Hamad International Airport
Mar ?amad al-Duwal?
|Owner||Qatar Civil Aviation Authority|
|Opened||30 April 2014|
|Elevation AMSL||4 m / 13 ft|
Hamad International Airport (IATA: DOH, ICAO: OTHH) (Arabic: ? , Mar ?amad al-Duwal?) is the sole international airport in the state of Qatar, and the home of Qatar's flag carrier airline, Qatar Airways. Located south of its capital, Doha, it replaced the nearby Doha International Airport as Qatar's principal airport. Formerly known as New Doha International Airport (NDIA), Hamad International Airport was originally scheduled to open in 2009, but after a series of costly delays, the airport finally opened on 30 April 2014 with a ceremonial Qatar Airways flight landing from nearby Doha International. Qatar Airways and all other carriers formally relocated to the new airport on 27 May 2014. The airport is named after the previous Emir of Qatar, Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani.
The planning started in 2003 while the construction began in 2005. The site of the airport (terminal and runway) lies 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of the older Doha International Airport. It is spread over an area of 2,200 hectares (5,500 acres), and was set to initially serve airlines that will not utilize lounge access.
Hamad International Airport was designed to cater for a projected ongoing increase in the volume of traffic. The airport has an initial annual capacity of 29 million passengers, three times the current volume. Upon completion, it will be able to handle 50 million passengers per year, although some estimates suggest the airport could handle up to 93 million per year, making it the second largest airport in the region after Dubai. It is also expected to handle 320,000 aircraft movements and 2 million tonnes of cargo annually. The check-in and retail areas are expected to be 12 times larger than those at the current airport. The airport will be two-thirds the size of Doha city. The airport has an oasis theme. Many of the buildings have a water motif, with wave-styled roofs and desert plants growing in recycled water. The airport is built over 22 square kilometres (8.5 sq mi), half of which is on reclaimed land.
The Steering Committee awarded the contract for the development of the airport to Bechtel. The contract includes the design, construction management and project management of the facilities. The terminal and concourses were designed by the architecture firm HOK. Engineering, Procurement and Construction contract for Phase I and II were undertaken by Turkish TAV Construction and Japanese Taisei Corporation.
Cargo operations began from 1 December 2013, with an inaugural flight by Qatar Airways Cargo arriving from Europe. The original soft launch on 2 April 2013 was cancelled just a few hours prior, and was postponed indefinitely due to unsatisfactory safety related issues that needed further reviewing taking nine months to address. Hamad International Airport was then set to begin passenger operations in January 2014, with a soft opening.
Qatar Airways threatened a $600 million lawsuit against the joint venture contractor Lindner Depa Interiors for delaying the opening of the airport by failing to complete its lounges on time; LDI stated that it was delayed due to inadequate site access. Qatar Airways later blamed Bechtel for the opening delay in April 2013, citing failures to meet regulatory requirements.
Hamad International Airport finally began passenger operations on 30 April 2014, with ten initial airlines operating. Qatar Airways and remaining airlines started operations to Hamad Airport on 27 May 2014 at 09:00 (Qatar time).
An expansion plan announced in September 2015 called for an extension of the check-in area, an expansion of concourses D and E into a 1.3 km long concourse, a new passenger amenity area in the D/E complex with lounges, shops and restaurants. As part of this expansion plan, the Doha Metro was extended to the airport with the opening of the red line airport branch in December 2019.
In 2016, the airport was named the 50th busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic, serving 37,283,987 passengers, a 20.2% increase from 2015.
In 2019, the airport witnessed a 12.4% increase in annual passenger traffic. More than 38.8 million passengers arrived at the airport in 2019, up from 34.5 million in 2018.
On 2 October 2020 a newborn female baby was found abandoned in a bin. In response to this the authorities ordered females of childbearing age from 10 different planes to disembark and undergo a forced vaginal examination. The Qatari Prime Minister issued an apology and ordered an investigation. The Australian government "registered its strong disapproval and outrage" at the treatment of Australian women who were subjected to compulsory intimate medical examinations at Doha airport. Shortly thereafter the Qatari government cancelled a subsidy for the Australian lamb industry. As of the beginning of 2021 none of the female victims have been contacted by the Qatari authorities 
Concourses D and E are due to be extended with a possible Concourse F although plans are still to be finalised. Terminal 1 features First (called Al Safwa First Class Lounge) and Business Class (called Al Mourjan Business Class Lounge) lounges which were opened by Qatar Airways CEO, Akbar Al Baker on 20 June 2014.
The most prominent figure inside the airport is a giant bronze statue of a teddy bear with its head in a lamp. The untitled sculpture, often known as "Lamp Bear", is one of three creations by Swiss artist Urs Fischer and is on display at the grand foyer of the airport's duty-free shopping hall. Standing at seven meters tall and weighing approximately 18-20 tons, the statue was previously displayed at the Seagram Building's plaza in New York City before being purchased by a member of the Qatari royal family at a Christie's auction for US$6.8 million.
