Greek Catholic Eparchy of Kri%C5%BEevci
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Greek Catholic Eparchy of Kri%C5%BEevci
Eparchy of Kri?evci

Dioecesis Crisiensis

Kri?eva?ka eparhija
Kri?eva?ka katedrala 1.jpg
Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Kri?evci, Croatia
Location
TerritoryCroatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ecclesiastical provinceZagreb
MetropolitanRoman Catholic Archdiocese of Zagreb
Statistics
Population
- Catholics (including non-members)
(as of 2013)
21,270
Parishes44
Information
DenominationGreek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia
RiteByzantine Rite
Established17 June 1777
CathedralCathedral of the Holy Trinity in Kri?evci, Croatia
Co-cathedralCo-Cathedral of Sts. Cyril and Methodius, Zagreb
Secular priests28
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
BishopMilan Stipi? (Bishop-elect)
Metropolitan ArchbishopJosip Bozani?
Bishops emeritusNikola Keki?
Website
[1]

The Greek Catholic Eparchy of Kri?evci is an eparchy (diocese) of the Catholic Church for Eastern Catholics of Byzantine Rite (i.e. Greek Rite) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia with its seat in Kri?evci, Croatia. It is part of the Greek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia, an Eastern Catholic Church sui iuris of the Byzantine Rite which is in full union with the Roman Catholic Church.[1] The Eparchy is currently vacant since the retirement of Bishop Nikola Keki? in March 2019,[2] and is administered by Fr. Milan Stipi?, who on 8 September 2020 was appointed to be the new Bishop there.

The eparchy has jurisdiction over Eastern Catholics of Byzantine Rite in Croatia, Slovenia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. It mostly gathers its faithful among ethnic Croats in central and eastern Croatia, and among the Rusyns in eastern Slavonia, with a small Serbian minority. The liturgy used by the Eparchy is the Slavonic form of the Byzantine Rite, using the Old Church Slavonic language and the Cyrillic alphabet.

History

Historical background

The Ottoman wars in Europe caused a number of Christian refugees, Orthodox Serbs, to migrate to the Military Frontier of the Habsburg Monarchy (in south-central Croatia and in most of Slavonia) during the 16th and 17th centuries. In particular after the Ottoman defeat in Battle of Sisak of 1593, the Habsburg tried to established an ecclesiastical jurisdiction in full communion with Rome and separated from the Serbian Orthodox Church. After negotiations, it was decided to establish a particular Byzantine Rite jurisdiction in the form of an apostolic vicariate based in the monastery of Mar?a (located near Ivani? Grad).

The basis for the creation of Apostolic Vicariate of Mar?a was formally enabled by Pope Paul V on 21 November 1611 with the decree Divinae Majestatis arbitrio, and the administration of the Vicariate was given to eparchs (bishops) who bore the title Episcopus Platæensis (from Plataea, the titular see they were assigned to[3]), while the Habsburg government called this see Episcopatus Svidnicensis or Episcopatus Maciensum (Eparchy of Mar?a).[4][5] After the death in 1630 of the first eparch (bishop), Simeon Vratanja, and in 1628 of the Latin Bishop of Zagreb, Petar Dimitrovi?, the eparchy came into conflict with the Latins and in 1671 bishop Pavle Zor?i? [hr] accepted for himself and his successors the position of vicar-general of the Latin bishops of Zagreb.[4]

On 17 November 1735, the supporters of the Serbian Orthodox Church occupied by force of arms the monastery of Mar?a and two years later, on 17 June 1737, set fire to it. The monastery was restored to the Byzantine Rite Catholics in 1753.[5]

Erection of the Eparchy of Kri?evci

To support the pastoral action for the Greek Rite population, the Habsburg Empress Maria Theresa realized that it was necessary to grant independence to the eparchy, and she obtained from Pope Pius VI its separation from the Latin Diocese of Zagreb, in a similar way as occurred in 1771 for the Eparchy of Mukacheve from the Diocese of Eger. Accordingly, on 17 June 1777,[6] Pope Pius VI erected the Greek Rite Eparchy of Kri?evci which superseded the Eparchy of Mar?a. Vasilije Bo?i?kovi?, who played a prominent role in the erection of the eparchy, was chosen as first eparch,

Many Orthodox Serbs opposed the new eparchy, particularly the metropolitan of Karlovci, Arsenije III ?arnojevi?. However the soldiers of the ?umberak regiment of the Military Frontier joined the Eparchy of Kri?evci.[]

Kri?evci, the location of the see, is a town northeast of Zagreb. The new bishop was a suffragan initially of the Archdiocese of Esztergom, and later of Zagreb, after this became a metropolitan see in 1852.

