Bucharest Henri Coand? International Airport
Aeroportul Interna?ional Henri Coand? Bucure?ti
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Operator||The National Company "Bucharest Airports" S.A.|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||314 ft / 96 m|
Bucharest Henri Coand? International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Interna?ional Henri Coand? Bucure?ti) (IATA: OTP, ICAO: LROP) is Romania's busiest international airport, located in Otopeni, 16.5 km (10.3 mi) north of Bucharest's city centre. It is currently one of the three airports serving the capital of Romania. One of them is Aurel Vlaicu Airport, which no longer serves scheduled passenger traffic, and the other one Constantin Brâncu?i Airport, which is a planned international airport.
The airport is named after Romanian flight pioneer Henri Coand?, builder of Coand?-1910 aircraft and discoverer of the Coand? effect of fluidics. Prior to May 2004, the official name was Bucharest Otopeni International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Interna?ional Bucure?ti Otopeni). Henri Coand? International Airport serves as headquarters for TAROM, the country's national airline. It also serves as a base of operations for low-cost airlines Animawings, Blue Air, Ryanair and Wizz Air and charter airlines Air Bucharest and GullivAir. It is managed by The National Company Bucharest Airports S.A. (Compania Na?ional? Aeroporturi Bucure?ti S.A.). The military section of the airport is used by the 90th Airlift Flotilla of the Romanian Air Force.
During World War II, the airport in Otopeni was used as an airbase by the German Air Force. Until 1965, it was a major airfield for the Romanian Air Force, with B?neasa Airport serving as Bucharest's commercial airport. In 1965, with the growth of air traffic, the Otopeni airbase was converted to a commercial airport. The runway was modernized and extended to 3,500 metres (11,500 ft) from the previous 1,200 metres (3,900 ft), making it one of the longest in Europe at that time.
In August 1969, when United States President Richard Nixon visited Romania, a VIP lounge was inaugurated. A new passenger terminal (designed by Cezar L?z?rescu), with a capacity of 1,200,000 passengers per year, was opened on 13 April 1970, for domestic and international flights. An improvement program added a second runway in 1986, expanding capacity to 35 aircraft movements per hour.
In 1992, Otopeni Airport became a regular member of Airports Council International (ACI).
The first stage of the plan (Phase I), taking place between 1994 and 1998, involved the construction of a new departures terminal and of a new airside concourse with five jetways and nine gates (referred to as 'the Finger') as well as the extension of airport ramps and of their associated taxiways.
The second phase (labeled Phase II/IIe) of the plan led to the construction of a terminal dedicated to domestic flights and of a multi-story car park (2003), the complete overhaul of the control tower (between 2005-2007) as well as the transformation of the old terminal building in a dedicated arrivals hall (in 2000). During the same phase, two high-speed taxiways (Victor and Whiskey) were constructed. Phase II was completed in 2007.
The third stage of the plan (Phase III), which started in 2009, involved the extension of the airside concourse ('the Finger') with 15 new gates (nine of which have jetways), as well as the expansion of the Departure Hall (with 8 new gates). The airside concourse extension, designed by Studio Capelli Architettura & Associati, and measuring 17,000 square metres (200,000 sq ft), was inaugurated on 29 March 2011. It was followed, in November 2012, by the extension of the Departure Hall to a total area of 38,600 square metres (400,000 sq ft).
In March 2012, all air traffic except for business air traffic was transferred from Aurel Vlaicu International Airport (at that time Bucharest's low-cost hub) to Henri Coand? International Airport.
The airport's facilities consist of a single terminal with three main facilities (colloquially referred to as "Terminals"): the Departures Hall/Terminal, the Arrivals Hall/Terminal, and the Finger Terminal (the airside concourse). A walkway with shops connects the departures and arrivals buildings. The airside concourse is organized in two (domestic and international) passengers flows. The entire terminal has 104 check-in desks, 38 gates (of which 14 are equipped with jetways), and a total floor area of 86,000 square metres (930,000 sq ft).
Beyond Phase III, a new terminal building (Henri Coand? 2) at the eastern end of the current location is envisaged. Henri Coand? 2 will be of a modular design, consisting of four separate buildings, each capable of handling 5 million passengers annually. Each module will be built as traffic demands dictate. By 2030, Terminal 2 alone should be able to handle the expected volume of 20 million passengers per year. The terminal will be directly connected to the A3 motorway and to the railway system. However, the plans might get delayed due to funding problems. There is a chance however that, if funds can be allocated in time, the airport can open its new terminal by 2025.
