HMS Osmanieh (1906)
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HMS Osmanieh 1906

HMS Osmanieh passenger ship built 1906 sunk Dec 31 1917.jpg
Osmanieh
History
United Kingdom
Name:
  • SS Osmanieh (1906-16)
  • HMS Osmanieh (1916-17)
Owner: Khedivial Mail Steamship & Graving Dock Co., Ltd
Port of registry: United Kingdom Southampton
Builder: Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson
Yard number: 761
Launched: 9 May 1906
Completed: August 1906
Identification: Registration number: 123690
Fate: sunk by mine 31 December 1917
General characteristics
Type: passenger liner
Tonnage: 4,041 GRT
Length: 109.79 m (360.2 ft)
Beam: 13.77 m (45.2 ft)
Installed power: 650 NHP
Propulsion: quadruple expansion steam engines
Speed: 17 knots (31 km/h)

HMS Osmanieh was a passenger and cargo ship that entered service in 1906. In 1916, the ship was requisitioned as a troopship and supply ship for the British Royal Navy in the First World War. On 31 December 1917, Osmanieh struck a mine laid by the Imperial German Naval U-boat SM UC-34 and sank at Alexandria, Egypt with the loss of 209 lives.[1][2]

The ship

The 4,041-ton steamship Osmanieh was built at the shipyard Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson in Wallsend. She was launched on 9 May 1906 and completed in August of that year. The 109.79-metre (360.2 ft)-long and 13.77 metres (45.2 ft)-wide ship had a maximum draught of 7.40 meters (24.3 ft) and was equipped with quadruple expansion steam engines, which acted on two propellers and had a maximum speed of 17 knots (31 km/h) enabled. The engines were rated at 650 nominal horsepower.[3]

Osmanieh was ordered for the British-Egyptian shipping company, Khedivial Mail Steamship & Graving Dock Co., Ltd., which had offices in London and Alexandria and the ship was designed as a combined passenger and cargo ship. The company was founded in 1898 to keep ships and ports in service for the Egyptian government. However, the ships sailed under the British flag and ran between Alexandria, Constantinople, Syria and other Mediterranean ports.[3]

On 12 May 1916, Osmanieh was hired by the British Royal Navy as a Hired Transport (HT) for World War I military service and henceforth carried supplies and personnel. The ship was registered as Fleet Messenger No. 61 and received the Admiralty No. Y4.61.[3][4] On 23 June 1917 the ship evaded two torpedoes when it was attacked by a German submarine.[2]

Sinking

Commemorative plaque for nurses who died when HMS Osmanieh sank
Commemorative plaque for the nurses who died in the sinking

The day before, the troop-carrier HMT Aragon and the destroyer HMS Attack had been sunk with torpedoes at about the same spot by UC-34. 610 people died on Aragon and 10 on Attack. Some of the victims of these sinkings are buried at the Alexandria Hadra War Memorial Cemetery, where nameplates remain. However, several hundred were never found.[5]

On 17 December 1917, Osmanieh carrying soldiers and medical personnel left Southampton and set a course for Alexandria with a stopover in the southern Italian port city of Taranto. Taranto was reached on 28 December and Alexandria on 31 December. Even before the harbour entrance, the steamer was struck amidships on the starboard side at the position 31°10?8?N 29°48?3?E / 31.16889°N 29.80083°E / 31.16889; 29.80083 (Versenkung der Osmanieh) by a naval mine from a minefield left a few days earlier by the German submarine SM UC-34.[2]

The ship sank in five to seven minutes, killing 209 people including eight nurses.[6][2][7]

One of the survivors of the sinking of Osmanieh was Jack Cohen, then a member of the Royal Flying Corps. After the War he founded the British multinational retail chain Tesco.[8]

Notes

  1. ^ Helgason 2017
  2. ^ a b c d Wynn & Wynn 2017, p. 99
  3. ^ a b c Letters 2017
  4. ^ Tennent 2006, p. 145
  5. ^ Kindell 2011
  6. ^ The Times 1918, p. 174
  7. ^ "The sinking of the HMT "Osmanieh"". Imperial War Museums. Retrieved 2020.
  8. ^ Sarah Ryle (28 March 2013). The Making of Tesco: A Story of British Shopping. Transworld. ISBN 978-1-4481-2747-4.

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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