Expansion

In 1914, the Ruthenian Catholic Apostolic Administration of Bosnia-Hercegovina was created from the Eparchy of Kri?evci, but in 1925, it was merged back into it, when the eparchy was expanded to include all Greek Catholics in Yugoslavia. Owing to this expansion and to population movements over time, Kri?evci includes Catholics of varied national heritage[7] including:

Since the break-up of Yugoslavia

Until 2001, the Eparchy of Kri?evci had full jurisdiction over all Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite throughout the entire territory of former Yugoslavia, including all of its successor states: Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and North Macedonia. In January 2001, a separate Greek Catholic Apostolic Eparchy of Macedonia was formed for Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite in Macedonia. It was fully separated from the Eparchy of Kri?evci and directly subjected to the Holy See.[10]

In 2003, a new Apostolic Exarchate was created for Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite in Serbia and Montenegro, called the Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro. Its first exarch ?ura D?ud?ar (? ) was appointed in 2003, with residence in Ruski Krstur. This exarchate remained in association with the Eparchy of Kri?evci. After those changes, the jurisdiction of Eparchy of Kri?evci was reduced to Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

In 2013, all Catholics of Byzantine Rite in Montenegro were entrusted to the local Latin Bishops, so the jurisdiction of the Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro was reduced to just Serbia.[11] Since then, the Eparchy of Kri?evci and the Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia together constitute the Greek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia as a sui iuris Eastern Catholic Church of the Byzantine Rite, in full union with the Roman Catholic Church.

Extension

The Eparchy (diocese) reported for the year 2010 a total of 21,509 faithful in the eparchy proper (including Croatia, Slovenia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina) and 22,369 in the Apostolic Exarchate for Serbia and Montenegro.[12] In comparison, the most recently published census results for the Republic of Croatia, those of 2001, report only 6,219 Croatians defining themselves specifically as Greek Catholics.[13]

A historical trend of a sharp decline in numbers, particularly in the general vicinity of Zumberak, is explained by a number of factors including emigration, particularly to the United States (including Cleveland, Chicago and Pittsburgh), and rural depopulation, particularly in the period following the second world war.

Diaspora

The first Greek Catholic priest from Croatia came to the United States of America in 1902, whose work among Byzantine-Rite Croatians in Cleveland was encouraged by the bishop of Kri?evci.[14] Another Croatian priest came to Allegheny, Pennsylvania, in 1894.[15] Kri?evci is one of the four Eastern European eparchies that are the roots of the Eastern Rite Catholic Churches in the United States.[16]

Vicariates

The eparchy is made up of four vicariates:

  • ?umberak vicariate
  • Bosnian vicariate
  • Slavonia-Srijem vicariate
  • Dalmatian vicariate, in Croatia

Bishops

The list of the eparchs (bishops) of the Greek Catholic Eparchy of Kri?evci is:[17][18]

# Incumbent From Until
1 Vasilije Bo?i?kovi?, O.S.B.M.(1719–1785) 15 July 1777 9 May 1785
2 Jozafat Basta?i?, O.S.B.M.(1740–1793) 30 March 1789 28 August 1793
3 Silvestar Bubanovi?, O.S.B.M.(1754–1810) 8 November 1795 14 June 1810
4 Konstantin Stani?(1757–1830) 10 September 1815 31 July 1830
5 Gabrijel Smi?iklas(1783–1856) 8 September 1834 14 March 1856
6 ?uro Smi?iklas(1815–1881) 21 December 1857 20 April 1881
7 Ilija Hranilovi?(1850–1889) 15 March 1883 20 March 1889
8 Julije Drohobeczky(1853–1934) 17 December 1891 18 May 1917
9 Dionisije Njaradi(1874–1940)Apostolic Administrator, 1917-1920Bishop, 1920-1940 18 May 1917 14 April 1940
10 Janko ?imrak(1883–1946)Apostolic Administrator, 1941-1942Bishop, 1942-1946 16 August 1941 9 August 1946
11 Gabrijel Bukatko(1913–1981)Apostolic Administrator, 1952-1960Bishop, 1960-1961Apostolic Administrator, 1961-1981 23 February 1952 19 October 1981
- Joakim Segedi(1904–2004)Auxiliary Bishop 24 February 1963 27 October 1984
12 Slavomir Miklov?(1934–2011) 22 January 1983 25 May 2009
13 Nikola Keki?(b. 1943) 25 May 2009 18 March 2019
- Milan Stipi?(b. 1978)Apostolic Administrator, 2019-2020Bishop, 2020-present 18 March 2019 Present

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2012 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2012 ISBN 978-88-209-8722-0), p. 1140
  2. ^ Catholic Hierarchy: Bishop Nikola Keki?
  3. ^ Ritzler, Remigius (1952). "Plataearum". Hierarchia catholica Medii aevi sive summorum pontificum, S.R.E. cardinalium, ecclesiarum antistitum series. 5. Padua. p. 317.
  4. ^ a b Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Crisium" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  5. ^ a b Nicolao Nilles (1885). Kalendarium Manuale Utriusque Ecclesiae Orientalis et Occidentalis Vol 3 Part 1. Feliciani Rauch. p. 83.
  6. ^ David M. Cheney. "Diocese of Kri?evci (Kreutz) (Byzantine)". Catholic-hierarchy. Retrieved 2011.
  7. ^ "The Rites Of The Catholic Church". Archived from the original on 2008-06-09. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "Zagrebacko-ljubljanska eparhija". Archived from the original on 2009-12-20. Retrieved .
  9. ^ Greek Catholic Churches in Former Yugoslavia
  10. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis, 93 (2001) Archived April 30, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, p. 339.
  11. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis, 105 (2013), p. 187.
  12. ^ The Eastern Catholic Churches 2010
  13. ^ Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Population by Religion, by Towns/Municipalities, Census 2001
  14. ^ Floral art supplies
  15. ^ Croatian Franciscan Custody
  16. ^ Lega Cyrus : The Rusyns People
  17. ^ Croatian Diocese of Kri?evci
  18. ^ "Diocese of Kri?evci (Kreutz) (Kri?evci)". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 2015.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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