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Abu Abd-Allah Muhammad ibn Abd-Allah al-Hakim al-Nishapuri (Persian: ? ? ? ?) (933 - 1014), also known as Ibn al-Bayyi?,) was a Persian Sunni scholar and the leading traditionist of his age, frequently referred to as the "Imam of the Muhaddithin" or the "Muhaddith of Khorasan."
Al-Hakim wrote Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain. He started writing it in the year when he was 72 years old. He reputedly said: "I drank water from Zamzam and asked Allâh for excellence in writing books".
On the 3rd of Safar 405 al-Hakim went into the bath, came out after bathing, said, "Ah," and died wearing but a waist-cloth before he had time to put on a shirt. Later, one of al-Hakim's students, Al-Hasan ibn Ash`ath al-Qurashî said: "I saw al-Hâkim in my dream riding a horse in a handsome appearance and saying: 'Salvation.' I asked him: `Al-Hakim! In what?' He replied: 'Writing hadith.'"  His funeral prayer was led by Abu Bakr al-Hiri, Qadi of Nishapur.
The Shafi'i hadith specialist Ibn al-Salah honours al-Hakim as one of the 'seven compilers of useful compilations' who has the distinction of being one of the few men to have compiled significant works in all three genres of hadith literature.
The Shafi'i historian al-Dhahabi calls him "the great hafiz and imam of the traditionists".
Despite this, he had been accused[by whom?] of being a Shi'a, but al-Subki stoutly denies this. He rejects the label of Shi`i as baseless because Ibn Asakir includes al-Hakim among the Asharis, who consider the Shias as innovators. Others noted to al-Hakim's sincerity in narrating hadith as the first hadith al-Hâkim narrated is:
May Allah make radiant the face of one who heard one of my sayings and then carried it to others. It may be that one carries understanding without being a person of understanding; it may be that one carries understanding to someone who possesses more understanding than he.
He authored the following works among others:
Al-Abwâb ("The Chapters")
Al-Amâlî ("The Dictations")
Amâlî al-`Ashiyyât ("Night Dictations")
Fadâ'il al-Shâfi`î ("The Immense Merits of al-Shâfi`î")
Fawâ'id al-Nusakh ("Benefits of the Copies")
Fawâ'id al-Khurâsâniyyîn ("Benefits of the People of Khurâsân")
Al-Iklîl fî Dalâ'il al-Nubuwwa ("The Diadem: The Marks of Prophethood")
Al-`Ilal ("The Defects of Hadîth")
Mâ Tafarrada bi Ikhrâjihi Kullu Wâhidin min al-Imâmayn ("Reports Found Only in al-Bukhârî or Only in Muslim")
Al-Madkhal ilâ `Ilm al-Sahîh ("Introduction to the Science of Sound Reports")
Ma`rifat Anwâ` `Ulûm al-Hadîth ("Knowledge of the Different Types of the Hadîth Sciences")
Al-Mustadrak `alâ al-Sahîhayn ("Supplement for What is Missing From al-Bukhârî and Muslim")
Muzakkâ al-Akhbâr ("Verified Reports")
Al-Sahîhân ("The Two Books of sahîh Hadîths")
Al-Talkhîs ("The Summary")
Tarâjim al-Musnad `alâ Shart al-Sahîhayn ("The Reports of Ahmad's Musnad That Match the Criteria of the Two Books of Sahîh")
Tarâjim al-Shuyûkh ("Biographies of the Shaykhs")
Târîkh `Ulamâ' Ahl Naysabûr ("History of the Scholars of Naysabûr")
^Bulliet, Richard (1970). "A quantitative approach to medieval Muslim biographical dictionaries". Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient. 13 (1): 195-211. doi:10.1163/156852070X00123. The great Ash'ari theological school was flourishing under Abu at-Tayyib as-Su'laki (d. 398), Ibn Furak (d. 406), al-Hakim an-Naisaburi (d. 405) and Abu Ishaq al-Isfara'ini
^Lucas, Scott C. Constructive Critics, ?ad?th Literature, and the Articulation of Sunn? Islam. Brill. p. 98.
^ abLewis, B.; Menage, V.L.; Pellat, Ch.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1971]. Encyclopaedia of Islam. Volume III (H-Iram) (New ed.). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 82. ISBN9004081186. |volume= has extra text (help)