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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Turkish language pronunciations in resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to resource articles, see {{IPA-tr}} and Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

For a more in-depth coverage of the sounds of Turkish, see Turkish phonology.

IPA Example English
b About this soundbebek about
? vücut[1] like vase, but with both lips
c About this sound?ekil[2] skew
d About this soundmadde ado
d? About this soundocak jump
f far food
? gam[2] ago
? About this soundgerçek[2] argue
h About this soundanahtar home
j About this soundhayat, dü?ün[3] yes
k About this soundkabak[2] score
l About this soundbilinç[4] late
? About this soundkulak[2] tail
m About this soundcuma much
n About this soundnesne not
? engin[5] canyon
? yang?n[6] wing
p About this soundpazar span
? About this soundanahtarlar AmE pretty or Scottish r
s About this soundsinek send
? About this soundki?i shoe
t About this soundTürkçe stable
t? About this soundçivi change
v About this soundçivi[1] vase
z About this soundpazar zone
? jilet leisure
IPA Example English
a About this soundkabak father
æ About this sounderkek[7] cat
e About this sounderkek bed
i About this soundçivi creek
o About this soundtokmak story
oe About this soundözgürlük somewhat like bird
u About this soundruh soup
? About this soundk?? somewhat like roses
y About this soundTürkçe somewhat like cue
IPA Examples
' torbal? [to?ba'] 'with bag'
Torbal? ['to?ba] (a place name)[8]
: â, î, û,[9] ?[3] o?lan 'boy'


  1. ^ a b /v/ surfaces as when either preceded or followed by a rounded vowel (but not when intervocalic).
  2. ^ a b c d e [c~k], [?~?], and [l~?] contrast only in loanwords before ⟨â, û⟩ vs. ⟨a, u⟩. In native words, [c, ?, l] occur before front vowels ([æ, e, i, oe, y]) and [k, ?, ?] occur before back vowels ([a, o, u, ?]); word-finally or preconsonantally, [c, ?, l] occur after front vowels and [k, ?, ?] occur after back vowels.
  3. ^ a b In Turkish, the letter ⟨?⟩ (also called yumu?ak g, 'soft g') indicates a number of different sounds, depending on context:
    • in syllable-initial positions, is silent and indicates a syllable break, for example: ar ('heavy') [a'], a?a ('Agha') [a'a].
    • in other positions, indicates the lengthening of the preceding vowel, for example: da? ('mountain') [da:], do?ru ('true') [do:?u].
      • if the lengthened vowel is /e/, it sounds like [j], for example: e?lence ('fun') [ejlæn'd?e]
    • in proper names where it may appear following a consonant, it is treated as a ⟨g⟩, for example: Ol?un [o?'?un]
  4. ^ [l] is more accurately described as palatalized postalveolar , but it is conventionally transcribed with ⟨l⟩.
  5. ^ appears as an allophone of before the consonants and .
  6. ^ appears as an allophone of before the consonants and .
  7. ^ Allophone of /e/ before sonorants [l, m, n, ?] in the same syllable, and in the suffix -mez.
  8. ^ In Turkish proper, proper nouns are typically stressed on the second or third last syllable (see Sezer stress), and other words (excepting certain unstressed suffixes and stressed verb tenses) are stressed on the last syllable.
  9. ^ Düzeltme i?areti (Turkish for "correction mark") ⟨^⟩ is a sign which indicates both the vowel length and indicates if the letter ⟨k⟩ represents , the letter ⟨g⟩ represents or the letter ⟨l⟩ represents before back vowels and .
    Yet the düzeltme i?areti is used primarily to indicate palatalization, instead of length. For example, the word katil means "murder" when it is pronounced as [ka'til], but it means "killer" when it is pronounced as [ka:'til]. The letter ⟨a⟩ is left unmarked even if it is long because the sound does not become in this case.
    ⟨î⟩ is an exception, as it indicates only the vowel length.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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