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On average, long vowels are 95 ms longer than short vowels. This is very similar to Belgian Standard Dutch, in which the difference is 105 ms.
The quality of the monophthongs is as follows:
/i, i:, u, u:, e:, o:, ?, ?:, ?, ?:, ?:/ are similar to the corresponding cardinal vowels [i, u, e, o, ?, ?, ?], but none of them are quite as peripheral.
Among the front rounded vowels, /y/, /ø/, /ø:/, /?/ are phonetically central like /a:/: ([, ?, ?:, ?]), whereas /y:, oe/ and /oe:/ are front [y:, oe, oe:], similar to the corresponding cardinal vowels. /y/ is near-close and slightly advanced from the central position. The phonetic distance between it and the close-mid /ø/ is not very great; the same has been reported in the Ripuarian dialect of Kerkrade spoken on the Germany-Netherlands border. At the same time, /ø/ is phonetically similar to the unstressable /?/ and the two differ mainly in rounding.
/?/ is similar to /e:/, but it is lower and slightly more central .
The contrast between the long open vowels is a genuine front-central-back contrast. The Hamont-Achel dialect thus has four, not five phonemic vowel heights, and /æ:/ is open front .
The short /æ/ and /?/ are somewhat higher and more front ([æ, ]) than their long counterparts.
Unlike in the neighboring dialect of Weert, all monophthong-glide combinations are restricted to the syllable coda. Those are mostly /j/ preceded by a vowel, and they are /uj, u:j, e:j, o:j, ?j, ?:j, æ:j/ and the marginal /?j/. There also are two combinations of a vowel followed by /?/, which are /i?/ and /oe?/.
Dialect of Hamont-Achel contrasts long and short closing diphthongs. The long ones are on average 70 ms longer than their short equivalents. Centering diphthongs are all long.
The starting points of /?i(:), oey(:)/ are close to the corresponding cardinal vowels [?, oe].
The starting point of /?u(:)/ is near-open central .
The ending points of /?i(:), oey(:), ?u(:)/ are rather close, more like [i, y, u] than [e, ø, o].
The ending point of /?u(:)/ is slightly more open than those of the other closing diphthongs.
The starting points of /?u(:)/ and /o:?/ are more central than the corresponding cardinal vowels: [, o?].
The target of the centering diphthongs is a rather close schwa .
The starting points of /i:?, y:?/ are somewhat lower ([i?, y?]) than the corresponding cardinal vowels.
The starting point of /u:?/ is somewhat lower and somewhat more central than the corresponding cardinal vowel.
The starting point of /?:?/ is somewhat higher and somewhat more central than the corresponding cardinal vowel.
Like most other Limburgish dialects, but unlike some other dialects in this area, the prosody of the Hamont-Achel dialect has a lexical tone distinction, which is traditionally referred to as stoottoon ('push tone') or Accent 1, which generally has a shortening effect on the syllable and sleeptoon ('dragging tone') or Accent 2. In this article, they are transcribed as a distinction between falling and rising tone. The difference between Accent 1 and Accent 2 can signal either lexical differences or grammatical distinctions, such as those between the singular and the plural forms of some nouns. It is phonemic only in stressed syllables, an example of a minimal pair is hoes/'?ûs/ '(record) sleeve' vs. hoes/'s/ 'house'.
Schouten, Bert; Peeters, Wim (1996), "The Middle High German vowel shift, measured acoustically in Dutch and Belgian Limburg: diphthongization of short vowels.", Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik, 63 (1): 30-48, JSTOR40504077
Stichting Kirchröadsjer Dieksiejoneer (1997) , Kirchröadsjer Dieksiejoneer, (in Dutch and Ripuarian) (2nd ed.), Kerkrade: Stichting Kirchröadsjer Dieksiejoneer, ISBN90-70246-34-1