Helensville (New Zealand Electorate)
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Helensville New Zealand Electorate

Helensville electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Helensville was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the Auckland region, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. The electorate was first established for the 1978 election, was abolished in 1984, and then reinstate for the 2002 election. The seat was won and held by John Key through his term as prime minister. Chris Penk of the National Party held the seat from the 2017 general election until its abolition in 2020, when it was replaced with the new Kaipara ki Mahurangi electorate.

Population centres

The 1977 electoral redistribution, initiated by Robert Muldoon's National Government, was the most overtly political since the Representation Commission had been established through an amendment to the Representation Act in 1886.[1] As part of the 1976 census, a large number of people failed to fill in an electoral re-registration card, and census staff had not been given the authority to insist on the card being completed. This had little practical effect for people on the general roll, but it transferred M?ori to the general roll if the card was not handed in. Together with a northward shift of New Zealand's population, this resulted in five new electorates having to be created in the upper part of the North Island.[2] The electoral redistribution was very disruptive, with 22 electorates being abolished, and 27 (including Helensville) being newly created or re-established. These changes came into effect for the 1978 election.[3]

In the 1983 electoral redistribution, the Helensville electorate was abolished, and its area went to the West Auckland and Rodney electorates.[4] Helensville was re-established in time for the 2002 election in response to continued high population growth in and around Auckland. It was formed from the northern flank of the Waitakere electorate with the addition of areas from the Rodney electorate around its southern boundary.

Helensville covers an area of the rapidly growing northern Auckland urban fringe, drawing Helensville and Kumeu from the former Rodney District, moving south to take in Paremoremo, Greenhithe and Albany from the former North Shore City, and finally tacking west to include Whenuapai, Hobsonville and West Harbour from the former Waitakere City.

The boundaries of the electorate changed significantly in the 2019/20 boundary review. Its northern boundary moved northward to become the same as the boundary between the Northland and Auckland local government regions, taking in part of the Northland electorate and all that part of Rodney electorate north of Waiwera, which is, by area, most of Rodney. On the other hand, an area running from Dairy Flat south to Paremoremo moved into Rodney, which is renamed the Whangapar?oa electorate. Helensville also gained the suburb of Westgate from the Upper Harbour electorate. It lost its southern section around the Waitakere Ranges to New Lynn. It was initially proposed that the electorate would keep the name Helensville, but after public submissions it became the Kaipara ki Mahurangi electorate.[5]

History

National Party electorate office at Huapai in 2009, during John Key's time

In the 1978 election, the Helensville electorate was won by Dail Jones, who had been MP for the Waitemata electorate since the 1975 election.[6] When the Helensville electorate was abolished in 1984, Jones stood in the West Auckland electorate in the 1984 election but was defeated by the Labour Party candidate, Jack Elder.[7]

The Helensville electorate was re-established for the 2002 election. Newcomer John Key beat sitting Waitakere MP Brian Neeson to the National Party nomination and, in a tight year for his party, won the electorate by 1,705 votes in a split field when a disgruntled Neeson stood as an independent. At the same election, Dail Jones contested the electorate for New Zealand First. Helensville was partly rural and was wealthy beyond the national average, making it a safe National electorate, and Key was returned easily in 2005, 2008, 2011 and 2014 with large majorities. Key became National Party leader in 2006 and prime minister in 2008. In December 2016, he announced that he would retire from politics before the 2017 general election.[8] He was replaced as Helensville MP by Chris Penk.

Members of Parliament

Key

 National    NZ First    Labour    ACT    Green  

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Helensville electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

1 Jones entered Parliament in February 2008 following the resignation of Brian Donnelly
2 Garrett resigned in September 2010, and his list position was taken by Hilary Calvert
3 Clendon entered Parliament in October 2009 following the resignation of Sue Bradford