On 18 January 2021, it has been announced that the airport purchased all the land it needs in order to begin the expansion. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, work is set to begin in 2023.
|Aegean Airlines|| Athens |
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Chania, Mykonos, Rhodes, Santorini
|Air Bucharest||Seasonal charter: Antalya, Bodrum, Enfidha, Hurghada, Sharm El Sheikh|
|Air Canada||Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau (begins 5 June 2022), Toronto-Pearson (begins 3 June 2022)|
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Animawings|| Hurghada |
Seasonal: Antalya, Billund, Bodrum, Catania, Cluj-Napoca, Corfu, Dubai-International, Enfidha, Helsinki, Heraklion, Mersa Matruh, Naples, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rhodes, Tenerife-South, Valencia, Zakynthos, Zanzibar
Seasonal charter: Agadir (begins 21 August 2021), Krabi (begins 5 November 2021), Marrakesh, Mombasa, Phuket (begins 2 November 2021)
|Blue Air||Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Birmingham, Bologna, Brussels, Catania, Cluj-Napoca, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dublin, Florence, Frankfurt, Glasgow, Hamburg, Helsinki, Ia?i, Larnaca, Lisbon, Liverpool, London-Heathrow, London-Luton, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Milan-Linate, Munich, Naples, Nice, Oradea, Oslo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Suceava, Tel Aviv, Timi?oara, Turin, Valencia, Vienna |
Seasonal: Chania (begins 23 June 2022), Corfu (begins 21 June 2022), Heraklion, Mykonos, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Santorini (begins 21 June 2022), Skiathos (begins 22 June 2022), Thessaloniki (begins 27 March 2022), Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Chania, Hurghada, Kittilä
|Egyptair||Seasonal charter: Hurghada, Sharm El Sheikh|
|El Al||Tel Aviv|
|GullivAir||Seasonal charter: Malé, Mombasa, Punta Cana|
|LOT Polish Airlines||Warsaw-Chopin|
|Pegasus Airlines||Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen|
|Qatar Airways||Doha, Sofia (ends 15 December 2021)|
|Ryanair|| Bergamo, Berlin, Bologna, Bristol, Charleroi, Dublin, Edinburgh, Genoa (begins 31 October 2021), London-Southend, London-Stansted, Madrid, Malta (begins 31 October 2021), Manchester, Marseille, Milan-Malpensa, Naples (begins 2 November 2021), Palermo, Paphos, Pescara, Pisa, Rome-Ciampino, Tel Aviv, Timi?oara, Vienna|
Seasonal: Alghero, Amman-Queen Alia, Chania, Corfu, Palma de Mallorca, Sofia, Zadar
|TAROM|| Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Athens, Baia Mare, Barcelona, Beirut, Belgrade, Brussels, Budapest, Cairo, Chi?in?u, Cluj-Napoca, Frankfurt, Ia?i, Istanbul, London-Heathrow, Madrid, Munich, Nice, Oradea, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Satu Mare, Sofia, Suceava, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki, Timi?oara, Vienna |
Seasonal charter: Dubrovnik, Funchal, Marsa Alam, Sal, Skiathos
|Wizz Air||Abu Dhabi, Alghero, Alicante, Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Beauvais, Bergamo, Bergen, Billund, Birmingham, Bologna, Cagliari, Castellón, Catania, Charleroi, Copenhagen, Doncaster/Sheffield, Dortmund, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Geneva, Hamburg, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Lisbon, Liverpool, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Southend, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Malmö, Malta, Memmingen, Naples, Nice, Nuremberg, Pisa, Rome-Ciampino, Saint Petersburg, Sandefjord, Santander, Seville, Stockholm-Skavsta, Tel Aviv, Tenerife-South, Treviso, Turin, Valencia, Venice, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin, Zaragoza |
Seasonal: Corfu Dubai-International, Heraklion, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Santorini, Zakynthos
|DHL Aviation||Brescia, Budapest, Chi?in?u, Cluj-Napoca, Leipzig/Halle, Liège, Milan-Malpensa, Treviso|
In 2018, 13,824,830 passengers passed through the airport, an increase of 7.95% compared to 2017. In 2018, the airport handled 13.8 million passengers (63.3% of the total number of passengers carried by Romanian airports) and 39,534 tons of cargo (81.4% of the total amount of cargo handled by Romanian airports).
|Year||Passengers (total)||Change||Passengers (domestic flights)||Aircraft movements||Cargo (tonnes)|
|Month||Passengers||Change (2017-2018)||Passengers Cumulatively|
|Rank||Airport||Passengers 2016||Passengers 2017||Passengers 2018||Carriers|
|1||Cluj Airport||Blue Air, TAROM|
|2||Timi?oara Airport||Ryanair, TAROM|
|3||Ia?i Airport||Blue Air, TAROM|
An airport rail link service to the main railway station, Gara de Nord (Bucharest North), runs from the Airport railway station located near the parking lot of the Arrivals hall. As of December 2020, the trains, alternately operated by CFR, Regio and TFC, travels in 20 minutes, departing every 40 minutes, seven days a week.
Henri Coand? Airport is connected to the public transport company STB system. The 780 route provides express bus service to Gara de Nord and Gara Basarab railway stations in Bucharest and the routes 783 and 784 provide express bus service to the city center (Pia?a Unirii). Route 783 to the city center is running 24 hours a day.
As of May 2013, taxis serving Henri Coand? Airport can be ordered using a touch screen system in the arrivals terminal, allowing the taxi drivers to enter the pick-up area. This measure was taken after many complaints from passengers who were being ripped off when using illegal, high-price taxis.
Media related to Henri Coand? International Airport at Wikimedia Commons