Heinrich Bunting
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Heinrich Bunting
Bünting's map of Europe

Heinrich Bünting (1545 – 1606) was a Protestant pastor and theologian. He is best known for his book of woodcut maps titled Itinerarium Sacrae Scripturae (Travel book through Holy Scripture) first published in 1581.


Bünting was born in Hannover, Germany, in 1545. He studied theology at the University of Wittenberg graduating in 1569 and became a Protestant pastor in Lemgo. He was dismissed in 1575 and moved to Gronau an der Leine. In 1591 he was appointed superintendent in Goslar. When a dispute arose over his teachings in 1600 he was dismissed and retired from the ministry. He spent the rest of his life as a private citizen in Hannover.[1][2]

Itinerarium Sacrae Scripturae

His collection of woodcut maps, Itinerarium Sacrae Scripturae, first published in Magdeburg in 1581, was a very popular book in its day.[3] It was reprinted and translated several times. The book provided the most complete summary of biblical geography available and described the Holy Land by following the travels of various notable people from the Old and New Testaments. In addition to conventional maps, the book also contained three figurative maps; the world depicted using a cloverleaf design thought to possibly represent the Trinity with Jerusalem in the center, Europe in the form of a crowned and robed woman, and Asia as the winged horse Pegasus.[1][2][4]


  1. ^ a b "Description of the Holy Land". World Digital Library. 1585.
  2. ^ a b "Real Places, Fanciful Visions". Yale University.
  3. ^ Peter Barber; Katherine Barnes; Dr Nigel Erskine (2013). Mapping Our World: Terra Incognita To Australia. National Library of Australia. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-642-27809-8.
  4. ^ Jacob, Christian (15 October 2006). The sovereign map: theoretical approaches in cartography throughout history. University Of Chicago Press. pp. 141, 401. ISBN 978-0-226-38953-0.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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