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Helensville[9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Chris Penk 21,704 56.12 -9.05 21,958 55.83 -2.56
Labour Kurt Taogaga 7,096 18.35 +5.66 10,012 25.45 +12.95
Green Hayley Holt 6,758 17.47 +4.75 2,971 7.55 -6.00
NZ First Helen Peterson 2,403 6.21 -- 2,795 7.11 -0.25
ACT Alex Evans 284 0.73 -0.14 319 0.81 +0.07
Conservative   87 0.22 -4.56
Opportunities   799 2.03 --
Legalise Cannabis   112 0.28 -0.17
M?ori   105 0.27 -0.27
United Future   27 0.07 -0.19
Outdoors   20 0.05 --
Ban 1080   20 0.05 -0.09
Mana   13 0.03 --
People's Party   12 0.03 --
Internet   9 0.02 --
Democrats   7 0.02 -0.04
Informal votes 264 67
Total Valid votes 38,676 39,333
National hold Majority 14,608 37.77 -14.69

2014 election

2014 general election: Helensville[10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY John Key 22,720 65.17 -9.21 20,689 58.39 -7.40
Green Kennedy Graham 4,433 12.72 +5.36 4,801 13.55 +4.91
Labour Corie Haddock 4,425 12.69 -1.45 4,430 12.50 -1.85
Internet Laila Harré 1,315 3.77 +3.77
Conservative Deborah Dougherty 963 2.76 -0.07 1,692 4.78 +1.27
Independent Penny Bright 420 1.20 +1.20
ACT Phelan Pirrie 302 0.87 +0.36 262 0.74 -0.65
Independent Brendan Whyte 74 0.21 +0.21
NZ First   2,608 7.36 +2.76
Internet Mana   338 0.95 +0.78[a]
M?ori   192 0.54 +0.02
Legalise Cannabis   161 0.45 -0.04
United Future   93 0.26 -0.20
Ban 1080   48 0.14 +0.14
Democrats   23 0.06 +0.04
Independent Coalition   13 0.04 +0.04
Civilian   8 0.02 +0.02
Focus   3 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 208 73
Total Valid votes 34,860 35,434
Turnout 35,507 82.29 +5.65
National hold Majority 18,287 52.46 -7.78

2011 election

2011 general election: Helensville[11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY John Key 26,011 74.38 +0.77 23,558 65.79 +2.09
Labour Jeremy Greenbrook-Held 4,945 14.14 -2.97 5,138 14.35 -4.11
Green Jeanette Elley 2,575 7.36 +1.41 3,094 8.64 +3.74
Conservative Richard Drayson 941 2.69 +2.69 1,258 3.51 +3.51
Legalise Cannabis Adrian McDermott 319 0.91 +0.91 174 0.49 +0.16
ACT Nick Kearney 180 0.51 0-1.72 499 1.39 -5.31
NZ First   1,648 4.60 +2.06
M?ori   186 0.52 +0.03
United Future   163 0.46 -0.33
Mana   60 0.17 +0.17
Libertarianz   19 0.05 -0.004
Democrats   8 0.02 +0.001
Alliance   4 0.01 -0.04
Informal votes 574 198
Total Valid votes 34,971 35,809
National hold Majority 21,066 60.24 +3.74

Electorate (as at 11 November 2011): 46,983[12]

2008 election

2008 general election: Helensville[13][14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY John Key 26,771 73.61 +9.51 23,559 63.69 +8.60
Labour Darien Fenton 6,224 17.11 -9.77 6,826 18.45 -9.52
Green David Clendon 2,166 5.96 +5.79 1,814 4.90 +0.87
ACT David Garrett 811 2.23 +1.10 2,481 6.71 +4.36
United Future Angela Lovelock 309 0.85 -0.82 289 0.78 -1.69
Libertarianz Peter Osborne 89 0.24 21 0.06 +0.01
NZ First   940 2.54 -3.34
Progressive   195 0.53 -0.28
Family Party   182 0.49
M?ori   182 0.49 +0.08
Bill and Ben   170 0.46
Legalise Cannabis   131 0.35 +0.16
Kiwi   105 0.28
Pacific   45 0.12
Alliance   19 0.05 +0.02
Workers Party   9 0.02
Democrats   8 0.02 ±0.00
RAM   8 0.02
RONZ   4 0.01 ±0.00
Informal votes 251 110
Total Valid votes 36,370 36,988
Turnout 37,298 82.27 -0.58
National hold Majority 20,547 56.49