There are plans to expand the terminal in order to accommodate the increased passengers numbers of the FIFA 2022 World Cup, and to keep up with Qatar Airway's continued passenger growth. The airport handled 34.5 million passengers in 2018 and this is expected to rise to 53 million by 2020. A new central building located between the existing Concourse's D & E will feature a 10,000 square metres (110,000 sq ft) tropical garden with a 268 meters (879 ft) tall water feature, similar to that found at Singapore Changi airport's Jewel complex. The project will also add 11,720 square metres (126,200 sq ft) of retail and F&B space, and an expanded transfer area. A new Qatar Airways Al Mourjan Business Class Lounge will occupy the mezzanine level, and covering 9,000 square metres (97,000 sq ft) it will be the world's largest airport lounge. In addition concourses D & E will be lengthened to accommodate nine additional wide-body aircraft stands.
The airport has two parallel runways, located 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from each other, which are designed for simultaneous take-offs and landings. The first is 4,850 m × 60 m (15,910 ft × 200 ft) and is considered to be the longest runway in Western Asia, and also one of the longest runways in the world. The second runway is 4,250 m × 60 m (13,940 ft × 200 ft).
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Doha:
|Air Arabia||Alexandria, Sharjah|
|Air Cairo||Alexandria, Assiut, Sohag|
|Air India||Delhi, Mumbai|
|Air India Express||Kannur, Kochi, Kozhikode, Mangalore, Mumbai, Thiruvananthapuram, Tiruchirappalli|
|Biman Bangladesh Airlines||Chittagong, Dhaka, Sylhet1|
|Cham Wings Airlines||Damascus|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|
|IndiGo||Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kannur, Kochi, Kolkata, Kozhikode, Mumbai|
|Jazeera Airways||Kuwait City|
|Kuwait Airways||Kuwait City|
|Middle East Airlines||Beirut|
|Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar|
|Pegasus Airlines|| Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen|
|Qatar Airways|| Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Abuja, Accra, Alexandria, Adana, Addis Ababa, Adelaide, Ahmedabad, Algiers, Amman-Queen Alia, Amritsar, Amsterdam, Ankara, Athens, Atlanta, Auckland, Baghdad, Baku, Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Basra, Beijing-Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Berlin, Birmingham, Boston, Brisbane, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cairo, Canberra, Cardiff, Cape Town, Casablanca, Cebu, Chengdu-Shuangliu, Chennai, Chiang Mai, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Clark, Colombo-Bandaranaike, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dammam, Da Nang, Dar es Salaam, Davao, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Djibouti, Dubai-International, Dublin, Durban, Edinburgh, Entebbe, Erbil, Faisalabad, Frankfurt, Gaborone, Geneva, Goa, Gothenburg, Guangzhou, Harare, Hatay, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Helsinki, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Hyderabad, Isfahan, Islamabad, Istanbul, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Kabul, Karachi, Kathmandu, Khartoum, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kochi, Kolkata, Kozhikode, Krabi, Kuala Lumpur-International, Kuwait City, Kyiv-Boryspil, Lagos, Lahore, Langkawi, Larnaca, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luanda, Lusaka, Lyon, Madrid, Mahé, Malé, Malta, Manchester, Manila, Maputo, Marrakech, Mashhad, Melbourne, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Montréal-Trudeau, Moscow-Domodedovo, Multan, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Nagpur, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Najaf, New York-JFK, Nice, Nur-Sultan, Oslo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Perth, Peshawar, Philadelphia, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Pisa, Prague, Rabat, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Salalah, San Francisco, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Sarajevo (resumes 30 October 2021), Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Sharjah, Shiraz, Sialkot, Singapore, Skopje (resumes 30 October 2021), Sofia, Sohar, Stockholm-Arlanda, St. Petersburg, Sulaymaniah, Sydney, Tbilisi, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Thiruvananthapuram, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita, Tunis, Venice, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Windhoek-Hosea Kutako, Yangon, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zanzibar, Zürich|
Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum, Dubrovnik, Málaga, Mykonos
|Regent Airways||Chittagong, Dhaka|
|Royal Air Maroc||Casablanca|
|Royal Jordanian||Amman-Queen Alia|
|US-Bangla Airlines||Chittagong, Dhaka|
|Cargolux||Hanoi, Hong Kong, Luxembourg|
|||Ahmedabad, Almaty, Amsterdam, Atlanta, Bangalore, Beirut, Basel/Mulhouse, Brussels, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Campinas, Casablanca, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Colombo-Bandaranaike, Columbus-Rickenbacker, Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi, Dhaka, Dublin, Entebbe, Erbil, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Ho Chi Minh City, Hyderabad, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kochi, Kolkata, Kuwait City, Lagos, Lahore, Liege, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Macau, Madrid, Melbourne, Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Mumbai, Muscat, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo, Ostend/Bruges, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Perth, Pittsburgh, Prague, Quito, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Yangon, Zaragoza|
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