peter Collins, Harry Schell and Paul Frère. This is list is far from exhaustive but perhaps the most famous name was that of Sir Stirling Moss. Before driving for HWM, Stirling was a privateer racing a Cooper. He was offered his first professional drive at HWM and went on to race for the team for nearly two years. His talent helped the team to gain results that were beyond expectation.

The HWM's four-cylinder Alta engine lacked the power of most of its rivals, but its all-independent chassis handled well, and Stirling's budding genius exploited it to the full. He finished third at Reims behind Ascari's Ferrari and Simon's Gordini, and, unbelievably, third in the F1 race at Bari behind the 159 Alfas of Farina and Fangio. He set fastest lap in the Rome Grand Prix chasing the F2 Ferraris of Ascari and Villoresi, and was leading the Naples Grand Prix when he was pushed off into a tree by a backmarker. Claes, meanwhile, scored the first post-war win by a British car in a race titled as a Grand Prix when he won the Belgian GP des Frontières at Chimay, while Macklin was sixth in the German Grand Prix and Fischer was sixth at Berne.

In between, there were blown engines to rebuild and bent cars to repair, the hard-pressed transporters frequently broke down, one of the racers caught fire the night before a race, and one of the mechanics, plus car and van, got lost in the middle of Italy, without money and unable to speak a word of Italian. But the team made it to the end of the season, and with good enough results to have built a substantial reputation across Europe. Most important of all, once the three cars were sold off after the last race, there was a small profit to show for all that toil.

Of those three 1950 works cars, one has remained in its Alta-engined form. Another was given a Jaguar XK120 engine by its new owner Oscar Moore, becoming the first in a long line of Jaguar-powered specialist sports-racers. And the third ended up in Hollywood, starring in a movie with Kirk Douglas, before gaining a Chevrolet V8 engine and going on to a second racing career on the USA's West Coast as the Stovebolt Special. All three now live with enthusiastic owners in England.

From 1950 to 1952, HWM achieved remarkable success in Formula Two for a team that was run on very little money and yet which faced the might of continental marques in every race. By 1953 they were outclassed, but when the international Formula changed in 1954, John Heath constructed a works car to compete in Formula One. HWM abandoned the new Formula One after two appearances as their car was seriously outclassed. Meanwhile, the first Jaguar-engined HWM sports racing car had appeared in 1953, and this had some success with Abecassis at the wheel. From then on until 1957, the team was involved in sports car racing both in Britain and on the continent, sometimes beating their Jaguar and Aston Martin Works competitors. After John Heath was killed on the 1956 Mille Miglia in Italy in an HWM Works car, Abecassis did not wish to continue and the works racing programme continued for just a year.

In 1958, Mike Harting arrived at HWM as a partner to George Abecassis. He had previously been the global sales manager for Aston Martin at their Feltham facility just 5 miles away from the Walton dealership. He had made a strong impression at Aston Martin, still in his twenties, he was likely the youngest sales manager of any manufacturer during that period. Mike's love of cars and people combined with his sheer tenacity meant that he took to it like a duck to water. An ultra-exclusive, low-volume manufacturer, the world of Aston Martin led Mike to meet some very interesting people, both in showrooms and at the race track.

One of those contacts was George Abecassis of Hersham & Walton Motors. George had been running the business on his own since the death of John Heath but was keeping an eye out for a suitable partner. As an Aston Martin Works racing driver, George had struck up a relationship with Mike Harting. It became apparent that there was potential to work together. Mike wanted a career that required him to travel less and therefore see more of his family. The HWM business looked like an attractive option so the deal was agreed and they joined forces. George and Mike became great friends across the years that they shared running HWM. It was an ideal partnership.

Eventually when George retired, Mike took ownership of the whole of the HWM business and continued at the helm, later joined by his son Andrew, through the rest of his life. It was his entrepreneurship and an eagerness to evolve that kept HWM relevant and the customers coming back. Mike was always driven, passionate and customer-focused.

HWM is today owned by Andrew Harting and the Harting family along with Guy Jenner. HWM trades as HWM Aston Martin and HWM Sports Cars and is an Aston Martin and Sports Cars dealership. It is the oldest Aston Martin dealership in the world.

Formula One World Championship results

HWM sports car

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1951 HWM 51 Alta 2.0 L4 D SUI 500 BEL FRA GBR GER ITA ESP
United Kingdom George Abecassis Ret
United Kingdom Stirling Moss 8
1952 HWM 51
HWM 52
United Kingdom George Abecassis Ret
United Kingdom Peter Collins Ret Ret 6 Ret DNS DNQ
United Kingdom Lance Macklin Ret 11 9 15 8 DNQ
United Kingdom Stirling Moss Ret
Belgium Paul Frère 5 Ret
Belgium Roger Laurent 12
France Yves Giraud-Cabantous 10
United Kingdom Duncan Hamilton Ret 7
Belgium Johnny Claes 10
Netherlands Dries van der Lof NC
United Kingdom Peter Collins 8 Ret 13 Ret
United Kingdom Lance Macklin Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret
Belgium Paul Frère 10 Ret
France Yves Giraud-Cabantous 14 15
United Kingdom Duncan Hamilton Ret
United Kingdom Jack Fairman Ret
Switzerland Albert Scherrer NC
United States John Fitch Ret
United Kingdom Lance Macklin Ret

Results of other HWM cars

(key) (Results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap.)

Year Entrant Driver Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1952 Tony Gaze HWM 51
HWM 52
Alta L-4 SUI
1955 E. N. Whiteaway Ted Whiteaway HWM 54 Alta L-4 ARG

External links

Further reading

Abecassis, David (2010). A Passion For Speed, the Life and Times of George Abecassis. Paul Skilleter Books. ISBN 978-0-9566857-0-4.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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