2005 election

2005 general election: Helensville[14][15][16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY John Key 22,008 64.10 +29.92 19,224 55.09 +29.28
Labour Judy Lawley 9,230 26.88 -0.24 9,761 27.97 -2.86
NZ First Dail Jones 1,400 4.08 -5.45 2,051 5.88 -6.06
United Future Andrea Deeth 573 1.67 -2.47 863 2.47 -5.82
ACT Stephen Langford-Tebby 389 1.13 821 2.35 -10.26
M?ori Awa Hudson 359 1.05 142 0.41
Progressive Julian Aaron 318 0.93 -0.02 218 0.81 -0.08
Direct Democracy Helen Koster 58 0.17 11 0.03
Green   1,407 4.03 -1.99
Destiny   151 0.43
Legalise Cannabis   66 0.19 -0.21
Christian Heritage   48 0.14 -0.85
Libertarianz   16 0.05
Alliance   9 0.03 -1.00
Democrats   8 0.02
Family Rights   8 0.02
99 MP   5 0.01
RONZ   5 0.01
One NZ   4 0.01 -0.04
Informal votes 253 110
Total Valid votes 34,335 34,896
Turnout 35,222 82.85 +3.21
National hold Majority 12,778 37.22 +31.26

2002 election

2002 general election: Helensville[15][17]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National John Key 9,775 34.18 7,524 25.81
Labour Gary Russell 8,070 28.21 8,988 30.83
Independent Brian Neeson 5,644 19.73
NZ First Dail Jones 2,725 9.53 3,481 11.94
United Future Andrea Deeth 1,184 4.14 2,416 8.29
Alliance Helen MacKinlay 581 2.03 299 1.03
Christian Heritage David Simpkin 350 1.22 288 0.99
Progressive Clare Dickson 273 0.95 272 0.93
ACT   3,676 12.61
Green   1,755 6.02
ORNZ   313 1.07
Legalise Cannabis   118 0.40
One NZ   15 0.05
Mana M?ori   10 0.03
NMP   2 0.01
Informal votes 327 78
Total Valid votes 28,602 29,157
Turnout 29,428 79.64
National win new seat Majority 1,705 5.96

1981 election

1981 general election: Helensville[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Dail Jones 8,242 35.85 -4.58
Labour Jack Elder 8,026 34.91 +0.71
Social Credit David Howes 6,718 29.22
Majority 216 0.93 -5.29
Turnout 22,986 89.05 +19.21
Registered electors 25,812

1978 election

1978 general election: Helensville[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Dail Jones 7,783 40.43
Labour Jack Elder 6,584 34.20
Social Credit Chris Lynch 4,510 23.43
Values Dennis Worley 370 1.92
Majority 1,199 6.22
Turnout 19,247 69.84
Registered electors 27,558

Table footnotes

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 8-9, 51, 119.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 119.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 115-120.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 118-123.
  5. ^ "Report of the Representation Commission 2020" (PDF). 17 April 2020.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 208.
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 194, 208.
  8. ^ "John Key resigns as Prime Minister of New Zealand, cites family reasons for leaving". The New Zealand Herald. 5 December 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ "Official Count Results - Helensville (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ Electoral Commission (10 October 2014). "Official Count Results - Helensville". Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ Helensville results, 2011
  12. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 4 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  13. ^ Election results 2008 Archived 11 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ a b "Helensville:Electoral Profile". New Zealand Parliament. 26 August 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  15. ^ a b "Electorate Profile Helensville" (PDF). New Zealand Parliament. 1 November 2005. Retrieved 2009.
  16. ^ Election result 2005[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "Election results 2002". Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 2009.
  18. ^ a b Norton 1988, pp. 242.

References

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946-1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840-1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.

External links

Coordinates: 36°40?47?S 174°26?58?E / 36.6797°S 174.4494°E / -36.6797; 174.4494


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Helensville_(New_Zealand_electorate)
 



 



 
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